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THURSDAY, Dec. 10, 1891. PRISON OFFICIALS. MANAGERS. EDWIN DUNN, President Eyota. JOHN F. NORRIBH Hastings. JAS. S. O’BRIEN Stillwater. F. W. TEMPLE Blue Earth City. M. O. HALL Duluth. RESIDENT OFFICIALS. ALBERT GARVIN Warden. F. H. LEMON Deputy Warden. JOHK S. GLENNON Ass’t Dept. Warden. FRANK BERRY Clerk. MISS SOPHIA ZARLEY Assistant Clerk. H. E. BENNER Steward. a. J. MERRILL Physician. FRANK H. HALL Hospital Steward. F. M. BORDWELL Storekeeper. MRS. H. A. WALKER Matron. ALFRED GILMORE Supt. Twine Factory. J. C. COVELL Supt. Tub & Pail Factory. R. F. JONES Engineer. J. H. ALBERT Protestant Chaplain. CHARLES CORCORAN Catholic Chaplain. GUARDS’ REGISTER. T.W. ALEXANDER Day Cell house. W. W. HALL Captain of Night Watch. JAMES SIBBITTS Usher. BEN. CAYOU Tub & Pail Shop, Ist floor. ORLANDO M’FALL.. .Tub & Pail Shop. 2nd floor. LESTER BORDWELL Twine Factory. ROYAL C. ORFF Soft Wood Shop. J. C. COVER Machine Shop, Ist floor. M. C. COLLIGAN Machine Shop, 2nd floor. JOHN S. MAY Wagon Shop. ARCHIE PARKER Blacksmith Shop. O. 8. CRANDALL Engine Shop. JOHN MEALEY Foundry. ANDREW MEEHAN Day Turnkey. PATRICK FLANNERY Gate. P. J. MURPHY Asst. Gate. CHARLES CARLGREN J. H. STILKEY Engine Room. NELS D. CARLSON Wall. GREENLEAF DORR Wall. WM. M’CRACKEN Wall. JOHN WHITE Wall. H. McINTYRE Wall. L. B. GOLDSMITH Night Turnkey. CHARLES. P. AUSTIN Night Cell-house. HENRY FROST Night Cell-house. AMOS ROWE Day Solitary Keeper. JOHN WINDOLPH Night Solitary Keeper. T. L. O’MARA Guard. NIGHT FIREMEN. A. W. ANDERSON J. DEGAN J. GIANELA LOCAL PICKINGS. —Population 328. —Seven arrivals and one departure. —Two weeks and a day until Christmas. —This is the month of calendars and almanacs. —Cash taken on subscriptions—greenbacks pre ferred. —Foreman Sutton has moved Into his new en gine shop. —Edward D. Snippen and Edward H. Milham, of St. Paul, were visitors Monday. —Master Walter Stevens, of St. Cloud, was in the prison yesterday with Albert Garvin, Jr. —D. M. Couthard and H. B. Harmon, two of St. Paul’s citizens, looked through the prison Mon day. —Sliding fireproof shutters have been fitted to all the doors and windows of the new paint shop, on the south side. —The printer boys of the Sockanosset Industrial school will please accept our thanks for a pair of their neat calendars. —Statement of population Dec. 9: Working for Thresher Co., 167; working for state, 149; sick and infirm, 12. Total population 328. —Faint rumblings are heard these days about the boiler factory, which indicate’the approach of the terrific storm that will soon break forth in that place. —Guard Meehan went down to Owatonna Sun day to be present at his daughter's marriage, which took place Monday. His son married on Thanksgiving Day. —The shop guards have all been furnished with batons. These are to be carried in the shops only; the canes will be carried while marching to and from the shops. —lt wasn’t the buzz saw this time: it was the little shaper got in its work on the fingers of one of the tub and pail factory boys. He lost two rose tinted, filbert shaped nails. —Sheriffs Ivan Hanson, of St. Louis county, W, C. Mitchell, Freeborn county: G. L. Cameron. Wilkin county; J. F. Maher, Meeker county; brought convicts to the prison Within the past week. —NOTICE. There are two books missing from the library which the possessors are requested to return at once. They are. “The Bible and Other Ancient Literature,” and "Walks and Talks in the Geological Field.” —Fireman Degan had an experience with a rat the other night that could be better described by the sketch artist than by the writer. He is ad vised to wear a rat trap on his bead or sprinkle his hair with “Rough on Rats.” —We received our 1892 Almanacs last Thursday. The jokes have evidently been using the cele brated hair restorative; and it is gratifying to learn that so many of our poor fellow mortals have been restored to health within the past twelvemonth. —The board of managers held their regular monthly meeting last Friday. Besides attending to routine duties, Messrs. Hall, Norrish and Dunn were appointed a committee to purchase another system of binding twine machinery. The new Bys tem will be one for working long fiber. —One of the boys belonging to the prison choir, who, by the way, is an aspirant for vocal honors, requested the teacher to let him sing a solo en titled, "Some Day I'll Wander Back Again;" but it was suggested by a member that he bad better sing it as a farewell piece when his time comes to go out. —Two new arrivals were given the job of knock ing to pieces the old bath house boiler that lies Out in the back yard. They found it excellent ex ercise for their long disused muscles, but it was noticed that as the shades of approaching night came on they ohanged hands with the hammer at nearly every stroke. —Since the Russell Sage affair in New