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Edited and Published by the Inmates. Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater Minn as Second Class Mail Matter. Subscription Rates. THE PRISON MIRROR is issued every Thurs day morning at the following rates. One Year #I.OO Six Months 00 Three Montns 25 Single Copies 5 Subscriptions must be paid invariably in ad vance. Advertising rates given upon application. Address, EDITOR PRISON MIRROR. Stillwater, Minn. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weekly paper pub lished in the Minnesota state prison. All matter published in its columns is contributed by the inmates, except that properly credited. Its sup port must come from the outside as every inmate is given a paper without cost. It is published in the interest of the prison library and after paying for the printing outfit, contributed #l5O to the library fund the first year. Its objects are to en courage individual intellectual effort, provide a healthy journal for the inmates of this and other prisons, and, above all, to acquaint the outside world with the needs of the prison by reflecting its inner life and thus aid the cause of moral ad vancement and prison reform. The Prison Mirror, published in the State penitentiary, is a spicy and brainy little paper.—The Irish Standard. Mr. Arthur J. Mclntire and Miss Jennie E. Mosher were married at Zumbrota. Oct. 11. Mr. Mclntire lately published the Stillwater Democrat, but is now living in St. Paul. The Mirror offers congratula tions. Tiie Mirror extends a cordial welcome to “Our Companion” a monthly paper pub lished at the Cincinnati House of Kefuge. The paper is neatly printed and ably ed ited; and we shall always regard it as a cheering, elevating companion. No 1. of Vol. I. of the Puget Sound Lumberman and Shipping Journal has readied our table. It is devoted to the mil ling, mining, shipping and railway inter ests of Washington. It is an ably gotten up journal and will be invaluable to all hav ing interests of the new state. It is customary for editors to take a vaca tion about once a year, but owing to cir cumstances we have not been able to get away from our duties for several years, and we are tired. Therefore, as will be seen, we have given the editorial hemisphere of our little globe of thought a vacation this week. Our old friend, Texas Siftings, came to hand this week fairly bristling with bowie knives, Winchesters, six-shooters, whisky bottles and ail the other implements of western humor, and a double page picture of the marriage in Fizen Creek ot our old and admired acquaintance, Col. Whipsaw, of the Kattlesnake ranch, to the youngest daughter of Judge Pulltrigger. The cos tumes of the ladies and gentlemen are sim ply gorgeous and are admirably portrayed by the skilled artist. Thos. Worth. We have just received a pamphlet copy of Secretary H. H. Hart’s Address to the Alumni of Oberlin College on the Beforma tion of Criminals, delivered July 1, 1890. Mr. Hart, as secretary of the state board of corrections and charities, has had oppor tunities for gaining a wide knowledge of affairs appertaining to crime and criminals and in his address he sets forth the most advanced ideas upon the subject. He ad vocates more care and discrimination in dealing with the different classes of crim inals, and holds that while the primary ob ject of imprisonment should be punishment, no effort should be spared for the morai and intellectual elevation of the imprisoned criminal; that is, prison discipline should be of an elevating instead of a degrading nature. We will endeavor to give a fuller review of the address in another issue. Dr. M. Lavell, warden of the peniten tiary at Kingston, Canada, in a speech be fore the Nashville prison congress said: “When a convict is received, 1 come into personal contact with him at once. I get at his history, I find out his peculiarities, and everything that has reference to him, and before 1 assign him to work, I know TO THE PUBLIC. all that lean about him. Throughout their imprisonment I endeavor to come into per sonal contact with these men. I tell them constantly that lam accessible to them at all times and under all circumstances; that they are free to tell me their complaints and to make a friend of me; and if they will give me their confidence. I will prove a friend in the truest sense. That, I think, is my duty as a warden. While the ref ormation of the convict is surrounded by many difficulties. I feel that, since provi sion is made for the salvation of the worst man, there is a possibility of saving our vilest criminals. I try to instill hope into them, and to make them believe that I am their friend.” POLICE “ SWEAT-BOX ”. Here is something truly remarkable. It is not the expose of the “sweat box” and “slugging” process that is remarkable such is a