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REMAINS OF HESSIAN CAMP UNEARTHED IN NEW YORK
Workmen excavating at Broadway and One Hundred and Sixty-ninth street. New York, unearthed what In said to be the flooring and fireplace of a hut of a camp occupied by the Hessians during the Revolutionary war. The photo graph shows children searching the excavation for relics. COMPLICATE SITUATION LANDING OF AMERICAN MARINES NOT ORDERED BY COUNCIL. SUPREME COUNCIL MUCH CON CERNED AS BALKAN WAR MAY BE STARTED. WatUra N«*ipap«r Union News Service. Paris, Oct. 1. —The influmed condi tions in the Adriatic region and the dissolution of the Italian Parliament tor the holding of a general election on Nov. 16, as Koine dispatches an nounced, Is giving the supreme coun cil much concern, in view of the pos- Hlbillty of all the Balkans becoming In volved In the turmoil. In peace confer ence circles the approaching Italian elections are regarded as a struggle between the war and peace parties, or rather between the forces on the mil itary side and those of Socialistic and pacific tendencies. While It appears that D'Annunzio and Flume will be chiefly In Issue, the feeling Is growing In Paris that ns D'Annunzio lias Indicated that his as pirations Include far more than Flume, the Italian situation is daily becoming more of an International question. In view of the conditions, the vlev is expressed here that the ugltation might flame into war any day If, for instance, a Jugo-Slav should happen tc be killed by Italian troops. Landing of American marines at Trou by Rear Admiral Andrews was not directed by the supreme council here, according to the Ainericau peace delegation. It was explained that when a party of Italians entered Trau and It was feared a clash might occur between the Italians and the Serbians, the Italian admiral on the scene appealed ;o the American admiral to Intervene for the maintenance of peace. This, it was added. Rear Admiral Andrews did as part of Ills regular duties of po licing the Adriatic, without any In- Ktructions from Paris. Rome. —American marines or blue jackets are maintaining order In the city of Spnlato, Dalmatia, where Rear Admiral Phillip Andrews is stationed with his flagship, the Pittsburgh, ac-j <ordlng to reports reaching this city. The Italians at Trau, Dulmntla, have requested the Italian government to send a ship to Trau for their protec tion and also to obtain the release of prominent Italians arrested by the Ser bians. The government has replied that it cannot Interfere for the maintenance of order In sections of Dalmatia en trusted to the care of the Americans, l ut that It will convey the appeal to the American communder. Rear Ad miral Andrews. Russia Apologized. Washington. Boris Haklimetleff. the Russian ambassador. Informed the State Department that General ltozan »-ff, the superior Russian commander in Siberia, had apologized to Major General Graves, commanding the American forces in Siberia, for the In cident at Iman, Siberia, Sept. 5, in volving ihe nrres* by Cossacks of an American officer and enlisted man and the flogging of the latter. The ambas sador also said General Roznnoff had promised to call for the punishment of the troot.s which had been guilty <>f the mistreatment of the Americans. French Ratify Treaty. Paris.—Tile Chamber of Deputies ratified the German peace treaty by a vote of 372 to 53. The chamber then took up the treaties between France and the United States and France and Great Britain. The Franco-American and Franco-Brltlsli treaties were unan Imously ratified. Foreign Trade Growing. Washington. The .United States' trade with foreign nations has grown enormously and reached $10,500,000,- 000 a year with a balance in favor of this country amounting to $4,182,000,- 000. Statistics for the year ending Aug. 31. just issued by the Depart ment of Commerce, show that the year's commerce exceeded that of Inst year by more than one and one-lmlf billion dollars. Exports for the year were $7,415,000,000 ami Imports $3,- KKLOOtMNN) SLAY UNION PICKET AT MILL NEGRO STRIKEBREAKERS SHOOT PICKET WHILE RETURNING TO WORK. SEVERAL SHOTS FIRED TWENTY-FIVE BLACKS FIRE INTO CROWD AND THEN RUN. Weatvrn Nawapapar Union Ntwa Sarvlca. Indiana Harbor, Iml.. Oct. 4.—Rioting l roke out at the Universal Portland Cement plant here nud a union picket was shot by one of two united negroes who, with nearly twenty-five other ne groes, attempted to return to work. Several shots were fired by the two negroes who wore arrested and placed in Jail. Threats have been made that :he pulr might be taken from the Jail by force. The other negroes were chased Into the woods by nearly 300 ‘strikers. Indiana Harbor's Industries had been dofted since the strike was tailed until now, when the Inland Steel Company, one of the larger independ ent steel plants In the Chicago district, the Marks Manufacturing Company and the Universal Portland Cement Company plant resumed operations. Sheriff L. Barnes assigned 300 new deputies to duty, but until now there was only muttering to Indicate trouble. The strikers, limyever, increased their force of six pickets to about 300, who were on duty when twenty-five or thirty negroes appeared at the cement plant. Sain Blnir and Clyde Bracken, ne groes, had knives, the police say, and the union pickets attempted to disarm them. Then both negroes drew revol vers and fired a number of shots. Klz mlr Kirchner, a picket, was wounded *n the thigh. Blnir anil Bracken were put under arrest but their companions fled be lore the strikers, who pursued them In to the woods surrounding the factory and they were suid to be still hiding in the timber. When threats were heard against the negro prisoners, the police increased the guard about the police station. Orders Beer Into Gutter. Chicago.