York, Usher Slbbitts is very nervous. He regards every one with suspicion who enters his office with any thing in hand that might possibly be a bomb in disguise. His hair grows perceptibly whiter every day. However, as a precaution, he; keeps all his gate receipts within easy reach and a molifying smile always on tap. —The following prisoners were received during the week: From St. Louis county one, grand lar. ceny second degree, 3 years and 6 months: Free born county two, forgery and grand larceny, 5 years each; Wilkin county three, two for burglary and grand larceny, 2 years and 6 months each, and one for 6 months, same charge; Meeker county one, 5 months for forgery. —The ladies of the Congregational church will hold a fair Friday afternoon and in the evening will serve a sumptuous feast. All who eat are in vited to attend accompanied by their wives and pocket-books. Strangers, unless identified by re sponsible parties, will be expected to pay in ad vance. Broad-gauge spoons will be given as checks at the cloak room. For further particulars inquire of Mr. E. McKellar. —Congratulations among the members of the New England colony seem to be in order. They are jubilant because Steward Benner complied with the time honored custom of serving the Bostonese pulse on Sunday morning—the day set apart by the Pilgrim papas for the bean sacrifice. We understand that the Emersons and Longfel lows of the colony are to forward a letter of in quiry to Boston’s keeper of the archives, in order to find out if Steward Benner’s ancestors had their tickets punched with care on board the "Mayflower.” —Contributors should not think, because their contributions do not appear in the paper the week they send them in, that the waste basket has swallowed the fruits of their labor. It is true the basket is given a morsel once in a while, but it is always grudgingly bestowed. As a recent con tributor says, the waste basket is not a very en couraging thing to write for, but as some one else has said, it has saved many a person’s reputation. It may be a little consolation to some to know that the editor throws more of his own than any other writer’s matter in the waste basket. —To the question of last week as to how many shoe pegs, one-tenth of an inch square by five eighths of an inch long, there were in the 1000 cords of wood made into pegs in this country every year, one of the “figerers” answers,"3s,3B9,- 440,000,” and adds: “Suppose that it takes 200 pegs to a shoe, they will peg 88.473,750 pairs of shoes. It would take one man, working 310 days per year, ten hours a day, pegging a pair of shoes every hour, 28,540 years to use up this number of pegs.” We fear the poor pegger would “peterout” before the last peg was pounded into place. —We have had the plumber with us a couple of days this week. The plumber in prison is up to all the tricks of his free brethren. He came in the morning, and, after disconnecting the steam pipes, left a pile of wrenches, tongs, etc., in the middle of the floor and then went away leaving us to freeze. In the evening he returned, and after hammering and twisting the pipes for a while, left just enough undone to make it neces sary for him to come again next day. The plumb er may have justifiable cause for his peculiar methods, but he never deigns to let the laity info the secret. —Foreman Sullivan is not such a hard man as strangers, who hear him called “Sheetiron” Sul livan, might imagine him to be. He got the “Sheetiron” attachment In this way: At one time there were two foremen named Sullivan. To dis tinguish one from the other.in speaking of them, the foreman of the shop where the sheet iron work was done was at first designated as Mr. Sullivau of the sheet iron shop. After a while he became "Sheetiron Shop” Sullivan. This was rather too long a name, so, in time, the “Shop” was dropped out and he became simply and per manently “Sheetiron” Sullivan. —Our assistant engineer came within an inch of having his skull shattered the other day. While oiling the engine immediately beneath where the governor balls go merrily around, he forgot where he was and straightened up. When he came to himself he discovered a hole about an inch and a half long in the center of his scalp. As we said, he came within an inch of loosing his life, for had he raised an inch higher one of the swiftly whirling balls would have struck him a blow with the force of a sixteen pound sledge hammer swung in the air. As it was, only the end of the rod run ning through the ball scraped his head. They say he bows very llow now whenever he goes into the presence of the governor. Two boys were in the post office together. Ope of them, pointing to a small sign said: “That’s what 1 do when my mother boxes my ears—Letter box! ’’—Texas Siftings. Chapel Services. Very few visitors attended chapel services last Sunday. The choir singing was