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Bdlted and Published by the Inmates. Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater Minn, as Second Class Mail Matter. Subscription Rates. THU PRISON MIRROR is issued every Thurs day morning at the following rates. One Tear Six Months 50 Three Montns 25 Single Copies • :••••••■• } Subscriptions must be paid invariably in ad vance. Advertising rates given upon application. Address, EDITOR PRISON MIRROR, Stillwater. Minn. TO THE PUBLIC. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weekly paper pub lished in the Minnesota state prison. All matter published In its columns is contributed by the Inmates, except that properly credited. Its sup port must come from the outside as every inmate is given a paper without cost. It is published in the Interest of the prison library and after paying for the printing outfit, contributed flso to the library fund the first year. Its objects are to en courage individual intellectual effort, provide a healthy journal for the inmates of this and other prisons, and, above all, to acquaint the outside world with the needs of the prison by reflecting its inner life and thus aid the cause of moral ad vancement and prison reform. At Lebanon. Tenn., last week, George Dunnaway was sentenced to serve two life imprisonments besides two terms of eight and ten years for minor offenses. That looks very much as if the earthly judge had, in his zeal, attempted usurping the preroga tive of the Judge of judges. A man was hanged in North Carolina the other day for stealing a syringe from a dwelling house. Had he carried off the house with all its contents he could not have been given more than a few years in prison. Who ever heard of a man being hanged in bloody Russia for stealing a squirt gun? The printing presses would be twice as useful if they printed half as much, our newspapers twice as good if they were half as large, and our reading twice as valuable if there was half as much of it. and that half more intelligent and purposeful.—Dr. Crosby. The Prison Mirror fills the bill ex actly: subscribe tor it. The vengeance of the mob upon the Sims desperadoes may not be defended by those who wish to see a proper vindication of law and order, but it has effectually disposed of a troublesome gang.—St. Paul Dispatch. That is so. Now if a cyclone would providentially swoop down and gather the mob to its bosom Choctaw county might be a decent neighborhood to live in. The attention of our free readers is called to two articles in this issue of The Prison Mirror; one, “Ex Convict,” is taken from a great daily, the Chicago Evening Post, and the other, over which we have asked the question, “Good People. Is It True?” is from the pen of a convict. We are glad to be able to bring the two articles together in the same paper, because the former is a case in point bearing out the assertions of the latter. Head the two and then say if you can that it is strange the ex convict does not stay reformed. The report of Chautauqua work in state prisons, as at Lincoln, Nebraska, and Stillwater, Minnesota, adds new and valuable data for the consideration of all who are interested in criminals and the management of them. The use of books after the student fashion will reveal a new world to one another in prison, and will be greatly helpful to as many as shall be determined to attempt a new and honest life. It is never too late to begin to do right. There is nothing in a prison that should deprive a man of hope.—Minneap olis Spectator. Michael Dunn, the ex convict who has started industrial homes for ex-convicts in most of the large cities of this country, has undertaken to start one of his institutions in Brooklyn, N. Y. This man has had a remarkable career. Before he “turned over a new leaf” he had served about 35 years in the prisons of Europe and Amer ica. Judged by his picture in the New York World he is a noble looking man and does not appear to be past middle life. He has established such a reputation for integ rity, and ability as an organizer, that philanthropic people are ever ready to lend him a hand in his work. He does not sim ply ask others to supply the funds to carry out his designs, but puts his own time and earnings into his good work. In starting the Brooklyn place he will use all his own savings ($800) to fit up a building and put in machinery and material for a broom fac tory. Earnestness nearly always succeeds. This is the last day of 1891. To-morrow we enter upon a new year. It will be as the opening of a blank book, every page of which must be written full. At the end of 1892 it will contain a complete record of every thought, word and action, good and bad, of the past year. If it were to be a real book and the writing such that those who run might read, would you not be ex tremely careful of what went into it? You would not have the world read your book of the past year for all the wealth of a nation; there are things re corded in it that no earthly eye save your own will ever see, yet there may be much written there in which you can feel honest pride. It is only the things that you would not be afraid to have the whole world know tyiat you now take any pleasure in recalling. Remember that fact while filling up your book for the new year. The time is coming when Death, the great binder, will gather together all the year books of your life and bind them in everlasting covers for the “library” ot the Great Critic. The New York Sun tells of the many brilliant qualities of a young man of that city, and then gives him the following sound lecture, which a good many young people of the present day would do well to take to themselves: “With all these merits he entertains