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Edited and Published by the Inmates. Bntered at the Post Office at Stillwater Minn, as Becond Class-Mail Matter. Subscription Rates. THE PRISON MIRROR is issued every Thurs day morning at the following rates. One Tear Six Months 50 Three Montns 25 Single Copies Subscriptions must be paid invariably in ad vance. Advertising rates given upon application. Address. EDITOR PRISON MIRROR. Stillwater, Minn. TO THE PUBLIC. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weekly paper pub lished in the Minnesota state prison. All matter published In its columns is contributed by the Inmates, except that properly credited. Its sup port must come from the outside as every inmate la given a paper without cost. It is published in the interest of the prison library and after paying tor the printing outfit, contributed f 150 to the library fund the first year. Its objects are to en courage individual intellectual effort, provide a healthy journal for the inmates of this and other prisons, and, above all, to acquaint the outside world with the needs of the prison by reflecting Its inner life and thus aid the cause of moral ad vancement and prison reform. After December 31 the convicts confined in the prisons of Pennsylvania will work but eight hours per day. This is in accord ance with a law fixing eight hours as a day’s work in institutions controlled by the state. A new magazine, to be called The Char ities Review, will appear this month. An announcement says that it is to be to - the active worker in the field of charities what the scientific medical journal is to the phy sician. The first number will contain arti cles from leading writers on sociological subjects. It will be published by the Critic Company for the Charity Organiza tion Society of the City of New York. Col. Gardiner Tufts, superintendent of the Massachusetts Reformatory, died at Concord, Nov. 24. after a brief illness. In the death of this man humanity loses a true friend. Col. Tufts had held a number of appointive offices in his state before he ac cepted that of general superintendent of the reformatory in 1884. He has been a direct ing force m the National Prison association, being always outspoken in his advocacy of humanitarian principles. He never quailed, as many naturally humane men have, be fore the accusation of being a sentimental ist. When such men die there is a void left in the great heart of humanitv. The lunatic who last week attempted to blow up Russell Sage did not show even “method in his madness.” He demanded a million and a quarter of dollars and be cause Mr. Sage did not at a moment’s no tice finger the trifling amount out of his vest pocket he exploded his bomb, and was no more. There can be no doubt but this man was wholly crazy, yet there are those who attribute his act to the influence of anarchic teachings. To thus charge this class of people with the deeds of lunatics is unjust and can only inflame the anarchic spirit. It would be equally as iust to blame all of President Garfield’s political enemies for Guiteau’s terrible act. It is upon such food that the monster, anarchy, fattens. But the world must have somebody to throw blame upon, so, perhaps, there are none more deserving than the unwashed anarch ists. The 4th of December was a day of re markable deeds and disasters. Taking up the daily paper, the first thing that attracts the eye is an account of the crushing to death of eight men by the falling of a wall in St. Paul. The next column tells about the bomb tragedy in Russell Sage’s New York office by which two persons lose their lives. In another column we read that twelve barges capsize in the Hudson river and that twenty (later accounts say four) men drown. On a little further there is a “Terrible Wreck.” Four trains crash to gether and make one great mass of wreck age. Three men are killed and many are injured. Besides these notable occurrences there are recorded many other fatal casual* ties of minor interest. In the cases men tioned, death came upon the with out a moment’s warning; one moment they were in the vigor of life, in the next, they were gone from the world. We often hear of the honest professional gambler; but the gamblers themselves don’t know him. “Honest” is only a compara tive term when so used. The honest gam bler is the fellow who works all day in the factory, shop or counting room and loses his earnings over the gaming table at night. While the honest gambler is working by day the professional gambler is planning a way to relieve him of his earnings at night. If the workers could hear what their pro fessional friends have to say about them when they are not present they would learn that they were looked upon simply as good, moderate or poor producers, and valued ac cordingly. The professional will say, “There is Doctor Bigheart, he is a good producer, and we must handle him care fully.” The honest doctor will work bis life out for these fellows, and they will say, with genuine regret, when he is gone, “It is too bad, Doc was a good fellow.” We are pleased to note that our late dep uty warden, Samuel A. Langum, is pros pering. He has moved his printing outfit into new quarters, and says that the Pres ton Times will hereafter shine with all the glory of a “way-up” exponent of Republic anism. He feels so good that he bursts out in jubilant verse as follows: We write of this paper so lively and neat. In its general “make-up” it cannot be beat, It contains which all like to hear. In many a home it will always appear. Its work room is filled with machinery the best. Just give their fine job-work a thorough test. Note head, bill heads, in tablets so neat, And the