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HOT BATH TREATMENT FOR SEED WHEAT
EFFECTIVE IN KEEPING DISEASE AWAY Giving Seed Wheat a Bath to Rid It of Smut Infection. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) A firebrand applied to Inflammable tinder is no more destructive than are the smuts which annually ravage and pillage the grain crops of the United States. Last year 25,5Qft0Q0 bushels of wheat. 110.000.000 bushels of oats, and 6,000.000 bushels of barley were the tribute paid to smut. There are two smuts which attack wheat, the loose and covered smut. Loose smut is most serious In the southern winter wheat section, which includes southern Illinois, southern In diana, southern Ohio, southern Penn sylvania. southern Missouri, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee, where It causes yearly losses ranging from 5 to 20 per cent of the entire crop. Loose smut shows, conspicuously when the wheat comes Into head. At this time it reduces the grain to dusty black refuse, consisting largely of spores of the fungus which are spread broadcast by the wind and ralp. The dissemination of the disease Is fur thered by the fact that the blooming period of the healthy plants and the shedding of the spores In the diseased plants are simultaneous. Some of these spores reach the flowers and in fect the developing seed. The seed shows no external evidence of the pres ence of the smut fungus, but when planted gives rise to the black heads In the next crop. Loom Bmut Difficult to Control. Loose smut is hard to control be cause the fungus exists Inside the seed, and hence cannot be reached by ordi nary chemicals without killing the wheat embryo. Fortunately, the dis ease can be controlled by the hot-wa ter treatment, which consists of soak ing the seed in cold water from 8 to 6 hours nnd then dipping it In hot wa ter at a temperature of 132 degrees Fahrenheit for ten minutes. Subse quently the seed should be spread out to dry. Great care must be exercised not to have the water too hot nor to allow the seed to remain In the water too long. An advisable system Is to treat four or five bushels of seed and to sow It In a special plot, isolated from the wheat fields proper, in or der that the seed from the plot may be used for seeding operations the fol lowing year. Farmers who treat their seed In this manner fortify their fields against invasion by loose smut. Bunt or stinking smut ranges at large over the entire wheat-growing section nnd generally causes a crop damage of from 1 to f» per cent, al though frequent individual fields show losses which range from 20 to 40 and even as high as .50 and 1 73 per cent. Bunt is sporadic In distribution, occurring here and there and every where in Irregular sequence. One field may he seriously Infested while the neighboring field on the right may be free from the disease. The disease shows m) a few days before the wheat is ripe. If one carefully examines the diseased head at this time he will note that the glumes are pushed slightly apart, while the developing kernel Is of dark color. If he crushes open the kernel, really n smut ball. • mass of ill-smelling, brownish black spores is released. In thrashing, these smut balls are knocked out and more or less broken apart so that the spores •re scattered over the sound seed. On account of its bnd smell, millers dis count and penalize wheat covered with bunt dust. Formaldehyde Bath Kills Bunt. Stinking smut or bunt is easily con trolled by use of formaldehyde, one pint or one pound of commercial for* malln being dissolved in 40 gallons of water. The seed to be treated •hould be freed as much as possible from smut balls nnd other foreign mat ter and then should be plnced in a loose gunny sack, filling the sack •bout two-thirds full, and then the •ark should be dipped in the formalin solution and kept there about ten min utes. By raising and lowering the aack the grain will be mixed thorough ly and brought into complete contact with the solution. After'treatment the grain must be dried and carefully pro tected from further contamination either in the sack or in the planting machinery. One pint of commercial formaldehyde solution dissolved In 40 gallons