—Federal Judge I*nndis or dered thirty barrels nnd twelve cases of beer, manufactured In Chicago In violation of war-time prohibition, turned Into the gutters here. The beer was seixed during the Jurists' investi gation of beer smuggling from Wiscon sin into Illinois, and was found by chemists to contain from 2.31 to 2.01) per cent of alcohol. Will Ratify Treaty by Decree. Paris.—Advices received by the pence conference from Rome have per suaded the members of the supreme council that Italy will ratify the Ger man peace treaty by royal decree. The general opinion in the council is that such a ratification will he valid under the Italian institution, ns the treaty does not involve any Italian territorial changes. Rumanians Oppose Treaty. Vienna. —Bucharest dispatches an nounce that General Valtolanu. former minister of public works, has complet ed a new cabinet of which every mem ber but one has announced his adher ence to the policy of former Premier J. J. C. Brntlnno In refusing to sign the treaty of peace in its present form. Will Bring Bodies Home. Washington.—Bodies of all American soldiers interred in Germany, Belgium, Italy, Great Britain. Luxemburg nnd northern Russia will be returned to the United States ns soon as necessary transportation cun be arranged. Secre tary Baker announced lie had Issued in structions foV the purchase, storage and traffic division of the general staff to take charge of the matter and to hasten it >.■« much ns possible, and ar rangements ure going forward rapidly. TO a IX MOPMTAm WOT. SEVERAL ARE WOUNDED RACE RIOTS START OVER WAGE FOR PICKING COTTON. WHITE MEN ACCUSED OF CAUS ING UNREST BY ORGANIZ ING PICKERS. Western Newspaper Union News Service. Helena, Ark., Oct. 2. —Negroes, aft er having been driven out of Elaine by posses, were reported gathering in the outskirts of the town. Posse men who were at Elaine report that the negroes are declaring they will not pick cot ton unless at their own prices. White men are accused of organizing the ne groes and trying to Induce them to re fuse to work for any white employer. Two white men. Clinton Lee and J. A. Tnppen of Helena, and seven ne groes are known to be dead at Elaine, near here, as a result of clashes be tween n posse searching for the per sons who from ambush fired upon and killed W. D. Alikins, ru 11 road special ugent, according to reports reaching here. A third white man, Ira Proctor, *and a number of negroes are known to have been wounded. Advices here suid the trouble bail Us beginning when the posse was fired upon by a crowd of men, said to huve been negroes, at Eluine. The fire was returned, it was said, and in a few min utes firing became general in the streets. A telephone message received from Elaine stated that the posse had taken 175 prisoners. The authorities of Ilelenu, evident ly feurlng the trouble at Eluine would spread to this city, ordered all motion picture bouses and stores to close at 0 o'clock. Helena has a population of 10,000, a large proportion of which are negroes. Tuppan, wlio was a prominent busi ness man here, succumbed at a local hospital to the wounds he received in the fighting in the streets of Elaine Proctor, who also was brought here, is not expected to live, according to phy sicians. The body of Lee, who died from his wounds at Elaine, also was brought to his home here. Lee is said to huve been shot acci dentally, while Tuppan and Proctor were wounded during the fighting. Charles Pratt, deputy sheriff, who was with Adkins when the latter was killed, was wounded in the knee. Lee, Tup pan and Proctor are members of the local post of the American Legion and were deputized by Sheriff Kitchens with a number of other civilians when he received word that the situation at Elaine was getting out of control. ONE HUNDRED DROWNED FLOODB IN SOUTHEASTERN SPAIN ISOLATE 30 TOWNS. Madrid, Oct 4.