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3?ltc prison gHirarr. Edited and Piddislipfl by tlie Inmates. Entered at tlie l'ost Office at Stillwater Minn, as Second Class Mail Matter. Subscription liates. THE PRISON MIRROR .s issued every Wednes day morning at the following rates: One Year * *I.OO •Six Months - 60 Three Montns 35 Single Copies 5 Subscriptions must be paid invariably in ad vance. Advertising rates given upon application. Address. EDITOR PRISON MIRROR. Stil’water. Minn. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weekly paper pub lished in the Minnesota state prison. All matter published in its columns is contributed by the inmates, except that properly credited. Its sup port must come from the outside as every inmate is given a paper without cost. It is published in the interest of the prison library and after paying for the printing outfit, contributed *l5O to the library fund the first year. Its objects are to en courage individual intellectual effort, provide a healthy journal for the inmates of this and other prisons, and, above all, to acquaint the outside world with the needs of the prison by reflecting its inner life and thus aid the cause of moral ad vancement and prison reform. THE MIRROR w 11 be sent to any address on receipt of sub crip llon price: sl.ooper year, 60c. for six raontus. THE JURY SYSTEM. The conviction of persons charged vvitli crimes of a serious nature where grave pen alties are prescribed by law as punishment therefor, in this state, and especially in the two large cities ot the state, ought to be sufficient to persuade the public mind that our civilization has outgrown the jury sys tem. There is a tinzeot' inconsistent sur rounding the whole scheme of trial by jury, in the light of our laws coupled with scien tific research and advancement. The jury is supposed to be composed of average intelligence, but it is required to pass upon questions far beyond the range of average intelligence; questions which belong strictly to the domain of science. That they can arrive at justice without a proper knowledge of the matters upon which they must form opinions seems the height of absurdity. YVhat reasoning man will advocate that the farmer or merchant who knows nothing of physiology, anatomy or the science of medicine should treat a case of typhoid fever or reduce a dislocation, yet it is just as reasonable to suppose that the farmer or merchant of average intelli gence would be capable of performing either of the offices above referred to, as to sup pose that the same men are capable of rendering a just verdict in a case where it is required to distinguish between a delu sion, hallucination, and an illusion; or the effect of a certain poisonous drug upon the the system. Yet our laws sustain the system and refer to it as the greatest safe guard to liberty, and the public mind sus tains our laws. It strikes us that the jury system would be a good system if we, as a nation, were on a par with the age that gave it birth, but with our advanced legal and scientific status as a people it is certainly a strong reminder of ignorance if not of barbarism. It, like many other principles that came with dawning civilization, should be stricken from the statutes and in its stead should be some intelligent body, capable of dealing with the questions tliat come before it, in telligently, honestly, and with the spirit of humanity as defined by our highest con ception of the Judiciary. With the senatorial contest, the appro' priation bills, “woodchucks” and general legislation expected to be enacted the com ing winter, our Legislators should not for get that little settlement over at Stillwater, occupying an acre or so of ground, encircled by a large stone wall and containing about four hundred inhabitants. They are neither hungry, nor thirsty, nor' cold, but they want work. It may be somewhat inter esting to know that the men, who, (with many of them, at least) had they wanted to work in the years gone by, would now have been honored citizens and not the unfortu nates that they are. should now be asking and praying for work. Yet such is the case. The Legislature of 1887 abolished the contract system, which may be all right, hut they did not furnish the prison ers with other employment, and enforced TO THE PUBLIC. idleness was the result. To correct this mistake will be the imperative duty of the Legislature which will meet next month. To confine a man in a cell day after day. month after month, and year after year vvitli nothing to do but counting the long, hours and communing vvitli his wretched self, is barbarism the most ex quisite, and will eventually result in a physical or mental wreck, or both. Then let our law makers see to it. that this state of affairs is speedily changed. The convicts must have work and exercise of some kind. Even though it should necessitate an extra session, a solution of this problem must be found. Time and money are of but little importance when the mental and physical welfare of four hundred human beings are at stake. —Preston Times. Chaplain W. C. Gunn, of the peniten tiary. by invitation, last Monday delivered an address before the lowa Prisoners’ Aid Association at Des Moines. The meeting was very well attended and numbered in its audience some of the most intellectual philanthropists of the state. Mr. Gunn’s address was an able effort, proving by facts and figures the advisability of adopting the indeterminate sentence plan in