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Edited and Published by the Inmates. Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater Minn. • as Second Class Mail Matter. Subscription Rates. THE PRISON MIRROR is issued every Thurs day morning at the following rates. One Year W*®® Six Months &® Three Moutns 25 Single Copies :••;••••• , 5 Subscriptions must be paid invariably, in ad vance. Advertising rates given upon application. Address, EDITOR PRISON MIRROR, Stillwater, Minn. TO THE PUBLIC. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weekly paperpub lished in the Minnesota state prison. All matter published In its columns is contributed by the Inmates, except that properly credited. Its sup port must come from the outside as every inmate Is given a paper without cost. It is published in the interest of the prison library and after paying for the printing outfit, contributed $l5O to the library fund the first year. Its Objects are to en courage individual intellectual effort, provide a healthy journal for the inmates of this and other prisons, and, above all, to acquaint the outside world with the needs of the prison by reflecting its inner life and thus aid the cause of moral ad vancement and prison reform. The Sibley County Republican lias been absorbed by the Sibley County Enterprise. The banner of A. C. Buck is nailed to the mast of the absorbee. It must be that Chicago expects Boston as a visitor, for an exchange says: “A solid train load of beans, twelve carloads in all, left Sallcoy. Cal., recently, consigned to Chicago by the Farmer’s Alliance of Ventura county.” Still they come, but “the more the mer rier.” The new comer is the Industrial School Courier from Kearney, Nebraska. It is published semi-monthly for the benefit of the inmates of the industrial school. It is one of the handsomest of all the industrial school journals published. The Romans in the time of the poet Horace “delighted in the flesh of the donkey and served wild ass from Africa as a far greater delicacy than venison,” which goes to show how time changes even the human appetite. Only the bull dog thinks of tasting the deah fellahs now-a days. We are pleased to see that Hon. A. De Lacy Wood, the veteran Minnesota editor and publisher, has been appointed judge of probate for Coot county. He will surely give everybody a fair shake in his jurisdic tion, and he will not forget his fellow pub lishers when the estate of the delinquent subscriber comes to probate. Our paper has been widely commended for its neatness. Would you know the secret? Very well; we read the Inland Printer. It is essentially a printers’ school book that is revised and re edited every month. It costs only $2 per year, a sum which the first number may tell you how to make or save many times over. This talk is not froth. You need not take our word for it. Just send twenty cents to 183 Monroe St., Chicago, and get a sample copy. If you don’t go the whole hog you are too big a chump to be in the printing business. Fifty copies of the Northwestern Congre gationalist addressed to as many convicts were received in the prison Monday morn ing. This is the result of a visit to the prison a few days ago by Mr. H. W. Com ing, business manager of that paper. On learning from the Warden that the paper would be appreciated Mr. Coming kindly offered to send a number of copies to inmates for a year free of cost. The names of fifty men, forty-two of whom are “lifers,” were sent to the publication office in Minneapolis and the papers came promptly. This is a generous gift and one that will bo appreciated by the beneficiaries. Those who receive the papers will pass them along to others and thus they will reach a large number of readers. The Mirror thanks Mr. Coming, in behalf of the recipients, for his kindness. Without professing to make a Christmas number at all, the Review of Reviews is. in fact, giving its readers two numbers so full of extra and timely attractions as to justify a claim to very special recognition of the holiday season. Following the extra large December number, the January number may equally be regarded as a midwinter extra-fine issue. It contains, as its most conspicuous feature, a very important sketch of the Czar and the Russia of to-day, written particularly for the American edi tion of the Review, by Mr. W. T. Stead, the distinguished English editor. Mr. Stead is the only English speaking journal ist who has ever had the honor of interview ing the Czar, and is knowledge of Russian affairs is exceptional. The article contains a number of portraits, and —what will be particularly interesting—a fine map show ing the famine districts, and another show ing the so called “Jewish Pale,” the district within which the Jews are permitted to live. In this brilliant article the Review of Re views scores another of those journalistic triumphs for which it is becoming so dis tinguished. As usual it has struck the man and the subject that most keenly interest the whole world at precisely the right mo ment. The State Board of Corrections and Charities held its regular quarterly meeting at the state capitol Tuesday. Among the many matters discussed was that of condi tional pardons for inmates of the Minnesota state prison. It was decided to call the governor’s attention to the recommenda tions of a special committee which reported on the matter some time ago. A resolution by Rev. Dr. Smith was adopted calling the attention of the boards of managers of the state prison and reformatory to the act of the legislature authorizing them to employ an agent to look after the welfare of dis charged prisoners. Secretary Hart says in his report that “convicts discharged from