REMAINS OF HESSIAN CAMP UNEARTHED IN NEW YORK
Workmen excavating at Broadway and One Hundred and Sixty-ninth street. New York, unearthed what In said
to be the flooring and fireplace of a hut of a camp occupied by the Hessians during the Revolutionary war. The photo
graph shows children searching the excavation for relics.
LANDING OF AMERICAN MARINES
NOT ORDERED BY COUNCIL.
SUPREME COUNCIL MUCH CON
CERNED AS BALKAN WAR
MAY BE STARTED.
WatUra N«*ipap«r Union News Service.
Paris, Oct. 1. —The influmed condi
tions in the Adriatic region and the
dissolution of the Italian Parliament
tor the holding of a general election
on Nov. 16, as Koine dispatches an
nounced, Is giving the supreme coun
cil much concern, in view of the pos-
Hlbillty of all the Balkans becoming In
volved In the turmoil. In peace confer
ence circles the approaching Italian
elections are regarded as a struggle
between the war and peace parties, or
rather between the forces on the mil
itary side and those of Socialistic and
While It appears that D'Annunzio
and Flume will be chiefly In Issue, the
feeling Is growing In Paris that ns
D'Annunzio lias Indicated that his as
pirations Include far more than Flume,
the Italian situation is daily becoming
more of an International question.
In view of the conditions, the vlev
is expressed here that the ugltation
might flame into war any day If, for
instance, a Jugo-Slav should happen
tc be killed by Italian troops.
Landing of American marines at
Trou by Rear Admiral Andrews was
not directed by the supreme council
here, according to the Ainericau peace
It was explained that when a party
of Italians entered Trau and It was
feared a clash might occur between
the Italians and the Serbians, the
Italian admiral on the scene appealed
;o the American admiral to Intervene
for the maintenance of peace. This,
it was added. Rear Admiral Andrews
did as part of Ills regular duties of po
licing the Adriatic, without any In-
Ktructions from Paris.
Rome. —American marines or blue
jackets are maintaining order In the
city of Spnlato, Dalmatia, where Rear
Admiral Phillip Andrews is stationed
with his flagship, the Pittsburgh, ac-j
<ordlng to reports reaching this city.
The Italians at Trau, Dulmntla, have
requested the Italian government to
send a ship to Trau for their protec
tion and also to obtain the release of
prominent Italians arrested by the Ser
The government has replied that it
cannot Interfere for the maintenance
of order In sections of Dalmatia en
trusted to the care of the Americans,
l ut that It will convey the appeal to
the American communder. Rear Ad
Washington. Boris Haklimetleff.
the Russian ambassador. Informed the
State Department that General ltozan
»-ff, the superior Russian commander
in Siberia, had apologized to Major
General Graves, commanding the
American forces in Siberia, for the In
cident at Iman, Siberia, Sept. 5, in
volving ihe nrres* by Cossacks of an
American officer and enlisted man and
the flogging of the latter. The ambas
sador also said General Roznnoff had
promised to call for the punishment of
the troot.s which had been guilty <>f
the mistreatment of the Americans.
French Ratify Treaty.
Paris.—Tile Chamber of Deputies
ratified the German peace treaty by
a vote of 372 to 53. The chamber then
took up the treaties between France
and the United States and France and
Great Britain. The Franco-American
and Franco-Brltlsli treaties were unan
Foreign Trade Growing.
Washington. The .United States'
trade with foreign nations has grown
enormously and reached $10,500,000,-
000 a year with a balance in favor of
this country amounting to $4,182,000,-
000. Statistics for the year ending
Aug. 31. just issued by the Depart
ment of Commerce, show that the
year's commerce exceeded that of Inst
year by more than one and one-lmlf
billion dollars. Exports for the year
were $7,415,000,000 ami Imports $3,-
PICKET AT MILL
NEGRO STRIKEBREAKERS SHOOT
PICKET WHILE RETURNING
SEVERAL SHOTS FIRED
TWENTY-FIVE BLACKS FIRE INTO
CROWD AND THEN
Weatvrn Nawapapar Union Ntwa Sarvlca.
