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PRISON OFFICIALS. MANA6EKS. EDWIN DUNN. President Eyota. IOHN F. NOKKIBH Hastings. JAS. 8. O’BRIEN Stillwater. FRANK TEMPLE Blue Earth City. M. O. HALL Duluth. RESIDENT OFFICIALS. J. J. RANDALL Warden. 8. A. LANGUM Deputy Warden. JOHN 8. GLENNON Ass’t Dept. Warden. FRANK BERRY Clerk. W. U. TURNER Assistant Clerk. H. E. BENNER Steward. if. J. MERRILL Physician. C. R. KEYES Hospital Steward. F. M. BORDWELL Storekeeper. J. H. ALBERT Protestant Chaplain. M. E. MURPHY Catholic Chaplain. MRS. H. A. WALKER Matron. GUARDS’ REGISTER. T. W. ALEXANDER Day Cell Room Guard. W. W. HALL Night Cell Room Guard. CHARLES. P. AUSTIN..Night Cell Room Guard. ANDREW MEEHAN Hall Guard. UANB ERICKSON .• Gate Guard. ROYAL C. ORFF Guard. BEN. CAYOU Guard. HENRY J. JENKINS Guard. R. G. RHOADES Guard. A. W. ROWE Guard. ALEX. McKAY. Wall Guard. GBEENLEAF DORR Wall Guard. P. J. MURPHY Wall Guard. JOHN 8. MAY Wall Guard. HENRY FROST Wall Guard. JAMES SIBBITTB Wall Guard. L. B. GOLDSMITH Night Guard. W. A. MARTIN Guard. GOD FRIED RIS Night Guard. LESTER BORDWELL Guard. JOHN ME ALE Y Guard. WM. M. MAY Guard. ARCHIE PARKER Guard. H. A. TIFFANY Guard. NELS D. CARLSON Guard. FRANK H. HALL Guard. J. H. STILKEY Guard. I. H. ALCOTT Guard. JOSEPH FORTIER Guard. GILBERT GUNDERSON Night Watchman. LOCAL PICKINGS. —Tongue-tied—Convicts. —A tale-bearer—The Monkey. —Mr. David Davidson, of St. Paul, visited this institution last Sunday. —All the spare seats in the chapel were occu pied by visitors last Sunday. —Pleasures are dearly bought when paid for by serving a term in the penitentiary. —M. S. Griswold, Waukesha, Wis., was shown through the prison last Friday by Rev. Jas. Bull, city. —Uncle Billie Hall was unable for duty Tuesday night, and Guard Tiffany “shipped the sneaks” for the night. —The tub and pail industry is beginning to look up again, and guard Wm. May has sawdust in his whiskers. —Rev. A. D. Stowe, rector of Ascension church, Stillwater, will occupy the pulpit in our chapel next Sunday. —lf the majority of men were not honest through motives of policy our prisons would have to be greatly enlarged. —Rev. and Mrs. Stowe and their son, spent the greater part of Sunday afternoon in the cellroom talking with the inmates. —When you see a man hang a sign over his door saying “Come In” you may put it down that he is hustling for an income. —Mr. Geo. W. Granger, of Rochester, spent a few days of last week in the prison visiting his uncle. Guard Andrew Meehan. —Capt. W. H. H. Taylor and Michael Colligan were in the prison last week and each paid a short visit to our aerial sanctum. —Guard Ben Cayou returned to duty Monday after a fortnight’s vacation, part of which was spent among friends out at Litchfield. —Statement of Population, July 30: Working for Thresher Co., 167; working for state, 126; sick and infirm, 21. Total population, 314. —Sylvester Sage, Teresa L. Sage, Kansas City, Mo.; Mrs. R. F, Buntin, and Baby Buntin, St. Joe, Mo., were visitors at the prison Tuesday. —Chaplain J. H. Albert left Thursday for his Summer outing, and he will be absent about three weeks. His destination is Englewood, 111. —What you don’t want others to know keep to yourself. For how can you expect one to guard your secrets when you cannot guard them your self? —As the result of too heavy a load of Free Ma sons the “band wagon" broke down, and is now undergoing repairs in the Minneapolis city hos pital. —Samuel Mathews, Mollie Mathews, Addie Mathews, Susie Lacy and Mamie McDermott, were of the number that visited our office the past week. —Mrs. I. Harpman, Minneapolis, Miss Alice Baer, Memphis, Tenn.; Chas. Conhaim and Mrs. Chas. Conhaim, city, were visitors at the prison last week. —Hospital Steward Keyes and wife were down at Byron, their late home, during the past week. Frank Hall presided over the medicine chest while the Steward was absent. —Father Murphy took occasion last Sunday, be fore beginning his sermon, to express his appro bation of the new arrangement for accommoda ting visitors to the chapel services. N THURSDAY. July 31, 1890. —Messrs. Geo. W. Hard, L. J. Amble and S. Au berg, of Fillmore Co.; Clerk of Court Emory and E. K. Roverud, editor Caledonia Journal, of Hous ton Co., were the guests of Deputy Laugum last Friday. —Clara E. Parker, Deadwood, S. D., Florence Humbird, Hudson, Wis., and Helen M. Lovatt, city, were shown through the prison Saturday by H. C. Draver and F. W. Densmore of the Thresher company’s office. —Editor V. C. Seward is home from California, whither he went some three weeks ago to be pres ent at the golden wedding of his parents. Mr. Seward visited several points ot interest in the far west during his absence. —A first-class lime house has been constructed within the past week, and it is a lime house as is a lime house. It is