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Hdlted and Published by the Inmates Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater Minn. a« Second Class Mail Matter. Subscription Rates. THE PRISON MIRROR is issued every Thurs day morning at the following rates. One Year W-00 Six Months, * “0 Three Months 25 Single Copies •••;••••• , 5 Subscriptions must be paid invariably in ad vance. Advertising rates given upon application. Address, EDITOR PRISON MIRROR. Stillwater, Minn. TO THE PUBLIC. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weekly paper pub lished in the Minnesota state prison. All matter published In its columns is contributed by the inmates, except that properly credited. Its sup port must come from the outside as every inmate is given a paper without cost. It is published in the Interest of the prison library and after paying for the printing outfit, contributed f 150 to the library fund the first year. Its objects are to en courage individual intellectual effort, provide a healthy journal for the inmates of this and other prisons, and, above all, to acquaint the outside world with the needs of the prison by reflecting Its Inner life and thus aid the cause of moral ad vancement and prison reform. The female prison at Indianapolis was totally destroyed by fire Tuesday night. The fire originated from a laundry stove. The 204 prisoners were all liberated and when they were rounded up after the fire it was found that fifty-two of the girls had taken to the woods. Owing to The Mirror’s force having been engaged in other work the paper has not been up to the standard of late, but after this week an effort will be made not only to bring it back to what it was, but to push it further to the front. In this we ask the co-operation of all those interested in the paper. Much harm is done to the cause of prison reform by those good people who are wont to speak of the convict as “a poor unfortu nate.” Matter of fact men and women would be much more ready to extend a helping hand it the convict were to be in troduced to them as “an unlucky devil” or “a poor cuss.” Another effort has been made by some of the oppressed people of Russia to kill the Czar. Perhaps he is even a worse man than he has been described; but for that very reason, according to the word of one who could speak authoritively, he should not be killed. This authority referred to said that every time a bad man was killed two worse ones arose in his stead. Wherever there is life there will be diver gence: absolute uniformity is found only in the cemetery. Only dead men can remain where they are put by the authority of other men: living men ought to move and ad vance. There may be, indeed, a class of living men who move without advancing: they simply jump up and down in the same place.—Dr. R. S. McArthur. There is a man in Nebraska who has ex perienced execution, burial and resurrec tion. About ten years ago this man was hanged to a tree and his body was riddled with bullets by a mob. The law cut the body down, and finding a spark of vitality left, they buried it in the state prison. Governor Thayer resurrected the body after it had been entombed twelve years less three years for good conduct, and the man is once more as free as the snarled winds that gavots over Nebraska’s plains. He, no doubt, thinks to himself that there are worse things than being hanged, shot and sent to penitentiary for life. The Mirror has had, in the past week, the pleasure of placing in the hands of every inmate a complete and fully classified catalogue of the prison library. Those who have had the work in hand have used their abilities to their full extent in an effort to make the catalogue a complete index to the library. Especial pains have been taken to describe as fully as possible the nature of the contents of each volume, outside of books of fiction, so that one may find what he wants at a glance. This is the first cat alogue worthy of the name the prison has •ver had, and we hope that the prison read ers will accept it as a partial compensation. at least, for the deprivation they suffered during the time the books were withdrawn from circulation. It is said that the price of binding twine will be 33 per cent higher this year than last, which means that the farmer will have to pav from ten to fifteen cents a pound for his twine next harvest. It is not claimed by the trust that the cost of production will be greater this year or that a good profit was not made last year. This simply means that the National Cordage company is in a position to make the granger stand and deliver. The twine trust should have a motto, and we offer them the use of this without royalty: In trusts we trust; Smut or rust. Of us you must Buy or bust. Some of our exchanges have of late been commenting upon the fact that while so much is being done for the reformation of criminal men nothing is being done for criminal women. It is pointed out that while many states have provided modern reformatories for young men only one state has such an institution for the other sex. If our friends would stop to think how few women convicts there are in some of the states they would perhaps think it not worth while to build such institutions for a few years yet. Such an establishment would be a rather lonesome dwelling in Minnesota where there are but five women in state prison. In fact there are not enough women convicts west of the Missis sippi river to make up