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3? rue PRISON OFFICIALS. MANAGERS. EDWIN DUNN, President Eyota. JOHN F. NORRIBH Hastings. JAS. 8. O’BRIEN Stillwater. F. W. TEMPLE Blue Earth City. M. O. HALL Duluth. RESIDENT OFFICIALS. ALBERT GARVIN Warden. F. H. LEMON Deputy Warden. JOHN S. GLENNON Ass’t Dept. Warden. FRANK BERRY Clerk. W. U. TURNER Assistant Clerk. H. E. BENNER Steward. B. J. MERRILL Physician. FRANK H. HALL Hospital Steward. F. M. BORDWELL Storekeeper. J. H. ALBERT Protestant Chaplain. M. E. MURPHY Catholic Chaplain. MRS. H. A. WALKER Matron. GUARDS’ REGISTER. T. W. ALEXANDER Day Cell Room Guard. W. W. HALL Night Cell Room Guard. CHARLES. P. AUSTIN..Night Cell Room Guard. JAMES SIBBITTS Usher. ROYAL C. ORFF Guard. BEN. CAYOU Guard. HENRY J. JENKINS Guard. B. G. RHOADES Guard. A. W. ROWE Guard. GBBENLEAF DORR Wall Guard. P. J. MURPHY Wall Guard. JOHN S. MAY Wall Guard. HENRY FROST Wall Guard. ANDREW MEEHAN Guard. L. B. GOLDSMITH Night Guard. W. A. MARTIN Guard. GODFRIED RIS Night Guard. LEBTER BORDWELL Guard. JOHN MEALEY Guard. WM. M. MAY Guard. ARCHIE PARKER Guard. H. A. TIFFANY Guard. NELS D. CARLSON Guard. J. H. BTILKEY Hall Guard. L H. ALCOTT Guard. JOSEPH FORTIER Guard. GILBERT GUNDERSON Night Watchman. H. McINTYRE Guard. PATRICK FLANNERY Guard. W. B. CILLEY Guard. i —“I Told You So,” is the title of our latest brand of chewing tobacco. —A party of Sunday school scholars was es corted through the prison Monday. —Steward Benner reports that the stock of veg etables are wintering well in the cave. —Our dog "sport” has not shown up for several days, but no suspicion rests upon the butcher. —The health of the prison remains good. The daily average at morning sick call is about ten. —Mr. W. W. Hall. "Uncle Billy,” has been ap pointed captain of the night watch. Captain Hall now. —Mr. W. B. Cilley has been appointed super numerary guard vice Hans Erickson, who re signed. —Guards Lester Bordwell and H. Mclntyre are now in charge of the big gate. Guard Hans Erick son haying resigned. —Mr. A. U. tiero, of Joliet, was Warden Gar yin’s guest Sunday. Mr. Fiero attended our Chapel service in the morning. ,'t —Statement of population March 4: Working for t Thresher Co., 168; working for state, 137; sick and infirm, 14. Total population, 319. —A test has been going on in the engine room during the past week to ascertain the condition of the engine and the relative value of fuels. 41 —Two car loads of hemp fiber were received from Kentucky last week. It is a much different looking article than the Minnesota hemp received. —Ex-Warden J. J. Randall is reported as hav ing been very sick with pneumonia for several days in St. Paul. At last accounts he was improv ing a little. —We saw Mr. Peter Beggs emerging from the binding twine factory one day last week and he looked to be loaded with a two-stick item for the Pioneer Press. —The singing of the prison choir has been ex ceptionally good the last two Sundays. We do not say this on the strength of our own judgment, bnt on the word of those who have musical tastes. —The renumbering of the cells has made it nec essary to renumber and re-arrange the cellroom bulletin board, a work that has afforded employ ment for Guard Alexander and his assistants dur ing their leisure moments for several days. —Guard Amos Rowe is having bad luck. He was recovering nicely from the measles when the pleurisy attacked him, and when getting over this, pneumonia jumped upon him. He has had a hard fight, but is now getting the best of his ene mies. —The prisoner who has charge of the elevator in the machine shop lost three toes last Friday. One of the machinists dropped a casting down the shaft and it caught the young man’s toes, crushing them so that it was necessary to remove them. He is the second person to lose a portion of a foot on this elevator within the past year. a —The boys in the tub and pail factory are mak ing records for themselves. A team of four men turned out 381 pails Tuesday, and on the same day another team of five men made 260 tubs. Supt Coveil will have to stop telling the boys about the big runs the boys used to make in the old fac. tory. His best record per man was 85 pails per day. It will be seen that the boys have buried his record ten deep. —The system of cell numbering has been changed and all the cells have been numbered THURSDAY. March 5, 1891. LOCAL PICKINGS. within the past week. The numbers now run around the tiers instead of back and forth on one side of the blocks. The galleries go by numbers instead of by letters as heretofore. The new cell numbers are now stenciled on the locks.thus doing away with the numbered boards that were attached to the bars of the doors. —Deputy Lemon has brought his artistic knowl edge to the task of enlivening the appearance of things about the cell room. The tar paint with which all the iron work of the cell room is painted does