•ght prison |Himrr.
Edited and Published by the Inmates.
Bntered at the Post Office at Stillwater Minn,
as Becond Class-Mail Matter.
THE PRISON MIRROR is issued every Thurs
day morning at the following rates.
Six Months 50
Three Montns 25
Subscriptions must be paid invariably in ad
vance. Advertising rates given upon application.
Address. EDITOR PRISON MIRROR.
TO THE PUBLIC.
THE PRISON MIRROR is a weekly paper pub
lished in the Minnesota state prison. All matter
published In its columns is contributed by the
Inmates, except that properly credited. Its sup
port must come from the outside as every inmate
la given a paper without cost. It is published in
the interest of the prison library and after paying
tor the printing outfit, contributed f 150 to the
library fund the first year. Its objects are to en
courage individual intellectual effort, provide a
healthy journal for the inmates of this and other
prisons, and, above all, to acquaint the outside
world with the needs of the prison by reflecting
Its inner life and thus aid the cause of moral ad
vancement and prison reform.
After December 31 the convicts confined
in the prisons of Pennsylvania will work
but eight hours per day. This is in accord
ance with a law fixing eight hours as a
day’s work in institutions controlled by the
A new magazine, to be called The Char
ities Review, will appear this month. An
announcement says that it is to be to - the
active worker in the field of charities what
the scientific medical journal is to the phy
sician. The first number will contain arti
cles from leading writers on sociological
subjects. It will be published by the
Critic Company for the Charity Organiza
tion Society of the City of New York.
Col. Gardiner Tufts, superintendent of
the Massachusetts Reformatory, died at
Concord, Nov. 24. after a brief illness. In
the death of this man humanity loses a true
friend. Col. Tufts had held a number of
appointive offices in his state before he ac
cepted that of general superintendent of the
reformatory in 1884. He has been a direct
ing force m the National Prison association,
being always outspoken in his advocacy of
humanitarian principles. He never quailed,
as many naturally humane men have, be
fore the accusation of being a sentimental
ist. When such men die there is a void left
in the great heart of humanitv.
The lunatic who last week attempted to
blow up Russell Sage did not show even
“method in his madness.” He demanded
a million and a quarter of dollars and be
cause Mr. Sage did not at a moment’s no
tice finger the trifling amount out of his
vest pocket he exploded his bomb, and was
no more. There can be no doubt but this
man was wholly crazy, yet there are those
who attribute his act to the influence of
anarchic teachings. To thus charge this
class of people with the deeds of lunatics is
unjust and can only inflame the anarchic
spirit. It would be equally as iust to blame
all of President Garfield’s political enemies
for Guiteau’s terrible act. It is upon such
food that the monster, anarchy, fattens. But
the world must have somebody to throw
blame upon, so, perhaps, there are none
more deserving than the unwashed anarch
The 4th of December was a day of re
markable deeds and disasters. Taking up
the daily paper, the first thing that attracts
the eye is an account of the crushing to
death of eight men by the falling of a wall
in St. Paul. The next column tells about
the bomb tragedy in Russell Sage’s New
York office by which two persons lose their
lives. In another column we read that
twelve barges capsize in the Hudson river
and that twenty (later accounts say four)
men drown. On a little further there is a
“Terrible Wreck.” Four trains crash to
gether and make one great mass of wreck
age. Three men are killed and many are
injured. Besides these notable occurrences
there are recorded many other fatal casual*
ties of minor interest. In the cases men
tioned, death came upon the with
out a moment’s warning; one moment they
were in the vigor of life, in the next, they
were gone from the world.
We often hear of the honest professional
gambler; but the gamblers themselves don’t
know him. “Honest” is only a compara
tive term when so used. The honest gam
bler is the fellow who works all day in the
factory, shop or counting room and loses
his earnings over the gaming table at night.
While the honest gambler is working by
day the professional gambler is planning a
way to relieve him of his earnings at night.
If the workers could hear what their pro
fessional friends have to say about them
when they are not present they would learn
that they were looked upon simply as good,
moderate or poor producers, and valued ac
cordingly. The professional will say,
“There is Doctor Bigheart, he is a good
producer, and we must handle him care
fully.” The honest doctor will work bis
life out for these fellows, and they will
say, with genuine regret, when he is gone,
“It is too bad, Doc was a good fellow.”
We are pleased to note that our late dep
uty warden, Samuel A. Langum, is pros
pering. He has moved his printing outfit
into new quarters, and says that the Pres
ton Times will hereafter shine with all the
glory of a “way-up” exponent of Republic
anism. He feels so good that he bursts out
in jubilant verse as follows:
We write of this paper so lively and neat.
In its general “make-up” it cannot be beat,
It contains which all like to hear.
In many a home it will always appear.
Its work room is filled with machinery the best.
Just give their fine job-work a thorough test.
Note head, bill heads, in tablets so neat,
And the useful return-envelope you surely must
Their fine list of subscribers adds many a name.