this state. The Des Moines Register says of it: Chaplain Gunn spoke on the question, "How to make a man ot one who is sent to the peniten tiary?" a thorough diagnosis, of each prisoner should be made, physical, mental and moral. The prisoners should hi>v#a better education. Some thing—a good deal —is being done tor the nnfortu nates. No less than (our discharged prisoners are now faithful ministers of the gospel. Convicts should be induced to work. As a general thing the criminal classes don’t want to work. He would have prisoners choose a profession or trade that might be of service after they leave the prison. The speaker cites several instances where men who had learned trades at the prisons are now holding more or less responsible positions and lead ng useful lives. The speaker took occasion to s»y that in his judgment the contract system in prisons, while not very desirable in itself, is not the worst system, and it is certa n there can be no reform where there is idleness. The speaker then went on to argue the desirableness of prison re form. the establishment of grades in prisons, so that criminals impr soned for the first time should not be brought under the influence of iucorngi bles. Instances were cited of the injury done by reason of the want of some such provis.on. The inequality of sentences of criminals was com mented upon, and many instances of the kind mentioned. The remedy for this evil is the inde terminate sentence, which the speaker showed to have produced excellent results wherever tried. What we want to do is to treat the convicts in such a manner that they will desire to lead bet ter lives.—Anamosa Eureka. The case of the boy, Chester Turney, should be made everybody’s interest till he is free. Seventeen and a half years for stealing fifty dollars worth of stuff! Tried and convicted without ever being in the court room! It is one of the most outrageous things ever known in lowa. It would dis grace—well. Turkey or Bulgaria. All the ministers of Des Moines have examined his case and plead for his release. Every pa per in the city worth notice has added its influence in his favor. Hundreds of people in the legion where he lived have prayed for justice for him. His mother has trav elled and lectured and is giving her life up to have him set free. The railroads have joined his cause. They carry her free from point to point in the state to tell her story. All this effort has been made to get the governor to pardon a boy in his teens. Why he is so inflexible is a mystery to the pub lic. It is beginning to strike people’s minds as a hardness that runs into cruelty. This boy ought to have his freedom for a Christ mas gift, and the mother should have her boy. Then the Christians that want to do good should help him to start out right.— Osceola (la.) Sentinel. The Church Chimes, of this city, for Dec., is before us and we note its live, in structive make-up. The leading editorial upon the “true service” is suggestive of original thought abreast of the times. After reference to the prevalent idea that “worshiping God in the sanctuary is the chief aim and purpose,” it notes the fol lowing: The real service is outside —faithfulness in daily work, integrity in business, up rightness in all dealings, helpfulness to mankind. There is more true service in a real honest ‘day’s work, in giving to the laborer his just dues, in paying one hundred cents on the dollar, doing it in the fear of the Lord, than in the sanctuary service. Mark we said: “In the fear of the Lord.” And this points out to us what the real ser vice to God is. It is a life among men that blesses them, that keeps them, and leads them to the true life in Christ. The d;s ciples should learn of Christ himself. He spent the day healing the sick, teaching, doing works of love, and in the evening lie went up into the mountain and prayed. Our Chaplain, Rev. J. H. Albert, is its editor and the entire tone of the paper speaks for his talent and progressive spirit. The reports of the wardens of the state prisons at San Quentin and Folsom for the year ending June 30. 1888. have been pub lished. Warden Anil, of Folsom prison, states that the earnings for the year were $10,361: cost of maintenance, 8128.864; there werd 421 prisoners. Warden McComb. of St. Quentin prison, shows that the total expendituies of the year were 8184.175; earnings 889,945. The net profits of the state on the sale of jute bags was 851.120; on sasli and door manufactures. 832 356. There were 1.817 prisoners received and 440 liberated. From Warden McComb’s report it would appear that one-half of the 'Times committed by the prisoners was due to the use of opium.—Porcupine. The difference of opinion regarding the life of the English prisoner as noted by a writer in our last issue and one in tiie present issue, is not surprising when we consider that there are about one hundred prisons in England, and it is but reasonable to suppose that the treatment is not uni form throughout the entire country. If an English subject would attempt to write a description of the American prison system after serving a term under the lease system we could scarcely expect it to agree with the plan pursued in this prison. J. F. Giltord. the warden who whipped convicts to death at Coal Hill, Ark., was convicted of murder in the second degree at Clarksville, Saturday, and sentenced to five years in the penitentiary.