—One hundred per sons have been drowned and loss ex ceeding ten million pesetas has been caused, it Is estimated, by the floods in routheastern Spain, caused by tremen dous storms. At Cartagena, where many were drowned, thirty villages r.re still Isolated. Two fishing boats were wrecked In the Strait of Torre vieja. In one region two huts In which eleven persons had taken refuge were lurried away by a torrent anil all the inmates were drowned. Many Go to Canada. Ottnwa. —Approximately 7,000 more Americans immigrated Into Canada In the first eight months of 1919 than In the corresponding period last year, ac cording to official figures made pub lic here. Of the 38,222 persons who this year crossed the border, more than half were farmers. Guatemala Ratifies Treaty. Washington. The State Depart ment has been informed that Guate mala ratified the treaty with Ger many Oct. 1. Guatemalan press re ports received by the department as sert that a hill has been introduced in the Guatemalan Assembly propos ing that the republic voice “its eternal gratitude to Woodrow Wilson,” Pres ident of the United States. Should the bill be approved, a committee of depu ties will visit Washington to convey this message to President Wilson. REJECTED 36 AMENDMENTS SENATE SWEEPS ASIDE MANY AMENDMENTS TO THE TREATY. SPEECHES ARE LIMITED BOTH BIDES ELATED, CLAIMING VICTORY FOR SHOWING . MADE. Western N*w«pap«r Union News Service. Washington, Oct. 3.—At last reach ing the stage of action In its consid eration of the peace treaty, the Sen ate swept aside in quick succession thirty-six of the forty-five amendments which hud been written into the docu ment by the foreign relations commit tee. The smallest majority recorded against any of the committee pro posals was fifteen, and the largest was twenty-eight. All of the amendments considered had been introduced by Senntor Fall, Republican, New Mexico, and were designed to curtail Ameri can participation In Europeun settle ments resulting from the war. Of the nine amendments yet to be acted on, six relate to the Shantung section, two propose to equalize vot ing power In the League of Nations, und one would limit Americun repre sentation on the reparations commis sion. In the absence of a definite agree ment for disposition of these pro posals, Senate leaders thought that the debate might run on for several days before another roll call Is taken. Throughout the voting the Demo crats presented a solid front against the amendments except for Senators Gore of Oklahoma and Thomns of Colorado. Seventeen Republicans, on the other hand, lined up against the first com mittee proposal to be considered, and most of them stood with the Demo crats on all succeeding roll culls. Muny of them announced they were for reservations which they believed would cover the sume ground without endangering the treaty. At adjournment the treaty advo cates declared themselves eluted at the day’s work and the opposition leaders also were claiming u victory on the showing made for their amend ments. They mustered a minimum strength of thirty-one, which, with absentees, would be sufficient, they declare, to Insure the treaty's defeat unless un satisfactory qualifications are accept ed. Thirty-three negative votes on the final roll call, they pointed out, would make Impossible the two-thirds major ity necessary for ratification. Under a special agreement, speeches on the amendments were limited to five minutes and nearly half the Sen ate membership got into the running dehute which occupied most of the day. Kidnap American Engineer. New York. —A report that another American bus been kidnaped by Mexi can bandits and is being held for ran som Ims been received by the National Association for the Protection of American Rights In Mexico. The re port quotes the Mexico City newspaper Excelsior, us authority for the story. The American, by' the name of Splller, is said to have been an engineer on a plantation in the state of Vera Cruz. The Excelsior says the Mexican gov ernment lias sent troops in pursuit of Hie kidnapers. President “Very Sick Man.” Washington.—President Wilson Is a “very sick man’’ and “his condition Is less favorable,” it was said by Dr. Cary T. Grayson, the President's physi cian, in a statement Issued from the White House. "After consultation with Dr. F. X. Dercum of Philadelphia Doctors Sterling Ruffin nnd E. It. Stitt of Washington, which are agreed as to ids condition, it was determined that absolute rest is esesntial for some time.” Employment Offices Close. Washington. The United State* Employment Service has notified Its federal directors to close the state fed eral employment offices on Oct. 10 be cause of luck of funds. For New Ministry. Belgrade.—A new ministry has been formed under the presidency of Stoy nn Protitch, who resigned In August owing to his inability to agree with the other cabinet members. Kansas Bank Looted. Wichita, Knn.—Robbers looted the vault of the State Bank of Cambridge, Kan., fifty miles southeast of Wichita, and escaped with Liberty Bonds nnd War Savings Stamps valued ut $15,000. Refuses to Meet Strikers. Washington.