Indiana Harbor, Iml.. Oct. 4.—Rioting
l roke out at the Universal Portland
Cement plant here nud a union picket
was shot by one of two united negroes
who, with nearly twenty-five other ne
groes, attempted to return to work.
Several shots were fired by the two
negroes who wore arrested and placed
in Jail. Threats have been made that
:he pulr might be taken from the Jail
by force. The other negroes were
chased Into the woods by nearly 300
‘strikers. Indiana Harbor's Industries
had been dofted since the strike was
tailed until now, when the Inland Steel
Company, one of the larger independ
ent steel plants In the Chicago district,
the Marks Manufacturing Company
and the Universal Portland Cement
Company plant resumed operations.
Sheriff L. Barnes assigned 300 new
deputies to duty, but until now there
was only muttering to Indicate trouble.
The strikers, limyever, increased
their force of six pickets to about 300,
who were on duty when twenty-five or
thirty negroes appeared at the cement
Sain Blnir and Clyde Bracken, ne
groes, had knives, the police say, and
the union pickets attempted to disarm
them. Then both negroes drew revol
vers and fired a number of shots. Klz
mlr Kirchner, a picket, was wounded
*n the thigh.
Blnir anil Bracken were put under
arrest but their companions fled be
lore the strikers, who pursued them In
to the woods surrounding the factory
and they were suid to be still hiding
in the timber.
When threats were heard against the
negro prisoners, the police increased
the guard about the police station.
Orders Beer Into Gutter.
Chicago.—Federal Judge I*nndis or
dered thirty barrels nnd twelve cases
of beer, manufactured In Chicago In
violation of war-time prohibition,
turned Into the gutters here. The beer
was seixed during the Jurists' investi
gation of beer smuggling from Wiscon
sin into Illinois, and was found by
chemists to contain from 2.31 to 2.01)
per cent of alcohol.
Will Ratify Treaty by Decree.
Paris.—Advices received by the
pence conference from Rome have per
suaded the members of the supreme
council that Italy will ratify the Ger
man peace treaty by royal decree. The
general opinion in the council is that
such a ratification will he valid under
the Italian institution, ns the treaty
does not involve any Italian territorial
Rumanians Oppose Treaty.
Vienna. —Bucharest dispatches an
nounce that General Valtolanu. former
minister of public works, has complet
ed a new cabinet of which every mem
ber but one has announced his adher
ence to the policy of former Premier
J. J. C. Brntlnno In refusing to sign
the treaty of peace in its present form.
Will Bring Bodies Home.
Washington.—Bodies of all American
soldiers interred in Germany, Belgium,
Italy, Great Britain. Luxemburg nnd
northern Russia will be returned to the
United States ns soon as necessary
transportation cun be arranged. Secre
tary Baker announced lie had Issued in
structions foV the purchase, storage
and traffic division of the general staff
to take charge of the matter and to
hasten it >.■« much ns possible, and ar
rangements ure going forward rapidly.
TO a IX MOPMTAm WOT.
SEVERAL ARE WOUNDED
RACE RIOTS START OVER WAGE
FOR PICKING COTTON.
WHITE MEN ACCUSED OF CAUS
ING UNREST BY ORGANIZ
Western Newspaper Union News Service.
Helena, Ark., Oct. 2. —Negroes, aft
er having been driven out of Elaine by
posses, were reported gathering in the
outskirts of the town. Posse men who
were at Elaine report that the negroes
are declaring they will not pick cot
ton unless at their own prices. White
men are accused of organizing the ne
groes and trying to Induce them to re
fuse to work for any white employer.
Two white men. Clinton Lee and J.
A. Tnppen of Helena, and seven ne
groes are known to be dead at Elaine,
near here, as a result of clashes be
tween n posse searching for the per
sons who from ambush fired upon and
killed W. D. Alikins, ru 11 road special
ugent, according to reports reaching
here. A third white man, Ira Proctor,
*and a number of negroes are known to
have been wounded.