one fair sized prison population. The Prison Mirror published by the inmates of the state prison at Stillwater, Minn., presents for a motto the suggestive words, “It is never too late to mend.” This is a good motto in the right place. The lives of such men as John B. Gough and Jerry McCaully show that, though one may have departed far from the path of virtue and morality, if he truly repents, he may still become a useful citizen and do much toward elevating his fellow men. It is well to remind those who have been confined be hind prison bars, as the punishment for their crimes, that there is still hope for them, and in this respect the motto is an ex cellent one. Taken in another connection, however, it is an exceedingly dangerous one. Reform should never be delayed. If we say, “It will never be too late,” and postpone the matter perhaps the opportu nity will ne’er again be presented, and then it will have been the means of making our ruin complete. The Mirror clearly shows that often behind prison bars are found brainy men who. if truly reformed, might be of great service to mankind. Their en terprise in showing to the world what they can do. if given a chance, is commendable. —The Northwestern Classic. The Pioneer Press, a few days ago, pub lished a short biography of J. J. O’Connor, chief of the St. Paul detective department, in which were described a number of his professional exploits, but nothing was said of the better side of his nature. While there is not a harder man in the northwest to get away from there are none who know how to treat a criminal more fairly when they have caught him. His treatment of a man, who acts the man under the circum stances, leaves no sting to fester and poison his nature. His vanity does not lead him to add a string of aliases to the name of the thief or suspect that he ar rests, neither does he make up “histories” of tough men for the reporters that make the door-mat thief swagger with the dignity of a bank robber. Neither do you hear of him “getting on to” an ex convict. An ex convict never met a better friend than J. J. O’Connor, as many a one could testify. He knows criminals and can sympathize with them in many of their shortcomings, and when he sees a man trying to rise up he will not stand by passively and see him pushed down again. It is a pity that the same cannot be said of more men of his calling. We would be willing to guarantee that any ex convict whose interests called him to live in St. Paul would, by going to Mr. O’Connor, find a faithful guardian so long as he showed himself worthy of pro tectum. Rules for the Government of the State Prison Agent. The joint committee appointed to draft rules and regulations for the government of the State Prison Agent met in St. Paul Wednesday. March 2. and formulated a set of rules. Manager John F. Norrish and Warden Albert Garvin represented the state prison, and Manager Charles Keith and Supt. D. E. Myers represented the reforma tory. Col. Clark Chambers entered upon the discharge of his new duties on the Ist iust. The following are the rules adopted and by which the Agent will be guided: RUI.ES AND REGULATIONS FOR THE GOV ERNMENT OF THE STATE AGENT OF THE MINNESOTA STATE PRISON AND STATE REFORMATORY. Section 1. The Agent, in the performance of his duties shall be under the direction of the Warden of the Prison and the Superintendent of the Reformatory. Section 11. It shall be his duty to procure suit able situations for all discharged and paroled prisoners from the State Prison and Reformatory, who cannot obtain suitable situations for them selves or through their friends. It shall also be his duty to make careful investigation of all situa tions procured by prisoners or their friends, and ascertain whether they are suitable. Section 111. In procuring or investigating situa tions. the Agent shall at all times have in view the morals of the community and the surround ings to which the men will be subjected. Section IV. He shall at the end of each month report in writing to the Warden of the State Prison and Superintendent of the Reformatory, the number of prisoners for whom he has found employment, discharged from each institution. In this report shall be given in detail the name of each prisoner for whom work is obtained, the name of the party employing him, the kind of labor the prisoner is engaged in, the amount of compensation he is receiving, and what his sur roundings are, whether or not he is keeping away from saloons and bad company and such other facts as may be thought of value for the guidance of each board in the management of those under their custody. In order to make such report as is hereby required it shall be the duty of the said Agent to require a written report from each pris oner for whom he finds employment, certified to by his employer, setting forth the aforementioned facts, which report shall be filed, together with the report of said Agent, with the said Warden and Superintendent by the 28th of each month. Section V. The Agent shall investigate all grievances of discharged or paroled prisoners per taining to their discharge from, or inability to fill situations procured for them, and shall see that they are protected and that they get what is justly their due. Section VI. The Warden of the Prison and the Superintendent of the Reformatory shall furnish the Agent with the names of all prisoners for whom employment is wanted, their record, phys ical and mental condition, trade, and