Newspaper Page Text
The Elk Mountain Pilot
RAWALT A POTTER, Publishes MATTIE L. MILLER, Local Editor Entered as Second Class Matter at the Postoffice at Crested Butte, Colorado. Subscription $2.00 per Year Senator Newberry, pacing back and forth on the deck of a pasteboard battleship that he might be incorporated in a motion picture film made several years previously and having no relation to his past, is characteristic of a kind of patriotism which we are proud not to have, al though it passes as the real thing in circles that probably regard us as needing their brand of Americanism. If among the merchants of Denver there are a bunch of wholesale robbers, such as the evidence accumulated by the United States District Attorney would Indicate, the public is entitled to know who they are for its protec tion. The array of legal talent retained to prevent their prosecution indicated that those against whom indictments were asked considered the situation serious; that their manner of observing the law against profiteering would not stand inspection; for had they been operating within the law it would not have been necessary for them to plead that an inspection of their boohs would ruin their business. Fair dealing finds no reason to object to the light of publicity, while crime seeks the cover of dark ness.—Highland Chief. GROGGY! Anything to head off Hiram. That is the slogan today in the councils of the plun derbund, the inner circles of international finance. Not surprising, therefore, to hear the local organs of the bond clippers and the contract riggers howl ‘'pro- German.” They hope that, like the bloody shirt, there’s one more president in that old gag. They are whispering “that Detroit vote was pro German.” If Hiram Johnson is getting the pro-German vote, the United States must be pro-German, for he is carrying •very state in which the people vote. Hiram Johnson was for America, against the Hun, when the little bevy of Wall street poodles, who are now yapping at him, were for “peace without victory” or were 4 *too proud to fight.” He is still for America and thinks it’s just as much treason to surrender American independence to a council of foreigners at Geneva, and a clique of bankers at Lon don, as he thought it was treason to the United States to surrender American rights on the ocean highways to the Hun. The people are talking now —not the newspapers, the propagandist and the bunco steerers for the gamblers in international credits. Nebraska and Georgia have just followed Michigan and Chicago with thunderous “NOs” to Wall street's in vitation to sink the American ship of state in the slimy seas of international plunder.—Denver Express. RUSSIA RIDS ON ENGINES Philadelphia papers announce under big headlines the other day that Ludwig C. A. W. Martens, Russian Soviet representative in this country, had come over from Wash ington and made a personally conducted inspection of the two big plants of the Baldwin Locomotive Works, at the request of the management. Martens is in the market to buy, for gold, about 2,000 locomotives. On. the day he visited the Baldwin works. Martens’ bid for the purchase of surplus locomotives offered for sale by the war department was discovered to be less than the bids offered by various other European governments. But Martens offered gold In payment, while the others offered mostly, their Unsupported promise to pay in the future. The demartment rejected all bids, on a technicality, and called on all parties to submit new ones. It may easily be that the government may get the Soviet gold and the Soviets will get these army locomotives. AND NOT A SQUEAL The people of New York City were robbed of nearly the other day and this is all the papers had to say about it: “A 40-story commercial building will be erected on the site of the old New York Herald building. The prop erty, now owned by the Manice estate, was bought 70 years ago for $2,600 and is now assessed at $2,342,000.” The people of New York created this $2,500,000 site value by their presence, but they have been denied Its use or the use of the income from it for 70 years, just'as they will be for all the years to come—until they discover the difference between man-made and community-made wealth and realize that every individual In New York has just as sound s title to his share of that $2,500,000 as he has to wealth created by his own individual efforts.—De troit (Mich.) Forum. RAISES WARNING VOICE “This is not the time to trifle with public opinion," said Senator Borah. “Men who put up vast sums of money for a candidate are believed by the public to have an ulterior selfish motive. It Is not the act of beneficence altogether. If a man contributes SIOO,OOO to a man’s cam paign fund, it is generally believed that somewhere along the line he expects return. The Republican party cannot go into this campaign with any hope of success with any candidate, whether General Wood or someone else whose nomination has been brought about by a brutal and shameless use of money.” AN OPINION OF US The brigands who own the natural resources of Amer ica seem to have overstepped the mark in their endeavor | to make the country safe for plutocracy. Flushed with victory over the miners and steel workers, secured ( through control of the state, their agents, the Republicans, have expelled five Socialists from the New York state ; legislature for the crime of being Socialists. The private , ownership of the earth leads to the private ownership of ) political insitutions, for monopoly and democmcy can not \ co-exist. Tho Commonweal. London. HOW’S THIS “Our boys went across the water to fight the Hun. They left seventy-five-dollar jobs. When they victori ously returned they were feted by the people, they were tendered ovations and banquets; the churches and halls were thrown open to them. As a result of this hero wor ship these draftees attained an exalted idea of their po sition and were not satisfied to return to the old seventy five-per jobs.”