Advices here suid the trouble bail
Us beginning when the posse was fired
upon by a crowd of men, said to huve
been negroes, at Eluine. The fire was
returned, it was said, and in a few min
utes firing became general in the
A telephone message received from
Elaine stated that the posse had taken
The authorities of Ilelenu, evident
ly feurlng the trouble at Eluine would
spread to this city, ordered all motion
picture bouses and stores to close at 0
o'clock. Helena has a population of
10,000, a large proportion of which are
Tuppan, wlio was a prominent busi
ness man here, succumbed at a local
hospital to the wounds he received in
the fighting in the streets of Elaine
Proctor, who also was brought here, is
not expected to live, according to phy
sicians. The body of Lee, who died
from his wounds at Elaine, also was
brought to his home here.
Lee is said to huve been shot acci
dentally, while Tuppan and Proctor
were wounded during the fighting.
Charles Pratt, deputy sheriff, who was
with Adkins when the latter was killed,
was wounded in the knee. Lee, Tup
pan and Proctor are members of the
local post of the American Legion and
were deputized by Sheriff Kitchens
with a number of other civilians when
he received word that the situation at
Elaine was getting out of control.
ONE HUNDRED DROWNED
FLOODB IN SOUTHEASTERN SPAIN
ISOLATE 30 TOWNS.
Madrid, Oct 4.—One hundred per
sons have been drowned and loss ex
ceeding ten million pesetas has been
caused, it Is estimated, by the floods in
routheastern Spain, caused by tremen
dous storms. At Cartagena, where
many were drowned, thirty villages
r.re still Isolated. Two fishing boats
were wrecked In the Strait of Torre
vieja. In one region two huts In which
eleven persons had taken refuge were
lurried away by a torrent anil all the
inmates were drowned.
Many Go to Canada.
Ottnwa. —Approximately 7,000 more
Americans immigrated Into Canada In
the first eight months of 1919 than In
the corresponding period last year, ac
cording to official figures made pub
lic here. Of the 38,222 persons who
this year crossed the border, more
than half were farmers.
Guatemala Ratifies Treaty.
Washington. The State Depart
ment has been informed that Guate
mala ratified the treaty with Ger
many Oct. 1. Guatemalan press re
ports received by the department as
sert that a hill has been introduced
in the Guatemalan Assembly propos
ing that the republic voice “its eternal
gratitude to Woodrow Wilson,” Pres
ident of the United States. Should the
bill be approved, a committee of depu
ties will visit Washington to convey
this message to President Wilson.
SENATE SWEEPS ASIDE MANY
AMENDMENTS TO THE
SPEECHES ARE LIMITED
BOTH BIDES ELATED, CLAIMING
VICTORY FOR SHOWING
Western N*w«pap«r Union News Service.
Washington, Oct. 3.—At last reach
ing the stage of action In its consid
eration of the peace treaty, the Sen
ate swept aside in quick succession
thirty-six of the forty-five amendments
which hud been written into the docu
ment by the foreign relations commit
tee. The smallest majority recorded
against any of the committee pro
posals was fifteen, and the largest was
twenty-eight. All of the amendments
considered had been introduced by
Senntor Fall, Republican, New Mexico,
and were designed to curtail Ameri
can participation In Europeun settle
ments resulting from the war.
Of the nine amendments yet to be
acted on, six relate to the Shantung
section, two propose to equalize vot
ing power In the League of Nations,
und one would limit Americun repre
sentation on the reparations commis
In the absence of a definite agree
ment for disposition of these pro
posals, Senate leaders thought that
the debate might run on for several
days before another roll call Is taken.
Throughout the voting the Demo
crats presented a solid front against
the amendments except for Senators
Gore of Oklahoma and Thomns of
Seventeen Republicans, on the other
hand, lined up against the first com
mittee proposal to be considered, and
most of them stood with the Demo
crats on all succeeding roll culls.