—Standing squarely on his assertion that the issue in the pending strike throughout the steel in dustry is the open shop. Judge Elbert H. Gary, chairman of the hoard of the United States Steel Corporation, com pleted his testimony here. During col ioquy with committee members, par ticularly Senator Walsh, Democrat of Massachusetts, Judge Gary flatly de clared that lie could not now consider compromise or arbitration or meet with strikers’ representatives. CENTENNIAL STATS ITEMS. All previous records for visitors wer broken in the Rocky Mountain National Park during the past season, according to a report Just issued by Stephen T. Mather, director of the na tional park service. According 'o sta tistics taken at the park, 161,000 have been visitors during the past summer, while last year only 101,000 visitor? vv ere recorded. Last year 20,588 motor cars passed through the park, while during the past season this nunfber has been nearly doubled with u to'al of 40.571. Decrease in the amount of land available for homesteading in Colo rado has reduced the number of appli cations this year by one-third, as com pared with 1910 records, according 10 State Immigration Commissioner Ed ward Foster, the Inquiries are ns many this fall as three years ago. There is still a total of 9,500,000 acres open to entry, records of the department show, but this total Is 700,000 acres less than that available u year ago and 5,000,000 r.cres less than on July 1, 1916. Application from the Grover, Colo., high school for rifles for drill purposes j.nd similar applications from other schools of Colorado led Col. D. E. Mc- Cunniff, federal Inspector-Instructor with the Colorado National Guard, to i all these schools’ attention to the pro visions of the army regulations under which any school with n uniformed ca det corps of not less than forty mem bers can obtain both rifles and ammu nition from the War Department. C. F. Burke of Pueblo was elected secretary-treasurer of the Colorado Duroc Jersey Hog Association at a meeting held In Pueblo. Professor Morton of the Colorado State Agricul tural College, Fort Collins, was elected president. J. W. Brower of Colorado Springs was chosen vice president. The association members plan on taking a large number of head of fancy Duroc Jerseys, possibly thirty, to the Denver stock show this winter. The reported dynamiting of fish in the Rio Grande hns been amply veri fied. Hundreds of dead fish have been found floating and lodged along the river hanks all the way from Deep creek to Wagon Wheel gap, and nil those wlio have examined them de clared that tliev had been killed by a blast of dynamite or other explosive, as the hones were broken and pulled loose from the backbone. The manufacturing industry in Colo rado had developed rather rapidly In the past twenty years. During that period the number of manufacturing establishments has nearly doubled, the capital Invested has increased about 225 per cent, the number of persons en gaged has more than doubled, and the value of manufactured goods produced annually has Increased approximately 110 per cent. As a result of the excellent work done by county assessors In Colorado tlds year In the collection of statistics showing the acreage of the various crops grown in the several counties, the State Co-operative Crop Reporting Service will be able tills year for the first time to determine with reasonable accuracy the production of all crops by counties. Instead of only for the state as a whole. Approximately $3,500,000 will be ex pended in Colorado this year on new school buildings, it Is estimated by Mrs. Mary C. C. Bradford, state sui»er intendent of public instruction, on the basis of reports now received from two-thirds of the sixty-three counties in the state. Buildings costing $3,000,- 000 nre actually In course of cohstruc tion, and others will he building soon. James Kit hey, 14 years old, son of O. Rithey, rancher west of Monte Vista, Is dead of Injuries received when he was hooked by a cow. Young Rithey was herding cattle into a feed lot when he was thrown from his horse nnd a cow came along and hooked her horns Into Rlthey’s head. The horns penetrated ids right eye nnd punctured his brain. He died a few* minutes later. There has been rains in most sec tions of Colorado in the past two weeks which have put the soil in ex cellent shape for fall plowing, nnd this work is farther advanced than it usu ally is at this season of the year. Re ports received by the Colorado Co-op erative Crop Reporting Service Indi cate that the amount of winter wheat planted this fall will he somewhat less than that planted in 1918, which was the largest crop of winter wheat ever planted in the state. Tne season was unfavorable for winter wheat In most sections of the state this year and many farmers who were dissatisfied with the yields obtained will grow less wheat this year, while a certain amount of uncertainty as'to what the price of wheat may be next year is ap parently Influencing a few farmers to decrease their acreage. The shipping season for pinto beans is just opening In this state, and Colo rado is facing a very serious situation in this industry. Bigger marketing problems are confronting the pinto bean producers than last year, because there will be no big government orders to he filled, such as there was during the season of 1918-1919, The Ward-Nederland road, a high line road connecting the two mountain towns about twenty miles west of Boul der, has been completed at a cost of $45,000. The road is 10.9 miles long, nnd is through some of the most rugged mountains In the Colorado Rockies. It is thought to be one of the most scenic drives