useful return-envelope you surely must seek. Their fine list of subscribers adds many a name. They grow each week in Journalistic fame; Pay up your subscription, send in a new “ad” And your genial countenance will hardly look sad. We never suspicioned Mr. Langum of poetic fervor, but that ouly proves the old adage, “You can’t always tell by his looks how far a frog can jump.” Gov. Merriam has issued an appeal to the people of Minnesota in behalf of the famine stricken people of Russia. Minnesota will give liberally of her abundance. The peo ple of this country have come to hate the Russian government because of its tyrany, but they remember that it is not the obnox ious government that is to be aided —it is the poor oppressed victims that win sym pathy. It is said that 20,000,000 people are destitute and a large majority of them are suffering the pangs of starvation. The governor says in his appeal: “This country, overflowing as it is with plenty, should not forget that Russia befriended us in the time of our dire distress. We are more favor ably situated, perhaps, than any other na tion, to aid these starving people. Our harvests have been unexampled; our sur plus food products unprecedented. Pros perity abounds on every hand, and we should, as a humane people, give our un fortunate fellow beings in far away Russia some of the surplus substance which Al mighty God has showered upon us.” The holiday number of the Review of Reviews is out, and, while not superior to recent issues, it seems all that could be de sired. It is a faithful reflex of current his tory. It would be impossible to mention all the valuable - features of this number. The portrait gallery of men and women promi nent in leading movements of the day lends double attraction to the subject matter. The editorial chroniclings, known as the department of “The Progress of the World,” is particularly interesting. Fine portraits are given of a number of Democratic lead ers of the new Congress; and the late elec tion on the one hand, and the probable ac tion of the winter’s session of Congress on the other, are frankly discussed. The dis cussion of our relations with Chili is accom panied by portraits of Jorge Montt, the new president, and Claudio Vicuna the claimant president, who is now in exile. In connec tion with a discussion of Russian politics and the Russian famine, there is a magnifi cent full-page portrait of the Czar Alex ander 111., one of DeGiers, the Russian foreign minister, whose visit to Italy and Paris has just now attracted so much atten tion, and also a handsome portrait of Mr. H&11 Caine, an English novelist who has just gone to Russia for materials upon the persecution of the Jews and the great fam ine, for a novel which shall be the “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” of the Jewish persecution. A portrait of Mr. Tim Healy. also the lat est of Mr. Parnell and one of Mrs. Parnell, accompany a full elucidation of the Irish situation. ' A GOOD THING. From The Prison Mirror we learned that a Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle had been formed among the inmates of the Stiliwater prison, and we have noted with much pleasure the apparent growing interest manifested, and now comes the good news that it is proving very helpful and promises to be be a great success. The ever-widening and far-reaching influence of the C. L. S. C. has probably already out run the brightest anticipations of its worthy founders, and yet as an institution it is in its youth. The introduction of this course of readings among the convicts was a happy Christian thought on the part of some wise, benevolent man. It was a move in the right direction. Those committed to prison are seldom wholly bad or devoid of qualities which rightly directed and properly en couraged will make them intelligent and reliable men when restored to citizenship as|the majority of them in time are. The state in its punishmeut of criminals should aim not only to satisfy justice in the pun ishment of violators of law, but should in terest itself in the reclamation of the evil doers so that when restored to liberty they may be strengthened and fortified against temptation and be prepared to fill places of respect and trust. To accomplish this end the readings of the C. L. S. C. are eminently fitted. —The (Caledonia) Argus. PRISON discipline:. In his remarks Thanksgiving Day the Warden said that one of the things that we of the prison had to be thankful for was that there was no one in the solitary under going punishment. This is a condition that is no less gratifying to the management than to the inmates, but unfortunately it is not usually long continued. However, most of those in the chapel Sunday morning were a good deal surprised when the Warden said that the good record of Thanksgiving Day had been kept up so well that there had not been a man in the “hole” during the eleven days since. This means that 325 convicts go through the hard routine of prison life for eleven days without an inex cusable breach of discipline. That is the very acme of discipline, yet there are be nighted souls who imagine that the longer the punishment roll the more efficient the discipline. The Warden thought that he had reason to thank the men for their cheerful, good conduct. We have evidence in these expressions of the Warden that discipline is not, as many suppose, enforced as a part of the punishment of imprison ment. It is for the maintenance of good order, and the nearer men comply with the rules the lighter becomes the burden of dis cipline. Strict and cheerful obedience on the part of the prisoners to an unnecessarily stringent rule is not only the philosophical method of