Muny of them announced they were
for reservations which they believed
would cover the sume ground without
endangering the treaty.
At adjournment the treaty advo
cates declared themselves eluted at
the day’s work and the opposition
leaders also were claiming u victory
on the showing made for their amend
They mustered a minimum strength
of thirty-one, which, with absentees,
would be sufficient, they declare, to
Insure the treaty's defeat unless un
satisfactory qualifications are accept
ed. Thirty-three negative votes on the
final roll call, they pointed out, would
make Impossible the two-thirds major
ity necessary for ratification.
Under a special agreement, speeches
on the amendments were limited to
five minutes and nearly half the Sen
ate membership got into the running
dehute which occupied most of the
Kidnap American Engineer.
New York. —A report that another
American bus been kidnaped by Mexi
can bandits and is being held for ran
som Ims been received by the National
Association for the Protection of
American Rights In Mexico. The re
port quotes the Mexico City newspaper
Excelsior, us authority for the story.
The American, by' the name of Splller,
is said to have been an engineer on a
plantation in the state of Vera Cruz.
The Excelsior says the Mexican gov
ernment lias sent troops in pursuit of
President “Very Sick Man.”
Washington.—President Wilson Is a
“very sick man’’ and “his condition Is
less favorable,” it was said by Dr.
Cary T. Grayson, the President's physi
cian, in a statement Issued from the
White House. "After consultation
with Dr. F. X. Dercum of Philadelphia
Doctors Sterling Ruffin nnd E. It. Stitt
of Washington, which are agreed as to
ids condition, it was determined that
absolute rest is esesntial for some
Employment Offices Close.
Washington. The United State*
Employment Service has notified Its
federal directors to close the state fed
eral employment offices on Oct. 10 be
cause of luck of funds.
For New Ministry.
Belgrade.—A new ministry has been
formed under the presidency of Stoy
nn Protitch, who resigned In August
owing to his inability to agree with
the other cabinet members.
Kansas Bank Looted.
Wichita, Knn.—Robbers looted the
vault of the State Bank of Cambridge,
Kan., fifty miles southeast of Wichita,
and escaped with Liberty Bonds nnd
War Savings Stamps valued ut $15,000.
Refuses to Meet Strikers.
Washington.—Standing squarely on
his assertion that the issue in the
pending strike throughout the steel in
dustry is the open shop. Judge Elbert
H. Gary, chairman of the hoard of the
United States Steel Corporation, com
pleted his testimony here. During col
ioquy with committee members, par
ticularly Senator Walsh, Democrat of
Massachusetts, Judge Gary flatly de
clared that lie could not now consider
compromise or arbitration or meet
with strikers’ representatives.
CENTENNIAL STATS ITEMS.
All previous records for visitors
wer broken in the Rocky Mountain
National Park during the past season,
according to a report Just issued by
Stephen T. Mather, director of the na
tional park service. According 'o sta
tistics taken at the park, 161,000 have
been visitors during the past summer,
while last year only 101,000 visitor?
vv ere recorded. Last year 20,588 motor
cars passed through the park, while
during the past season this nunfber has
been nearly doubled with u to'al of
Decrease in the amount of land
available for homesteading in Colo
rado has reduced the number of appli
cations this year by one-third, as com
pared with 1910 records, according 10
State Immigration Commissioner Ed
ward Foster, the Inquiries are ns many
this fall as three years ago. There is
still a total of 9,500,000 acres open to
entry, records of the department show,
but this total Is 700,000 acres less than
that available u year ago and 5,000,000
r.cres less than on July 1, 1916.
Application from the Grover, Colo.,
high school for rifles for drill purposes
j.nd similar applications from other
schools of Colorado led Col. D. E. Mc-
Cunniff, federal Inspector-Instructor
with the Colorado National Guard, to
i all these schools’ attention to the pro
visions of the army regulations under
which any school with n uniformed ca
det corps of not less than forty mem
bers can obtain both rifles and ammu
nition from the War Department.
