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THE MEETING LAST SUNDAY Those who have or ever had any doubts con cerning the success o£ the Chautauqua movement in this institution should have been in attendance at the meeting which the members of the Pierian circle held in the chapel last Sunday. They would have gone away convinced that Chautau qua has come to stay with us. Out of tho forty members on the roll, thirty-nine were present (the largest attendance yet) and the other poor fellow who was prevented by duty from responding to the roll-call, sat in his boudoir all the afternoon sad and disconsolate, and would not be comforted. The secretary called upon him immediately after the meeting and found him endeavoring to draw what comfort he could from the “weed.” To cheer him up a bit he gave him a vivid description of the meeting, of the splen did reports read, of the excellency and brevity of the quotations and the general and interesting discussion on the "cannon ball and what came of it, etc.” The president was there smiling as usual. Need it he said that our critic was present, for it is be lieved that he would prefer to lose a church social with all its pleasant surroundings, than a meeting of the prison Chautauqua circle. The reports submitted were—taken as a whole —good, those on Washington, Hamilton, and Equality coming in for special commendation. One of the members of class D recited "Barbara Freitchie” with which the "old vets” present seemed very much pleased. All present were de lighted to see the ex-secretary at his old post after his severe illness —somewhat shaken up but still in the ring—and the warm vote of congratu lation tendered him by the circle no doubt will het;> to hasten his restoration to good health, which —say what they will —is the the greatest temporal blessing God can bestow on man. h TWO OLD FAITHS. (P.ep< rt for Class F By E. R.) In prr tenting this my initial report, I kindly ask the iod.ilge/ice of my fellow Cliautauquans. To Lapin witb, I must confess that the study of the "Two Old Faiths” to me, is not as interesting as I woul 1 des re. Still, it presents some food for refloctior, inasmuch that it reminds us what a grand and glorious religion is our own. My report treats on modern Hinduism as distinct from the ancient or Buddhism. Here and there in the modern we And a slight trace of Christianity, but it is so faint as to be hardly apparent. Yet in comparing the modern with the ancient or Vedic B)stem, one is surprised at the change. In fact the difference between the two is very wide—“so wide indeed that the two religions have little or nothing in common beyond the Yedic texts and formula which still remain in use.” 1 shall not weary you by going into details, in giving you the names of the different deities, their cermonies, r.tPs, etc , but will confine myself to a brief de' scription of Hinduism and the caste system as outlined in John son’s Cyclopedia. In modern Hinduism there is little or no allu. slon to the d v duties which so ocoupied the minds of the old Aryans or ancient Hindus. Some port'on of the ceremonial of the Veda s still survive in the domestic observances of the Brahmans and in their obsequial offerings. On approaching maturity every Brahman is tanght one celebrated verse of the Vedas, which is the only one he may learn, but this is repeated in all his devotions. One of the books of modern Hin duism is called Brahman, the contents of which consists of details of ceremonies, origin and meaning of rites, all of which are generally wear!, some. Another of their writings gives evidence of a high cast of thought, treats of Hindu philosophy, casting aside rites and ceremony to make "guesses at truth.” Another of their writings is tlie Code of Menu, in which “a future state of reward and punishment is clearly recognized and the doctrine of transmigration is distinctly enunciated.” Menu recognizes Brahma the creator, but not as the One Supreme Being, hut merely as the creative energy, which energy is withdrawn after the world has produced has endured for long ages, after which he himself returns to the suprame essence from whence he came. The caste system as recognized by Menu consists of four different classes or castes. The first is the Brahman. “The Brahman, according to Menu, is the chief of all created beings, kings are inferior ta him, and must show him respect; his person and property are guarded by the severest law sin the world, and by denunciations of tremendous punishments in the next.” Yet with all of this the Brahmans life was not one to be envied. There was no luxury and ease for him, all his days were devoted to study, devotion, in acquiring and imparting a knowledge of the holy books, undergoing the severest penances, one of which was to dwell In the woods, “divest himself of all fleshly luxuries and comforts, to despise all trials of heat and PI. A. THON, Merchant | Tailor, 237 N. SECOND STREET, STILLWATER. - - - - MINN. PENSIONS THE DISABILITY BILL IS A LAW. Soldiers Disabled Since the War are Entitled Dependent widows and parents now dependent whose sons died from effects of army service are in cluded. If you wish your claim speedily and suc address JAMES TANNER Late Com. of Pensions, Washington, D. C. cold, wet and dry, to live on the coarsest fare, and to mortify the body in every way as a clog and burden to the soul.” Such was considered the ideal life of a Brahman, which however few sought to attain. The Kshatria, or second caste, were charged with the duties of government and war; they were entitled to honor and obedience, but were considered far inferior to the Brahman. The Vaisya, or third class, was to carry on trade and agriculture, to perform sacrifices through the Brahman, and to bestow alms. The fourth, or servile, caste’s whole‘duty was service of others, especially the Brahmans. Ingenuity almost ex hausted itself