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Jgfe* prison fpiimrr.
THURSDAY. Dec. 31. 1891. PRISON OFFICIALS. MANAGERS. EDWIN DUNN. President Kyota. JOHN F. NORRISH Hastings. JAB. 8. O’BRIEN Stillwater. F. W. TEMPLE Blue Earth City. M. O. HALL Duluth. RESIDENT OFFICIALS. ALBERT GARVIN Warden. F. H. LEMON Deputy Warden. JOHN 8. GLENNON Ass’t Dept. Warden. FRANK BERRY Clerk. MISS SOPHIA ZARLEY Assistant Clerk. H. E. BENNER Steward. jl. J. MERRILL Physician. FRANK H. HALL Hospital Steward. F. M. BORDWELL Storekeeper. MRS. H. A. WALKER Matron. ALFRED GILMORE Supt. Twine Factory. J. C. COVELL Supt. Tub & Pail Factory. R. F. JONES Engineer. J. H. ALBERT Protestant Chaplain. CHARLES CORCORAN Catholic Chaplain. GUARDS’ REGISTER. T.W. ALEXANDER Day Cell house. W. W. HALL Captain of Night Watch. JAMES 81BBITTS Usher. BEN. CAYOU Tub & Pail Shop. Ist floor. ORLANDO M’FALL.. .Tub & Pail Shop. 2nd floor. LESTER BORDWELL Twine Factory. JOHN MEALEV Twine Factory 2nd flooor. ROYAL C. ORFF Soft Wood Shop. J. C. COVER Machine Shop, Ist floor. M. C. COLLIGAN Machine Shop, 2nd floor. JOHN 8. MAY Wagon Shop. ARCHIE PARKER Blacksmith Shop. AMOS ROWE Paint Shop. T. L. O'MARA Foundry. ANDREW MEEHAN Day Turnkey. PATRICK FLANNERY Gate. P. J. MURPHY Asst. Gate. CHARLES CARLGREN Yard. J. H. STILKEY.. Engine Room. NELS D. CARLSON Wall. GREENLEAF DORR Wall. WM. M’CRACKEN Wall. JOHN WHITE Wall. H. McINTYRE Wall. JOHN WINDOLPH Night Turnkey. CHARLES. P. AUSTIN Night Cell-house. HENRY FROST Night Cell-house. O. S. CRANDALL Day Solitary Keeper. L. B. GOLDSMITH Night Solitary Keeper. NIGHT FIREMEN. A. W. ANDERSON J. DEGAN J. GIANELA LOCAL PICKINGS. —Not a fish came to our net this week —Four men were released during the week. —Mr. J. T. Arthur, of Dunbar, Wis., was in last Saturday and left us a subscription. —Manufacturing operations have started up in earnest in the Thresher company’s shops. —New Year’s Day will be observed in the prison, but whether it will be anything more than a day of rest we have not learned. —Statement of population Dec. 30: Working for Thresher Co., 187; working for state, 133: sick and infirm, 17. Total population 337. —The health of the prison is good, there being but one patient confined to his bed in the hospi tal and he is on the road to recovery. —The primer boys of the Charlestown (Mass.) prison have our thanks for a pair of their pretty 1892 calendars. THE MIRROR will try to recip rocate next year. —Storekeeper Bordwell had a world-embracing smile on his face Christmas morning; and well he might look benign, for he had found a line gold watch in his sock. —Misses M. I.eahy, Beatrice King, Hannah O’Hare, of St. Paul, and Mr. M. E. Sullivan, of In dependence, Wis., were shown the prison Monday by Foreman Sullivan. —All Stillwater passed up Main street by the prison Tuesday to view the passenger train wreck up in Dutch Town. This is the first railroad wreck that ever occurred in this city. —There are, no doubt, some very mean and de praved men in prison, but there has not one thus far in the season shown himself so lost to intel lectual pride as to send in a “beautiful snow" poem. —THE MIRROR lost its “devil” Monday morn, ing. If he will be as well behaved and half as in dustrious outside as be has been inside be will flourish, and the world will bave gained a good citizen. —We are greatly indebted to the "Dutch Wiz ard” of the hospital for putting new life into our long winding and short winded office clock of the Waterbury variety. It is right on time now like a faithful creditor. —We thank the management of the Pennsylva nia Reformatory for a program and a ticket of ad mittance to the Christmas entertainment, and we regret very much that our condition was such that we could not travel the great distance. —The new leather belt for the main drive wheel has arrived. It is a large one being 38 inches wide, 90 feet long, }4 an inch thick and weighing 670 pounds. The belt now in use was badly damaged in the fire of 1884 and has begun to show signs of giving out. Should it happen to break great dam age might result. —Our new "devil” 'thinks that part of his duties is to represent himself as a poet laureate. He has dedicated the following four-by-four lines to the horticulturists “Texas” and "Innisfallen,” whose “hanging gardens of Babylon" he has so much admired: O gardners! tell me the secret Of thy flowers so rare and sweet!