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Edited and Published. by the Inmates. Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater. Minn, as Second Class Mail Matter. Subscription Rates. THE PRISON MIRROR is Issued every Thurs day morning at the following rates. One Tear •. fl.oo Biz Months 50 Three Moutns 25 Single Copies 5 Subscriptions must be paid invariably in ad vance. Advertising rates given upon application. Address, EDITOR PRISON MIRROR, Stillwater, Minn. TO THE PUBLIC. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weekly paper pub lished in the Minnesota state prison. All matter published In its columns is contributed by the Inmates, except that properly credited. Its sup port must come from the outside as every inmate Is given a paper without cost. It is published in the Interest of the prison library and after paying for the printing outfit, contributed 1150 to the library fund the first year. Its objects are to en oourage individual intellectual effort, provide a healthy journal for the inmates of this and other prisons, and, above all, to acquaint the outside world with the needs of the prison by reflecting Its inner life and thus aid the cause of moral ad vancement and prison reform. “St. Louis Truth” is a new and promis ing candidate for favor in the journalistic field. Truth will always find a welcome wherever there are people interested in social affairs, sports, military affairs, liter ature and the stage. It is published in St. Louis, Missouri, every Saturday. It is said that a thousand cords of wood are made into shoe pegs in the United States every year. Perhaps some of our boys who like to “tiger” will inform the public how many pegs there are in a thou sand cords of wood. We will say that the average size of shoe pegs is five-eighths of an inch long by one-tenth of an inch square. Score a credit mark for the St. Paul po lice force. A poor young woman lost all her money (S2O) on the street the other day. She told of her misfortune at police head quarters thinking that perhaps the officers might chance to find the money. The of ficers began searching their pockets and found the amount lost and sent the girl away rejoicing. A policeman isn’t a bad fellow all the time. The worse enemies the deserving appli cants for pensions have are the thousands of sharks swarming around the pension of fice. Many of these are men who either never saw service in the ranks of the bat tling hosts or their military records were such that they dared not have them looked into until time had obliterated the evidence. If the Grand Army of the Bepublic would give its attention to hunting down these frauds the work of investigating deserving applications would be greatly simplified and facilitated. For publishing the fact that an officer was a tough and a loater, drunk and brutal in his actions while arresting a young boy on Sunday, endeavoring to make a show of the young offender and to get him into a saloon, the editor of the Rhinebeck, N. Y., Gazette was found guilty of libel by the jury, with recommendation to meicy. The judge in giving sentence said: “This officer came to Rhinebeck and made the arrest in a censurable manner; you printed the story. You did nothing wrong, but the jury has found you guilty, and I must punish you. I fine you 6 cents.” —National Journalist. Everybody is going to attend the World’s Fair in ’93. There is hardly even a con vict in all the prisons of the United States but hopes to be there along with the rest of the world. There would be no doubt about the fair being a financial success should one half of the people attend who expect to. But alas for the hopes of man, the whirli gig of time will send ere then many that are prosperous into poverty, many that are in the vigor of life will be in their graves, others that to- day glory in their freedom and manhood will then be bound and de based; and many who are now in prison will be in prison still. We have received a printed copy of Mr. V. C. Seward’s paper on ‘ ‘Prisons, Prison ers and Prison Reform,” which was read before the joint prison committee of the last Minnesota legislature. Mr. Seward speaks from personal observation of prisons and prison affairs. He earnestly advocates the paroling of prisoners. He says “the convict should be released whenever there is reason to believe that the object of his imprisonment, to wit, his reformation, has been accomplished, and that society will not suffer by reason of his liberation.” He brings out in a forcible manner the great inequality of punishments. A case in point was that of a man receiving seven years for the stealing of $125,000, while a sixteen year-old boy was given five years by the same court for a $lO forgery. He says: “If the cashier had been punished by imprison ment in proportion to the boy’s sentence he would have to serve 62,500 years. If the boy had been punished in the same propor tion as was the bank cashier his imprison ment would have terminated in one hour and twenty-five minutes.” He regards the Minnesota criminal code as too severe, and thinks it could be modified without danger to the state and without increasing crime in the slightest degree. It is strongly advo cated that judges be given power to sus pend sentence upon persons convicted of felony during the good behavior of the ac cused. He thinks there is no danger of such discretionary power being too freely exer cised, because "The public press and the natural desire of the injured parties for vengeance will cause courts to exercise this discretion very sparingly.” There are sev eral suggestions in Mr. Seward’s paper that might be adopted to the great good of the prisoner and the state. A good many of our number will be leav ing us before next spring. They will go out in the midst of winter when work will be scarce and living expensive. The