the prison fXTimrr.
THURSDAY, Dec. 10, 1891.
EDWIN DUNN, President Eyota.
JOHN F. NORRIBH Hastings.
JAS. S. O’BRIEN Stillwater.
F. W. TEMPLE Blue Earth City.
M. O. HALL Duluth.
ALBERT GARVIN Warden.
F. H. LEMON Deputy Warden.
JOHK S. GLENNON Ass’t Dept. Warden.
FRANK BERRY Clerk.
MISS SOPHIA ZARLEY Assistant Clerk.
H. E. BENNER Steward.
a. J. MERRILL Physician.
FRANK H. HALL Hospital Steward.
F. M. BORDWELL Storekeeper.
MRS. H. A. WALKER Matron.
ALFRED GILMORE Supt. Twine Factory.
J. C. COVELL Supt. Tub & Pail Factory.
R. F. JONES Engineer.
J. H. ALBERT Protestant Chaplain.
CHARLES CORCORAN Catholic Chaplain.
T.W. ALEXANDER Day Cell house.
W. W. HALL Captain of Night Watch.
JAMES SIBBITTS Usher.
BEN. CAYOU Tub & Pail Shop, Ist floor.
ORLANDO M’FALL.. .Tub & Pail Shop. 2nd floor.
LESTER BORDWELL Twine Factory.
ROYAL C. ORFF Soft Wood Shop.
J. C. COVER Machine Shop, Ist floor.
M. C. COLLIGAN Machine Shop, 2nd floor.
JOHN S. MAY Wagon Shop.
ARCHIE PARKER Blacksmith Shop.
O. 8. CRANDALL Engine Shop.
JOHN MEALEY Foundry.
ANDREW MEEHAN Day Turnkey.
PATRICK FLANNERY Gate.
P. J. MURPHY Asst. Gate.
J. H. STILKEY Engine Room.
NELS D. CARLSON Wall.
GREENLEAF DORR Wall.
WM. M’CRACKEN Wall.
JOHN WHITE Wall.
H. McINTYRE Wall.
L. B. GOLDSMITH Night Turnkey.
CHARLES. P. AUSTIN Night Cell-house.
HENRY FROST Night Cell-house.
AMOS ROWE Day Solitary Keeper.
JOHN WINDOLPH Night Solitary Keeper.
T. L. O’MARA Guard.
A. W. ANDERSON
—Seven arrivals and one departure.
—Two weeks and a day until Christmas.
—This is the month of calendars and almanacs.
—Cash taken on subscriptions—greenbacks pre
—Foreman Sutton has moved Into his new en
—Edward D. Snippen and Edward H. Milham,
of St. Paul, were visitors Monday.
—Master Walter Stevens, of St. Cloud, was in
the prison yesterday with Albert Garvin, Jr.
—D. M. Couthard and H. B. Harmon, two of St.
Paul’s citizens, looked through the prison Mon
—Sliding fireproof shutters have been fitted to
all the doors and windows of the new paint shop,
on the south side.
—The printer boys of the Sockanosset Industrial
school will please accept our thanks for a pair of
their neat calendars.
—Statement of population Dec. 9: Working for
Thresher Co., 167; working for state, 149; sick and
infirm, 12. Total population 328.
—Faint rumblings are heard these days about
the boiler factory, which indicate’the approach of
the terrific storm that will soon break forth in
—Guard Meehan went down to Owatonna Sun
day to be present at his daughter's marriage,
which took place Monday. His son married on
—The shop guards have all been furnished with
batons. These are to be carried in the shops
only; the canes will be carried while marching to
and from the shops.
—lt wasn’t the buzz saw this time: it was the
little shaper got in its work on the fingers of one
of the tub and pail factory boys. He lost two rose
tinted, filbert shaped nails.
—Sheriffs Ivan Hanson, of St. Louis county, W,
C. Mitchell, Freeborn county: G. L. Cameron.
Wilkin county; J. F. Maher, Meeker county;
brought convicts to the prison Within the past
—NOTICE. There are two books missing from
the library which the possessors are requested to
return at once. They are. “The Bible and Other
Ancient Literature,” and "Walks and Talks in the
—Fireman Degan had an experience with a rat
the other night that could be better described by
the sketch artist than by the writer. He is ad
vised to wear a rat trap on his bead or sprinkle
his hair with “Rough on Rats.”
—We received our 1892 Almanacs last Thursday.
The jokes have evidently been using the cele
brated hair restorative; and it is gratifying to learn
that so many of our poor fellow mortals have been
restored to health within the past twelvemonth.
