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Edited and Published by the Inmates. Bntered at the Post Office at Stillwater Minn, as Second Class Mail Matter. Subscription Rates. THE PRISON MIRROR is issued every Thurs day morning at the following rates. One Year SI.OO Six Months 50 Three Montns 25 Single Copies 5 Subscriptions must be paid invariably in ad vance. Advertising rates given upon application. Address. EDITOR PRISON MIRROR. Stillwater, Minn. TO THE PUBLIC. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weekly paper pub lished in the Minnesota state prison. All matter published In its columns is contributed by the inmates, except that properly credited. Its sup port must come from the outside as every inmate is given a paper without cost. It is published in the interest of the prison library and after paying for the printing outfit, contributed $l5O to the library fund the first year. Its objects are to en courage individual intellectual effort, provide a healthy journal for the inmates of this and other prisons, and, above all, to acquaint the outside world with the needs of the prison by reflecting its inner life and thus aid the cause of moral ad vancement and prison reform. The Mirror welcomes Minnesota’s leg islators to the State Prison to-day. A mad dog bit a Williamsburg, N. Y., policeman and he died instantly—the dog died—was shot. Men may harp upon the wickedness of the mother-in-law, but when it comes right down to the penitentiary she is not in it. William C. Jackson, whose funeral took place at Maßkato on the 17th inst., was the first white child born in Minnesota. He was born in St. Paul forty-three years ago and moved to Mankato in 1856. He died of consumption. He was never married. The front-page cartoon in Puck of March 18th, entitled, “Go!” depicts Messrs. Flower and Jones (he who pays the freight) in the act of staiting in the great foot-race for the Governorship of New York. The gentlemen appear to start on even terms; Mr. Flower, being encumbered with his weighty sack of dollars, while Mr. Jones finds ; his long and luxuriant moustache somewhat of an impediment. A new law has been made in Missouri providing for and designating the manner of selecting petit jurors, and prescribing their qualifications in counties or cities of more than 50.0J0 inhabitants. The law re quires the courts to make complete lists of all qualified jurors in their respective coun ties and from these the jurors are drawn by lot. The following persons are not per mitted to serve as jurors: Members of militia or fire companies; any person under the age of 21 years or over the age of 65; any person who is not sufficiently ac quainted with the English language to read and write the same, and to understand thoroughly the proceedings ordinarily had in courts of justice; any person actually ex ercising the functions of clergyman; prac titioner of medicine; druggist or apothecary; attorney at law or any professor; teacher of any school or institution of learning; any person of bad reputation or without visible means of support; any person who has served on a regular panel as a juror in any court of record in the county within one year last past; any person who has been convicted of felony; any person not drawn or selected according to the provisions of this law. SOUTHERN ILL. PENITENTIARY, We are indebted to Chaplain Thos. M. Griffith,of the southern Illinois penitentiary, for the biennial report of that institution. It is the most exhaustive report we have thus far received. Everything from a nee die up to the most important thing about the prison is accounted for. The statistical tables are most complete. The daily num ber of prisoners on hand during 1890 was a fraction over 659, 36 less than the average for the previous year. The average cost per convict per day for 1890 was 48.47 cents. There is a large farm cofinecteci with the prison on which is grown a full supply of vegetables. The number of men punished during the year ending in 1890 was 349 or an average of 20 par cent to the whole number of prisoners. There is a tabulated statement giving the name and crime, when received and wherefrom, and the conduct of every life convict. The re port is all cold statistics until we come to the chaplain’s report, where the ice is melted a little by the warm rays of Chris tian sentiment. Chaplain Griffith believes that all other influences are subordinate to the power of the Christian religion in the reformation of men. He strikes the key note when he says: “The reformation of the criminal should be the prime end sought for, and any people who think otherwise ought to be in favor of life imprisonment for all crimes.” The lover of good literature cannot help feeling a pang of regret at his inability to even taste of all the many good things that are coming from the press every day. Aside from the books, newspapers, and periodic als devoted to specific interests but still of interest to all men, there are hundreds of monthly and quarterly magazines and re views published for the universal mind. £ach one of these contains in itself distinct ive matter of sterling value, matter of the deepest interest to all thinking minds. Yet inexorable time speeds too fast to permit of one pair of human eyes detecting all the priceless gems in the ever onward train of literature. It has been sought to overcome this difficulty, by gleaning the good from the bad and the indifferent, and after cut ting away all but the very heart, compress