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the prison fplimrr.
THURSDAY, Dec. 13. 1888. PRISON OFFICIALS. INSPECTORS. A. K. POE Stillwater. JOHN F. NORRISH Hastings. EDWIN DUNN Eyota. RESIDENT OFFICIALS. H. G. STORDOCK Warden. J. A. WESTBfY Deputy Warden. JOHN COVER... Ass’t Deputy Warden. TRANK BERRY Clerk. H. E. BENNER Steward. W. H. PRATT Physician. T. H. HALL Hospital Steward. W. H. H. TAYLOR Storekeeper. J. H. ALBERT Protestant Chaplain. M. E. MURPHY Catholic Chaplain. MRS. JOSEPJI CAYOU Matron. GUARDS’ REGISTER. V. COVER Usher. M. 3. JOHNSON Hall Guard. M. 0. COLUGAN Day (’ell Room Guard. A. H. CHASE Day Cell Room Guard. A. C. PARSONS Night Cell Room Guard. W. W. HALL ..Night Cell Room Guard. A. W. ROWE Night Cell Room Guard. JOHN DEGAN Night Cell Room Guard. FRANK BURGLUND Gate Guard. HANS ERICKSON ...Gate Guard. JOHN NUNAN Guard Shop A. ROYAL C. ORFF Guard Shoj) B. F. M. BORDWELL Guard Shop C. ANDREW MEEHAN Guard Shop I). BEN, CAYOU Guard Shop F. HENRY J. JENKINS Guard Shop G. E. G. CROSS Guard Shop H. FRANK CARD Guard Shop I. T. W. ALEXANDER Guard Shop J. HENING LONGRKN Guard Shop L. R. G. RHOADES Guard Shop M. PATRICK FLANNERY. Shop Guard. SAMUEL BLOOMER Wall Guard. GBEENLEAF DORR Wall Guard. CHARLES. P. AUSTIN Wall Guard. P. J. MURPHY Wall Guard. JOHN S. MAY Wall Guard. GODFHIED RIS Wall Guard. i_. B. GOLDSMITH Night Guard. NHLS D. CARLSON Night Guard. O. B. JOHNSON Yard Guard. SANFORD COX Relief Guard. LOCAL PICKINGS. —The busy hum of the shops is again heard in ihe land of the St. Croix. —Chapel services we:e conducted on Sabbath scorning by “The Evangelical Band" of Minneap oli s. Mr. Colligan, cell-room guard, was sick and oil duty a few days last week but is again at his post. —Prisorers are arriving almost daily from the rural districts, and our population is on the in crease. —The beautiful weather continues and verifies the words of the old song. “December’s as pleas ant as May.” —The P. M. has a letter for Toney Morgan from Ft. shaw, M. T. Any one making c'aiai for same can have it by furnishing satisfactory proof ot his alias. —Our Chaplain spent several days of last week hunting in “the big woods.” He returned on Saturday refreshed and apparently rewarded. No game —in sight. —We aim to give satisfaction in prices and in Quality ot goods, in all departments of our busi ness and can. with pride, refer all strangers to out cuHomers since 1856. We desire, through the columns of THE MIRROR to call the public's atten tion to our stock, at all times new, modern, and by far the largest in the St. Croix Valley, of drugs, Samily medicines, umbermen’s drug supplies, paints, varnishes, brushes, and beautiful parlor and hanging lamps. Crandall A Barclay. Cbas. Colgran, who superintended the build ing of nearly all the stone buildings within the yard and has seen and superintended the work of convicts to as great an extent as any man in the state, says that he can accomplish more, and get better satisfaction with convict than with free la bOT, conditions being equal as to knowledge of the labor to be performed, etc. This would not in dicate that the convict was a worthless beings, and necessarily a dead weight upon the finances of the state. —Dr. Hall has had the grave of J. B. K. photo graphed at the request of relat.ves of the de ceased, living in Scotland. The photograph gives an extensive view of the cemetery and is a well executed piece of art. The monument is a gran ite base with a marble cross surmounting it. The base of the monument bears an inscription giving name, date of birth and death and the words,"All my night has passed away.” Our readers will re member the death of this young man in August last, and its notice in our columns. —The sash, door and blind department of the Thresher Co. has undergone a very material change. As has teen before noted, the works • were removed from the prison shops September Ist in accordance with the legislative enactment abolishing the contracting of convict labor. New shops were built and the plant was moved into them, new machinery being added. Recently the Stillwater Manufacturing Co. was organized, and it is by this name that the sash, door and blind factory is hereafter to be known.