about 12x16 feet and is as nearly air tight as possible, the floor and sides be ing four thickness of boards. —Mrs. S. J. Blythe, A. D. Blythe Jr., and Mrs. Eugene Luke, of Platte, Mo.; Miss M. L. Donahue, Columbia, Mo., Miss Allen. Miss Minnie Allen and Edgar Hopkins Jr., of St. Paul, were visitors at this industrial community during the week. —Martin Mowor, one of the earliest pioneers of the St. Croix valley, died at his home at Areola, this county, Monday morning. Mr. Mower came to the St. Croix valley in 1843, engaged in the lumbering business and amassed a large fortune. —The ground crew of the wall builders were hot in body and mind on the sultry afternoons of the past few days as they gazed upward and be held the trees on the bluffs bowing to the wind that would not descend to cool their fevered brows. —The prison library is indebted to the kindness of Mother Jerome of St.Mary'sAcademy,lndepend ence,Mo.,for tbe following valuable books: “Twice Told Tales,”by Hawthorne, 2 vol.;“Grandfather’s Chair,” Hawthorne; “Cloister and Hearth” and “A Perilous Secret,” by Reade. —ln giving credit last week to those who did the artistic work on the sofa cushion presented to Bishop Vincent, we neglected to thank Matron Walker for her valuable services in procuring the material and putting the cushion together. Her pardon is asked for the seeming slight —Mr. B. E. Hockert, of Minneapolis, corres pondent of several of the leading newspapers in Sweden, was a visitor to this institution Tuesday. He took away with him several copies of THE MIRROR and notes of his own from which to pre pare an article for his foreign customers. —Messrs. W. C. Williston. C. Amundson, Geo. A. Brackett, John W. Willis, and H. H. Hart, members of the state board of corrections and charities, spent the greater part of Monday in specting this institution, not forgetting to honor THE MIRROR office with a visit. We understand that the board is making its annual tour of inspec tion of all tbe state institutions. —Owing to the fact of the Chautauqua class fail ing to get out last Sunday for its regular meeting we have been asked fifty times or more if the class had not "busted up.” So we will state for the benefit of those who are anxious to know and have no opportunity to make personal inquiry, that the prison C. L. S. C. is in a healthy condition mor ally, intellectually and physically, and we may add, financially, for it owes no man a cent. Chau tauqua never “busts.” —Charlie Lilljigren, a boy employed in the Thresher company’s pattern shop, yesterday lost the ends of the toes on his left foot. He was go ing up on the elevator in the machine shop and just as it came to the second floor he thoughtlessly shoved his foot out where it was caught between the shop floor and the edge of the elevator. He was carried to the prison hospital, where Dr. Mer rill dressed the foot, after which the patrol wagon called and took him to his home. The boy bore it all with a smiling countenance. —Have you seen Ass't Deputy Glennon’s pup? If you have not and are a free agent you should go and see it, for probably in the course of your whole life you will not have another chance to behold such a wonder. The rush to see it was so great that be was obliged to bring the pup down to the prison for a few days of rest from the worry of re ceiving the admiring populace of Stillwater; and it was this circumstance that afforded us the pleasure of seeing his puppyship. To attempt an intelligible description of the animal is useless; furthermore, a description might detract from the pleasure and surprise of a personal inspection. However, it will not be out of place to state that the only way of telling which is the bark end of the pup is to notice which end it sticks in the milk. —Last Wednesday evening nearly all the guards and several of the officers grouped themselves about the stone steps of the outer portal of the prison and permitted themselves to become im mortalized by the photographic process. Yes, im mortalized, for the artist was none other than he who had been sent forth in the land to gather il lustrative subjects for that peerless and all com prehending literary production, "The American Hasheater’s Digestive Organ.” We have had the doubtful pleasure of gazing upon a copy of the camera's catch and must say that had it caught its flash from a crew of pirates about to be hanged it could not have presented a more fitting orna ment for a rogues’ gallery. We would not have it understood that our officers and guards are not the handsomest of men—it is the picture that be. lies them so. A FLOWER. Who can tell what a flower has cost? Long centuries waited and wrought, Till the changing atoms their lesson had learned And blossomed —to tell us God’s thought. Who can tell what a flower may teach? No sermon nor story nor song Has