C. F. Burke of Pueblo was elected
secretary-treasurer of the Colorado
Duroc Jersey Hog Association at a
meeting held In Pueblo. Professor
Morton of the Colorado State Agricul
tural College, Fort Collins, was elected
president. J. W. Brower of Colorado
Springs was chosen vice president. The
association members plan on taking a
large number of head of fancy Duroc
Jerseys, possibly thirty, to the Denver
stock show this winter.
The reported dynamiting of fish in
the Rio Grande hns been amply veri
fied. Hundreds of dead fish have been
found floating and lodged along the
river hanks all the way from Deep
creek to Wagon Wheel gap, and nil
those wlio have examined them de
clared that tliev had been killed by a
blast of dynamite or other explosive,
as the hones were broken and pulled
loose from the backbone.
The manufacturing industry in Colo
rado had developed rather rapidly In
the past twenty years. During that
period the number of manufacturing
establishments has nearly doubled, the
capital Invested has increased about
225 per cent, the number of persons en
gaged has more than doubled, and the
value of manufactured goods produced
annually has Increased approximately
110 per cent.
As a result of the excellent work
done by county assessors In Colorado
tlds year In the collection of statistics
showing the acreage of the various
crops grown in the several counties,
the State Co-operative Crop Reporting
Service will be able tills year for the
first time to determine with reasonable
accuracy the production of all crops by
counties. Instead of only for the state
as a whole.
Approximately $3,500,000 will be ex
pended in Colorado this year on new
school buildings, it Is estimated by
Mrs. Mary C. C. Bradford, state sui»er
intendent of public instruction, on the
basis of reports now received from
two-thirds of the sixty-three counties
in the state. Buildings costing $3,000,-
000 nre actually In course of cohstruc
tion, and others will he building soon.
James Kit hey, 14 years old, son of O.
Rithey, rancher west of Monte Vista, Is
dead of Injuries received when he was
hooked by a cow. Young Rithey was
herding cattle into a feed lot when he
was thrown from his horse nnd a cow
came along and hooked her horns Into
Rlthey’s head. The horns penetrated
ids right eye nnd punctured his brain.
He died a few* minutes later.
There has been rains in most sec
tions of Colorado in the past two
weeks which have put the soil in ex
cellent shape for fall plowing, nnd this
work is farther advanced than it usu
ally is at this season of the year. Re
ports received by the Colorado Co-op
erative Crop Reporting Service Indi
cate that the amount of winter wheat
planted this fall will he somewhat less
than that planted in 1918, which was
the largest crop of winter wheat ever
planted in the state. Tne season was
unfavorable for winter wheat In most
sections of the state this year and
many farmers who were dissatisfied
with the yields obtained will grow less
wheat this year, while a certain
amount of uncertainty as'to what the
price of wheat may be next year is ap
parently Influencing a few farmers to
decrease their acreage.
The shipping season for pinto beans
is just opening In this state, and Colo
rado is facing a very serious situation
in this industry. Bigger marketing
problems are confronting the pinto
bean producers than last year, because
there will be no big government orders
to he filled, such as there was during
the season of 1918-1919,
The Ward-Nederland road, a high
line road connecting the two mountain
towns about twenty miles west of Boul
der, has been completed at a cost of
$45,000. The road is 10.9 miles long,
nnd is through some of the most rugged
mountains In the Colorado Rockies. It
is thought to be one of the most scenic
drives in the entire state.
Stock raising is, next to mining,
Colorado’s oldest industry. The cen
sus bureau found the value of all do
mestic animals sold and slaughtered
last year close to $125,000,000 or 400
per cent better than In 1900.
Pithy News Notes
From All Parts of
Wtaurn N«wipap«r Union Nowa Sarvlca.
Business men of Nederland, a tung
sten mining town twenty miles west of
Boulder, have organized a commercial
The total value of all property in
Colorado for taxation Is $1,487,931,191,
according to complete reports from all
counties in the state of the Colorado
Fritz Solomon, 54 years old, promi
nent in fanning circles for more than
a quarter of a century, committed sui
cide by shooting himself at Windsor in
a bunk house near his home.