—Lumberman. —On Monday, Wm. Burns, working on the re taining wall was struck by falling earth and thrown from a Ladder to the ground, falling about lifteen feet. He sustained a serious dislocation of the ankle and injury to the muscles of thel>ack, but it is thought that the spine is in nowise affected. He saved himself to some extent by springing from the ladder when he was struck, thus avoiding the lull force of the blow. Almost every week some sue ia injured, and it would be policy to exercise more care. At such labor, entire avoidance of ac cidents is impossible, but proper care would make these serious injuries less frequent. Tlie Life ol' An Eiitfllgh Convict. I wish through the columns of The Mir ror to relate to the inmates the unmerciful treatment shown convicts in ah English prison. A great many have asked me to do so. as they would like to know all about it. The prisoner stands at the bar, wonder ing what the verdict will be. The attorney asks the jury, •’Gentlemen, do you find the 1 prisoner guilty or not guilty?” “Guilty.” The prisoner receives his sentence and is then taken below, to his cell, and as soon as the court adjourns the chief warder and iiis assistant comes to the cell to put the “cuffs” on. lie is then taken to the “Black Van,” and in it, driven to the prison. The van consists of thirty small apartments 3x3 and 6 feet high. The prisoner is in total darkness while in the van. Taken from this conveyance, his eyes meet a gloomy prison. The irons are taken off and he is then taken to the reception cell. Here lie remains until the next morning, when an officer comes to change his clothes and take a minute description of him. Next, the doctor examines him, passes him for a laborer, after which he is taken to the cell room and assigned a cell. The cell is 18x9; the furnishings consist of a plank-bed. table, a cupboard, and the prison rules in a frame. He is provided witli a wooden spoon, a tin knife, salt, a water and a waste pail. For the first month he is required to sleep upon a plank bed, the second month he passes ten nights in this manner; and the third, five nights. There are four stages for the convict to pass through; lie is required to earn ‘224 marks in each. In that case his lot is a trifle better. He is not allowed a library book until lie lias served two months. It he should happen to be caught with a piece of tobacco he would be reported, and get no less than three days in the “hole.” He is allowed to write and receive one letter in three months, and the same with visitors. Should a visitor call to see him, he is taken to a large room consisting of three apart ments divided by iron bars. The convict remains in one of these, while the guard occupies the second, and the visitor the third. The latter is forbidden to tell you anything of what lias happened on the out side. There are no holidays. Christmas and other holidays are spent like all other days. He is compelled to attend the chapel ser vices every morning and twice on a Sun day. He bathes every other week; has hair cut and he is shaved once a month. He is allowed the open air one hour every day. The work, which is done in the cells, con sists of picking tar rope. If he does not pick his three pounds a day, he is put on bread and water. After the first three months, he is changed to making mats. No matter what the sentence, the con vict. on his discharge, receives no more than 82.50. The clothes consist of short knee pants, long blue stockings, a smock, and a tile cap The underwear is good and clean, and clean sheets are provided once a week. He goes to bed at eight, rises at six and cleans his cell before breakfast. The officers call to inspect it. and if found not clean—no break fast until it has been cleaned. The in spector calls at every convict’s cell once a month to ask the convict if iie has any com plaints to make. There are four classes of.diet. The first is thus: Breakfast, daily, eight ounces of bread: dinner, daily, one and one-half pints’ Indian meal mush; supper, daily, eight ounces of bread. The second and third grades are very little better. Before the convict can get fourth grade diet, he must serve at least four months. It consists of: Breakfast, dailv. eight ounces of bread and one pint of skilly, the same for supper: dinner. Mondays, bread, beans and pork; Wednesdays and Sundays, suet pudding, bread and potatoes; Tuesdays. Thursdays and Saturdays, soup, bread and potatoes; and Fridays, canned beef and potatoes. He never gets a drop of tea or coffee, and never gets a taste of fresh meat. All the food is weighed out. The way they feed a man is outrageous. They will flog and cut the flesh out of his body, if the convict gives any trouble. The convicts look like so many ghosts. Life members seldom get out. They stand some chance, after serving half a century. 1 would tell you more, readers, but I hate to bring it ail back to my mind. I would rather be a dog. than a Cbnvict in an English prison. This prison is an hotel compared with an English prison. P. 11. In Bad Shape. Visitor (to sick woman): “How are you feeling this morning, Mrs. O’Toolihan?” Mrs. O’Too’lihan: “Och, leddy, it is that bad I am wid a complication av troubles — rheumatism, lumbago, and all; and it was only this mornin’ that the doctor—hivin rest his sowl! —said there was decoided symptims av convalescence.”