exceptionally good. Rev. J. H. Albert took for his text the sixth verse of the twelfth chapter of Matthew—" But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple." The chaplain said that we find, as we read the Gospels, tbat Christ and the Scribes and Pharisees were always antagonizing each other. Christ opposed or ignored the old Jewish customs and doctrines. He offended the prejudices of the Pharisees and thereby brought upon Himself charges of being a blasphemer. These charges of blasphemy are commonly re garded as trumped up charges, but if we take into consideration the religious views held by the Pharisees we will see that they had some grounds for their charges. Christ offended against the old Hebraic Sabbath law. To the Jews It was a day sacred to God. It was a day that God had re served for Himself, and they had nothing what ever to do with it or any part in it. Christ came and said that the day was not sacred in and of it self, that it was made for man and not for God any more than other days. The Scribes and Pharisees would do no work, would, not so much as prepare food on the Sabbath day. but Christ said that the day should be for the well-being of man. He preached that the world was made for man and that man was the only sacred thing in the world. The Pharisees judged everything by outside appearances. They regarded a strict out. ward show of obedience to the law as sufficient, but Christ came and said to them. "Ye are like unto whited sepulchers, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead men’s bones.” He said men and not the law were sacred. They regarded the temple as sacred, and they became sacred through it. But Christ taught that God loved men in proportion as they loved their fellow men and their God, that men were more sacred than the temple. In brief. Pharisa ism stood for institutionalism; Christ stood for men. The religions of all ancient peoples may be said to have been mere institutionalism. Christ came and upset the old doctrines of institutional ism, and the movement He set on foot has con tinued to grow from that day to this. If we look over the world we can see that movement for the elevation of men above institutions going on with greater energy than ever before. A Paradox. If white be "all the colors combined,” And black their "absence” be. Then are n't the whites the colored folks. The blacks from color free? —Lydia C. Heckman, in Century. Tlie Columbia Dally Calendar. An old friend in a new dress, and an article that has come to be one of the indispensables of an editor’s desk, comes to hand in the Columbia Daily Calendar for 1892. The Calendar is in the form of a pad containing 367 leaves, each SM» x 256 inches; one for each day of the year, to be re moved daily, and one for the entire year. The day of the week, of the month, and of the year are given, and each slip bears a short paragraph per taining to cycling or some kindred subject. At the bottom of each leaf is a blank for memoranda, every leaf being accessible at any time. The stand is an entirely new departure, being made of sheet metal finished in ivory black, and is very compact. At the close of the year the stand will be available for another pad. This is the seventh issue of this now well-known Calendar, yet all the matter is fresh and new, having been carefully collated from leading publications and prominent writers, most of it being written specially for this purpose. It comprises notable events in cycling, opionions of physicians and clergymen, hints about road making, and numerous other topics. For The Mirror. Stray Thoughts. Trust in God —but you do the work. Gifts count for nothing. Will alone is great. Anybody can act religious when he gets into a tight place. Good luck will help a man over the ditch if he jumps hard. 11l temper is often the one blot on an otherwise noble character. The man who never makes mistakes is not loved by many people. The people whom you influence'most, are the people who believe in you. Character is capital. But too often strong feelings are mistaken for a strong character. You show courtesy to others, not because they are gentlemen, but because you are one. If von were to take the conceit out of some people, the remains would defy iden tification. Fruitless is the sorrow for having done amiss if it issue not in the resolutions to do so no more. In an atmosphere of suspicion, men shrivel up. Your success in elevating peo ple is in proportion to their belief of your belief in them. Car] Pretzel’s Philosophy. Von can mit easiness climb.der hill of life üb, but dond fergot it dot a mishtep dooks you to der bottom gwick. It dond alvays vas der feller mit a liperal et ucation dot vas got plaindy liberality in his frame vorks. Sbtocks und bonds may flickturate, bnt brains ▼as alvays keep der 100 notch ahead.