Traveling thieves, presumably the
same gang that has been terrorizing
Colorado towns In the last two weeks,
looted the general stores of the Rocky
Mountain Vuel Company at Lafayette.
The Colorado State Fair, which
closed a full week session at Pueblo,
was among the best ever held in this
state as regards exhibits, attractions
in the line of entertainment, and at
Frank Thomas, a negro, 33 years old,
said to be an ex-convict, is charged
by the roomer’s Jury with the murder
of Jennie Moshy, a negress, 17 years
old, on the evening of Sept. 30, at
Franklin Pierce Parker, 67 years old
r.nd the father of nine children, who
lias been farming dry land near Stone
ham for several years, became discour
aged because of crop failures and com
mitted suicide by taking poison.
Eleven persons were arrested, a
large stock of various kinds of liquor,
a new still and a high-powered ma
chine were seized in a series of spec
tacular bootlegging raids conducted by
local police officers at Walsenburg re
State Teachers College at Greeley
lias completed the work of registering
students for the winter term and has
370 women and sixty men enrolled. In
dustrial high school, which is operated
in connection with the Teachers’ Col
lege, has 265 enrolled.
One of the most daring freight train
robberies staged in northern Colorado
for years was discovered when a
Union Pacific freight train was
brought to a stop near Nunn, a station
twenty miles north of Greeley. The
train crew discovered that three car
loads of merchandise had been broken
Into between Nunn and Pierce, a sta
tion six tulles south of Greeley, and
goods valued at several thousand dol
lars had been removed while the train
was in motion.
Besides winning the sweepstakes In
the potato display for the fourth con
secutive year, Colorado won two other
sweeps, seventeen first prizes, eleven
seconds and ten thirds at the Four
teenth International Soil Products ex
position at Kansas City. Judging of
agricultural exhibits has Just been
completed, and though comparative
figures have not yet been compiled. It
Is believed in the department that this
state carried off more honors than any
other, or any Canadian province.
The Colorado Co-operative Crop Re
torting Service Is making an effort
lids year to determine as accurately as
possible what percentage of com and
sorghums is grown for grain in this
state and what percentage cut green
for silage. Inquiry Is also being made
to determine what proportion of the
rye nnd oats crops is cut for gruin and
what parts are cut for hay or other
purposes. This Information has never
been available before and will he of
much value to those Interested in
knowing the approximate amount of
silage produced in the state anil the
amounts of these various crops grown
Tony Marmnne of Mt. Harris nar
rowly escaped death at Oak Creek
when he hacked out of the Newberry
garage into Oak creek. He was cauglit
underneath the automobile and held
there several minutes before he was re
A runaway box car loaded with
wheat rolled from Ault, twelve miles
north of Greeley, to Evans hill, one
mill south of Greeley. Conductor R.
E. Stoner und a hrakeman who rode
the car during its trip, which was
made at a mile-a-minute speed, es
caped without injury. An extra
freight was switching at Ault when
the box car, which had been pushed
out on the main line ahead of the en
gine, failed to resiHind to the brakes
and began to roll down the grade In
the darkness. After notifying the op
erator at Ault to clear the line, the
engine crew started in pursuit. Pas
senger train No. 109, from Denver to
Cheyenne, had just arrived in Ault
ahead of the runaway. At Eaton a
northbound freight train was passed
in safety. The engine did not gain on
tlie runaway oar until the latter be
gan to climb the steep grade south of
Ix>rn Donk, 16-year-old son of Mrs.
Chaion Moon, twenty-five miles south
east of Hugo, accidentally shot himself
while out hunting. The gun was dis
charged while the young man was tafc
ng it out of the wagon, the bullet strik
ing near the heart. Doak lived hut a
Tl«e town of Flagler will construct
* v er two miles of cement sidewalks
Ids fall. Nearly o mile of concrete
•urhing hns already been ordered.
Many other civic improvements nre un
!er consideration by the Flagler Com
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