— “We have only enriched our gardens, sir. With the black mire from the street.” —A Wisconsin Central passenger train was wrecked at 8 o'clock Tuesday morning on the St. Paul & Duluth road a short distance north of the prison. Engineer Jay Leighton lost a foot, and was the only one seriously hurt in the accident. The engine ran down a fifteen-foot embankment without turning over. —Supt. Coveli of the tub and pail factory did the handsome tbing by his boys Christmas Eve by set ting up the cigars. He did not forget Guard Cayou’s faithful assistance, but with a neat little speech he presented him also with a cigar. It is said that tears of gratitude trickled down the cheeks of the modest guard. —THE MIRROR office can boast of another improvement. On Monday the prison electrician extended the electric light system to our estab lishment, and now it is as magnificently illum inated as any other office between the two oceans. Short days, special work and a scarcity of print ers have combined to make it necessary for the present force to work evenings for a few weeks. —We will begin the new year to-morrow morn ing. Let us each drop some bad habit and begin a good one. If we will do this and then religiously avoid the one and adhere to the other through the whole year, we will, all other things remaining equal, begin 1893 better satisfied with ourselves than we are at present, for there is nothing gives a person such genuine satisfaction as the con. sciousness of having been true to promises made to self. —To late arrivals. You are permitted to send your copy of this paper home or to your friends. Put the address plainly on the margin above the heading of the paper and then place it between the bars of your cell door Friday evenings. The guard will take It up, and it will be put in an ad dressed wrapper and mailed free of cost. There must be no other writing than the address on the paper. You must keep the paper reasonably clean, otherwise it will not be sent. —lf one wishes to see a scene of lively industry he should visit the foundry about three o'clock in the afternoon when they are “pouring off.” Not withstanding the hard work, the foundry has al ways been a favorite place with a large number of the boys. We have known of men asking to be changed from light, clean jobs in the wood work ing shops to the heavy and dirty work in the foundry. This is the case with young fellows es pecially, and may perhaps be attributed to the boyish love of shoveling sand and playing with fire. —The last piece the Stillwater brass band played for us Christmas was a scurvy trick. Just about the time we bad got through shaking hands and exchanging the compliments of the season and were about ready to open the dance, the bAnd sneaked off by a side door. Some of the boys were so unappreciative as to say that when the band found that the music didn’t kill any ot us or cause a riot it went down town to fill a conditional engagement. Others said it went outside to shake hands with itself over its good fortune of having escaped mob violence. Chapel Service*. Catholic services were conducted by Rev. Father Corcoran. The gospel read was from St. Luke ii., 1-14 which is the story of the birth of the Savior. The sermon was appropriate to the season. He said that the records of Clod's visita tions to men all agree that those visitations came in a way to strike terror to the hearts of the peo ple. So in olden times whenever a miraculous sign was given, the people became troubled and were sore afraid. We find that they had reason to be afraid. God had visited the earth with His wrath; He had manifested His displeasure by vis iting mankind with plagues, famines and wars; But God in His mercy had always given them warnings. So the people had come to look upon any sign from God as a forerunner of impending calamity. But God in His mercy was to give the people a manifestation of His supreme goodness. That manifestation was to be the Christ, their King and Redeemer. A time had come when the people were greatly in need of something to awake them and bring them back to a remem brance of God. The world, to all appearances, was satan’s kingdom when John the Baptist pro claimed the kingdom of heaven to be at hand. To the simple shepherds was first announced the birth of the Savior. They were humble men liv ing in the simplicity of nature. It was to these simple men that the angel said, "behold I bring you good tidings of great joy.” There were no prophets in those days to tell them how the Sav ior was to appear. So the question in the minds of the Jews was. How will the Savior come? Will he come as a mighty conqueror or as a great king or in any of the ways the world considers grand and noble? In some such way we might have ex pected Him. But he preferred to come as a child announced to the humble shepherds to whom the angelic host sang "Glory to God in the highest: and on earth peace to men of good will.” Carl Pretzel’s Philosophy. Don’t put on many airs vhen you vas go sailing der shtream of life along, it may upsot your boat. Vhen death ofertooks a feller he dond did gif him a receet for vat he dook nor ask for any reffer ences. Each day, each week, each month, each year, is a new chance given to us bv God. A new chance, a new leaf, a new life—this is the golden, the unspeakable gift which each new day offers to you.