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*ghz prison BXirror.
Edited and Published by the Inmates. Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater Minn, as Second Class Mail Matter. Subscription Kates*. THE PRISON MIRROR is issued every Thurs day morning at the following rates: One Year Six Months 60 Three Montns 35 Single Copies 5 Subscriptions must be paid invariably in ad vance. Advertising rates given upon application. Address. EDITOR PRISON MIRROR. Stillwater, Minn. TO THE PUBLIC. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weeklypaperpub iished in the Minnesota state prison. All matter published in its columns is contributed by the inmates, except that properly credited. Its sup port must come from the outside as every inmate is given a paper without cost. It is published in the interest of the pris-m library and after paying for the pr nting ■'•ontributed $l5O to the "ibrary fund the first 'ts objects are t<> en courage individual intellectual effort, provide a healthy journal for the inmates of thiß and other prisons, and, above all. to acquaint the outside world with the needs of the prison by reflect.ng its inner life and thus aid the cause of moral ad vancement and prison reform. THE MIRROR will be sent to any address on receipt of subscrip tion price: SI.OB per year, OOe. for six months. The board of pardons bill did not pass, The habitual criminal bill died in the house. A bill passed the New York legislature raising the yearly salary of the Principal Keepers of the three state prisons from SI. 500 to #2.000. The Norman County Herald says of the Oklahoma boomlet that struck Stillwater: “We hope that the convicts will not be al lowed to emigrate and corrupt their morals by associating with tlie boomers.” The sprimr number of Texas Siftings is the finest thing of the kind ever sprung on us. It is not only a delight to the eye, but its galaxy of wit, humor and information affords a refreshing feast to the weary mind. The Daily Capital is the name of a new paper published at Devil's Lake, North Da kota. It is a splendid paper and is a credit to its editor and publisher, Marshall Mc- Clure, and we wish it the success its merit deserves. We learn from the Daily Gazette that Editor Barrett has leased his newspaper (Stillwater Democrat) and job office to Messrs. A. J. and M. L. Mclntire for one year. Mr. Barrett will remove to St. Paul, where he will be connected with the busi ness management of the Daily News. Warden Garvin, of the Joliet prison, has resigned and ex-Senator Berggren has been appointed to till his place. Captain Garvin is said to be one of the best prison managers in the world, and his many friends are in dignant at tlie treatment lie has received at the hands of the prison commissioners. He has been asked to take the deputy warden ship, but it is not thought lie will accept. Among the exchanges that come to our table, none is more welcome or read with more relish than The Prison Mirror, ed ited and published by the convicts in the state prison at Stillwater. Its articles are clear-cut, spicy aurl original, and its dis cussion of reform problems, able and phil osophic. Long may The Mirror live to reflect the sentiments of its contributors.— The Pilot, Faribault. On Monday April 15, the Governor of South Carolina granted full and free par don to two colored men who had been sen tenced to be hanged for the lynching of a white man who had outraged a little colored girl. The Governor says that he was in fluenced in this case by his desire to do jus tice to the colored people. This was the first time that any one had been convicted in South Carolina for lynching, and it was also the first lime that colored men had lynched any one, and he would not have them made an example of when white men bad not been punished for like offenses.. Notwithstanding the fact that the new law making simple drunkenness an offense punishable by fine and imprisonment has met with little adverse criticism, we can not regard it as a good law. If it were a crime to sell liquor, then it might be right to punish him in whose possession it is found. lowa, Maine and Kansas, where the sale of liquor as a beverage is a crime, might have such a law with some show of right on their side; but a state that legal izes the public sale of intoxicants, it seems to us, should not punish the person who simply partakes of them. There were laws before to punish the drunkard if he inter fered with the rights and comfort of sober people. As an exchange says, it will do more to swell the expense bills of jailors than for the cause of temperance and good order. A great many Stillwater citizens will receive sample copies of thi* week's Mir ror. We send them out hoping they may find favor and bring us your patronage. We believe that if you will give llie paper an earnest perusal yon will be pleased to send in your sub&cr.ption. The paper al ready has about two hundred subscribers in the city, all of whom, we have reason to believe, are entirely pleased with it. The Mirror has received favorable recognition wherever it has been read; the public press has commended it in the highest terms, and the name of nearly every prominent man and woman in the state, and many from other states, may be found in our subscription book. We endeavor to give our readers a clean, instructive and inter esting paper, and believe we have suc ceeded iu doing so. If you like the paper, send in your name, if not for a whole year then for a Half or quarter year. If a train of ears runs over and kills a man’s cow, the state will