the dolorous notion that he is a ‘pessimist,’ by which is meant a person who suffers under the chronic sulks, who views things with a woful eye, and who does not think much of the world or life or mankind or music or flowers or books or re ligion or pictures or the fair sex or sunshine or football of viands or anything but his own pessimism. We would not refer to the case of this untutored soul but for the fact that there are a good many other souls of the kind in these times, who labor under the delusion that they aro pessimists, and who try to mix up jeering with whining while they cultivate their beards. They are nothing of the sort. They lack experience in life; they don’t know the world well enough; they don’t understand the ways of mankind, and they haven’t yet learned how to look at things. It is a* solemn business to be a pessimist, and they have not the solemnity or even the grumpiness, much less the blearedness of vision that is re quired for real, genuine, solid, chronic, un utterable pessimism. Let them give up the absurd whim which they think they enter tain, and take a glass of plain soda.” The Christian Register, a paper which takes the deepest and most commonsense interest in penological subjects, has to say this week, editorially: “If we are to seek a real decrease in criminality, it is not to be found simply by reforming those who have already been criminals, but rather by pre venting the criminal class from being re cruited. It is not English prisons that have effected the decrease in crime in England, as might be inferred from Mr. Andrew’s ar ticle, but other influences which have pre vented the manufacture of criminals. A hundred years ago, when deterrent laws were far more severe than they are now, and the system of treating prisoners in England before the days of Howard was so severe as to be inhuman, there was vastly more crime than there is now. At the Na tional Prison Congress Mr. James Massie, warden of the Central Penitentiary of Toronto, gave some valuable testimony on this subject after hearing the paper of Mr. Coffin, which we recently published. Mr. Massie has made a tour of the prisons of England and Scotland, to which he had no difficulty of access. He made a special ef fort to learn the causes at work in produc ing a reduction in the volume of crime. In describing the results of his investigations, he says: T received the almost unanimous answer from all the superintendents of po lice, from the governors of prisons, and from the chief warders that the diminution of crime was in consequence .of the excel lent work there by the large army of Chris tian men and women who went down to the bottom of the matter and lifted the peo ple up. The great body of workers are drawn from the middle classes of society. The upper classes have little or no influ ence. The middle classes are gradually absorbing the lower strata and bringing them to a higher condition of things, and from these efforts result the diminution of the volume of crime.’” “ PENITENTIA KV LITERATURE.” The Minneapolis Journal, commenting upon a Mirror editorial on the uses made of the prison library, which appeared some weeks ago, says: It really seems a little queer that Mrs. Southworth, “The Duchess.” and other sensational novelists should be the minis trants of fiction for men supposed to be under a reformatory process. Even if the foul brood of nakedly unclean novels now pouring from the presses of unprincipled publishers are excluded, there should cer tainly be a good deal of sound judgment used in the selection of other fiction. It would be better for the convicts to have a good supply of Maria Edgworth’s stories and other literature of that high moral tone, than to be fed in the hysterical fictions of the sensationalists. There has evidently been very poor judgment shown in the se lection of the library at Stillwater. The Journal is quite right. Prison phy sicians could probably tell more about the evil effects of the class of literature referred to than any other men who have to do with convicts. The convict for his own sake should avoid such books as he would a loathsome disease. But those who have selected the prison library have been many. In fact, a great deal of the trashiest of the literature was not selected at all, but was just dumped into the prison by kindhearted people who wished to clean out their own literary stables. However, the trash does not predominate in the library, and as what is there wears out it is replaced by whole some matter. “A good supply of Maria Edgworth’s stories and other literature of that high moral tone” would be thankfully received from any source. Vontli and Crime In Great Cities. A very large proportion of the criminal offenses brought to the notice of the courts consists of those committed by boys, or young men under the age of twenty-five years. In many cases the crimes are the result of the influence of elder criminals, or are committed without a realization of the great wrongfulness of the act. Some times, however, the criminal instinct is strong in even immature youths. A boy of fifteen years of age, who was brought be fore me a few years ago, was convicted of a high degree of robbery, and it appeared that in other cases he had been guilty of similar offenses, but on account of his ex treme youth had escaped, punishment. He took .part with older men in assaulting cit izens on the street and taking property from their persons. The managers of the house of refuge, to which institution I committed the boy, refused to receive him, because of his previous crimes and the bad influence which lie exerted upon other inmates. 