of water is usually sufficient for the treatment of 40 bushels of seed grain. In the far West and on the Pacific coast, because of the occurrence of soil Infestation by smut in that re gion, the copper-sulphate treatment is preferable to the formaldehyle method on controlling bunt. The former treatment consists In dipping the seed In a solution of one pound of copper eulphate dissolved in five gallons of water When the seed Is removed from the copper-sulphate solution It should be dipped In a mixture of one pound of quicklime to ten gallons of water, this latter measure being neces sary to prevent the continued injurious action of the copper sulphate on the grain after the smut spores have been killed. At thrashing time the smut spores are spread broadcast over the fallowed land by the wind, ns fallow ing for wheat Is a common practice in the Pacific Northwest. Subsequent ly, when the full rains occur, these spores germinate and infect the young wheat plants as they develop. Hence seed treatment is not entirely effect ive, but generally the copper-sulphate control gives the better results because some of the chemical adheres to the seed and prevents infection from the soiL BEAUTY BATH HELPS APPEARANCE OF HEN White Fowls Must Be Washed Before Put on Exhibition. Birds of Various Colors Can Bo Im proved by Fluffing and Grooming— —Boft or Rain Water at Right Temperature la Best. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) All white fowls must be washed, and most fowls of other colors can he im proved in appearance by washing, fluffing and grooming before the show. For white birds have three tubs, one filled with warm, soft or rain water, another with warm, soft or rain water, and the third with warm, soft or ruin water colored the proper shade to rinse and blue white goods. Use a bar of good white or custile soap, a large sponge and a nail brush. Have the temperature of the room 80 or 85 de grees and bring the birds in clean ex hibition coops, the floors of which should be covered with fresh, dry shav ings. Wash the males first. Clean the shanks and feet with the nail brush, soap and water. Insert the bird in the first tub and push it down under the water several times until the plumage is wet through; make a heavy lather with the sponge and soap and thor oughly wash the plumage with the sponge; open the wings and sponge them In the direction of the feathers. Always wash the length of the feather, from the quill to the tip and not across it. Keep the bird’s head out of the soapy water if possible; sponge the*soap off the bird and remove to the second tub. Press it under the water several times, allow it to stand and drip for a few seconds, and then dip it twice in the tub containing the bluing water. Re move the bird from the water, hold Its legs firmly and raise it up and down quickly, so that it will flap and expand its wings and tall, and shake out the water. Do not use a towel to dry a white bird. Move the exhibition coop near the fire or some heat so that the bird will dry. Lifting up the plumnge of the breust and opening the feathers of the fluff while drying has a tendency to increase the apparent size of these sections. It is necessary to examine the white birds frequently if the coops are near a stove to guard against over heating them or scorching or curling their feathers. GENERAL FARM NOTES Destruction of grasshopper eggs by fall plowing, disking, or harrowing Is recommended when practicable. • * • Let the brood sow live out all sum mer in the open on succulent pasture, developing bone and muscle. • • • The real “handy man’’ about the farm is the one who has everything at baud for the work to be done. • • • Marketing Is one of the many problems that farmers must solve be fore they can expect to get satisfac tory profits on their labor and capital in farming. • • • To control celery blight spray plants every two or three we# ks with bordenux mixture. 4-4-50. It will do very little good after the dla ease appears. THE ELK MOUETAPf PILOT. LATE MARKET QUOTATIONS WMUrn Ntwipaptr Union Nows 8«rvleo OENVEII MARKETS. Cottle. Boof steers, sh. to prime .. $12.00©12.99 Beef steers, good to choice 10.504)) 11.50 Beef steers, fair to good. . 