not harmonize with bis taste for colors, so he instiuted the work of repainting by beginning with the cell doors which are now re ceiving a coat of indian red. When the work is completed the cell room will have a lighter and more cheerful appearance. —The twine factory is nearly ready to start un der full headway. The larger part of the ma chinery isin working orderand more or less twine is made each day. The twine made is pronounced tobeofa superior quality; and we are prepared to vouch for its smoothness and great strength. Mr. James Davidson, who is superintending the work of starting the factory, pronouces the qual ity of the hemp fibre on hand to be first class, but he says that the Minnesota article has not been properly prepared for making binding twine, but that the Kentucky hemp could not be excelled. Mr. Smith, of Huron Lake, who furnished the Minnesota hemp, was here the other day to learn the proper way to prepare hemp for binding twine. —There is one thing that this prison is blessed with probably above any other prison in the coun try, and that is its water supply. Numerous springs have their rise around three sides of the inclosure, many of which have been covered up and find their outlet through underground drains to the sewers. But some of the larger springs have been left open at convenient places about the yard, where winter or summer the thirsty may find relief. The whole cellroom is supplied with water from two tanks, one at each end of the hall, that are fed by pipes leading from good springs. The kitchen, bakery, and cellar each has its stream of living water flowing into convenient sinks. The state board of health recently made a chemical analysis of this water and pronounced it excellent for drinking purposes. —The Board of Managers held their regular meeting Tuesday. All the members were present. Besides transacting the usual routine business, they visited the binding twine factory and were much pleased with the looks of things. The new night school, which the warden had organized since their last meeting, met with their hearty approval, and they ordered its continuance. They also decided that the inmates might receive visits from friends once in four weeks, the interviews to be limited to thirty minutes. The manufacture of binding twine beiDg a matter occupying the at tention of the state of Minnesota, and as the plant is nearing completion, the Board adopted a resolution inviting the Legislature to visit the prison and inspect the working of the same at some day to be appointed by the Warden. some: prison riles. Rules; Concerning Visits, Letters, Pa- pers, etc. Convicts are not permitted to receive visits from friends on Sundays or holidays. With the above exceptions they may receive visits from friends once in four weeks, on any week day, be tween the hours of 8 o’clock a. m. and 4:30 o’clock p. m. (Noon hour excepted.) Visitors must not give anything to convicts ex cept so much fruit or other eatables as they can eat during the time of the interview. Liquids in any form are not permitted. Interviews are limited to thirty minutes. Convicts are permitted to write once in two weeks. Paper and postage are furnished by the prison. They are permitted to receive all letters and weekly papers which contain nothing improper. In writing to convicts address your letter with full name, and confine yourself to family local news and business matters. Daily papers and Sunday editions of dailies are not admitted. The Police Gazette and publica tions of a similar character are rigidly excluded. All mail and reading matter is inspected. Bad conduct will deprive convicts of the privi leges of receiving visits from friends or writing to them. ALBERT GARVIN, Warden. NOTE. The above rules do not prohibit prison ers from receiving such articles as hair brushes, tooth brushes, and slippers. WARDEN. Cliapel Services. Chaplain J. H. Albert took for his text Sunday morning the eighth verse of the first chapter of Daniel—" But Daniel purposed tn his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king’s meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eu nuchs that he might not defile himself.” The chaplain said that he could think of nothing so well calculated to fit young men and women for practical life as a careful study of the men and women described in the Bible. The Bible char acters are all drawn true to life and give an in sight to human nature such a scan be gained from no other source. He cited as examples worthy of special study, King Saul, King Ahab, Daniel, Ruth and Queen Vashti. The keynote of the ser mon was "Have a purpose.” The life of Daniel was taken as an example of strict adherence to a fixed life purpose. Daniel had a purpose in life and no temptation, no threat, no power on earth coaid cause him to abandon it for- a moment. The first essential to a successful life is a purpose. Without a