compel the rail road company to pay him damages to the full extent of his loss. But the state may cast a man into prison and keep him there for years, break up his family and scatter them over the world, strip him of his prop erty, reputation and all that makes life desirable; and when it is discovered that all this has been wrongfully done, it washes its hands of all obligations by granting him a pardon for a crime he has never commit ted. From Michigan comes the news that William Rogers has been pardoned after serving eight years of a life sentence, be cause it had been found he was innocent. On entering prison he left a wife and child who, after waiting tor years, gave him up as one dead and went their way in the world. He comes out an old man without friends, home or money, but nothing is said about reimbursing him for his blasted life. Of course there is not gold enough in the world to bring back the family and the years of his life wasted in prison, but the state should provide him with a com fortable living for the remaining days of his life. It is too often the case that the private detective is a scoundrel of the deepest dye. He is scarcely ever a man of good reputation. He bores his way into the secret troubles of families and individuals like a deadly worm into the heart of a tree, and becomes a blackmailer. He is in no way solicitous about the peace, security and welfare of the community in which he lives. He is a per jurer and cares nothing for the majesty ot the law, and is often a greater criminal than the man his oath sends to prison. Jus tice, being blind, does not see who is In thp witness box, and can only judge from what she hears. Generally, these men are ex perts on testimony and usually know just how much the truth must be stretched in order to secure the reward dependent upon conviction. Many an innocent man and stainless woman has sat in court and lis tened to one of these private detectives swear his or her reputatlou away. These are not mere assertions, but often verified truths. Detectives are a necessity in these days of trickery, but they should not be tricksters themselves. No man should be allowed to act as a detective save under the direction of national, state or municipal government, and should receive a fixed sal ary. An holiest man makes a better de tective than does a scoundrel. Prosperity awaits all men, and even pur sues some, but it is never found in the haunts of vice.—Register-Lever, PRISON LAWS. Extracts from the New Prisou man agement law. The bill provides, that the government and control shall be vested in a board of managers to consist of tjve members. The board shall meet once in each month at the prison. They shall make all necessary rules and regulations for the direction and govern ment of all the officers of the prison, they shall make such rules and regulations for the government of the prisoners as shall best promote their reformation. And gen erally as may from time to time be pro motive to the purpose of this act, in order that good behavior may be properly re waided. they shall provide in the said rules and regulations for a correct daily record of the conduct of siicii con vet. and his fidelity and diligence in the pei toim.ince of his work, and all such rules and regulations a> may be necessary for the transier of any of the prisoners confined therein to tne state reformatory. The board of managers shall appoint the warden, prison physician, chaplain and principle teacher. The officers and employes of the prison except those appointed by the board of managers shall be appointed by the warden, subject to the approval of the board of managers, and shall hold office at the pleas ure of the warden. The board of managers shall fix and de termine the compensation of all officers and employes, payable in equal monthly install ments; provided that the annual compen sation of the following named officers shall not exceed the amounts named, viz: War den, three thousand (83,000) dollars, to gether with house rent.fuel and lights; dep uty warden, two thousand (82,000) dollars, together with house rent, fuel and lights: assistant deputy warden, twelve hundred ($1,200) dollars; physician, one thousand (81,000) dollars; chaplains, not exceeding twelve hundred (81,200) dollars altogether; principle teacher, seven hundred and fifty (8750) dollars; steward, twelve hundred (81,200) dollars, with board and room; hos pital steward, nine hundred (8900) dollars, with his board and room; all other em ployes such compensation as may be fixed by the board of managers. The steward, hospital steward and matron shall have board and rooms at the prison, without any deduction made therefor from their salaries. The board of managers may allow such other employes of the prison as they deem proper to board at the prison at State ex pense, provided that persons receiving din ners only shall be paid five (85) dollars less per month, persons receiving full table board shall be paid ten (810) dollars less per month, and persons receiving board and room shall be paid thirteen (813) dollars less per month than they would otherwise receive for the same service. DIMINUTION FOR GOOD CONDUCT. First year, five days a month, seven days the second year, nine days the third year, aud ten days a month for every year there after. A convict who shall pass the entire pe riod of his imprisonment without violation of the rules and discipline except such as the managers excuse,shall upon his discharge from prison, be restored to the rights and privileges forfeited by his conviction. And shall