They grow each week in Journalistic fame;
Pay up your subscription, send in a new “ad”
And your genial countenance will hardly look
We never suspicioned Mr. Langum of
poetic fervor, but that ouly proves the old
adage, “You can’t always tell by his looks
how far a frog can jump.”
Gov. Merriam has issued an appeal to the
people of Minnesota in behalf of the famine
stricken people of Russia. Minnesota will
give liberally of her abundance. The peo
ple of this country have come to hate the
Russian government because of its tyrany,
but they remember that it is not the obnox
ious government that is to be aided —it is
the poor oppressed victims that win sym
pathy. It is said that 20,000,000 people are
destitute and a large majority of them are
suffering the pangs of starvation. The
governor says in his appeal: “This country,
overflowing as it is with plenty, should not
forget that Russia befriended us in the time
of our dire distress. We are more favor
ably situated, perhaps, than any other na
tion, to aid these starving people. Our
harvests have been unexampled; our sur
plus food products unprecedented. Pros
perity abounds on every hand, and we
should, as a humane people, give our un
fortunate fellow beings in far away Russia
some of the surplus substance which Al
mighty God has showered upon us.”
The holiday number of the Review of
Reviews is out, and, while not superior to
recent issues, it seems all that could be de
sired. It is a faithful reflex of current his
tory. It would be impossible to mention all
the valuable - features of this number. The
portrait gallery of men and women promi
nent in leading movements of the day lends
double attraction to the subject matter.
The editorial chroniclings, known as the
department of “The Progress of the World,”
is particularly interesting. Fine portraits
are given of a number of Democratic lead
ers of the new Congress; and the late elec
tion on the one hand, and the probable ac
tion of the winter’s session of Congress on
the other, are frankly discussed. The dis
cussion of our relations with Chili is accom
panied by portraits of Jorge Montt, the new
president, and Claudio Vicuna the claimant
president, who is now in exile. In connec
tion with a discussion of Russian politics
and the Russian famine, there is a magnifi
cent full-page portrait of the Czar Alex
ander 111., one of DeGiers, the Russian
foreign minister, whose visit to Italy and
Paris has just now attracted so much atten
tion, and also a handsome portrait of Mr.
H&11 Caine, an English novelist who has
just gone to Russia for materials upon the
persecution of the Jews and the great fam
ine, for a novel which shall be the “Uncle
Tom’s Cabin” of the Jewish persecution.
A portrait of Mr. Tim Healy. also the lat
est of Mr. Parnell and one of Mrs. Parnell,
accompany a full elucidation of the Irish
A GOOD THING.
From The Prison Mirror we learned
that a Chautauqua Literary and Scientific
Circle had been formed among the inmates
of the Stiliwater prison, and we have noted
with much pleasure the apparent growing
interest manifested, and now comes the
good news that it is proving very helpful
and promises to be be a great success. The
ever-widening and far-reaching influence of
the C. L. S. C. has probably already out
run the brightest anticipations of its worthy
founders, and yet as an institution it is in
its youth. The introduction of this course
of readings among the convicts was a happy
Christian thought on the part of some wise,
benevolent man. It was a move in the
right direction. Those committed to prison
are seldom wholly bad or devoid of qualities
which rightly directed and properly en
couraged will make them intelligent and
reliable men when restored to citizenship
as|the majority of them in time are. The
state in its punishmeut of criminals should
aim not only to satisfy justice in the pun
ishment of violators of law, but should in
terest itself in the reclamation of the evil
doers so that when restored to liberty they
may be strengthened and fortified against
temptation and be prepared to fill places of
respect and trust. To accomplish this end
the readings of the C. L. S. C. are eminently
fitted. —The (Caledonia) Argus.
In his remarks Thanksgiving Day the
Warden said that one of the things that we
of the prison had to be thankful for was
that there was no one in the solitary under
going punishment. This is a condition that
is no less gratifying to the management
than to the inmates, but unfortunately it is
not usually long continued. However, most
of those in the chapel Sunday morning were
a good deal surprised when the Warden
said that the good record of Thanksgiving
Day had been kept up so well that there
had not been a man in the “hole” during
the eleven days since. This means that 325
convicts go through the hard routine of
prison life for eleven days without an inex
cusable breach of discipline. That is the
very acme of discipline, yet there are be
nighted souls who imagine that the longer
the punishment roll the more efficient the
discipline. The Warden thought that he
had reason to thank the men for their
cheerful, good conduct. We have evidence
in these expressions of the Warden that
discipline is not, as many suppose, enforced
as a part of the punishment of imprison
ment. It is for the maintenance of good
order, and the nearer men comply with the
rules the lighter becomes the burden of dis
cipline. Strict and cheerful obedience on
the part of the prisoners to an unnecessarily
stringent rule is not only the philosophical
method of making it endurable, but is the
surest and quickest way of bringing abate
ment. Good conduct cheerfully persisted in
will surely win respect from prison officials
as well as from others, and it is not in human
nature to maltreat those whom we respect.