it into books called reviews. Men of ac knowledged abilities are assigned to their es pecial literary fields to glean the best from all the good they find growing therein, and the various results are combined and put within the range of one pair of eyes. But the re views of merit have so multiplied that it has become necessary to establish The Re view of Reviews, a publication lying be fore us. Here we have a view of the best literary productions of the contemporaneous writers of the world of to day. The Re view of Reviews is published simultane uosly in London and New York, and what will give special interest in the Review’ to the people of Minnesota is the fact that Dr. Albert Shaw, formerly of the Minneapolis Tribune, has charge of the American edi tion. It is hard to account for some of the pe culiar longings that find a dwelling place in the human breast. We may find young men, with sufficient intelligence to see the impracticability of such a course, ambitious to become noted as burglars, highwaymen, pickpockets or confidence men. These same fellows may have pleasant homes, enough of this world’s goods to satisfy their social wants, and they may have never been guilty of any serious breach of the law, yet the only thing that holds them from launch ing forth as criminals is the lack of self confidence, or the “know how.” They do not regard the moral aspect of the matter at all. It is evident that such persons are deficient in moral perception. Akin to this ambition is that of becoming a detective. We have but to watch the newspapers to learn that the would-be detective class is very large. It is a fact that numerous spurious detective agencies do a thrifty bus iness in this country by taking in these would be sleuths at so much cash per capita. Many of this class work independently. Nearly every community has one or more self constituted detectives who may be found as witnesses in nearly every impor tant criminal trial in the community. They are a dangerous class to justice, but not so dangerous as a class mentioned further on. Just a few days ago a young man threw up a good situation, left a pleasant home, took his inheritance and went to New York City. He invested a portion of his funds in purchasing a big revolver, a “black jack” and a pair of policeman’s nippers; and thus well equipped, began a search after the skulking criminals of the metropolis. He was caught in the act of shadowing one of the city’s philanthropic ladies as she went from place to place administering to the wants of suffering humanity. He did not like her actions, neither did a “shallow pated” common policeman like the shadow’s literature;. SORDID AMBITIONS. movements, so he took him in out of harm’s way. It cost that zealous young man’s old mother a trip to New York and SSOO to save Mr. Detective from a term in prison. Now If these fellows were impelled to take up this line of work by a desire to protect so ciety and punish criminals they might be considered as benefactors of their fellow beings. But they are not actuated by any such motives. They go about wishing that some one would commit some desperate deed in such a way that they might hold the clews in their own keeping until the world could be dumbfounded by the mar velousness of their detective powers. They do not actually wish any one harm, but they are burning with an ambition for notoriety. They want to be objects of public attention, and to satisfy that want they would not throw an obstruction in the way of any crime. This unnatural ambition to be no torious is not confined to men alone. Women are more given to freaks of such a nature as will attract public sym pathy to themselves. The New York Sun of recent date recounts a number of au thenticated cases of women having muti lated themselves, starved themselves to death, committed suicide, and practiced many deceptions for the purpose of making themselves the objects of sympathy and compassion. There are men and women in every community who will go into court and ,swear to falsehoods just to satisfy a morbid desire to have attention attracted to themselves. Nearly every person who has gone through the ordeal of trial in a crim inal case of notoriety knows this to be true. Many a man on trial for his life has had to sit and grind his teeth while one of these unnatural persons, an entire stranger per haps, was coldly swearing to the most dam aging falsehoods. The only reward that these perjurers hope for is that they may be looked upon as having played an important part in the legal tragedy. Many a man is wearing out his life in penal servitude, and many another is mouldering in a felon’s grave the victims of these peculiarly constituted men and women. Too little ac count is taken by the courts of this morbid ambition which so often prompts people to bear false witness in noted criminal cases. As Others See Us. The Mirror, filled with pleasant news items about the prison, criticism of wrong and encouragement for those who desire to do right, must ever be a power for good.— Pointers. The Prison Mirror, published by the inmates of the state prison at Stillwater, Minnesota, is always a welcome visitor at this office. It is very well gotten up. both editorially and tppographically.