receive from the Governor a certificate under the great seal of the state, as evidence of such restoration. All convicts confined in the Minnesota state prison who shall become entitled to a diminution of their term of sentence by good conduct while In prison, in accordance with this act, shall, in addition to said diminution of their term of imprisonment, receive compensation from the current ex pense fund for every day, except Sundays and legal holidays at an average rate of ten cents per day per convict. The compensa tion to be graded, at the discretion of the warden, from eight to twelve cents per day. The difference in the rate of compen sation to be based, not on the pecuniary value of the w'ork performed, but on the willingness, industry and good conduct of the convicts: Provided, that whenever any convict shall forfeit his good time for mis conduct, he shall forfeit out of the com pensation fifty cents for each day of good time so forfeited; and. provided, that life convicts shall be eutitled to the same benefits. EXTRACTS FROM THE PRISON LABOR LAW. Every person convicted of crime and com mitted to the state prison shall be regularly employed at, and be compelled to perform a reasonable amount of hard labor; and no person shall be exempt from such labor un less incapacitated. The law provides for one or more of three systems of employment—state account system, contract system, and piece price system. The adoption of one or more of the systems is left to the discretion of the board of managers. Not more than one half the convicts shall be employed under the contract system. Any contract made shall not exceed the term of two years. Con victs shall not be leased to contractor or lessee for less than the sum of forty-five cents a day for actual work. Provided, that such lease shall not preclude the withdrawal of any convict and the substitution in his place of another when deemed for the best interest of the convict by the Warden. In case the board of managers deems it proper to advertise for sealed proposals for the lease of shops, yard room, fixtures, etc. separately from bids for the labor of con victs, they shall have power so to do, and they shall also have power and authority to advertise for bids for the labor of convicts separately from proposals for the lease of shops, fixtures, etc. The law provides that the call for sealed * bids or proposals shall be published in one of the capital city dailies and one of the county papers for a period of three weeks next preceding the time fixed for opening such proposals. A copy of the conditions bidders are subject to shall be placed for their inspection in the hands of the Warden for at least twenty days prior to the day fixed for the opening of such proposals. The Warden shall receive and preserve all the proposals. On the day specified in the published notice the managers shall proceed publicly at once to open and canvass such of them as shall be substantially in the form prescribed in the published notice. The managers shall retain complete control of the convicts. The managers may employ convicts on state account in such industries as may ap pear best to them. Managers and officers are not to be in terested in or connected with business or contract. The law provides for an appropriation of 875,000. EXTRACTS FROM THE NEW REFORMATORY LAW. The board of managers of the reform atory and state prison board of managers will meet in joint session in St. Paul on the second Tuesday in May and prescribe rules and regulations for the transfer of convicts from the state prison to the reformatory. The law provides that. No life convicts shall be transferred from the State Prison to the State Reformatory, until he shall have first served a term in the State Prison of at least twenty-one (21) years, less the diminu tion which would have been allowed by law for good conduct had he been sentenced for a term of twenty-one years. They shall also consider any matters that may be brought to their attention pertaining to the joint interest of the two institu tions: and shall take such action as they shall deem proper thereupon. No life convict who shall have been transferred to the State Reformatoy shall be paroled until the approval and authority of the governor shall have been given tor such parole, and no such paroled life convics, shall be unconditionally released by the board of managers: but such convict shall re main in the legal custody of the said board of managers and be subject at any time, to be taken back within the enclosure of said reformatory, during the term of his natural life, unless the gov ernor shall sooner issue a pardon for such con vict [Owing to the late hour at which we re ceived copies of the bills we were able to print only a few extracts. There are many other important features which we will publish next week.] The Bluest aud melancholy. Cheerfulness and occupation are closely allied. Idle men are rarely happy. How should they be? The brain and the muscles were made for action, and neither can be healthy without vigorous exercise. Into the lazy brain crawl spider-like fancies, fill ing it with cobwebs that shut out the light and make it a fit abode for “loathed melan choly.” invite the stout handmaiden, brisk and busy Thought, iuto the intellectual chambers, and she will soon brush away such unwholesome tenants. Blessed be work, whether it be of the head or the hand, or both. It demolishes Chimera as effectu ally as Bellerophon, backed by the goddess of Wisdom, disposed of the original monster of that name.—Ashtabula Daily Beacon.