ma jority of those leaving will have no definite place to go to, so they will stop in St. Paul or Minneapolis for a few days to get their bearings. They will feel like enjoying themselves a little, and the result will be that their small amount of money will soon go and they will find themselves stranded among strangers. They will be so heartsick and disgusted that they will wish them selves back in prison. Some of you young fellows will sneer at the idea of such a wish ever rising in your minds, but experience will make you acknowledge it. A man, old in the ways of the world and its crooked ness, came back here after having been out a few months. We asked him why, if he wished to do crooked work, he did not leave the cities where he was so well known. His story was, and it is true, that he had made up his mind before leaving the prison that he would in the future avoid all dissi pations and lead a good, straight life such as his tastes and abilities fitted him for. The morning he went out, he said, seemed the brightest and happiest of his whole life. He had a clear head, a clear conscience, and a clear road before him. He would stop in one of the cities until he could formulate plans for the immediate future. By chance he met an old friend —he was glad to see a familiar face—and for good cheer’s sake they had a little wine. The next morning found him sick of stomach and heart. The greater portion of his money was gone, but that loss was nothing compared with the injury his self-respect had suffered. All had slipped away from him like sand through a child’s hands. It was not the loss of the money that troubled him, for that could be easily replaced. It was the evidence of his own weakness that made him heartsick. The result was that he gave up and returned to his old ways, was unlucky and soon found himself in prison again. This man has said that when he awoke from his debauch the morning fol lowing his first night of freedom he wished in the depths of his heart that he were back in his prison eell. This was an honest con fession of the feelings many an ex convict has experienced the morning after his re lease. If a man of experience has no better control of himself under such circum stances, it would be well for the young fel low to avoid the danger. Even if you are bound to be one of “de gang” it would be very prudent in you to go a little farther away from the prison than either St. Paul or Minneapolis. Don’t imagine that you can go there and pull the wool over the eyes of the "old coppers.” They may be very ordinary mortals, but somehow, in their crude and blundering way, they man age to gather in a good many of the smart boys. Better take your few dollars and put distance between you and temptation. A Decision in Penal Law. Justice Morse of Michigan will have won himself but small favor in the eyes of lead ing penologists, if his opinion in the matter of indeterminate sentences is to be accepted as final. The decision of the supreme court of Michigan, delivered by him, amounts to an unequivocal declaration to the effect that the law placing the power of abbrevi ating sentences in the hands of prison boards is unconstitutional, because, as he says, it vests judicial power in other than jhe judicial authorities. This decision may prove a legal stumbling block in the way of penal reform, although it can hardly out wear the energy of our modern penologists; but it is shown, in the dissenting opinion of Justice Grant, to be based on a wrong con ception of the spirit of the law and that the line of precedent out of which the latter grew is completely Ignored by Justice Morse. The act of the legislature which is thus subverted is almost identical with that on which the conduct of the St. Cloud reform atory is based. It gives the courts the power and discretion to sentence a criminal for the maximum term, the board of con trol of the prison having power to deter mine whether there may safely be a condi tional modification of that sentence. As in our own reformatory, the prisoner on parole is kept under surveillance, and his release is always dependent on his own behavior. Justice Grant points out, too, that not only is this law the one under which most mod ern prison reformatories are conducted and whose constitutionality has not hitherto been questioned, but that it is also simply an expansion of and a natural sequence upon that which gives power to the legisla ture to shorten sentences. If the law of indeterminate sentences is unconstitutional, so must be regarded the shortening of a term of imprisonment on account of good behavior; since the latter is obviously the transfer of judicial power to non judicial hands. It is difficult to comprehend the.stand point from which a man of experience and observation could calmly lay down such an assertion as that this law is unconstitutional and reinforce his decision with a dismal prophecy as to the condition of society providing the law be allowed to work. If J ustice Morse has had his eyes and ears open to the work of penologists for the last ten years, he must know that the most thoughtful of them agree as to the wisdom ot the parole system. It has come to be re garded as certainly of practical value, and legislation which tends to its establishment no longer meets with the charge of senti mentality. At the best, the action of the Michigan supreme court in this matter is deplorable. It threatens the most success ful prison systems in the country, and It can hardly fail to act as a barrier to ad vance in institutions which have not yet adopted any form of parole.