common practice in many cities — but the fact that officers have been indicted for such an offense against law and human ity is indeed astonishing. No wonder The utmost excitement was created here (Den ver. Col.) when it was learned that in the grand jury’s report handed in six indictments were found against Chief Loar, of the city detective force, and Detectives Clark, Wattrous, Crocker and In* gersoll for false imprisonment and two for assault to kill and one for assault and battery against Wattrous. The complaining witnesses are Dan Sinks and B. F. Smiley, who were imprisoned and brutally assaulted by the officers for the purpose of extorting confession to a crime for which they were arrested and which they claim they knew nothing of. The local press has for some time charged the detective force with being very cor rupt and that they receive regular monthly con tributions from fallen women, gamblers, bunco men and criminals, and in return these classes are not molested. These charges will be inves tigated by the grand jury.—Minneapol s Tribune. Two months In u “Sweat-Box.” Providence, U.l.,Oct. 17.—Charley Mc- Carthy, 14 years old, who was confined in the “sweat-box” at the state reformatory under Superintendent Niebecker, was brought before the committee to investigate the charges of inhuman cruelty toward him. A more pitiful and shocking scene was never witnessed in this city. McCarthy was livid and weak, and death seemed im minent. The committee was horrified, and asserted that it would not listen to a word uttered by a child in the helpless physical condition of young McCarthy. “Why. you must take that boy home,” said Chairman Wilson, “for he is not able to testify.” The parents of the boy ins.sted that he should be allowed to tell the story of his confine ment for 62 days in the dark cell known as the “sweat-box.” The chairman of the committee administered the oath. Toung McCarthy was too weak to hold out his hand. The mother and father held up his arm for him. His hand, when liberated from their hold, dropped helplessly to his side. “You must take that child home.” said the committee, “for we don’t want to make any examination of him now.”— Minneapolis Tribune. A Ranker Rested by ail Editor. “The best laid schemes of mice and men gang aft aglee,” or words to that effect. A banker in Van Wert, who is rather slow pay. especially on his country paper, was dunned by Editor Arnold, of the Bulletin. He said, “Why, certainly; it ought to have been paid long ago;” then what did this banker do but hand to the editor a new SIO.OOO bank bill. Did this innocent editor blanch with surprise and wonderment and collapse at the sight of more money than he ever expected to see? Well, no; not much. With much unconcern, as if it were an every day occurrence, he took the SIO,OOO bill, and. pulling out an old wallet from his pistol pocket, proceeded to count out the banker his change. It was the banker’s time to wilt, as he did not want to part with the big bill, which was a curiosity in Van Wert; but the editor said it was no trouble at all. as he was saving up a few of these SIO,OOO bills for Christmas. The banker had gathered several of his choice friends in the bank to see him toy with the editor, but another banker had got on to it, and just padded the editor with a huge bun dle of greenbacks tomakechange.—Urbana Citizen. Vagaries of Habitual Drunkards. Habitual drunkards, it appears, have al ways their idiosyncrasies. One woman was in prison 167 times in eleven years for smashing windows; a man also well known to the police stole nothing but Bibles; with another spades were always the coveted articles; and into other female cases shoes and shawls were the objects invariably that were misappropriated by them when under the influence of drink. A man was once transported on a seventh conviction for stealing tubs for which he had absolutely no use, yet which he could never resist the sight of when alcohol had done its work.— London Tid-Bits. How to Depopulate Prisons. We respectfully call the attention of law makers to the following editorial clipped from a late number of the Weekly Scots man, of Edinburgh, Scotland: A pleasing and interesting chapter in the story of social progress is furnished in the report to parliament by the directors of convict pri oils. One e’a s of the com munity appears to be dwindling in numbers with surprising rapidity—the occupants of the convicts’ cells. At the present moment the number of persons in custody in Eng land and Wales, under sentences of penal servitude, is the smallest on record. Twenty years ago, with a population of al most seven millions less than that of to-day. our penal servitude convicts numbered 11.660. To day. the number is about one half of this—s,944. Between March 1884 and July 1890 —a period, roughly speaking, of only six years—the