—Canon Farrar. In Palestine there are now 78,000 Jews. CHRISTMAS. Christendom’s Greatest Day and How We Observed It. The great festival of the year has come and gone, and it will be six long months before we celebrate another holiday. The day was pleas antly spent. We arose at the usual hour of 6. Breakfast, consisting of biscuits, butter and cof fee, was served at 7 o'clock. (Those biscuits! There was never a more villanous lot in the peni tentiary, and if the baker had come out from under the house before noon he certainly would have been mobbed. However, the excellent quality of the buns and cake served at dinner won his pardon.) The Catholics attended mass in the chapel from 8 to 8:45 o'clock. Promptly at 9 o’clock the “liberty” bell rang out, the band played, the boys cheered, the bars rattled, the doors flew open and the striped pro cession made for the exit. As we passed out each one received two apples from large baskets at the door. We were not long in getting to the paint shop, which had been cleared out and put in shape for the occasion. After announcing the program for the day and giving a few directions, the Warden ordered “Break ranks,” and ranks broke. The band began to play, and there was a great shaking of hands and wagging of tongues. The band got rather the worst of it in the first round. The musicians occupied a platform on one side of the room. They gave us some music during the hour and a half they remained with us. The spirit of good will was universal, and if every one did not enjoy himself his face belled his feel ings. The two and a halt hours were spent pleas antly, and when the “dinner whistle” screeched, everybody said, “Pshaw.” Before leaving the hall the Warden thanked the boys for their excellent deportment. Owing to an obstruction inside the door the procession was a long time getting back into the cellroom. But each man, as he passed in, carried away a por tion of the obstruction until the last of it disap peared altogether with the last man of the pro cession. The said obstruction was the dished-up Christmas dinner; and we will say here that it was a credit to the cooks. It was bountiful. This is what we bad: Boast pork with apple sauce; mashed potatoes with gravy; buns and cheese; suet pudding; pound cake, and coffee with milk and sugar. Cigars—three to the man—were pass ed around during dinner, and later each man re ceived four apples. After dinner nearly everyone took advantage of the extra privilege and wrote a Christmas letter to the folks at home. It was a pleasantly spent day, and all who thought of its origin must have felt thankful that the Son of Ood had had an earthly birthday. The officers had a fine spread in their dining room and all who were not required to be on duty, were given the afternoon off. Ex-Convicts. The case of William A. Bridgeman is, we think, deserving of consideration at once more thoughtful and more charitable than it seems to have received. There is much un godly laughter and in certain quarters not a little exultation over the discovery that a young man holding high place in a Chris tian church and in the favor of its pastor and people is suddenly discoverd to be an ex-convict, and for no other apparent of fense is arrested by the police and lined by a justice of the peace, with every prospect of being sent again to prison. We do not find in such a case occasion for either laughter or exultation. The good people of the Central Christian church are said to think harshly of their pastor, Mr. Black, and to be thoroughly chagrined at themselves. Yet we do not find that the Rev. Mr. Black has done anything more reprehensible than to receive into his church a young man professing belief in the gospel of Christ which Mr. Black preaches. Nor do the members of the Central church appear to have committed any greater indis cretion than to welcome the new comer (as by the gospel of their church they are .bid den to do) and to accord to him the place in their society which his accomplishments and talents easily won. To be sure, the young man proves to be an ex convict, but we are not willing to believe that even if the pas tor and people of the Central church had known this fact, they would have permit ted it to infiuence their treatment of Bridge man. The mission of the church of Christ is to succor the weak and needy. Who, it might be asked, is in greater need of the counsels of a pastor and the sympathy of the church than a man, still young, begin ning the arduous, the herculean task of re habilitating his character? Theie is said to be great joy in heaven over the return of a penitent. The same rule, we feel confi dent. obtains in the Central Christian church. But interest in Bridgeman’s case will not be confined to the Central Christian church. Here is a man against whom nothing has been proved except that he is an ex convict. The testimony of the police who arrested him shows not even a probable case of guilt. The police swore that Bridgeman was found late at night in a position suggesting to the police mind an intent to commit burglary. But this intent Bridgeman de- nies. and his word is at least as good, as his