—Pioneer Press Tlie Prison Evangelist. "Elizabeth Rider Wheaton, prison evan gelist, Chicago, 111. Meet me in heaven. No home but heaven.” This is what is printed on the card of a remarkable woman who visited the penitentiary and talked to the convicts at 11 o’clock on Sunday. This woman has been engaged in this work for about nine years, aud she has visited nearly every prison and jail in the United States, Canada and Mexico, and the principal prisons of Europe. She is the Moody of the couvict world. She asks for no money. She gives her services free, and trusts to Providence for her support. “The Lord provides,” she says. The writer remarked that he would think this would be a slender substitute for railroad fare, whereupon she showed him a basket full of railroad passes, over nearly every line in this country. Transportation is freely extended to her from one end of the country to the other. — Oregon Statesman. Laconisms by Lacon. It is not always the man who bows lowest during the benediction that puts the most in the contribution box. Small Boy (whose father is a Repub ican): Pa. what is the meaning of "ca lamity howler?” Paterfamilias: That, my son, is a name the party in office usually bestows on those outside, who complain of the big wages we get and the little work we do. TAMMANY’S ADVICE TO HIS SON. “Get you riches, my son. If you can’t get riches, get a saloen, and if you can’t get either of these, get on the police force.” Do not dare to live without some clear intention toward which your living shall be bent. Mean to be something with all your might.—Phillips Brooks. NEWS OF A WEEK. November 25. John Osander of •rwell, Minn., froze to death' while drunk. William J. Bucknell, a young business man, la drowned in Fountain Lake at Albert Lea, Minn. A nephew of James G. Blaine is killed by jump* ing from the window of a hospital at Tacoma, Wash. Secretary Blaine has promised that he will say in December whether or not he will be a candidate for the presidency. Twenty-five men are killed and many others in jured by a landslide on the Northern Paciflo at Canyon station on Green River, Wash. Another lot of Louisiana State Lottery men are arrested at New Orleans on indictments found by the United States grand jury of Sioux Falls, N. D. November 26, Thanksgiving Day. Yale beats Princeton at foot ball—l 9 to 0. Martin G. Cooney, a brakeman, is killed by the cars in St. Paul. Two men are drowned by the capsizing of a yacht at Chicago. It is definitely stated that Gen. Lewis A. Grant, of Minnesota, will be appointed secretary of war. A man dies in New York who is supposed to have known what became of the lost Charlie Ross. Another great German banking house goes to the w%U. This time it is the Berlin Banking and Bxchange company. November 27, France and Russia conclude a definite agree ment for an exclusively defensive alliance. The child of Banker Beals which was kidnaped a few days ago, has been ransomed for 15,000. British soldiers hang one of their officers at Alderehot camp, England, but he is resusticated. Minneapolis people bold an immense meeting to do honor to the delegates who secured the Re publican national convention for that city. The firm of Field, Lindley, Weichers & Co., leading bankers and brokers of New York City, goes to the wall with liabilities of about $1,000,000. At a meeting of the Trades and Labor assembly held in St. Paul a protest was entered by the stone cutters’ union against the employment of the St. Cloud convicts in cutting stone for the new state capitol building. November 28. Bill Nye is seriously injured by a fall at Jack son, Miss. The parties who kidnaped the Beals child at Kansas City are in jail. James G. Wyman, mayor of Alleghany, Pa., is arrested for embezzlement. Northfield says that if the capitol commission will locate the capital there she will donate a forty-acre site and give $500,000. St. Panl has determined to make a determined effort to secure the national Democratic conven tion, and Minneapolis will help. A railroad train runs from New York to Wash ington at the rate of fifty-seven miles per hour, making part of the distance at a seventy-five mile rate. November 29. A large portion of the business part of Tracy, Minn., is burned. The World’s Fair commission will ask congress for an additional appropriation of $5,000,000. Terrible details reach London of the massacre of the Belgian mission people at Takow, China. The brig Tahita is found capsized in the Pacific ocean. Two hundred and ninety-one persons are supposed to have perished. By an accident on the Lake Shore road in Toledo, Ohio, five persons lose their lives and many are injured, some fatally. The great public benefactor George Wheaton Allen, known as "Land Bill’’ Allen, dies in the poor house of Franklin county, Ohio. He origi nated the Homestead law. November 30. A West Virginia man dies at the age of 159 years. Archduke Henry of Austria is dead. His wife died yesterday. More Louisiana Lottery officers are arrested on United States warrants. Sitting Bull’s wives make affidavits that he was murdered by the Indian police. The grand jury in St. Paul makes a report on illegal liquor selling, fifty saloon keepers being guilty. The Straight University for colored people at New Orleans is damaged to the amount of $300,000 by fire. Seven lives are lost by the collapse of the Great Northern railroad bridge across the Columbia river at Columbia Falls, Montana. The fiftieth anniversary of the consecration of Archbishop Kenrick of St. Louis is celebrated. It is said that only one event of the kind has ever been known before. December 1. It is said that the Chinese revolutionists num ber 4,000,000. The fourth annual convention of Mississippi river pilots begins at La Crosse, Wis. English aristocracy is again shocked by a sensa tional and scandalous divorce case. Dr. Henry Scharegge of Henryville, Minn., a prominent politician, dies at the age of seventy- one years. The agents of the Great Northern railroad are serving notices of eviction on owners of odd-num bered sections within the twenty-mile indemnity land grant.