making it endurable, but is the surest and quickest way of bringing abate ment. Good conduct cheerfully persisted in will surely win respect from prison officials as well as from others, and it is not in human nature to maltreat those whom we respect. In most respects a prison is very much as the prisoners make it. Every burdensome prison rule is the outgrowth of some offense by prisoners against propriety and the com mon good of all. The rule against talking did not originate in a desire to deprive con victs of the rights of free speech as a pun ishment for their crimes, but because of the bad use they made of it. There is no doubt but what the seals would be taken off the lips of every convict if it were believed that it would be for their own moral good. Let us remember that we as convicts have very great influence in making our prison home a purgatory or a place of benefit to our selves. The hardest of all things is to get a man to stop and look himself squarely in the face. —Arkansaw Traveler. If you grant a favor, do It without whin ing, or do not grant it at all.—Texas Siftings. NEWS OF A WEEK. December 2. Many hundreds of tons of coal burn at the- Lehigh dock, Duluth. The United States armored cruiser New York is launched at Philadelphia. The Dynamite factory at Haverstraw, N. Y. t is blown to atoms and five men are killed. The name of Gov. Merriam is spoken of as likely to occupy second place on the presidential ticket. Mr. and Mrs. George J. Reis and their three children are burned to death at 332 Orleans street, Detroit, Mich. December 3. Snow and rain throughout the northwest. The postmaster general makes his annual re* port. It is proposed to change the Market hall of St. Paul into an auditorium. The entire crew of a construction train are killed in a collision at Pennington, N. Y. John Linquist commits suicide at Moe, Minn. Secretary Foster is recovering from his severe illness. Minneapolis millers inaugurate a movement to donate a large quantity of flower to the starving Russians. In the United States district court at Winona Frank McArthur is given SB,OOO in his suit for personal injuries against the Milwaukee railroad. December 4. Dom Pedro, ex-emperor of Brazil, dies in Paris. A terrible blizzard rages throughout the north west. The post office and several of the largest stores of Argyle, Minn., are burned. Twelve barges loaded with brick capsize in the Hudson river opposite Croton Point and all but two of the sixty men aboard are rescued. Eight men are killed in St. Paul and seven seriously injured by the falling of one of the walls of the D. C. Shepard building recently burned. At East Thompson, Conn., four trains—two passenger and two freight—are piled up in one mass of wreckage. The freights collided first and were then run into by the two passenger trains. Only four persons were killed, but several others are injured. An escaped lunatic entered the office of Russell Sage in New York city and, on being refused $1,250,000, explodes a dynamite bomb. The luna tic was blown to atoms, a clerk was killed, sev eral others including Mr. Sage were injured and the office wrecked. December 5. Fred B. Whitney, the well known railroad man*, dies at Omaha, Neb. Senator Keller of Sauk Center, Minn., is the in ventor of an electric plow. In a fight among drunken negroes in Alabama ten of the number are killed. Col. Dick Taylor,who originated the greenback currency idea, dies in Chicago. St. Paul will raise SIOO,OOO as a guarantee fund for the Democratic national convention. The Walter A. Wood Harvester company of Hoosick Falls, N. Yis to move its immense works to St. Paul. The Milwaukee car wheel works will also be transferred to St. Paul. December 7. Mayor Erick Hanson of Moorhead, Minn., is dead. Martin D. Loppy is executed by electricity in Sing Sing (N. Y.) prison. The Fifty-second United States congress opens. Mr. C. F. Crisp of Georgia is elected speaker. Edwin E. Holt, formerly a leading’busipess man of Minneapolis, but now retired, dies in Chicago. Indians threaten to attack the Tongue River agency, Montana, and troops are sent thither from Fort Custer. The party of .anarchists, so called, arrested in Chicago in Novmber will sue the city for (850,000 for false imprisonment. December. 6. G. Rufus Raney, the leader of the Ohio bar, dies in Cleveland at the age of seventy-eight. Seventy-three men are killed by an explosion of fire damp in a colliery at St. Etienne, France. Luther R. Dixon, ex-chief justice of the supreme court of Wisconsin, and one of the most eminent attorney’s in the history of the state, dies in Milwaukee. United States Senator Jones and John W. Mackay are sued for damages in connection with the management of the Consolidated Virginia mine, and are charged with fraud. Information has been received that during the earthquake in Japan, Nov. 8, seven hundred and thirty distinct shocks were felt. Four hundred thousand people were rendered destitute by the disaster. December 8. Christopher Koran, who killed Moritz Weisser in St. Paul, is acquitted. Senator Squire of Washington state is offered the post of minister to China. A son of Joaquin Miller, “the Poet of the Sierras,” confesses to train robbery. John O. Leveroos, recently a clerk in the city treasurer’s office ot St Paul, commits suicide. A census bulletin gives the population of Min nesota as being 1,301.826, an increase of 69.74 per cent since 1880. The grand jury is in jail at San Antonia, Texas, for contempt of court. Great indignation exists among the citizens, but lawyers uphold the judge’s action. Like a sawyer's work is life:w, The present makes the fla And the only field for strife Is the inch before the saw. —John Boyle O’Reilly.