1 was unwilling to send him either to the penitentiary or the state prison on account of his youth, and because I felt certain that association with older criminals would only render him more hardened in his vicious career. He was detained in the city prison for many months and finally discharged. Other instances of the earlv depravity of members of the criminal class have come to my attention. The fact that so many crimes are com mitted by persons of immature years, how ever sad it may be, proves that, to some ex tent at least, the penalties of the criminal law are effective in preventing crime. Young men who have had their first experience in a reforming or penal institution either learn caution, and do not again expose them selves to convictiou of serious offenses, or become convinced that honest employment at some laborious occupation is, after all, more profitable than the criminal career, with its liability of detection and severe punishment. Some, of course, of the young offenders continue their lives of crime and become professional criminals. The num ber of professional criminals is. however, smaller than is ordinarily supposed.—Re corder Smyth, in Scribner’s. Once upon a time they used to pitch scolds into the water on a ducking-stool; but now they pay them for writing satirical paragraphs. —Puck. The worst sinner as well as the best saint can wear the shiniest hat. —Texas Siftings. NEWS OF A WEEK. December 23. Mrs. Henrietta K. Goodhue Mann, one of St„- Paul’s first settlers, dies. • John Catellon & Sons’ scale factory in Neir York is destroyed by fire. Defaulter Edward M. Field is declared insane' by a jury at White Plains, N. Y. Twelve thousand persons in the north of Fin land are in a starving condition. John A. J. Cresswell, postmaster general under President Grant, dies at Elkton, Md. The complete list of house committees as pre pared by Speaker Crisp is adopted by the House. The speaker is being severely criticised on his committee appointments. December 24. The oath of office is administered to Secretary Elkin, minister of war. Gov. Merriam appoints W. C. Edgar and C. Mcßeene to accompany the Minnesota contribu tion to Russia. Russell Sage is to be sued by his clerk. Laidlaw. The plea to be entered is, that Mr. Sage had Laid law shield him from the explosion of the dyna mite bomb. Senator Washburn suggests to Secretary Tracy that the national government furnish a vessel to transport the Northwestern contributions to the starving peasantry in Russia. December 25. H. H. Manning, an old settler, dies at Cannon Falls, Minn. A first-class blizzard is reported from all parts of the state. A terrible riot occurs in Chicago. The police save their lives by coolness and prompt action. The New York Central accident is due to the carelessness of a brakeman. Eleven persons were killed. A heavy landslide occurs on the C. St. P. M. &O. road near Sioux City nearly burying a train pass ing by. December 26, A large portion of the insane asylum at Pontiac, Mich., is destroyed by fire. Pope Leo defies France by conferring tbe Order of Christ upon the Archbishop of Aix. A mob destroys two printing offices in Bio Janeiro on account qf certain political views. Senator Washburn's request for a vessel to transport breadstuffs to Russia is promptly com plied with. Isaac Sawtelle sentenced to be hanged in Con cord, N. H., for the murder of his brother, dies in prison of apoplexy. December. 27. The Russian relief fund amounts up to date t 05685.95. $685.95. Property valued at half a million is destroyed by fire in Boston, Mass. A Mr. Edelmann claims to have discovered the secret of manufacturing coal at $1 per ton. It is claimed that the Russian people are in no need of help outside of the Czar's dominion. France’s objection to the McKinley bill is based upon the harm that it has done to her home trade. Mexican troops and insurgents fight a battle, the latter being on the Texas side of the Rio Grande River. Gov. Humphrey of Kansas asserts that he will take his own time in appointing a senator and will not be influenced by any faction. It is said in Rome that the United States gov ernment has agreed to pay the indemnity that Italy demands on account of the Mew Orleans af fair . December 28. Mr. Blaine informs Senator Washburn that ho is not a candidate.! Assistant States Attorney Elliott of Chicago suf fers from nervous prostration caused by repeated threats of criminals upon his life. It is surmised that the object of the extensive se cret society just unearthed in Russiab Poland was the assassination of the Czar. The president has denied the application for pardon in the case of Harper who embezzled funds from the Fidelity Savings bank of Cincinnati. It is said that Secretary Blaine is chaffing at the long delay of Chili’s answer. Official activity in- Washington is taken as indicating trouble with Chili. December 29. Ex-Lieut-Gov. Thomas H. Armstrong dies at Albert Lea. Secretary Blaine and the British Minister ar range a reciprocity agreement embracing the British West Indies and British Guiana. According to the New York Herald’s Valparaiso correspondent Chili is not likely to propose arbi tration as the means of settling the Baltimore trouble. Congressman Shipman of Michigan proposes the building of a canal around Niagara Falls and across New York state, through which vessels may pass from the great lakes to the ocean. Attendant: The Czar wishes to know what there is for dinner. Chef: Puree of bullets, roast turkey, bay onet sauce; English peasant, sass au Bul garia; cooking school biscuit, etc., etc. Attendant (after dinner): Hello! hellol Centraloffsky, give me the chief of police sky* Chief of Police: Well? Attendant: The Czar says, “Transport the cooking school to Siberia.”—Minneap olis Journal. AU trees are evergreen in the tropics.