—Dr. Vos burg at Longmont, in the Congre gational Church. RELIEF—AT HOME AND ABROAD Starving Europe U appealing to America for sJd. In Austria, Armenia, Russia and other war-stricken lands thousands will die for lack of food this year unlees aid is forthcoming. The charitable heart of America Is touched, and it Is well that it should be. But who is to feed starving Europe? All the billions of John D. Rockefeller and the Steel corporation will not help unless a surplus of grain can be produced In the United States. Starving women and children can not be nourished on oil and steel —whoever gives funds must first have them converted into food, and more food can not be exported unless more is produced. In the face of our lavish promises of aid to Europe the fact is that less winter wheat has been sown than in any recent ye*r and prospects are that the spring wheat area will likewise be reduced. This is due in large meas ure to the fact that farmers have discovered that under present prices large production is impossible. This can not be remedied immediately, but it is time that some steps to betteY the condition of farmers be taken. But there is a more immediate fact, and this is that thousands of farmers in eastern Montana and the western Dakotas will not put in a crop this year because they have no seed and can raise no money to buy it. The state of North Dakota and the counties of that state have gone as far as possible in meeting this condition. But the men ace of sharply reduced production is too big to be met by any single county or state. It is a national matter. Representative Sinclair, elected by the Nonpartisan league, has had a bill pending in congress for months ap propriating sufficient money to enable these farmers to do their part in putting in a 1920 crop. This bill has been Indorsed by the American Red Cross, whose Investi gators report conditions In the drouth-stricken sections rivaling those in famine-stricken Europe. Congress, as this Is written, has taken no action. If the 1920 food production of the United States is so small that thousands of human beings meet death by starvation, blame will be squarely upon the shoulders of a half-dozen short-sighted ao-called ‘'leaders” in the house of representatives, who have consistently refused to allow the Sinclair bill to come up for a vote. —National Nonpartisan Leader. WHERE WILL WE GET IT? Experts tell us that with the war time taxes on excess profits and on incomes, and with nearly all the other special Internal revenue taxes still in eftect, our govern ment has a deficit of $3,000,000,000 in this last year of peace. Our supreme court has recently declared taxation of stock dividends as income is unconstitutional and so cut many millions from the nation’s income. Congress has put the federal treasury behind the railroads. Greater military expenditures than the world has ever seen by one nation is planned. Interest on the debt made by the war exceeds the total expenses of the government previous to the war. Our soldiers and sailors who served in the World war are clearly entitled to compensation beyond what they received. If we are not to rush into bankruptcy as Europe has, where are we going to get the money to break even? None of the great men at Washington have been able to tell us. They have no solution. They depend on drifting along with the thought that no matter how much misery they produce they and their special privilege supporters will manage somehow to stay on top. They have no solution because the only solution lies in upping the unearned wealth that flows Into the pockets of the privileged. We must have greater Income levies on large Incomes. We should Uke as Uxes all the prop erty which a citizen leaves at death except a minimum, probably SIOO,OOO, to support his family and to give his children a little better than the average start in life. We should begin levying Uxes on natural resources, such as oil wells, coal deposits, iron mine* and copper deposits. And a great advantage of the latter kind of taxes would be that while they produce big revenues for the govern ment they also force speculators to operate or sell to those who will. And this would aoon put an end to the shortage of raw materials which is now strangling the business of the nation. THE UNSELFISH MONOPOLISTS “I see by the papers,” declared F. Armer, “that Amer ica is most fortunate in the lofty character and unselfish devoshun of its great business leaders. “Them’s the exact words, and I reckon that a lot of other people have seen ’em, for more’n newspapers they’ve gotten up several big organizashuns just to tell this im