in the effort to describe the vileness of the Sudra, a being so base that a Bralima,n could not receive a gift from him, and even in the extremity of hunger could accept nothing more than a little dry grain. But the degradation of the Sudra was only religious. Though he was to serve he was not a slave; he could choose his own master, and was entitled to payment. He could accumulate wealth and acquire property, and be often became rich and sometimes rose to power. The “mixed class” are fully recognized by Menu: their social status is declared as well as the course of life to which their degraded birth has called them. In addition to the distinctions just mentioned governing this system, there are many others, which neither our authors nor the cyclopaedia men tion. In referring to the caste system our authors say, “The most prominent and characteristic of Hinduism is caste. The power of caste is as irra tional as it is unbounded; and it works almost un mixed evil. The touch—even the shadow of a low caste man pollutes. The scriptural precept, 'Honor all men,’ appears to a true Hindu infinitely absurd. He honors and worships a cow; but he shrinks with horror from the touch of a Mhas or MaDg. Even Brahmans, if they come from different provinces, will not eat together. Thus Hinduism separates man from man; it goes on dividing and still dividing; and new fences to guard imaginary purity are continually added.” I will conclude by quoting De Tocqueville: “Hin duism is perhaps the only system of belief that is worse than having no religion at all.” Fertility of the Oyster. Prof. William K. Brooks of Johns Hop kins University, in his valuable book on “The Oyster,” gives some figures showing the remarkable fertility of the animal: Our oyster is so prolific that, if all the eggs were to be fertilized and were to live and to grow to maturity, they would fill up the entire bay in a single season. Far from being an exaggeration, this statement is much short of the truth. An average Maryland oyster of good size lays about six teen million eggs; and. if half of these were to develop into female oysters, we should have, from a single female, eight million female descendants in the first generation, and in the second eight million times eight million, or 64,000,000,000,000. In the third generation, we should hav£ eight million times this, or 512,000,000,000,- 000.000,000. in tlie fourth, 4,096.000,000,000,000.000,- 000,000 000. In the fifth, 33.000.000.000,000,000,000,- 000,000,000,000,000 female oysters, and as many males, or, in all. 66.000,000,000,000,- 000.000,000.000,000,000,000. .Now, if each oyster till eight cubic inches of space, it would take 8.000,000,000.000,- 000,000,000,000,000,000,000 to make a mass as large as tlie earth; and the fifth genera tion of descendants from a single female oyster would make more than eight worlds, even if each female laid only one brood of eggs. As the oyster lives for many years, and lays eggs each year, the possible rate of increase is very much greater than that shown by the figures. The waste of oyster eggs, through lack of fertilization, is simply inconceivable; but It is possible to fertilize them artificially by mixing the eggs and the male cells in a small quantity of water, where they are certain to come into contact with each other. In this way, about 98 per cent, of the eggs may be saved and made to produce young oysters; and I have had at one time in a small tumbler of water a number of active and healthy oysters, greater, many times, than the whole human population of Maryland. Be very sure of this, that no human creatures will be found saying sincerely, “Our brothers on earth.” unless they have said previously, “Our Father which art is heaven.” —F. D. Maurice. J. C. HENING, (Successor to Hening & Millard) DEALER IN PURE DRUGS & MEDICINES Perfumery, Toilet and Fancy Articles, Brushes, Etc. FINE CIGARS. Physicians’ Prescriptions Carefully Compounded 208 Chestnut St. Stillwater, Minn. FRED BGOTT, 223 South Main St., Stillwater, Minn., —DEALER IN— Drugs,Medicines & Chemicals ELLIOTT HOUSE, Cor. Third & Chestnut Sts., STILLWATER. .... MINN Remodeled and First-class in Every Respect. J. E. ELLIOTT, Manager. City Book Store. Blank Boohs —AND— OFFICE SUPPLIES Of All Kinds. Fine Correspondence STATIONERY A SPECIALTY. The Largest and Best Stock of WALL PAPER in the City. All Goods at the Very Lowest Prices. R.. A. PHINNEY, Stillwater, Minn. MINNESOTA MERCANTILE CO., Corner Chestnut & Water Sts., STILLWATER, - - - - MIAA. The Only Exclusive VkUt 1 Jill Horn In the City. LUMBERMEN’S SUPPLIES A SPECIALTY. WE are in a condition to com pete successfully with any house in the NORTHWEST, Our shipping facilities being eqnal if not snperior to those of any other house in the country, onr customers can depend on having all orders en- trusted to ns filled with PROMPTNESS)* DISPATCH. THE BEST PLACE FOR FINE CAKES —AND— CANDIES. THE CHICAGO Bakery and Restaurant MEALS AT ALL HOURS. 241 S. Main St., Stillwater, Minn., next to Optra House. CHAS. HEITMAN, Prop. NEW YORK Dry Goods Emporium, 113 to 121 So. main St. 114 to 122 So. Water St. STILLWATER, MINN The Leading Store In Tiie City. DRY GOODS & MILLINERY Carpets and Wall Paper, In Endless Variety, And At Lowest Prices, Our Stock of Ladies’ and Children’s Gar- ments for the Vinter Season of IS9I will be the largest ever shown in this City. We Solicit A Call of Inspec- tion. RESPECTFULLY, Louis Albcnberg & CO. Stillwater. Minn. NEW YORK CLOTHING EMPORIUM, 113 to 121 South Main St. 114 to 122 South Water St. Stillwater, Minn. Largest Stock of MEN’S, BOYS’ AND CHILDREN’S CLOTHING In the City. HATS, CAPS AND Furnishing Goods OF ALL DESCRIPTION, AND IN ENDLESS VARIETY Our Prices are the Lowest in the City All Goods Warranted as repre sented. Give us a call, and examine our immense Stock. 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