8.76© 0.60 Heifers, prime 6-76© f*s® Cows, fat. gooi wm choice.. 8-25© 9.66 Cows, fslr to gooa Cutters and feeder cows.. 5.60© €-50 Caaners 4.25 © 6.26 Bulls 6.60© 6.26 oslvss 0.60© 14.60 Feeders, good to choice... 10.26©12.90 Feeders, fair to good 8.75© >.50 Stockers, good to choice.. 8.75© Stockers, fair to good 7.600 1.09 Stookers. plain 6-50© 6.81 Haas. Good hogs $16.40©16.78 Sheep. Lambs, fat, good to ch. . . .$14.00015.00 Lambs, fat. fair to g00d... 13.00014.00 Lambs, feeders 11.00©12.50 Yearling. 8.000 $.75 Bwes. fat. good to choice. €.oo© 7.00 Feeder ewes 6.00© 5.76 Breeding ewes 7.60© 8.60 Pressed Pesltry- The following prices on dressed poul- S r are net F. O. B. Denver: rheys. No. Is §6 Turkeys, old toms *• ?>rkeya. choice If Hens. Ih 17 038 Dusks, young ....22 ©24 Geese . ...7. ?...18 ©3O Roosters 14 ©ls Live Poultry. Turkeys, 9 lbs. or over 30 ©32 Hens 18 ©25 Ducklings 20 Goslings 20 Broilers, 1919 24 ©26 Co* 12 ©ls Bprings 22 ©24 ICkks. Eggs, strictly fresh, case owunt $13.75 014.25 Mutter. Creameries, ex. Ist grade, lb. €4 Creameries. 2d grade «0 Process butter Packing stock 44140114 Fruit. Asplas, Colo., box 1.25 ©B.ss Slack raapbsrriss. crate s -* w antaloupes. Rocky Ford. standard cratss *.26 ©2.75 Cantaloupes, pony crates—. 1.®0©1.76 Cherries, crate S-00©3.25 Pears, Colo.. Bartlett, crate. 2.50©3.00 P-r. cooking ? ?S2?-2S Peaches. Colo., ho* L26©1.€0 Pluses. Cels., arate 1.50 #2.00 Vese tables. Beans, navy. cwt. •-£<>• J*9J Beans, pinto, cwt. 8.50© 4.50 Beans, lima, lb •*£ Beans, greea. lb OS© .10 Beane, wax. lb 18© -20 Beets, Colo., dox. bunches .16© -20 Boots, new. cwt *-Js© 3.00 Cabbage, new. Colo., cwt 1.50© 1.75 Carrots, dos. 40© .46 Carrots, new. cwt 2.76© 3.00 Cauliflower, lb Or© .0$ Cslery. Colo 35© €0 Corn. Colo., dox 20© .30 Cucumbers, h. h., dox tiO© .<5 Leaf lettuce, h. h.. dox.. .30© .o 0 Lettuoe, head, dox 76© 1.5-. Oatona, table, doz 16© <2O Onions, Colo., cwt 2.60© 3-W) Peas, aaw. Telephone... .12 4© -If Potatoes, nsw, Colo 2.25© 2.60 Radishes, round h. h 40© .50 Tomatoes, lb 03© .04 Turnips. Colo., dos. bcha. .30© .40 Turnips, new. cwt 2.00 Floor ood fteaar. (Wholeeate Prices by U. S. Bureau of Markets.) Wheat flour (in quarters, halves and 98-lb. sacks). per cwt $5.50 ©6.85 Corn meal, yellow and white. per eert. $4.29©4.20 Sugar, granulated, per cwt.. 10.91 HIDES AND PBI.TS. Denver Prlee List. Butcher. 16 lbs. and up 40c Butcher, under 16 lbs 40c Fallen, all weights 88c Bulls and stags 20a Culls ....... 1,0 Dry sale hides 6c per lb. less. Dry Fllat Pelts. Wool pelts 86c Short wool pelts 10c Butcher shesrlngs. No. 126 c No. 2 and murrain shearlings... 100 Bucks, saddles, pieces of pelts. . 20c Greea Salted Hide* pita. Heavy cured No. 1 (over 25 lbs.) 270 Heavy cured No. 2 (over 25 lbs.) 26c Bulls. No. 120 c Bulls. No. 2 110 Glue hides and skins 16c Kip, No. 140 c Kip. ♦»o. 2 31c Calf. No. 1 «0c Calf. No. 2 lie Part cured hides, lc per lb. less than cured. _ , Green hides. 2c per lb. less than cured. Green Salted Horse bides. No. 1 SIO.OO ©ll.OO No. 1 9.00 ©IO.OO Headless. 50c less. Ponies and glue 4.00© 7.00 METAL MARKETS. Celerade Settlement Prteea. Bar silver. $1.20%. Copper, pound, 22 ©24c. Lead. $915. Spelter. s7.os. Tungsten, per unit. $7.50 ©12.00. EASTERN LIVESTOCK. At Chlenao. Chicago. Hogs Heavy. sl4.s#© 10.00; medium. $15.00© 18.25: light $16.60© 1 €-86; light light. $16.00©1€.00; heavy packing sows, smooth. 213.76© 14.85: packing sows, rough. $13.26© 18.75; pigs. $14.76© 15.60. Cattle—Beef steers. medium and heavy, choice and prime. 11€.60©1|.!6; medium and good. $11.25 © 16.50: com mon, $8.60® 11.25; light. good and oholco, $16.00© 18.16: common and me dians. SB.OO © 15.00; butcher cattle, helfore. $6.60©14.75: cows. s€.6o© 18.60: caaners and cutters. 16.69© $.00; veal calves. $19.60©20.75: feeder eteers. $7.00©12.50: stocker steers. $0.86 ©10.00; wsstern range steers. si.og©ls.oo; cows and heifers. $6.60© Bheep—Lambs. $13.76© 1 €.15; culls and common. 89.00013.25; ewes, me dians, good and cnolce, $€.75 ©6.00; culls and common, $3.00©6.25; breed ing. $7.00©15.26. Chleage Pied nee. Chicago.—Butter Creamery. 49© 6! He. Eggs Firsts, 63 ©s4c: ordinary firsts. 44©484c: at mark, cases In cluded. 