—Ex. The Philanthropist’s Methods. Philanthropist, at cell door: “How do you do, Mr. Spikyhair?” Spikyhair: “Very well, thank you. How do you do?” “You seem to be very comfortable in there.” “Oh, yes. It might be worse.” “Yes. I suppose you are well treated?” “Oh, yes.” “You have plenty to read?” “Oh, yes.” “And plenty to eat, I suppose?” “Oil, yes. Such as it is.” “You have a Bible, 1 see.” “Y~es.” “It’s a good book to have.” “Oil, yes.” “Your warden is a fine man.” “Yes. lie is a mighty fine man.” “How long have you been here?” “About five years.” “That’s a long time.” ‘ * Y es. ” “How much longer have you?” “Life.” “Oh:” “Yes:” “You have hope?” “Oil. yes.” “You have friends?” “No.” “That is bad.” “Y-e-s; but it might be worse.” “Y-e s. that’s so. Well, good bve.” “Good bye.” Mr. Spikyhair relights his pipe, and feels bad for a long time: wonders what the philanthropist learned from the interview and whether he bases liis theories upon like interviews; whether the prison would ever be different from what it now is so long as the public was dependent upon like personages for enlightenment. A Problem for tlie Legislature. The memoers-elect aie, doubtless, think ing a good deal more about the United States senatorship than about new legisla tion or the amendment of old in conformity with the needs ot Minnesota. But there is one subject upon which something must be done; and concerning which, as far as we are advised, nobody is well prepared to of fer even a suggestion. This is the employ ment of the prisoners now confined in the state penitentiary. We are not in favor, nobody in the state is in favor, of permit ting competition between convict and hon est labor to the detriment of the latter. But it does not follow that the contract system, in accordance with which our prison in dustries had been organized and built up through a long series ot years, should have been abolished at a blow, without even a hint of what should take its pljice. The present status of the prisoners is a cruelty to them and an injury to the state. Labor, of some kind, is one of the natural acces sories of penal confinement. It is indis pensable to the health of the prisoners and the maintenance of prison discipline. It is even more indispensable in regard to the future relation between the convict and so ciety. Wherever a sentence of confine ment is for a term of years, the natural ex pectation is that the convict will, at the ex piration of that time, become once more a member of society on equal teims. It is surely of the utmost importance whether he comes out prepared to become once more a law-breaker, or to take bis place as a citizen obedient to the laws. The latter result is utterly hopeless unless lie lias had the dis cipline of labor. It would be more humane, both to the offender and to the state, to make every sentence for life than to unloose upon the public men whose criminal instincts have been sharpened and intensified by restraint in that idleness which is the accessory of crime. If prisoners are to be employed upon state account, then there must be a heavy appropriation for a manufacturing plant, prefaced by a selection of the line of work in which they may be engaged with out violating the law of the state. The whole business is now in utter disorder. The contract system is gone; the appropria tion of 825.000 is not enough to make even a beginning of a new system; and the pris oners are waiting and deteriorating, physic ally and morally, until the legislature solves the problem that its action created. The suggestion of a remedy is, primarily, the duty of those at whose instance and request the contract system was abolished. But. whether they break the silence which they have maintained or not, something must be done. This legislature must not adjourn for two years more and leave the state con victs without occupation. The practical remedy for the state of things now existing should be made a top c of earnest thought and careful study by every man who is elected to the legislature that will assemble in January.—Pioneer Press. Reform of any depth will never be urged prudently and cautiously; for if their advo cates were prudent they would not be re formers at all.