—Emery Echo. If The Prison Mirror was more widely distributed it might be the cause of promot ing many reforms, because its contributors without exception have more advanced ideas in regard to the causes and suppres sion of crime than will elsewhere be found. —Acamedian. Our exchange table is graced this week for the first time with The Prison Mir ror, a handsome little four column folio, published in the Stillwater, Minnesota, pen itentiary. Typographically The Mirror is a beauty, and editorially it is bright, spicy and timely, showing that there is intelli gence and education of a high order in the confines of those sombrous prison walls, and as we carefully peruse its pages we al most unconsciously offer up a silent prayer for those misguided (and we hope repent ant) inmates that some time in the future they may walk out into the world as free men, breathing heaven’s pure air and bask in the sunshine of a clear and unclouded conscience, where their intelligence and ability will be known far beyond the cir culation of The Mirror, and that too in an honest and credible light. —Washburn Item izer. How tbe Prodigal Came to Himself. A certain Wesleyan minister was preach ing a sermon on the prodigal son. He took as his text, “And when he came to him self.” “We have here, brethren,” said he, “an instance of the wonderful depth of the meaning there is in Scripture. We see how low the unprincipled young individual had fallen. ‘When he came to himself.’ What does it mean? Well, look at home. What do we do when our money’s gone, and we’ve no credit? What do we turn to? The pawn shop. So did he. First is coat would go. He might live a week on that. Then his waistcoat. That wouldn’t serve him long. Lastly, his shirt would follow; and then— ah! then, my friends, he ‘came to himself.’ He couldn’t pawn himself, and so he went home to his father.”—Newcastle Chronicle. NEWS OF A WEEK. March 11. The anti-Pinkerton bill passes the New York assembly by a vote of 101 to 12. An explosion of gas in a building at th» corner of Diamond and Wood streets, Pitts burg, creates a 5500,000 fire. The Arthur and the Atlas manufacturing buildings, 103-107 West Fulton street, Chi cago, are destroyed by fire as the result of a boy’s carelessness. Losses 8200,000. The long senatorial contest in the Illinois legislature is ended by the election of Gen. Palmer, democrat, on the 154th ballot. This result was brought about by two of the three F. M. B. A. members voting with the Democrats. March 12. Gen. John W. Fuller died at Toledo, Ohio. A man at Manitowoc, Wis., throws his child’s body into the river to save funeral expenses. The heavy storms continue along the British coast, and several steamers and many lives are lost. A revolution is-going on in Chili, and it is reported that the president has been as sassinated, and foreigners are being ex pelled. The Republican League Clubs of Minne sota hold a convention in Minneapolis. About 1,000 delegates were present: John Goodnow, of Minneapolis, is elected Presi dent. March 13. The Minnesota House resolves in favor of free coiuage. The Minnesota House recommends the Keyes’ election bill to pass. The vulcanized fiber ware factory, of St. Cloud, is destroyed by fire. S. F. Leddle, a prominent real estate man of Duluth, is run over and killed by the cars. Fifty starving coal miners raid a provi sion store in daylight at Renville, Hocking county, Ohio. The insane asylum at Nashville, Tenn., is partly destroyed by fire, and twelve pa tients are burned to death. Six of the nine Italians on trial at New Orleans for the assassination of Chief of Police Hennqssy are acquitted. As to the other three the jury disagree. March 14. A. Miner Griswold. The Fat Contributor of Texas Siftings, dies suddenly ef apo plexy at Sheboygan Falls, Wis. The United States steamer Galena and the United States tug Nina are wrecked on the beach at Gayhead light, Mass. All hands were rescued. A mob of several thousand enraged New Orleans citizens batter down the prison doors and slaughter eleven of the Italians accused of the assassination of Chief of Police Hennessy. The deed was done at midday. March 15. A child of Dennis Hagan’s, of Waseca, Minn., dies from the effects of drinking con* centrated lye. Italians all over the United States are greatly excited over the killing of their countrymen at New Orleans. Fire broke out in the residence of Gen. E. Fowler in Brooklyn and his son William was burned to death in his bed. March 16. Judge John R. Brady of the New York supreme court, is dead. John Dodd, of Buffalo. Minn., dies at the advanced age of 101 years. The Minnesota Senate passes a bill pro viding for a legal interest rate of 6 and 8 per cent. Claud Libby, the ten-year-old son of Thomas Libby, of Minneapolis, is killed by a street car. The case ot Kincaid, charged with the murder of ex-Congressman Taulbee, is called in the criminal court of Washington. A man supposed to be Tascott is arrested at Aberdeen. S. Dak. The resemblance to Tascott is said to be remarkable if he is not actually the fellow. March 17. Prince Jerome Napoleon dies in Rome. Col. James Rody Sneed, dies in Chicago, aged 73 years. The Minnesota House passes the bill granting Minneapolis a new charter. Hon. Ben Butterworth and Maj. Moses P. Handy address the Minnesota legislature en the World’s Fair. New York City has a $2,000,000 fire which originated in Alfred Benjamin & Company’s large clothing factory at the corner of Bleecker and Green streets. The British steamship Utopia, from Ital ian ports, bound for New York with 700 Italian emigrants aboard collided with the British ironclad Rodney in Gibraltar bay, and sank soon afterward. Many of the passengers were rescued, but it is believed that over two hundred perished.