—The board of managers held their regular
monthly meeting last Friday. Besides attending
to routine duties, Messrs. Hall, Norrish and Dunn
were appointed a committee to purchase another
system of binding twine machinery. The new Bys
tem will be one for working long fiber.
—One of the boys belonging to the prison choir,
who, by the way, is an aspirant for vocal honors,
requested the teacher to let him sing a solo en
titled, "Some Day I'll Wander Back Again;" but
it was suggested by a member that he bad better
sing it as a farewell piece when his time comes to
—Two new arrivals were given the job of knock
ing to pieces the old bath house boiler that lies
Out in the back yard. They found it excellent ex
ercise for their long disused muscles, but it was
noticed that as the shades of approaching night
came on they ohanged hands with the hammer at
nearly every stroke.
—Since the Russell Sage affair in New York,
Usher Slbbitts is very nervous. He regards every
one with suspicion who enters his office with any
thing in hand that might possibly be a bomb in
disguise. His hair grows perceptibly whiter every
day. However, as a precaution, he; keeps all his
gate receipts within easy reach and a molifying
smile always on tap.
—The following prisoners were received during
the week: From St. Louis county one, grand lar.
ceny second degree, 3 years and 6 months: Free
born county two, forgery and grand larceny, 5
years each; Wilkin county three, two for burglary
and grand larceny, 2 years and 6 months each,
and one for 6 months, same charge; Meeker
county one, 5 months for forgery.
—The ladies of the Congregational church will
hold a fair Friday afternoon and in the evening
will serve a sumptuous feast. All who eat are in
vited to attend accompanied by their wives and
pocket-books. Strangers, unless identified by re
sponsible parties, will be expected to pay in ad
vance. Broad-gauge spoons will be given as
checks at the cloak room. For further particulars
inquire of Mr. E. McKellar.
—Congratulations among the members of the
New England colony seem to be in order. They
are jubilant because Steward Benner complied
with the time honored custom of serving the
Bostonese pulse on Sunday morning—the day set
apart by the Pilgrim papas for the bean sacrifice.
We understand that the Emersons and Longfel
lows of the colony are to forward a letter of in
quiry to Boston’s keeper of the archives, in order
to find out if Steward Benner’s ancestors had
their tickets punched with care on board the
—Contributors should not think, because their
contributions do not appear in the paper the week
they send them in, that the waste basket has
swallowed the fruits of their labor. It is true the
basket is given a morsel once in a while, but it is
always grudgingly bestowed. As a recent con
tributor says, the waste basket is not a very en
couraging thing to write for, but as some one else
has said, it has saved many a person’s reputation.
It may be a little consolation to some to know
that the editor throws more of his own than any
other writer’s matter in the waste basket.
—To the question of last week as to how many
shoe pegs, one-tenth of an inch square by five
eighths of an inch long, there were in the 1000
cords of wood made into pegs in this country
every year, one of the “figerers” answers,"3s,3B9,-
440,000,” and adds: “Suppose that it takes 200
pegs to a shoe, they will peg 88.473,750 pairs of
shoes. It would take one man, working 310 days
per year, ten hours a day, pegging a pair of shoes
every hour, 28,540 years to use up this number of
pegs.” We fear the poor pegger would “peterout”
before the last peg was pounded into place.
—We have had the plumber with us a couple of
days this week. The plumber in prison is up to
all the tricks of his free brethren. He came in
the morning, and, after disconnecting the steam
pipes, left a pile of wrenches, tongs, etc., in the
middle of the floor and then went away leaving
us to freeze. In the evening he returned, and
after hammering and twisting the pipes for a
while, left just enough undone to make it neces
sary for him to come again next day. The plumb
er may have justifiable cause for his peculiar
methods, but he never deigns to let the laity info
—Foreman Sullivan is not such a hard man as
strangers, who hear him called “Sheetiron” Sul
livan, might imagine him to be. He got the
“Sheetiron” attachment In this way: At one time
there were two foremen named Sullivan. To dis
tinguish one from the other.in speaking of them,
the foreman of the shop where the sheet iron
work was done was at first designated as Mr.
Sullivau of the sheet iron shop. After a while he
became "Sheetiron Shop” Sullivan. This was
rather too long a name, so, in time, the “Shop”
was dropped out and he became simply and per
manently “Sheetiron” Sullivan.