In most respects a prison is very much as
the prisoners make it. Every burdensome
prison rule is the outgrowth of some offense
by prisoners against propriety and the com
mon good of all. The rule against talking
did not originate in a desire to deprive con
victs of the rights of free speech as a pun
ishment for their crimes, but because of the
bad use they made of it. There is no doubt
but what the seals would be taken off the
lips of every convict if it were believed that
it would be for their own moral good. Let
us remember that we as convicts have very
great influence in making our prison home
a purgatory or a place of benefit to our
The hardest of all things is to get a man
to stop and look himself squarely in the
face. —Arkansaw Traveler.
If you grant a favor, do It without whin
ing, or do not grant it at all.—Texas
NEWS OF A WEEK.
Many hundreds of tons of coal burn at the-
Lehigh dock, Duluth.
The United States armored cruiser New York is
launched at Philadelphia.
The Dynamite factory at Haverstraw, N. Y. t is
blown to atoms and five men are killed.
The name of Gov. Merriam is spoken of as likely
to occupy second place on the presidential ticket.
Mr. and Mrs. George J. Reis and their three
children are burned to death at 332 Orleans street,
Snow and rain throughout the northwest.
The postmaster general makes his annual re*
It is proposed to change the Market hall of St.
Paul into an auditorium.
The entire crew of a construction train are
killed in a collision at Pennington, N. Y.
John Linquist commits suicide at Moe, Minn.
Secretary Foster is recovering from his severe
Minneapolis millers inaugurate a movement to
donate a large quantity of flower to the starving
In the United States district court at Winona
Frank McArthur is given SB,OOO in his suit for
personal injuries against the Milwaukee railroad.
Dom Pedro, ex-emperor of Brazil, dies in Paris.
A terrible blizzard rages throughout the north
The post office and several of the largest stores
of Argyle, Minn., are burned.
Twelve barges loaded with brick capsize in the
Hudson river opposite Croton Point and all but
two of the sixty men aboard are rescued.
Eight men are killed in St. Paul and seven
seriously injured by the falling of one of the walls
of the D. C. Shepard building recently burned.
At East Thompson, Conn., four trains—two
passenger and two freight—are piled up in one
mass of wreckage. The freights collided first and
were then run into by the two passenger trains.
Only four persons were killed, but several others
An escaped lunatic entered the office of Russell
Sage in New York city and, on being refused
$1,250,000, explodes a dynamite bomb. The luna
tic was blown to atoms, a clerk was killed, sev
eral others including Mr. Sage were injured and
the office wrecked.
Fred B. Whitney, the well known railroad man*,
dies at Omaha, Neb.
Senator Keller of Sauk Center, Minn., is the in
ventor of an electric plow.
In a fight among drunken negroes in Alabama
ten of the number are killed.
Col. Dick Taylor,who originated the greenback
currency idea, dies in Chicago.
St. Paul will raise SIOO,OOO as a guarantee fund
for the Democratic national convention.
The Walter A. Wood Harvester company of
Hoosick Falls, N. Yis to move its immense
works to St. Paul. The Milwaukee car wheel
works will also be transferred to St. Paul.
Mayor Erick Hanson of Moorhead, Minn., is
Martin D. Loppy is executed by electricity in
Sing Sing (N. Y.) prison.
The Fifty-second United States congress opens.
Mr. C. F. Crisp of Georgia is elected speaker.
Edwin E. Holt, formerly a leading’busipess man
of Minneapolis, but now retired, dies in Chicago.
Indians threaten to attack the Tongue River
agency, Montana, and troops are sent thither from
The party of .anarchists, so called, arrested in
Chicago in Novmber will sue the city for (850,000
for false imprisonment.
G. Rufus Raney, the leader of the Ohio bar, dies
in Cleveland at the age of seventy-eight.
Seventy-three men are killed by an explosion of
fire damp in a colliery at St. Etienne, France.
Luther R. Dixon, ex-chief justice of the supreme
court of Wisconsin, and one of the most eminent
attorney’s in the history of the state, dies in
United States Senator Jones and John W. Mackay
are sued for damages in connection with the
management of the Consolidated Virginia mine,
and are charged with fraud.
Information has been received that during the
earthquake in Japan, Nov. 8, seven hundred and
thirty distinct shocks were felt. Four hundred
thousand people were rendered destitute by the
Christopher Koran, who killed Moritz Weisser
in St. Paul, is acquitted.
Senator Squire of Washington state is offered
the post of minister to China.
A son of Joaquin Miller, “the Poet of the
Sierras,” confesses to train robbery.
John O. Leveroos, recently a clerk in the city
treasurer’s office ot St Paul, commits suicide.
A census bulletin gives the population of Min
nesota as being 1,301.826, an increase of 69.74 per
cent since 1880.
The grand jury is in jail at San Antonia, Texas,
for contempt of court. Great indignation exists
among the citizens, but lawyers uphold the judge’s
Like a sawyer's work is life:w,
The present makes the fla
And the only field for strife
Is the inch before the saw.
—John Boyle O’Reilly.
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