—National Weekly. making a Pope. The pope is elected by the cardinals, who are usually seventy-two in number, and they do it in this way: Ten days after the death of the pope the cardinals enter into conclave—the place where the election is held. Each one is given a small room. From there they proceed to the chapel, where the bulls relative to the election of the pope are read and sworn to. No cardi nal is permitted to leave the conclave until the election is over. All doors and win dows towards the outside are walled up,, with the exception of one door, through which the more distant cardinals arriving later may come in. This entrance is strongly guarded by soldiers. This is done to cut off all outside pressure and influence, and thereby to insure an entirely free and independent election. The casting of the votes takes place in the chapel twice a day, at 6a. m. and 2p. m. Two thirds of the votes are necessary to lawfully electa pope. If less votes are cast in favor of one person, the tickets are burned in the fireplace of the chapel. Every day at 6 o’clock in the morn ing and 2 o’clock in the afternoon the peo ple of the city are watching the chapel chimney; if smoke therefrom arises they know that no pope has been elected. As soon as the necessary number of votes unite for one, then, if he is present, he is asked whether or not he will accept the pontifi cate. The pope-elect then kneels, prays and decides; if he is not present, a solemn embassy is at once deputed to him. The honor of primacy accepted, the new pope changes his name. He does so to im itate St. Peter, whose original name, “Simon,” was changed into that of “Peter” as soon as our Lord elected him the head of his church. After this the pontiff puts on the papal vestments, and adorns his fin gers with the fisherman’s ring. The election is then publicly proclaimed by one of thd cardinals from the loggia of St. Peter’s church: “I announce to you a great joyl We have a pope in the person of his emi nence, most reverend lord N. N., who has taken the name N.” Then all the bells of the Catholic churches of Rome ring, the Swiss guards fire artillery salutes, the peo ple shout, St. Peter’s church choir intones the “Te Heum,” and the pope gives the solemn benediction, urbis et orbis. The present pope was elected after only thirty six hours of conclave after the third scrutiny. Leo XIII. is of short stature; his figure is slight, frail looking; his features are angular. His brow is remarkably high; his nose Roman: his eyes black and bril liant. They are inexpressibly piercing, and give an extraordinary vivacity to his coun tenance. His voice is clear and ringing. He speaks slowly, but with good precision. Always very carefully prepares his dis courses, but seldom writes them down, only after they have been delivered he dictates them from memory to the secretary. His right hand trembles very much, a conse quence of typhoid fever many years ago. His leanness is phenomenal—mere skin and bones. Leo XIII. is nervous, hir health tenacious. For over fifteen years he never suffered from anything more serious than a passing cold. Longevity is hereditary in the Pecci family—one of his brothers recently died at the age of eighty-four; another brother at ninety-one.—Pioneer Press. Make a Fortune First: Write After wards! In a letter written shortly before his death, Mr. Parton illustrated his views on the financial side of authorship by saying: “An industrious writer, by the legitimate exercise of his calling—that is. never writ ing advertisements or thrash for the sake of pay—can just exist, no more. By a com promise, not dishonorable, although exas perating, he can average during his best years $7,000 to $8 000 a year. But no man should enter the literary life unless he has a fortune, or can live contentedly on $2,000 a year. The best way is to make a fortune first and write afterwards. —Christian Union. Why the Geysers Spout. Bunsen has explained the periodical erup tiou of geysers in such a satisfactory man ner that doubt is no longer possible. A cavern filled with water lies r’pep in the earth, under the geyser, an* 1 l ! 3 water in this cavern is heated by the earth’s internal heat far above 212°, since there is a heavy hydrostatic pressure upon it, arising from the weight of water in the passage, or nat ural stand pipe, that leads from the subter ranean chamber to the surface of the earth. After a certain time the temperature of the water below rises, so that steam is given off in spite of the pressure, and the column in the exit tube is gradually forced upward. The release of pressure and the disturbance of the water then cause the contents of the subterranean chamber to flash into ste-'m, and expel the contents of the exit-pipe violently. These eruptions may ' Iso be provoked by throwing stones or mods of turf into the basin of the geyser. The wa ter in the cavern below is disturbed by this means. —Scientific American.