in the entire state. Stock raising is, next to mining, Colorado’s oldest industry. The cen sus bureau found the value of all do mestic animals sold and slaughtered last year close to $125,000,000 or 400 per cent better than In 1900. Pithy News Notes From All Parts of Colorado Wtaurn N«wipap«r Union Nowa Sarvlca. Business men of Nederland, a tung sten mining town twenty miles west of Boulder, have organized a commercial association. The total value of all property in Colorado for taxation Is $1,487,931,191, according to complete reports from all counties in the state of the Colorado Tax Commission. Fritz Solomon, 54 years old, promi nent in fanning circles for more than a quarter of a century, committed sui cide by shooting himself at Windsor in a bunk house near his home. Traveling thieves, presumably the same gang that has been terrorizing Colorado towns In the last two weeks, looted the general stores of the Rocky Mountain Vuel Company at Lafayette. The Colorado State Fair, which closed a full week session at Pueblo, was among the best ever held in this state as regards exhibits, attractions in the line of entertainment, and at tendance. Frank Thomas, a negro, 33 years old, said to be an ex-convict, is charged by the roomer’s Jury with the murder of Jennie Moshy, a negress, 17 years old, on the evening of Sept. 30, at Pueblo. Franklin Pierce Parker, 67 years old r.nd the father of nine children, who lias been farming dry land near Stone ham for several years, became discour aged because of crop failures and com mitted suicide by taking poison. Eleven persons were arrested, a large stock of various kinds of liquor, a new still and a high-powered ma chine were seized in a series of spec tacular bootlegging raids conducted by local police officers at Walsenburg re cently. State Teachers College at Greeley lias completed the work of registering students for the winter term and has 370 women and sixty men enrolled. In dustrial high school, which is operated in connection with the Teachers’ Col lege, has 265 enrolled. One of the most daring freight train robberies staged in northern Colorado for years was discovered when a Union Pacific freight train was brought to a stop near Nunn, a station twenty miles north of Greeley. The train crew discovered that three car loads of merchandise had been broken Into between Nunn and Pierce, a sta tion six tulles south of Greeley, and goods valued at several thousand dol lars had been removed while the train was in motion. Besides winning the sweepstakes In the potato display for the fourth con secutive year, Colorado won two other sweeps, seventeen first prizes, eleven seconds and ten thirds at the Four teenth International Soil Products ex position at Kansas City. Judging of agricultural exhibits has Just been completed, and though comparative figures have not yet been compiled. It Is believed in the department that this state carried off more honors than any other, or any Canadian province. The Colorado Co-operative Crop Re torting Service Is making an effort lids year to determine as accurately as possible what percentage of com and sorghums is grown for grain in this state and what percentage cut green for silage. Inquiry Is also being made to determine what proportion of the rye nnd oats crops is cut for gruin and what parts are cut for hay or other purposes. This Information has never been available before and will he of much value to those Interested in knowing the approximate amount of silage produced in the state anil the amounts of these various crops grown for grain. Tony Marmnne of Mt. Harris nar rowly escaped death at Oak Creek when he hacked out of the Newberry garage into Oak creek. He was cauglit underneath the automobile and held there several minutes before he was re leased. A runaway box car loaded with wheat rolled from Ault, twelve miles north of Greeley, to Evans hill, one mill south of Greeley. Conductor R. E. Stoner und a hrakeman who rode the car during its trip, which was made at a mile-a-minute speed, es caped without injury. An extra freight was switching at Ault when the box car, which had been pushed out on the main line ahead of the en gine, failed to resiHind to the brakes and began to roll down the grade In the darkness. After notifying the op erator at Ault to clear the line, the engine crew started in pursuit. Pas senger train No. 109, from Denver to Cheyenne, had just arrived in Ault ahead of the runaway. At Eaton a northbound freight train was passed in safety. The engine did not gain on tlie runaway oar until the latter be gan to climb the steep grade south of Greeley. Ix>rn Donk, 16-year-old son of Mrs. Chaion Moon, twenty-five miles south east of Hugo, accidentally shot himself while out hunting. The gun was dis charged while the young man was tafc ng it out of the wagon, the bullet strik ing near the heart. Doak lived hut a few minutes. Tl«e town of Flagler will construct * v er two miles of cement sidewalks Ids fall. Nearly o mile of concrete •urhing hns already been ordered. Many other civic improvements nre un !er consideration by the Flagler Com nercial Club.