convict prison popu lation decieased by 4,000 persons, or by no fewer than 660 persons per annum; and lßst year the number of penal servitude sentences was. with one exception, lower than in any previous year in our history. These facts are the most important when it is remembered that the decrease of the con vict prison population has not been accom panied by any increase in the number of those who occupy the ordinary prisons. Crime, unhappily, is and will be long with us. and the records of the convicts tell only too plainly of the frequent recurrence of cases of serious crime. But a vast improve ment has taken place during the past twenty years; and if the prison records of that period may be accepted as an indica tion of the future, the prospect is most hopeful and encouraging. It is interesting to note that fluctuations in the number of convictions for serious crime have invaria bly corresponded with' fluctuations in the number of adult paupers. Pauperism and crime go hand in hand, and the most recent returns of the former are as satisfactory and promising as are those of the latter. The rapidly diminishing record of serious crime has compelled the directors of con vict prisons again to discuss the desirable ness of making one alteration in the crim inal law. At present the maximum sen tence is two years, and the minimum sen tence of penal servitude is five years. No intermediate sentence is allowed. The di rectors certainly make out a strong case for an immediate change in the law. It may be said that their whole argument tends to show that extreme rigor in punishing crime has never been followed by beneficial re sults, and that improvement in our criminal statistics has grown concurrently with the passing of less severe sentences —with the tempering of mercy with justice. The di rectors strongly urge that sentences of three and four years’ penal servitude be reintro duced, on the general principle that condi tions have wholly altered since 1863; that the Prevention of Crime Act, 1871, which allows of police supervision after the expiry of a sentence, supplies the requisite for the safety of society which transportation and long sentences used to supply: and that the punishments which it is necessary to inflict should not subject those on whom they are imposed to any greater amount of misery, discomfort, and degradation than is re quired to effect the object in view. They proceed in a comuiendably sympathetic spirit. “The family of a prisoner, though innocent, suffer as well as he; the disgrace affects them, perhaps, more than him. and they are subjected to discomfort, arising from being deprived of the advantages of his labor and protection. It will be ad mitted, then, that every year to which a prisoner is sentenced beyond the necessity of the case entails much unjustifiable suffer ing, and those who assign the periods of sentences which are intended to cure moral maladies should not be fettered by a rule which absolutely forbids the adoption, under any circumstances, of certain partic ular periods, any more than a physician should be precluded from administering his dose for the cure of physical maladies.” There is the pecuniary consideration also. The directors calculate that if only 300 of the prisoners who are now sentenced to five years received sentences of four years or three years in equal proportions, the prison population would ultimately be reduced by 450 prisoners, “and, putting the saving at £25 per head, the public would be relieved to the amount of £11,250 per annum. No doubt all this will receive, as it deserves, attention in the proper quarter. It is a favorable sign of the times to find prison officials coming forward as the advocates of even greater consideration than this su premely humane age has adopted in the punishing of our criminals. “Fifteen years is about the average life time sentence.” says a prison physician. “Very few convicts, though sentenced for life, serve more than that period. They die or are pardoned. “In the Missouri prison there are five holiday pardons every year granted by the governor. One white and one negro con vict are pardoned on the Fourth of J uly, and two white and one negro convicts are pardoned on Christmas. The long-termers get the benefit of this clemency. This I heartily endorse. If fifteen years does not reform a man fifty years will not.”