—Dubuque Weekly Telegraph. Penalty and Reform. Our prison s) stem ought to be both punitive and deterrent. It ought to be such that it will not multiply the evil it seeks to control. Society is in danger of being led into indifference in regard to. this matter from the fact that very great re forms have been wrought in externalities. The construction of prison buildings has been im proved; there has been great progress in the hu mane treatment of prisoners under sentence. So people in general have come to think that there is very little more that needs to be done. There are several things that are essential in this mat ter if crime is to bo controlled and the number of the criminal class reduced. In the first place, we must have regard to cutting off the source of the supply of criminals. In other words, we must ed ucate the children, especially those who by the circumstances of their birth are predisposed to crime, so they shall shun crime. It will be tound far cheaper in the end to educate the children — in morals as well as intellect —than to deal with criminals. It is far easier to extirpate nascent crime than to deal with full blown crime. Again, work must be provided for the prisoners in our penal institutions. The demand of the so called labsw reformers that prisoners should not be employed in remunerative labor ought never to have been yielded to- Having been granted, consent ought now to be revoked. The third es sential thing, in our judgment, is the subjection of actual criminals to such discipline—labor and instruction —in the prison as is fitted to change their habits, and the detention of them till they are pronounced by competent authority fit to be dismissed. —Illustrated Christian Weekly. Force of Character. The greatest blessing ever given to man is force of character. Two elements are essential to it —self-respect and a spirit of fairness. No man can be really strong who has not learned to control himself. Pretenders may seem to control themselves but they only cover up their true tem pers. No man can master others until he has first mastered himself. The bully never attains a position which belongs to real merit. His place sin subordinate positions He is recognized by his propensity to give instead of take instructions. He complains when iu some exigency more is re quired of him than usual. He criticises when he cannot shirk, and imposes in various other ways upon those around him. But a man's influence cannot be of the lasting kind unless he is disposed to be fair and honest. He may have these quali t.es and yet be without force of character, but having them he is possessed of two of the primary elements that make up the leader of men. The man of real force is never a pretender or bully, is never arbitrary or unjust, is never passionate, though he may be and generally is aggressive, and may, as occasion requires, give exhibitions of temper that is, nevertheless, kept in perfect con trol. Force of character brings with it self-reliance and an imperturbable manner. Just as the really courageous man remains cool in the presence of danger, the self-reliant man keeps his temper un der provocation because he feels confidence in himself. The coward grows excited and loud mouthed to cinceal his real feelings. The arbi trary man loses confidence in and control of him self when he fails to make an impression. It is then that the self-contained and self-respecting man makes his power felt. But it is then also that he must exercise that forbearance which comes of honest purpose and a spirit of fairness if he must retain b s ascendancy, for reason must prove the terms of peace, else there will be re peated revolts. The consideration of what is the true and what is the misleading sign of force of character is of advantage. It enables one to put a just estimate upon men because all of us consciously or uncon sciously adopt types which we seek to imitate. It behooves us not to make the mistake of following a bully instead of a brave man, of looking up to the overbearing instead of those who are just, self-reliant, persistent, and whose force of char acter is shown not by the way in which they tram ple upon other people and injure their rights, but by their manner of obtain ng ascendancy through the constant exercise of justice, reason, firmness and self-control. —Cameron (Mo.) Vindicator. None are so fond of secrets as those who don’t mean to keep them; such persons covet secrets, as spendthi ifts covet money, for the purpose of circulation. —Colton. OYSTERS! AT N- PATWELL’S. CARPETS! If you have a Carpet to buy this Fall, and don’t wish to make up any Bine room or Pink room, or anything out of the usual run, so it will not take a regular Carpet stock to suit you, call at the LADIES’ BAZAAR. We only handle good, common-sense, everyday Carpets, nothing fancy, but on these we claim and know we can save you a few dollars on your pur chase. The profit, what little there is,will not have to pay interest on a great big lot of money invested in stuff that only sells once in a while. So you can see that we can sell you a Car- pet for a little less than those that carry a regu- lar line. Respectfully, AlScMtierKo. STILLWATER, MINN. ELLIOTT HOUSE, Cor. Third dc Chestnut Sts., STILLWATER, - - - - MINN. TERMS. $1.50 PER DAY. J. E. ELLIOTT, Manager. M. E. CAPRON, —PROPRIETOR OF THE— PHCENIX Livery, Hack AND BOARDING STABLES, 213 & 215 Chestnut St., Stillwater, Minn. Double or single rigfc, with or without drivers, at any hour, day or night. As good turnouts as can be found in the Northwest.