portant bit of information to the dear peepuL “But now just supposin’ them coal operators had been as crooked as they make ’em. How coujd they have got ten more war profits or done us more damage with coal shortages than these operators with the lofty character and unselfish devoshun? We can’t lay it to a few bad ones because the bigger they were the more they got. “And suppose them Sundard Oil magnates wuz out just, for the money. Would they have done any worse than sellin’ gas for twice as much ae it is worth? Or would the money grabbers put any more kerosene in the stuff than these fellers are doin’? “If the 40 to 60 per cent which the steel magnates have been takin’ for the last four years wuz token by honest men how much more would crooks have taken? “Then there’s them friends of the farmer, the big packers, who spend several million a year tellin’ us of their devoshun. No decent crook would ask more than their game of ownin’ the yards and everything worth ownin’, settin’ their own prices to hog sloppers and tellin’ every mother’s son of us what we can have their stuff for. “Why wouldn’t it be a good thing to give some 100 per cent selfish crooks a chance at some of these monopo lies? Perhaps they wouldn't be any more modest about soakin’ us, but they’d be decent enough to keep their heads shut about their character and devoshun.” The Lever law was enacted by congress for the pur pose of curbing profiteers, to restrain combinations which ( might form to control the market and increase prices; at ; least that was the information given the public concern ; ing the law when it was being considered; however, since I its adoption, when invoked against profiteers it has been held unconstitutional, but when its aid was needed to jail i workmen demanding better pay the constitutional quality has not been mentioned. By United States District Judges it has been held good law when used against ’strikers, and bad law when its aid was invoked against price raising. That is the interpretation of law which produces Bolshevists, “outlaw” strikes, I. W. W.’s, and men and women by the thousands willing to suffer mar tyrdom for the cause they represent.—Highland Chief. Hank’s Hired Man says: I ain’t never had what they call business experience, but my undersandin’ of this here law of supply and demand is that when a few fellers git all the supply they kin make a lot of dough by just wait in’ until the public hasto pay their demands. SUNDAY NIGHT MUSINES By C. T. Rawalt. The night is net one to inspire to beet writing. The snows, unseasonable end unwelcome, fell steadily from the leaden skies. Even the prismatic colon in the flakes where they fall between our chair and the electric porch light have no beauty, for with them comes the thought of the hundreds of heed of cattle turned out some weeks 9 go on account of the hay shortage, which tonight are seriously endangered, if not actually wiped out. The r&nchmep can illy afford the loss of these cattle, and the whole world needs more stock than will be produced the coming year. This old world is certainly passing through some unkind realm of space the past few years, when all ordinary rules of life are set one side and chaos almost reigns. 44 44 Today we have been reading much in the current is sues of papers widely separated as to publication places. In the Fargo, N. D., Courier-News we note that their su preme court has ruled their new law providing for one official paper in each county, and that selected by vote of the people, to be constitutional and valid. There is going to be some weeping and wailing in the business offices of a large and select class of North Dakota publications that have feasted and fattened not only on the tidbita that fell from corporation tables but from the enforced publica tion of notices to the public that told tales of hopeless effort to tear a living and interest charges from Dakota’s unwilling soil. Thanks to other legislation these latter will not be so frequent in the future as in the past. But should failure come, the unfortunate will feel a certain amount of satisfaction that his foreclosure notice is printed In a sheet that did not try its damnedest to hasten its insertion. We have long thought that the public printer was as nearly necessarily elective as the treasurer or assessor. We would welcome such a law In Colorado and are willing to bet some money that more attention would be paid to the public interest by editors than is now the case. <«* 44 The independent movement that today is visible in political affairs really started with the old Farmers’ Al liance. To those who are able to recall those days, the latter eighties, it is easy to see how resistless has been the advance of independent ideas. Today there are any number more genuine independents than there are repub licans and democrats combined. They are the thinkers, the students of economics, the men and women who love their country more than they do any bunch of politicians on earth. They are giving an example of their power in the way they are carrying states for Hiram Johnson against the greatest pool of wealth ever gathered for the purpose of naming a president. At thia writing there is little to encourage the belief that the man named by the demo crats at San Francisco can overcome the handicap of the