4 5 © 4 9 4 c; storage packed firsts. 544 ©BBc. Poultry—Alive, springs. 27c; fowls. 22©270. Potatoes —Northern. sacked. bulk, whites. 98.1502.35; Red River Ohlos. 32.60 © 2.75; Triumphs. $2.00. Cash Grain In Chlenge. Chicago.—Corn—No. 2 mixed. sl.4sH ©1.46: No. 2 yellow. $1.47® 1.1514. Oats—No. 2 white. 714 ©74c; No. 3 white. S 9 072 4c. Rye—No. 1. 11.43 4- Barley—sl.2S© 1.40. Tjmothy—s6.6B© 11.25. WHAT OIL MEANS TO U. S. Lubricant It C«ntar of a Romance That Equals the Tala of Steel- Helped Win War. It Is 60 years since the first oil well was drilled In Pennsylvania, thus Inaugurating the era of oil, the Pitts burgh Gazette-Times observes. The discovery was at once recognized as possessing great value, but there could have been slight appreciation of the mammoth proportions to which the Industry was destined to grow. Hailed as an illumlnant supplanting candles and whale oil, the business , has widened beyond any possible dreams of those who were active in the early days of oil. The center of the indus try has long since departed from the place of Its origin. The Southwest and the Pacific coast, almost an un known land In the Infancy of the busi ness. now produce thousands of bar rels to the original oil region’s one. Oil Is used as an Illumlnant on mil lions of farms and in Isolated places all over the world, but that is no long er the chief product of crude. Gaso line. at first a troublesome by-product. Is now the main result sought. The millions of motor-driven vehicles that have come Into existence In the past score of years would not have been possible had we not had tills desirable product to provide an explosive fuel to drive them. Vast quantities of the crude prod uct are used to drive locomotives and ships. The war might not have been won had not the allies had access to the fields of Mexico and the United States. And not only as fuel does the greasy product enter Into the world’s commerce, but as a lubricant It lessens the friction of bearings, from the sewing machine to steamships. The by-products even enter the realms of medicine, nnd while the limit would seem to be reached In utilizing the waste from the refineries It Is possi ble that further subdivisions may yet Increase the number. The story of oil Is a romance that equals the tale of steel, yet It Is an Infant In point of time compared with the metal that has brought such wealth to Pennsyl vania. Byron Too Theatrical. In Its review of a recent work by the Itnllan critic. Emilio Cecchl. on English poets of the Nineteenth cen tury. the London Telegraph says: “On the topic of the most famous controversy between European nnd British criticism—the greatness of By ron—Professor Cecchl taken very de cidedly the British view. If Indeed he is not carried so far by his repug nance to the abundant alloy In By ron’s poetry, as In his life, as to make too little of the demoniac force which renders his anarchy Impressive. Even that last expedition to Greece, which ha* commonly been felt to redeem many aberrations, has for our critic the fatal touch of the theater which the man and the poet so rarely es caped : and he compares him. much to his disadvantage, with that Genoese gentleman who rushed to embark with Garibaldi's thousand In evening dress and a crush hat. and in this accouter ment went to his denth at Calataflml — a De-Mussetllke figure, luminous with Its trusting smile, hut touched with a purer spirit of religiosity than Byron could have achieved or understood." End of Coal Dopoaits Boen. It Is calculated that English coal will come to an end In about 000 years. German coal In 1.400 years and Ameri can coni In 2.000 years. Yet It Is consoling to think that for our de cendants there are possibilities of warmth which are Independent of coni, says the Manchester Guardian. It may. for Instance, be possible to har ness the Niagara falls, the Zambesi, the Congo fnlls. or even the tides them selves. Then there Is also the theory that only a few miles below* the sur face of the earth there are huge car hide deposits, nnd some day. perhaps, borings will he possible which will then discover an almost limitless source of heat. Finally, It Is conceiva ble that the problem of the disintegra