caught all the meaning God hides in a rose That bids us be loving and strong. Sunday Services. Services were couducted by Rev. Father M. E. Murphy, the basis of his sermon being the Gospel read in the Catholic service on this day. Father Murphy gave a vivid portrayal of the scenes en acted in Jerusalem in the reign of Titus. When Titus entered Jerusalem at the time of the pass over, A. D. 70, the Jews were engaged in dissen sions and strife among themselves. To the terri ble scenes of persecutions and slaughter that be gan under the reign ot Titus, there was added the horrors of a famine, a famine so severe that a woman becoming crazed by hunger lost the tender feelings of a woman and a mother and killed and roasted her own child for food to appease her hunger. Jerusalem was finally leveled to the ground and the plow has since passed over what was once the very foundation of a great city. “These,” said Father Murphy, “are historical faets, and the historian verifies the Savior’s words that not one stone would be left upon another in that city. ‘The epistle I have read this morning teaches us that we should repent in time and not be as the Jews of old who heeded not the Savior's admoni tion to reform their evil idolatrous ways. A sick bed repentance is but a sickly repentence at best and we have it on the authority of a spiritual writer that it is as much a miracle of God's to put true repentence in the heart of a man upon his death-bed, who had been a sinner all his life, as it would be to raise the dead. You are near to the Saviour's heart, for he is not a respecter of per sons, and you should show your love and grati tude to Him by at once accepting the divine plan of salvation.” As Seen by Another. Mr. A. N. Dare, editor of the Sherburn County Star-News, has the following to say in his paper after his recent visit to this in stitution. I visited the state’s prison last week, and was not particularly struck with the desirability of be ing incarcerated there just at present. From the exterior of the pr.son no building is visible; noth ing but a great gloomy forbidding wall obstructs the view, looking anything but inviting. Inside gloom still prevails, and while everything is clean and neat, one would almost know with his eyes shut that he was in a prison—the atmosphere breathes the fact. The prisoners work in gangs under guards during the day, and at night are shelved, as it were, into little stone cubby holes four by six feet large, where they are locked until morning. All the ventilation the cells boast comes through the little grated window, and cer tainly cannot be any too much these hot nights. Some of the prisoners at their own expense have been allowed to furnish their cells with carpet, stand, mattress, etc., while others have to be con tent with little else but the bare stone floor and shelf. 1 took a peep, not too long, at the dungeon where they confine the unruly prisoners as pun ishment. Painted black, without opportunity for the entrance of a single ray of light, they are dun geons indeed, and it seemed to me that a brief stay solitary In one of them would fit one for sui cide or the insane asylum, oarticularly if he was the possessor of a guilty conscience, as the wretches who are placed therein probably are. * * * A visit to this or any similar prison may well be a lesson to one on the beauty of liberty, for deprived of this heritage, even by his own act, it seems to me a man has no longer much to live for, notwithstanding the fact that he has raiment* food and lodging furnished him, while others are not always sure even of these in this work-a-day world. A Great Offer. Only 7 cents a day. Read, and send a postal to the Dubuque, lowa, Telegraph, containing your address. They will send you further information as to how they furnish the Daily for one year, (or the Weekly tour years), and the Americanized Encyclopedia Britannica for 126.00 which is only 7 cents a day for a year. A Courteous Prisoner. The other night the only prisoner in the jail of Tattnall County, Ga., opened the jail door with a wooden key he had whittled from a broomstick and walked out. He left this letter for the Sher iff: “Before sunrise to-morrow I will be out of your oounty. As lam in somewhat of a hurry you will please excuse me for not calling and paying my respects. If I stay here in jail all summer my muscles will get soft and I will not be able to do a good day’s work when I get out in the fall. Then, there is no use in my being at an expense to Tatt nall’s taxpayer’s for months, when I might just as well be out making my own living and a little for my family who live in another state. For your uniform courtesy please accept my sincere thanks. The people of Tattnall have been kind to me and I appreciate it. Yours respectfully, ”P. S.— I will be back in October to stand my trial, and I hope to be acquitted.”