deeds of the past administration' It goes without saying that if any man prominently named at this time for the democratic nomination is successful, he walks through a s'aughterhouse to an open grave. The strongest democrat in the field is McAdoo, and he has the misfortune to have a papa-in-law, who was elected to that self-same position by misrepresentation framed up in the counting houses of those who expected rightly that they would accumulate billions of dollars through a war then arnanged for and which Mr. Wilson would be induced to declare so soon as he was elected on the opposite issue. But even Mr. Mc- Adoo is not satisfactory to the cohort* of big business. They prefer a more certain thing and think that in the READ THESE ARTICLES AND COMPARE THEM RAPID GROWTH SHOWN GY PL D. STATE SANK R—ewsas Ri«A sls,s*7,7S9 le Six AH a HaH Mewtfcs Bismarck, N. D.—Total resources of $19,967,739 are shown by the latest report of the Bank of North Dakota. Loans to farmers of about $3,000,- 000 on first mortgages have been either arranged for or closed since last July, when the central bank opened for business. The old oppo sition perdiction that the bank would not lend much to farmers is now changed to the cry that the bank is lending too much on this form of security. Public funds on deposit with the bank, which are nearly all redeposited with local banks, amounted to $15,- 507,915.69; funds held for member state banks for clearing bouse pur poses amounted to $2,175,264.26; and the individual deposits were $159,- 276.38. The latter figure indicates that many people of the state are sending money to this state-owned bank be cause of the 100-per-cent safety af forded. The city of Bismarck con tains only about 6,000 people and no large business enterprises. The report also shows that the bank has accumulated $40,000 as sur plus, houds $23,954.10 in reserve to repay legislative appropriations, has undivided profits of $5,078.45 from 1919 ami net profits of $15,154.37 for the first month and a half of 1920. Checks cleared for member state banks, which used to do their clearing largely in the Twin Cities, average 1 about $1,000,000 a day in total. As soon as the state is able to re move the court action" before the fed eral supreme court, brought to cause delay, the bank will be be able to lend > $10,000,000 on first mortgages in ad dition to what it may so lend from the bank’s own funds. While this amount is small compared with the $300,000,000 in mortgagee, at an av erage of 8 2-3 per cent which North Dakota farmers carry, the competi tion of the state bank with its 6 per cent money on long-term payments, Is likely to drive the rates for the whole state down to a reasonable &sl*. unspeakable Palmer, the man who makes the Lever Act an engine of destruction to striking laboring men and a protection to profiteers, 1s far preferable. Mr. Palmer will be in Denver early next month and will be fawned upon by every democrat in that city who U dying to stand in with a presidential possibility. If some Denver housewives will quiz the gentleman on how he came to ball up the sugar situation so that It cost* the people twice what ft should; how he happened to reduce the coat of living mp 'steen points each time he told them it was coming down; how he happened to whitewash the meat trust after the department of justice had got them where the penitentiary doors yawned for them, they can make hi* stay in Denver interesting and illuminating In case they can get an answer. There is one man who might get elected President on a democratic ticket, always provided that Bryan is stricken with paralysis and the republi cans are asses enough to declare for prohibition as it Is * now written in the laws, and that man is Edwards, of New Jersey. It is not at this writing at all probable that either or both of these happy results can be confidently looked for. Therefore the hope of the common people rests entirely with the candidacy of Hiram Johnson, the man who today seems to have the confidence of the peo ple in the same degree that Roosevelt had it In the cam paign of 1912 and just previously—the degree with which Bryan was their guiding star in 1896 to 1912. That the people trust and love Johnson is as clear as the noon day sun. He carries every state where he is on the ticket; he gets votes In a paralyzing quantity even where they must write in his name. He has been four square on every issue. He fought the league of nations and did not hide behind any subterfuge in so doing. He did not try to kill it by amendments or reservations; he sought its death in the open field. In our opinion this accounts in a great de gree for his wonderful showing of strength In the present primaries. The people hate the league of nations nearly a* badly as they hated the war. Their whole souls are behind a man who expresses their feelings on this subject. But luckily Johnson can be trusted above and beyond his attitude on that mooted question. Hie record as Governor of California is a monument to his fidelity and indepen dence of character and thought. He tamed the Southern Pacific and led them from their foul den out into the light of day. where the people could see and get even, or at least partially even, with them. They no longer carry California in their pocket As Senator his record looks good from his view-point and who of us can say that he Is not right? His nomination is not yet certain, in fact, it is gravely in doubt. Whether big business will dare to turn him down after the people have demanded his nom ination remains to be seen. To be frank with our readers, we believe they will, but that need not defeat him by a long shot. THIS IS A YEAR WHEN AN INDEPENDENT CANDIDATE CAN BE ELECTED PRESIDENT! 