—Horace Greeley. Tlie Chronic Complainer. There aie a great many people in this world who are looking always on the dark side of life. They live in tlie continual anticipation and expectat on of something evil to come. They are unhappy looking for it, and they are unhappy if it does not come as they expected. It is impossible to omit them. If to-day is a lovely day, they don’t enjoy it, because they expect it will storm to-morrow. They could not be com fortable if they were not making themselves, and everybody around them, unhappy. It is their trade. They tail to see the bright ness in tlie sunshine or smell tiie perfume of the flower, because the sun is liable to be clouded and tlie flower will die. They are the people who are always reading grave-yard poetry—about tlie “falling leaf,” and the “church yard mold.” or the “last of earth.” They sigh when they hear young people laugh, and groan in bitterness of spirit over youthful levity, and wonder how a race of “dying, judgment-bound crea tures.” can dare to spend their time in such idle frivolity; but if you ever should get into a horse trade with one of these self righteous. always-unhappy souls, then you had better keep your eyes open. The people who are always in tiie dumps, are the ones you want to steer clear of all the way along. Their leprosy of unhappiness is contagious; their atmosphere is depressing, there is malaria in it. Let them groan it out to their hearts’ content. It is no use for you to try and brighten them up; they will not be brightened. They would not be happy in heaven. They would find fault with something, and think their angelic w.ngs were not quite so well proportioned as the wings of some other angel. There are certainly many sad things in life. We all know it. just as we know that the earth which smiles with flowers, is full of dead men’s bones: but there is no need of rattling those bones continually before the community. It is no benefit to anybody, and it does not. certainly, benefit the bones aforesaid. A cheerful spirit is a blessing; it is a perfect bonanza in a neighborhood; it is worth more than all the antibilious pills in the world, and if it could be bought with money, there would be none of it left in tiie market twenty-four hours after it was ad vertised. O. B. J. An Incident in tlie Life of the Late Judge McAllister. The most dramatic incident in the history of McAllister as a judge, going to show at the same time his utter independence, was when Price, an express messenger, pleaded guilty to embez zlement to the amount of SI,OOO and was dis charged. The incident is graphically described by ex- State’s Attorney Luther Laflin Mills. Price was a young fellow of good family, and had a pretty wife and child. He was messenger on a line between Chicago and Pittsburg. During one of his runs his car was boarded by robbers and a desperate conflict ensued. Price killed two of the robbers and wounded the third. He saved SIO,OOO wh.ch was in his custody. The company made him a present of SI,OOO and a series of com plimentary resolutions. The papers made a hero of hm. It turned his head. He got to drinking, and that led to lewdness and neglect of family and home. When his money was gone he went back to work disheartened and dissatislied. He had tasted of the wine and wanted more. He em bezzled SI,OOO from his company. He was arrested, indicted and called upon to plead. The morning on which he appeared there were 2,000 people in the court room for the purpose of hearing a cele brated murder trial that was Ij begin that day. Price was called up first and plead guilty. Judge McAllister asked him if he knew what that meant, and he said he did. The judge then told him that he had looked into the case and thoroughly under stood it. He said: Price, you are a human. You have done an act of hero sm and it has turned your head. You are not a criminal, although you l.ave committed a criminal act. You have a wife and child. I know their condit.on. It would do you no good to send you to the penitentiary. Your family would suf fer and you would come back ru ned. For men like you there is no reform in prison. While you were in jail your wife went to anoth er city to plead with the president of the express company for you". She lorgave you and wanted him to do likewise. He kept her in an anteroom tour days and then sent word to her that he had nothing to communicate. When the mother of the Stantons walked to Balmoral castle with her children to intercede with the queen for her members of the family who were convicted of murder, she was stopped at the gate by the guard. She persisted and he finally sent her name to the queen, who sent back word to admit her. But the president of a soulless corporation keeps a pleading and good woman waiting in his office for four days and then turns her away. ‘-Pr.ee, you are discharged, Mr. Clerk, make the entry.” There was a murmer of applause, which was quickly checked, but.the court of humanity had rendered an opinion.—Ch cage Times. Parts unknown—«n a bald head. —Texas Siftings.