—Pittsburgh Dispatch. —Selected, Following the discovery of the telegraph came that of the telephone. This discovery may justly be credited to the American physicist, Page. He was investigating the theory of reproducing musical notes at a distance, and following along this line he noticed that at the instant when a bar of soft iron is magnetized by passing a current through the coil of wire surrounding it a sharp click is heard, and by means of a sounding board, sounds could be transmit ted. In 1860 M. Reiss, of Friedrichsdorf, constructed a musical telephone that trans mitted with accuracy the sounds or musical notes, that were received into the apparatus when a person sang before it. Not only does this apparatus show to what a degree this science had then been developed but it serves to show the extent that the new power or force exerted m the minds of all scientists of that time. The expression made by one of the distinguished men of a few years ago, barely does justice to this sci ence even when spoken of as, ‘ ‘The wonder of wonders.” The apparatus invented by Reiss was constructed by mounting, by supports, a cylindrical bar of iron over a sounding board, the bar of iron, or magnet being surrounded by a heliacal coil of wire; a hollow box was next made into which a trumpet mouthed article was inserted from the side of the box; in the top of the box was a circular opening over which was placed a membrane, and a small disk of platinum in the center of the membrane completes the circuit whenever the vibra tions of the membrane causes it to reach a point poised above the platinum disk; the whole apparatus being operated by a Bun sen battery. It will be readily seen that when the person standing in front of the trumpet-mouthed opening raised or lowered his voice it caused corresponding move ments of the membrane and the platinum disk attached, which as each wave of sound struck the membrane, caused it to vibrate and the platinum disk communicating with the point raised above, connected the elec trical circuit and transmitted the sounds as they were received to any distance. The speaking telephone is an improve ment of Reiss’ discovery and was made by Bell and known as the Bell telephone. Bell had worked for many years to produce the speaking telephone. As constructed by him it required no battery, being operated by steel magnets wherefrom the currents are generated by means of a thin iron plate. One end of the steel magnet is inclosed bv a small coil of silk covered copper wire, surrounding this is a case in the form of a trumpet, with which all are familiar. On speaking into the cap shaped opening across which the iron diaphragm is placed, this being charged with magnetism from the steel magnet, vibrates with every distinct wave of sound as they are articulated, com municating them in their approach to the magnet, it in turn carries them to the line wires by which they are transmitted to a similar apparatus, which placed to the ear enables a person to hear every sound made by another even when separated by hun dreds of miles. The perfection of this in strument gave to the world one of the greatest inventions since the world began. Had such a discovery been made in other than the present century with what dis trust would it have been received by the people! It would have been looked upon as an invention of his Satanic Majesty. An editor works 365 M days per year to get out fifty-two issues of a paper; that’s labor. Once in a while somebody pays him a year’s subscription; that’s capital. And once in a while some son of a gun of a dead beat takes the paper for a year or two and vanishes without paying for it; that’s anarchy. But later on justice will overtake the last named creature, for there is a place where he will get his just desert; that’s hell. —Auxiliary. It would astonish many of us sometimes if we could know what our neighbors think of us. Every man lias some kind of a standing in the community where he lives, and be is sized up a great deal closer than he has an idea of. You may set it down as a fact that there isn’t a twelve-year old boy in your neighborhood who hasn’t got his opinion of you, and he wouldn’t be back ward about expressing it either if a stranger should ask him for it. Every man is always making a character, whether he is doing anything else or not—Selected. JOHN P. FRASER. TRANSFORMERS. EDWIN R. C'HAMPLIN, In tbe presence of God’s little children, Of maids with fresh voices and eyes, Of youths with their hearts full of courage, And women warm-hearted and wise; Of old men whose strength is of spirit, Saintly women who bring heaven near; And the sweet face of suffering patience. The world, that was hard, has grown dear. —Youth’s Companion. Electrical Science. SEVENTH PAPER. Retributive Justice. Leonardus.