44 44 All over the state we observe that the Nonpartisan League is steadily organizing and gaining ground. This goes to more than Colorado, it is reflected in at least fif teen states, and argues that the dawn of a new era draws on apace. The last fifty years have been momentous ones in the world’s history, but we believe the next ten years will easily outshine the last five decades. If vyc read the signs correctly, men will earn what they enjoy, beginning very soon. The day for fattening on the toil of others is about ended. 44 44 We failed to mention in a previously written Musing that Henrietta Lake and Carlton Sills an opposed to Hi ram Johnson for President. That should help a little locally. UNSUCCESSFUL EXPERIMENT Latest reports from the state of North Dakota will not incroast the desire of Che people of other states to copy the experiments in socNlism adopted there by. the Nonpartisan League. The current number of the Coun try Gentleman has some eery inter esting and pertinent information on this subject, which is wholly relia ble and which is worth the attention of all tljoee who era interested for or against the proposition of the Nonpartisan League. With a staggering increase in Ist .at ion. and no corresponding benefits there has already been s reaction against the League which indicates a revolution in public sentiment. Tt is further stated that the various measures now under way will certain ly bring further inemeses in taxa tion. with bankruptcy and a general collapse of the state’s finance* at the end of a short road if the League is continued in power. Under such circumsthnces it is cer tainly the pert of wisdom for the other states to wait for future re ports from North Dakota before em barking upon anv similar experi ments. —Pueblo Chieftain. ————-o If our readers will carefully study tho three articles herewith copied, they may find some food for thought. The one preceding this paragraph comes from the Queen Bee of the Kept-press. Big Business early se cured the editorial support of the Sat urdav Evening Post and The Country Gentleman, both published from the same office and toth under the same management. For a consideration no doubt, they vilely misrepresent the organized farmers and organized la bor. They may safely be placed in the list of those that seek the de struction of everything that makes labor and production independent. They consistently defend every cor poration crook, every assault on the nation’s wealth which Big Business makes- We know of no better way than to copy their falsehoods and set them alongside the truth. Those who can read discriminatingly will easily detect which is true. Wednesday a Lady called on our house today & pa got to argueing with 4he & ma about relighus things & the Bible and etc. The lady ast pa did he beleave in Infant damnashun. Ma inttruted & sed pa practised it when I was a Infant & he had to car rie me wile walking the flore with the collick or sunrthing.—Slats* Diary. Sefceerifce far The Filet. N. D. TAXES LOWER FOR WORKINQ FARMERS John Haffaer *f RlsMaad Ceeaty Pay* Lms for Isls Thee for I*ls Fargo, N. D. — North Dakota farm ers who work their own farm* on the average pay less taxes this year than last, according to John Haffner, prom inent Richland county farmer, who was in Fhrgo recently. Mr. Haffner called at the editorial room* of the Courier-News end brought with him his tax receipts for 1918 and 1919 to prove by the official records that he knew what he was talking about. Here are the tax figures for the two years as token from Mr. Haffner’s receipts: 191$ Real and Personal Taxes Real estate taxes $167.20 Personal property taxes .. 94.82 i Total $262.02 1919 Real aed Personal Taxes R**l estate taxes $268.48 Deduct hail insurance'.... 43.45 I Leaves net real estate tax. .$115*48 Personal property tax .... 25.03 Total $250.06 Haffner chuckles when he contem ' plates his tax receipts. The real es tate taxes are on 240, acres in section 25, township 133 and range 50 in Rich land county. The personal property tax for both years is on the improve ments, livestock, machinery, etc., on this land. Mr. Haffner declares that the amount of personal property in 1919 was not less but rather more than in 1918. Still when he adds his real and personal taxes together he finds that he was taxed just $1.96 less in 1919 than in 1918. This is not all. Mr. Haffner admits that he got his hail insurance for only a fraction of what It cost him the year before. Saturday -had to rane as like usual on a Saturday & cuddeni go a fishing. But diddent hafta wirk in the garden. Jake cum down & we plaid in the house like we was bandits A finely ma rekwested us to stop, she sed Seize it yunguns or I will be a nervua retch if .you dont so we did. I was lucky ma forgot to make me take my Bath.—Slats’ Diary. Bill heads, letter heads, envelopes, cards, etc.* printed at the Pilot office.