purpose any man's life must be a fail ure. It does not much matter what that purpose is, so long as it is a worthy one, but it matters a great deal whether or not it is followed out to the end. The man whose purpose is ever changing never succeeds. When a man purposes to become a lawyer, or a merchant, or a machinist he must, if he hopes to succeed, adhere to that purpose throughout his whole life. The cause of nearly all the human failures is due to a lack of a fixed pur pose. A man's success does not depend so much on opportunities to succeed as it does upon the use he makes of such opportunities as he has. Opportunities of some kind lay within the resell of all men, and it is the men who grasp these and work them them out that the world calls success ful. It takes courage to succeed in life; not the courage of the brute, but moral courage. He is the braver who stands firmest in the face of dan ger, and not he who fights with the greatest fury in the heat of battle. Have a life purpose, be loyal to that purpose, and your life must be counted a success. Good English. There is no short cut, I fear, to good En glish. People who should read only a few of the best written books, and talk with o»ly a few people who are all careful in their language, would probably speak and write in good English. But this is no man's experience. We all have to read a great deal of bad English, and we have to talk with a great many people who speak bad English. Whether we wish it or not, we shall be affected by the English which we see and hear. It follows that we must be on the look out, that our own language, spoken or written, does not become care less, wordy, or weak, —perhaps pompous or pretentious,—or that it does not take in phrases which are local, provincial, or slang. It is interesting to observe what foreign ers read easily, and so like to read of our language. This use of it is, indeed, a good test. They dislike Dickens. They call him “hard,” —meaning hard to understand. They like Goldsmith, —their children read “The Vicar of Wakefield” more than we do. They like Franklin’s English. 1 think the centennial of Franklin’s death was ob served by more persons in Germany than in America. The simplicity of De Foe, the writer of Robinson Crusoe, has a great deal to do with the popularity of that novel. And, in general, it will be found that books of any wide-spread popularity are in simple English. Many a translation fails to com mand the attention which the original re ceived, because the English, though intelli gible, is not simple. A foreigner would say it was not “easy.” I say all this by way of giving the hint to people who want to write good English,— that they will do well to try Franklin’s plan. Bead carefully a page of good En glish,—say a bit of Franklin’s own work, — so that you can remember what he says. Do not commit the words to memory. A day afterward write it out as well as you can, applying such rules as you have confi dence in. Compare your English with his. See why his is better, it you can. There are many good guides, if you will use them. 1 know none better or more entertaining than Hill’s Rhetoric, which is published by Harper. A person who talks good English, will generally write good English, though not always,—and the converse is true, —that a person who writes good English will gener ally talk good English. But this is not al ways so. For, as has been said, you can study about your writing; and you can cor rect it before you use the revised copy. But good talk cannot be studied. A man must not be thinking about his adjectives and ad verbs. But I find that what 1 call bad talk is more apt to fail from moral defects, than from mistakes or ignorance in rhetoric or grammar. If a person thinks of himself more highly than he ought to think, he will certainly be a bad talker. If he is envious, or jealous, or selfish, he will be a bad talker. Many people do not listen to what is said of them. They are too eager to speak themselves. What they say, there fore, has no close connection with the con versation, and, in this regard, they are bad talkers. But you see that this is a moral failure. If they had not been conceited, had they been willing or glad to listen, they would have talked better. In the same pro portion as they do not listen well, do they fail to notice tiie difference between bad talk and good. To a certain extent they put themselves in the position of deaf peo ple, because they do not hear, do not speak well, or perhaps at all. Let no one be discouraged. Abraham Lincoln, who used such good English, seems to have learned it from a dozen books such as any one may have at hand. Hard ing’s life of himself is a book of excellent English, yet he says in it that he could not read till he was a man, —and never knew any language but his own. William B. Greene wrote admirable English. “How do you write English so well?” asked