—Our assistant engineer came within an inch of
having his skull shattered the other day. While
oiling the engine immediately beneath where the
governor balls go merrily around, he forgot where
he was and straightened up. When he came
to himself he discovered a hole about an inch
and a half long in the center of his scalp. As we
said, he came within an inch of loosing his life,
for had he raised an inch higher one of the swiftly
whirling balls would have struck him a blow with
the force of a sixteen pound sledge hammer swung
in the air. As it was, only the end of the rod run
ning through the ball scraped his head. They say
he bows very llow now whenever he goes into
the presence of the governor.
Two boys were in the post office together.
Ope of them, pointing to a small sign said:
“That’s what 1 do when my mother boxes
my ears—Letter box! ’’—Texas Siftings.
Very few visitors attended chapel services last
Sunday. The choir singing was exceptionally good.
Rev. J. H. Albert took for his text the sixth
verse of the twelfth chapter of Matthew—" But I
say unto you, That in this place is one greater
than the temple." The chaplain said that we
find, as we read the Gospels, tbat Christ and the
Scribes and Pharisees were always antagonizing
each other. Christ opposed or ignored the old
Jewish customs and doctrines. He offended the
prejudices of the Pharisees and thereby brought
upon Himself charges of being a blasphemer.
These charges of blasphemy are commonly re
garded as trumped up charges, but if we take into
consideration the religious views held by the
Pharisees we will see that they had some grounds
for their charges. Christ offended against the old
Hebraic Sabbath law. To the Jews It was a day
sacred to God. It was a day that God had re
served for Himself, and they had nothing what
ever to do with it or any part in it. Christ came
and said that the day was not sacred in and of it
self, that it was made for man and not for God
any more than other days. The Scribes and
Pharisees would do no work, would, not so much
as prepare food on the Sabbath day. but Christ
said that the day should be for the well-being of
man. He preached that the world was made for
man and that man was the only sacred thing in
the world. The Pharisees judged everything by
outside appearances. They regarded a strict out.
ward show of obedience to the law as sufficient,
but Christ came and said to them. "Ye are like
unto whited sepulchers, which indeed appear
beautiful outward, but are within full of dead
men’s bones.” He said men and not the law were
sacred. They regarded the temple as sacred, and
they became sacred through it. But Christ taught
that God loved men in proportion as they loved
their fellow men and their God, that men were
more sacred than the temple. In brief. Pharisa
ism stood for institutionalism; Christ stood for
men. The religions of all ancient peoples may be
said to have been mere institutionalism. Christ
came and upset the old doctrines of institutional
ism, and the movement He set on foot has con
tinued to grow from that day to this. If we look
over the world we can see that movement for the
elevation of men above institutions going on with
greater energy than ever before.
If white be "all the colors combined,”
And black their "absence” be.
Then are n't the whites the colored folks.
The blacks from color free?
—Lydia C. Heckman, in Century.
Tlie Columbia Dally Calendar.
An old friend in a new dress, and an article that
has come to be one of the indispensables of an
editor’s desk, comes to hand in the Columbia
Daily Calendar for 1892. The Calendar is in the
form of a pad containing 367 leaves, each SM» x
256 inches; one for each day of the year, to be re
moved daily, and one for the entire year. The
day of the week, of the month, and of the year are
given, and each slip bears a short paragraph per
taining to cycling or some kindred subject. At
the bottom of each leaf is a blank for memoranda,
every leaf being accessible at any time. The
stand is an entirely new departure, being made of
sheet metal finished in ivory black, and is very
compact. At the close of the year the stand will
be available for another pad. This is the seventh
issue of this now well-known Calendar, yet all the
matter is fresh and new, having been carefully
collated from leading publications and prominent
writers, most of it being written specially for this
purpose. It comprises notable events in cycling,
opionions of physicians and clergymen, hints
about road making, and numerous other topics.
For The Mirror.
Trust in God —but you do the work.
Gifts count for nothing. Will alone is
Anybody can act religious when he gets
into a tight place.
Good luck will help a man over the ditch
if he jumps hard.
11l temper is often the one blot on an
otherwise noble character.
The man who never makes mistakes is
not loved by many people.
The people whom you influence'most,
are the people who believe in you.
Character is capital. But too often strong
feelings are mistaken for a strong character.
You show courtesy to others, not because
they are gentlemen, but because you are
If von were to take the conceit out of
some people, the remains would defy iden
Fruitless is the sorrow for having done
amiss if it issue not in the resolutions to do
so no more.
In an atmosphere of suspicion, men
shrivel up. Your success in elevating peo
ple is in proportion to their belief of your
belief in them.
Car] Pretzel’s Philosophy.
Von can mit easiness climb.der hill of life üb,
but dond fergot it dot a mishtep dooks you to der
It dond alvays vas der feller mit a liperal et
ucation dot vas got plaindy liberality in his frame
Sbtocks und bonds may flickturate, bnt brains
▼as alvays keep der 100 notch ahead.—National
making a Pope.