—Globe- Democrat. Prison Sunday. Secretary H. 11. Hart, of the Minnesota board of corrections and charities, has sent a circular letter to the clergy of the state which reads as follows: Dear Sir: Sunday, Oct. 26, has been designated “Prison Sunday,” at which time all ministers are requested to preach a sermon on prison reform, the treatment of criminals or some related subject. I send you herewith some documents which may be of assistance to you in preparing for such service. I would suggest that if practicable you visit the jail or lock-up in your town before the service. In some cases a union service has been found very satisfactory. The end sought in the observance of Prison Sun day, says the secretary of the National Prison Association, is to awaken a larger degree of pub lic interest in the question of crime and criminals —the prevention and repression of crime, and the reformation of offenders. The two great agencies for the education of public opinion are the press and the pulpit. Probably neither the one nor the other has in time past paid sufficient attention to this important subject. To most persons crime seems to be something very remote. Those of us who have no official connection with the adminis tration of justice rarely come into personal contact with criminals. We read of crime in the newspa pers, and we leave the problem of dealing with it to legislatures, courts, police, and prison officials. We fail to realize that we have any personal re sponsibility in this matter. But the volume of crime in any given community is the symbol and expression of the social and moral condition of that community. The criminal may be com pared to the metallic points through which accu mulated electricity discharges itself and restores the electric equilibrium. The forces which make criminals are found in the social and moral atmos phere which environs them. To purify this at mosphere is the work, in part, of the church. If it fails, or in so far as it fails, to do this, the church itself cannot escape partial responsibility for the prevalence of crime. And the criminal stands to the church in the same relation as any other sinner. The church owes to him precisely the same duty which it owes to every man who has violated human and divine law, and stands in need of pardon and restoration. It is hoped that this view of the question will be presented, on Prison Sunday, by American pastors, to the peo ple who attend religious worship and receiVe re ligious instruction from their lips. Even a limited observance of the day cannot fail to accomplish a useful purpose, by awakening thought, promoting discussion, and arousing a healthy public senti ment with reference to the importance of adopt ing the most effectual methods for diminishing the volume of crime in the United States. Tlie Saddest of Stories. The following is the old, old story told anew by “Between You and I” in the Min neapolis Tribune: Circumstantial evidence is not always to be relied on as proof positive, yet sometimes it is to be relied on, and will make a pretty strong case. People who have had busi ness at the postoffice for the last few months may have noticed that several months ago a pretty, bright eyed girl, evi dently from the country, began to call at the general delivery for mail. She was dressed plain, but neat, and altogether seemed to carry with her the odor of new mown hay, and a glance at her fresh, young face brought to mind visions of cowslips, field daisies and wood violets. Soon she began to hang about more often, and many times she appeared to be waiting for some one. Often late in the evening her post was at the window by the wall desks, where she waited with expectant eyes for the com ing of some one. Gradually there was an improvement in her manner of dress. A new hat was the first feature, then a flashy pair of shoes, until little by little she blos somed into a gaudily decked damsel, and the latest addition was a fur jacket and a pair of gaudy yellow kids. As the dress improved the face took on an expression for the worse. The fresh young cheeks be came covered by a coat of powder, and the bloom of the cheek which had been lost was artificially enhanced by an elalorate use of rouge. The ripe, warm lips, which had begun to pale, were touched up with a tinge of a purpler hue than nature gives, and the eyes were enlarged by the application of a pencil in the proper place. Gone was the bright, innocent young being, and in her place was a woman of the 'world, with a growing look of boldness and effrontery in the pretty, deep eyes. There was no ocular proof of the fall; but the tale was only an oft repeated one, all too common in great cities, and another good woman was lost to a world that is not too well filled with pure feminity. How sad and sweet are those lines of Bret Harte. “’Twas only, you see. the old, old story; For the bright blue eyes and the golden hair Were a woman s shame and a woman’s glory—” The prison population of Missouri has declined from 1.879 to 1.667 in the last two years. The state has been steadily grow ing in the meantime. These figures are re spectfully presented to the gentlemen who delight in quoting penitentiary statistics from Kansas and lowa. Missouri is not a prohibition state. Not by a long shot.- Marshall Co. (Kan.) Democrat.