tion of mutter generally will one day he solved. If a gram of lend could he completely resolved Into helium, the energy thereby produced would he equal to that yielded by the burning of 200 tons of coal. Ha Wears a Nacklaoa. Did you ever hear of a man wearing a necklace? Well, that Is what the male Canadian warbler does, while on the female of this attractive bird there is only the slightest Indication of a necklace, says the American Forest ry association. Washington. The warbler’s necklace of black spots shows up very strikingly his olive green and yellowish throat and breast. On the hack the bird Is of a slate gray color with the tall more of an olive brown tone. This is a very lively bird. It Is very seldom still for more than a few seconds before It dashes out at some tempting bit to eat. It Is partial to the wooded hanks of streams. It usually keeps In under brush near the ground. Real Diamond. Sam. the chore man. returned from the city w’ith 11 scarf pin that con tained a “diamond" of no usual size. It was the pride of his heart, and the envy of his village companions. He treated all inquiries from them as (o Its value nnd its authenticity with high scorn. His employer, after a week of bask ing In Its radiance, asked Sam about Its history. “Sam," he said, “is It a real dia mond ?" “Wall." said Bam. “If It ain’t I’t# been skun out of a half-dollar." These walls should be Alabasdned in the latest, up-to-the-minute nature color tints. Each room should reflect your own individuality and the treatment throughout be a complete perfect harmony in colors. The well, of the old home, whether mansion or cottage, can be made just as attractive, just as sanitary, through the intelligent use of AlabasHne Instead of kalsomine or wallpaper How much better, when you have a new home, to start right than to have to correct errors afterward from former treatment with other materials, when you come to the use of as does nearly every one sooner or later. Once vour walla are Alabastined you can use any material over it should you desire, but having used Alabastine you will have no desire for any other treatment. Alabastine is so easy to mix and apply - so lasting in its results so absolutely sanitary and so generally recognized as the proper decorative material in a class by itself that it is becoming difficult to manufacture fast enough to supply the demand. Alabastine is a dry powder, put up in five-pound packages, white and beautiful tints, ready to mix ana use by the SSSBBSS addition of cold water, and with full directions keZSBBBHI k | I package. Euiry p*'kmp •f tmmm, [iMommoot |cou> watxwJ AUhasttn* has cross and circle printed in red. Better writ* ox for hand-made color designs and WHH special suggestions. Give ut your decorative problems | HH and let us nalp you work them out. ALABASTINE COMPANY - Grand Rapids Michigan Which? Uncle is nn Indiana newspaper man anil sometimes at home he discusses the editorials he proposes to write. Not loug ago lie was discussing one of the average American's pursuit after things that are not essential. “I shall call It ’The Search After the Golden Fleece.’ ’’ he said. “I think that title will attract attention. Nine-year-old Bobby looked up from Ids pudding. “Are you going to spell It fleas?" he asked. GOODBY, WOMEN’S TROUBLES The tortures and discomforts of weak, lame and aching back, swollen feet and limbs, weakness, dizziness, nausea, as a rule bare their origin in kidnej trouble, not “female complaints. ** These general symptoms of kidnej and bladder disease are well known—so is the remedy. Next time yon feel a twinge of pain in the back or are troubled with head ache, indigestion, insomnia, irritation in the bladder or pain in the loins and lower abdomen, you will find quick and sure relief in GOLD MEDAL Haarlem Oil Capsules. This old and tried rem edy for kidney trouble and allied ds rangements has itood the test for boa* dreds of years. It does the work* Pains and troubles vanish and new life and health will come as you continue their use. When completely restored to your usual vigor, continue taking m capsule or two each day. GOLD MEDAL Haarlem OO Cap sules are imported from the laborato ries at Haarlem, Holland. Do not ac cept a substitute. In sealed bases* three sizes.