The pope is elected by the cardinals, who
are usually seventy-two in number, and
they do it in this way: Ten days after the
death of the pope the cardinals enter into
conclave—the place where the election is
held. Each one is given a small room.
From there they proceed to the chapel,
where the bulls relative to the election of
the pope are read and sworn to. No cardi
nal is permitted to leave the conclave until
the election is over. All doors and win
dows towards the outside are walled up,,
with the exception of one door, through
which the more distant cardinals arriving
later may come in. This entrance is
strongly guarded by soldiers. This is done
to cut off all outside pressure and influence,
and thereby to insure an entirely free and
independent election. The casting of the
votes takes place in the chapel twice a day,
at 6a. m. and 2p. m. Two thirds of the
votes are necessary to lawfully electa pope.
If less votes are cast in favor of one person,
the tickets are burned in the fireplace of the
chapel. Every day at 6 o’clock in the morn
ing and 2 o’clock in the afternoon the peo
ple of the city are watching the chapel
chimney; if smoke therefrom arises they
know that no pope has been elected. As
soon as the necessary number of votes unite
for one, then, if he is present, he is asked
whether or not he will accept the pontifi
cate. The pope-elect then kneels, prays
and decides; if he is not present, a solemn
embassy is at once deputed to him.
The honor of primacy accepted, the new
pope changes his name. He does so to im
itate St. Peter, whose original name,
“Simon,” was changed into that of “Peter”
as soon as our Lord elected him the head
of his church. After this the pontiff puts
on the papal vestments, and adorns his fin
gers with the fisherman’s ring. The election
is then publicly proclaimed by one of thd
cardinals from the loggia of St. Peter’s
church: “I announce to you a great joyl
We have a pope in the person of his emi
nence, most reverend lord N. N., who has
taken the name N.” Then all the bells of
the Catholic churches of Rome ring, the
Swiss guards fire artillery salutes, the peo
ple shout, St. Peter’s church choir intones
the “Te Heum,” and the pope gives the
solemn benediction, urbis et orbis.
The present pope was elected after only
thirty six hours of conclave after the third
scrutiny. Leo XIII. is of short stature; his
figure is slight, frail looking; his features
are angular. His brow is remarkably high;
his nose Roman: his eyes black and bril
liant. They are inexpressibly piercing, and
give an extraordinary vivacity to his coun
tenance. His voice is clear and ringing.
He speaks slowly, but with good precision.
Always very carefully prepares his dis
courses, but seldom writes them down, only
after they have been delivered he dictates
them from memory to the secretary. His
right hand trembles very much, a conse
quence of typhoid fever many years ago.
His leanness is phenomenal—mere skin and
bones. Leo XIII. is nervous, hir health
tenacious. For over fifteen years he never
suffered from anything more serious than a
passing cold. Longevity is hereditary in the
Pecci family—one of his brothers recently
died at the age of eighty-four; another
brother at ninety-one.—Pioneer Press.
Make a Fortune First: Write After
In a letter written shortly before his
death, Mr. Parton illustrated his views on
the financial side of authorship by saying:
“An industrious writer, by the legitimate
exercise of his calling—that is. never writ
ing advertisements or thrash for the sake of
pay—can just exist, no more. By a com
promise, not dishonorable, although exas
perating, he can average during his best
years $7,000 to $8 000 a year. But no man
should enter the literary life unless he has
a fortune, or can live contentedly on $2,000
a year. The best way is to make a fortune
first and write afterwards. —Christian
Why the Geysers Spout.
Bunsen has explained the periodical erup
tiou of geysers in such a satisfactory man
ner that doubt is no longer possible. A
cavern filled with water lies r’pep in the
earth, under the geyser, an* 1 l ! 3 water in
this cavern is heated by the earth’s internal
heat far above 212°, since there is a heavy
hydrostatic pressure upon it, arising from
the weight of water in the passage, or nat
ural stand pipe, that leads from the subter
ranean chamber to the surface of the earth.
After a certain time the temperature of the
water below rises, so that steam is given off
in spite of the pressure, and the column in
the exit tube is gradually forced upward.
The release of pressure and the disturbance
of the water then cause the contents of the
subterranean chamber to flash into ste-'m,
and expel the contents of the exit-pipe
violently. These eruptions may ' Iso be
provoked by throwing stones or mods of
turf into the basin of the geyser. The wa
ter in the cavern below is disturbed by this
means. —Scientific American.
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