our state prison have sufficient money, if only they can be sure of suitable employ ment, and those who are unworthy can be much more easily sifted out if the work test is applied.” The report speaks highly of the discipline of the state prison, and says of the educational work: The prison school is reorganized on a better basis than before, but it still conies far short of an ideal prison school. It reaches the illiterate and the more ignorant, but it seems to me that the schools ought in some way to reach the majority of the convicts. This is done to a very limited extent by the Chautauqua course of study, but only a small proportion care to go into so elabo rate a course of reading. “A WOLF IN SHEEP’S CLOTHING.” One of the most ingenious attempts to es cape from jail that we ever heard of was made by a prisoner at St. Louis, Mo., a few days ago. Religious services are held in the jail every Sunday by people from the outside. The prisoner undertook to ring in with the good people and pass out with them. The St. Joseph Gazette gives the following description of his make up: The make up consisted of a Prince Al bert coat and black pants. The vest was buttoned in the back, with the back turned to the front, giving it the appearance of a clergyman’s waistcoat. His standing collar was reversed in a similar manner about his neck, making the outfit complete. This was not all. Instead of the' full heavy beard that adorned his face, he wore only side whiskers, and there was an oasis on the top of his head representing a very clever attempt to make him look like a partially bald headed man. This was cov ered by a new slouch hat. His large brown eyes were also hidden by a pair of gold rimmed glasses, and in his right hand he held a Bible. The disguise was so perfect that neither of the turnkeys could recognize him, though one of them looked at him steadily for half an hour. He was so ugly that the turnkey could not keep his eyes off of him. As the people were about to leave the jail the jailer asked the favor of the new preacher’s name. This disconcerted the fellow so much that he forgot to disguise his voice, and he was politely requested to return to his quarters. It is too bad the poor fellow couldn’t reverse his face also. WHAT TO f>o WITH THEM. During this winter the terms of a number of the convicts in the penitentiary at Still water will expire. What will be the future of these men? The state law contains a provision which permits the prison board to appoint a spe cial commissioner to pay some attention to ex convicts and secure employment for them if possible. Heretofore there has been no definite action on the part of the state to guard these released men from the manifold temptations and discouragements which are inevitable if they are turned adrift to the scorn and inhumanity of the great world. As a matter of common humanity, before these men are released, places should be provided for them and they should be given a chance at an honest and useful life. But, it may be asked, who will give em ployment to an ex convict? More people than may at first be imagined. The world is not altogether as heartless as it has been written up. There are men with much of the milk of human kindness in their nat ures, and who believe in the potency of compassion, helpfulness, unselfishness, who would willingly co-operate to make provis ion for the restoration of ex convicts to society. An organization for the restora tion of these men, and one of large philan thropy of the practical kind would be a great honor to Minnesota. Its earnest work would surely abound in good fruit. Co operation in this matter is essential. The work must be done by the state or by private philanthrophy. There is a duty to perform toward the convict when he is dis charged. Provision for his restoration, out side the walls, is the necessary complement of his intramural life. —Minneapolis Jour nal. A HOLLOW HOWL. Brother Fish, why do you make your able paper, the Great West, a channel for such spume as that thrown off by E. V. Debs in his“ Convict Labor” article? Perhaps you did not read it. Anyhow, read it again, and then, please, tell us if it is not the longest eared discussion on the subject you ever read. You have been in the penitentiary— as a visitor of course —and we ask you. did you find it a “palatial institution,” one that you would like as a permanent or temporary retreat even with the disgrace left out? Can you not assure Mr. Debs that if the condi tion of the convict is preferable to that of the free laborer that there is no bar to his entering the “palatal institution” where he may share in the “abundance of whole some food, well cooked and served at regu lar hours,” and have books to read, skillful physicians to look after his health and min isters of the gospel to look after his spirit ual wants? Mr. Debs says that the system of convict labor drives the honest workingman into poverty and crime. Please ask him why when the poor toiler is driven into the last ditch, and becomes himself a criminal laborer through the force of con vict labor competition, his loving-care for the poor victim of the unjust system turns to vindictiveness. Ask him what he would have the state do with his brother working man whom unfair competition has driven to to crime and prison. Ask him if he would rather earn his living and that of an able-bodied convict, or let the convict earn his own living. Ask him how he would make the convict earn his living— which he must admit he should do—with out putting him at some kind of competi tive labor. There are lots of questions, dear Doctor, that you could and should ask Mr. Debs that to answer fairly he would have to exercise