—Adv. Cause for the 8hock. Hewitt —A man fell dead in a res taurant toduy. Jewett —Heart failure, caused by acute Indigestion? Hewitt—No; shock caused by find ing that the price of some article of food had been reduced. DEWSJJF EVE No More Gentle Than “Cascarets” for the Liver, Bowels It Is just ns needless as it is danger ous to take violent or nasty cathartics. Nature provides no shock absorbers for your liver and bowels against calomel, harsh pills, sickening oil and salts. Cascarets give quick relief without In jury from Constipation, Biliousness, In digestion, Gases and Sick Headache. Cascarets work while you sleep, remov ing the toxins, poisons and sour, In digestible waste without griping or in convenience. Cascarets regulate by strengthening the bowel muscles. They cost so little too. —Adv. Used to Postponements. “Then you Jike working for a Judge?” “You bet.” "Doesn't he kick when you put things off?” “Now. he putts off half his own work every day.”—Louisville Courier- Journal. Airplanes that collide when 750 feet In the air also are too high. dyn. U they Tire, Itch. «n« aSW? g* Smart or Bum, if Sant TOuRErtS often. Soothna. Mnikm. Sale for Infant** Adult. AtaUDrnnteCa. Write for free Eye Book. MaCpSM*rCh.OW» His Way. *'A fill her should he drill hut kind, und —’’ began the presiding elder. "That’s my mot ter, parson !” Indorsed Gap Johnson of Rumpus Uidge. "After I've knocked one of my children down. In order to protect myself or to get something done, as the case may be, I 'most gener’ly give him a chaw of ter backer, or something that-a-way, to sorter saturate Ids feelings."—Kansas City Star. Why Girls Stick Around. “Why will none of you girls mar ry?” “There’s a quarrel as to who gets the piano.” Beautiful Teeth and Good Health Are Possible When Yoa Clesx Your Teeth With The Dull* PywihM PmwtttiT* u 4 IwiJy This remarkable Medicated powder polishes, cleans and preserves the teeth and gums, and stops the terrible bleeding of the gums after cleaning. Your Gums soon become hard, health ful and free from Irritation. For Children «nd Adults alike. Send $l.OO and the name of your Druggist and we will send large pack age prepaid. Bank Draft for rafnnd accompanies each can. THE AHTITARTAE CHEMICAL CO. 820-SSO Chaika Mg. lEHYEK, COLO. Cuticura Soap IS IDEAL For the Hands BoepSo., Otataartß 4 BOe., Ttlcta Zo. Beaple ! —ok mailed fry by “Cvtlcmra, Dept, g, Boston." THE “BLUES” Caused by Acid-Stomach Millions of pooplo who worry, a re despon dent. havs spoils of msntal depression, fast blus and art often mslaaeholy. believe that these conditions are due to outside InSueneee over which they have little or no control. Nearly always, however, they can be traced to an Internal source—ucld-ete—eh. Nor la It to be wondered at. Acid-stomach, begin ning with such well defined symptoms as In ti l seat I on, belehina, heartburn, bloat, etc., will. If not checked. In time affect t 4 some defree or other all the vital organs. The nervous systsm becomes dsranged. Dtsestloa ••utTers. The blood Is Impoverished. Health end strenath are undermined. The vletlm of •icid-stomach. although he may not know the cause of his ailments, feels his hope, courses, ambition and energy slipping. And truly life Is dark—not worth much to the man or woman who has acid-stomach! Get rid of It! Don't let ecld-stomach hold you back, wreck your health, make your ‘lays miserable, make you a victim of the "blues" and gloomy thoughts! There la a marvelous modern remedy called BATONIC that brings, oh! such quick relief from your stomach miseries—sets your stomach to rights —makes It strong, cool, sweet and comfort able. Helps you get back.your strength, vigor, vitality, enthusiasm and good cheer. Se many thousands upon thousands of sufferers have used BATONIC with such marvelously helpful results that we are sure you will feel the same way If you will Just glvs It a trial. Get a big 50 cent box of BATONIC — the good tasting tablets that you eat like a ’lt of candy—from your druggist today. Ha will return your money If results are not even nsoro than yon expect. FATONIC KH (TOR TOUR ACID-HiOMAUt) wThiruT DENVER, NO. 41-1910.