explanations are as reasonable, as the word of the police in any matter involving an ex convict. It would probably not even be pretended that another man could be con victed of any offense on such evidence, but the sapient justice who heard the case did not hesitate to impose a heavy fine. The charge was “disorderly conduct,” which, as everybody knows, means much or little, as the police choose. It is the same charge under which Justice Woodman fined the Greif’s Hall “anarchists.” It is the same under which a noisy drunkard is sent to the bridewell. It is the favorite device by which the police railroad to prison innocent persons against whom they have personal grievances. It has started many an ex con vict, anxious to reform, back to a career of crime. The attitude of our police toward ex-con victs is well illustrated in Bridgeman’s case and it will deserve an investigation. Has an ex-convict no rights which the police are bound to respect? Are the purposes of our prisons, which are corrective as well as penal, to be defeated by the fanatical and wrongheaded persecutions of ignorant men? - Who, for example, is the real offender in this present case —the young man striving for a new character or the police officer and justice of the peace who conspire to pervert the law in order that the young man’s laud able purpose may be defeated? We submit to the good people of the Cen tral Christian church, and to all good citi zens, that here is a case calling for the ex ercise of all the Christian virtues and all the impulses of patriotism.—Chicago Even ing Post editorial. Criminals and Religion. A peculiar feature in the history of crime is the few infidels found among criminals. Almost all claim some religion when ex amined on entering the prison. What is surprising to the casual thinker is that criminals should profess to believe in the church which represents what is holy and pure. Why does he hold to his religion when all else is taken from him? I am sure it is not from any hope of ameliorating hie condition in prison. Does he think that by claiming his religion he has a key to heaven, which he wishes to carry him through a sinful life hoping that when the time comes he may gain admittance through a side door? 1 need not confine these re marks to the criminal alone, for I may say the same of many who do not wear the insignia of crime. Reader, look through the best of your acquaintanases. How many can you honestly say are living up to the religious principles they profess? I can imagine you saying, “Very few,” including .yourself perhaps. I have known a religious man to go home from church —where he had prayed for charity and 1 brotherly love to all mankind, as he would wish it from his Heavenly Father —take off his coat and threaten to take the life of his next door neighbor it he did not keep his chickens out of his back yard. As to some female re ligionists, who look so seraphic in church, that one almost mistakes their high should ered sleeves for wings—but 1 will not give you my observations of these. lam afraid that many professors of religion will be terribly surprised when the conducting angel deposits their whitewashed souls at th 6 door of hades. But to return to the criminal. There is some hope of the criminal reclaiming him self for a better life. Let him examine this peculiarity of his, and try to infuse new strength and hope into the religion a good mother taught him during his innocent and pure childhood. You do not need the wisdom of a Solomon, or the riches of a Gould to accomplish it; all that is necessary are these two little words, acted out, which are. “I will.” While penologists are devising systems for our reformation, let us be sincere in our religion, and follow out the rules of con duct it lays down, and then there will be no need of help from any save the Founder Himself. It is not ignorance that produces the majority of criminals: it is rather a lack of interest in religion, and a carelessness of morality. The criminal will tell you, if you ask the question, that he believes in his church, and that he knows its teachings aro good, that to live according to its teachings is the only happy life. Yet if you ask him why he does not live that life he will say: "Well, 1 think I will after a while —when 1 get better fixed.” Many would call it ig norance, but I would call it heedlessness of the consequences attending a wicked life. A movement has been started in St. Petersburg to establish workshops for crim inals who have served their term in prison. Such criminals, in some instances strong and able men. cannot easily find employ ment when they regain their liberty, be cause their records are marked in their passports, and employers are loath to en gage a man who had served a term in prison. The philanthropists of St. Peters burg wish to provide employment for them, and, if they have no trade, to train them as carpenters, turners in wood and metal* shoemakers, and so forth. Petora.