a near friend. “I do not know,” said he, “unless it be that I cannot write Latin,” — Edward E. Hale, in C. L. S. C. Member ship Book. Calculated to Breed Anarchism. Unless the laws are more fairly and promptly enforced than they have been heretofore in a majority of the States, no one need be surprised to see an alarming in crease in lynching bees and Whitecap pic nics year after year. Not only so. There will be nothing surprising in a continuous and threatening growth of the ranks of the Anaichists themselves. A man without wealth or reputation kills another in a brawl and is hanged—because he has no money to pay his way out. His relatives see others, quite as quietly, acquitted. He and thev understand or imagine that various law perverting or law-subverting agencies have conspired against them and in favor of the acquitted criminal. What respect can they be expected to have for a court in which others are acquitted and in which they or the like of men are punished all the day long? It is certainly quite natural that they should consider such couits their en emies. Seeing the plain statutes of their state openly violated every day and Sunday too, they are apt to lose confidence in the integrity and efficiency of the army of exe cutive and persecutive officials, and to be come disgusted with a public sentiment which approves lawlessness and makes pets of socially or politically influential crim inals. Indeed they will surely at heart be come Anarchists. Unless the laws can be applied to all alike, they prefer no laws at all. The administration of justice in this country has been uncertain and unsatisfac tory to an exasperating extreme. The court-houses have devoted themselves en tirely too much to making farces of trag edies. By lionizing one criminal they have made half a dozen moral Anarchists out of others less fortunate. These Anarchists sometimes get on the juries, and of course they help each other. They all do it. Thus the court houses afford to all a lawful method of violating the laws. The most serious weakness in this country to-day is the failure of the courts to administer equal and exact-justice promptly and completely. Out of this weakness proceeds want of con fidence in business affairs; prudent men will be wary of investing where courts are celebrated for delay and failure. Out of this weakness comes a largely-increased volume of crime; to suppress crime penal ties must be certain as well as severe. Out of this weakness comes corrupt politics; out of it comes criminal voters; out of it comes Anarchists and outlaws.—The Galveston News. The Reading of History. Early in this century a native of Penn sylvania wrote a “History of South Caro lina,” on the title page of which he placed this striking sentence from Matthew Henry: “The Muse of History has been so much in love with Mars, that she has seldom con versed with Minerva.” As now written, histories are more attractive and instructive to common readers. They come home, more directly, to our business and bosoms. Any spring branch, followed far enough, will lead to the ocean. The common words we speak, the usages of daily life, the in stitutions of church and state, that protect us,--each of these has its instructive record of origin and growth. Coleridge says the plainest human face we meet is at once a history and a prophecy. The trifling gossip is really a historian not fully developed. Let our interest in human beings be higher and purer. The two years given to En glish and American history and literature may be very profitable to Chautauqua, stu dents. Let them read the course thoroughly, and then read from it, and around it, widely. The great current of human his tory is bearing us onward. Let us patiently, hopefully, reverently study “whence it cometh, and whither it goeth.”—James H. Carlisle, in C. L. S. C. Membership Book. For The Mirror Gleanings. Nothing tattoos the soul like reading bad books. That is the bitterest of all—to wear the yoke of our own wrong doing. He who can at all times sacrifice pleasure to duty approaches to sublimity. Labor to keep alive in your breast that little spark of celestial fire called conscience. Some temptations come to the indus trious, but all temptations attack the idle. The devil tempts us not; ’tis we tempt him. beckoning his skill with opportunity. Be not afraid of enthusiasm; you need it; you can do nothing effectually without it. Conscience in the soul is the root of all true courage. If a man would be brave, let him learn to obey his conscience. If anger proceeds from a great cause, it turns to fury; it from a small cause, it is peevishness; and so is always either terrible or ridiculous. I expect to pass through this life but once. If, therefore, there be any kindness I can show, or any good thing I can do to my fellow-beings, let me do it now. Let me not defer nor neglect it; for I shall not pass this way again.