more reason than he dis plays in his article on convict labor. Doc tor, you would not risk your reputation as a logician by affixing your signature to such an article as that. Then why do you make your paper bray for such brains? Delicacy of feeling is not confined to gentle people, commonly so called. It is well known, for example, by those who have to do with men confined in prison that such convicts never speak the hated word “prison,” but invariably use some euphem istic substitute, “this institution” being perhaps the one oftenest adopted. In my girlhood, wrote Mrs. Andrew Lang, the favorite housemaid of a friend of mine “gave warning.” as she was going to be married. “Indeed,” said the lady, “and what is your future husband?” “Please, ma’am, he’s an asker.” “A what?” “An asker.” “I don’t understand. What does he do?” “Well, ma’am, he —he goes about the streets, and if he sees any one coming along that looks kind, he —well, he just stops ’em and asks ’em to give him a trifle, and he makes quite a comfortable living in that way.” “Do you mean a beggar?” “Well, ma’am, some people do call it that; we call it ‘asker.’”—Selected. NEWS OF A WEEK. December 30. An engagement thought to have taken place be tween the Mexican insurgents and American troops. No war Is expected with Chili. Senator Davls will consult to-daj with Mr. Blaine presumably on the subject. • The Cuban exiles in Florida are preparing for a. descent on the coast of the island from which they have been exiled. A scheme to abduct Helen Gould, the daughter of Jay Geuld, causes excitement in New York. The family decline to have the party arrested. December 31. Assurances are given by Chili that those guilty of causing the trouble will be punished. The physical force party of Ireland is credited with the attempt to wreck Dublin Castle. Great excitement was caused in Montreal by a report that Pope Leo had been assassinated. Two sacks of mail matter from Superior an.d Bayfield are cut open and rifled in St. Paul. The two convicts who were supposed to have es caped from the state prison at Waupun, Wis. r were found secreted under beds in the main build ing. January 1. The Chinese government has finally awakened to the importance of participating in the World's Fair. Striking railroad employes attack a sleeping car in Argenta, Ark., occupied by “scabs,” and drive them into a swamp. Eighty-five thousand miners in Wales are tem porarily locked out, the contracts under which they were working having expired yesterday. Regarding the cause of the explosion in Dublin Castle there is no official decision. Officials fail to disoover evidence pointing to a widespread seri- ous plot. A battle between United States troops and the Mexican revolutionists takes place. Bad tele graphic facilities renders the reception of definite news a question of days. January 2. Secretary Tracy says he thinks that Chili’s navy could outfight us. Nashville, Tenn., is visited by a disastrous fire started by an incendiary. Loss $600,000. A rumor is afloat in London that Kaiser William will visit this country incog, next year. Lieut. Col. Mears, Fourth U. S. infantry, dies at Fort Spokane on the 56th anniversary of his birth. Another engagement reported between the Mexican insurgents and a troop of American sol diers. There is a possibility that Robert T. Lincoln will be the Republican candidate for governor ef Illinois next year. An East Minneapolis widow deliberately burns herself to death with kerosene. . Grief inspired the terrible act. Gen. Miles says that in case ten thousand troops are required in Chili some of the state militia will have to be ealled into requisition. January 3. A movement is on foot to establish a branch o£ the Irish National Federation in St. Paul. Garza, the Mexican revolutionist, is anxious that himself and his cause be placed right before the Americans. Jay Gould is in receipt of threatening letters. He wiil be blown up if he doesn't hand over ten thousand dollars. Representatives from most of the leading litho graph firms meet in New York and form a corpor ation with a capital stock of $ 12,000,000. January 4. Salvationists in an English town are abused by the police and citizens. Minnesota is granted a desirable building site on the World’s Fair grounds. The English admiralty is investigating a rumor which, if true, will effect the efficiency of Eng land’s iron clads. The People's party convention, which is to be held in St. Louis, Feb. 22, is expected to have fully 10,000 people to look after the work of the convention and the interest of the party. January 5. Donnelly retains his mastery over the Farmers’ Alliance in Minnesota. A report is in circulation that Chili will apolo gize but it lacks confirmation. St. Paul will send a large delegation to Wash ington next week, to secure the Democratic na tional convention. Gov. Merriam receives a cablegram from the- American minister in which it is stated that there is a widespread suffering in Russia. Secretary Hart is appointed a mem berof the ad visory council of the world’s congress auxiliary of the world's Columbian exposition on moral and social reform congresses. The permanent school fund of Minnesota amounts to over $9 500,000 or double that of any other state in the Union with the exception of Texas and Kansas, and is much larger than either of them. Carl Pretzel’s Philosophy. A feller don’t shed any chanuine pity, till he vants a little by himself. A goot turn done a friendt vas more worth as six turns vot you didn't done. It vas been said dot Evey made temptations of Atam, but dots besser we don’t beleef dot till we vas heer her side of dot shtory, aind it.—Chicago- National Weekly. Arabs never eat fish.