any other information which might aid the Agent in procur ing situations, a reasonable length of time before their release. Section VII. The Agent shall have access to the State Prison and Reformatory and shall see each prisoner before his release and ascertain person ally from him his wishes and desires as to his fut ure occupation. Section VIII. The Agent shall maintain super vision over discharged and paroled prisoners for whom he has found employment, until their final discharge and shall maintain temporary super vision, as far as practicable over all prisoners aided by him, and shall embody the results of such supervisions in his monthly reports. Section IX. In order to supply himself with the necessary assistance to successfully forward the work placed fn his charge the said Agent shall organize a prisoners’ aid society at St. Paul and Minneapolis and at such other places as shall be designated by the joint suggestion of the Warden of the State Prison and the Superintendent of the Reformatory, and to this end shall call a public meeting to be held in St. Paul, Minnesota, on or before the first day of May, 1892. He shall invite to said meeting, the public generally, and espe cially invite the co-operation of the public press and the clergymen of the two cities and such other persons as are especially interested in the reformation of prisoners. He shall state to the meeting the object he has in view and request those assembled to organize a prisoners’ aid soci ety from their numbers to aid him in his work. Section X. The Agent shall be subject to sus pension by the Warden and Superintendent for misconduct and inefficiency, pending action by the Board of Managers. The Classic Quaker. It is related of the English ancestor of a well known Philadelphia Quaker family that he was quite a learned man. familiar with the dead lan guages, and that once he went to see one of the universities. As he was walking about there, his Quaker garb attracted the attention of three of the students, and they proposed to have some fun out of the old Quaker. They stationed themselves where be might hear them. Then one said (in Hebrew), ‘‘Here is Abraham.” Another said (in Greek), “Ho: this is Isaac.” The third said (in Latin). “No: it is Jacob.” Whereupon the old inan turned and said to them: “Young men, I am neither Abraham nor Isaac nor Jacob. lam Saul, the son of Kish, sent to aeek my father’s three eases; and, lo! I have found them.” NEWS OF A WEEK. February 24, The Chamber of Commerce of St. Paul favors an auditorium on a big scale. As was expected the third party people capture the mammoth aggregation at St. Louis. J. H. Willoughly, one of the best known railroad men in the Northwest, dies at St. Paul. The president to-day in a message to congress favors an additional World’s Fair appropriation. Charges of fraud are made in connection with appraising Chippewa pine lands, but they are proven groundless. February 25. Rev. John Schwebach is consecrated as Catholic bishop of La Crosse. The People’s party convention will be held in Omaha July 4, the delegates numbering 1776. All the street car employes at Stillwater strike because of non-payment of wages, and no cars are running. Fire at San Antonio, Tex., burned over two acres, several stores being destroyed. Loss, $250,000; insurance, $70,000. A riot is created in Berlin by thousands of un employed workmen. They are dispersed by the police, who seriously injure scores of the rioters. February 26. Immigration to the Northwest will be very large this year. Germany will abandon her possessions in South west Africa. Relics two thousand years old are found in a mound in Illinois. A steamer is sunk by collision in the North sea, and all on board but one lose their lives. A bill providing for an annual appropriation of $8,000,000 for the improvement of the Mississippi trom St. Anthony Falls to the jetties is introduced to the House. Rioting is resumed In Berlin, and many rioters are injured in a fight with the police. There is a talk of dynamiting the imperial castle. A revolu tion is feared. February 27. The Queen Isabella association is barred out of the World’s Fair. Telegraph rates in the West and Northwest are to be reduced March I. Anti-administration Republicans are reported working hard to prevent Harrison’s renomination. There are further seriouß disturbances in Ber lin, many more rioters being badly wounded by the police. Nearly all the members of the Georgia Alliance will remain in the Democratic party and not join the People's party. The House adopts an amendment to the In dian appropriation bill providing for the appoint ment of army officers as Indian agents when vacancies occur. February 38. A platform is issued by the single-tax advocates Fifteen business houses of Hot Springs, S. D., are burned, tbe loss being $75,000. The Berlin police state their belief that the dis orders in that city are at an end. Chile has bought new war ships in Europe. One is of a similar type to the Capt. Pratt. It is stated that Senator Sherman is to retire from the senate in a year, to be succeeded by Secretary Foster. The United States has instructed Minister Egan, in Chile, to have the bodies of the Baltimore's murdered sailors brought home. February 29. Rumor makes Judge Gresham the People’s party candidate for president. The United States supreme court declares the McKinley tariff law constitutional. Ex-Speaker Reed’s ruling about counting a quorum is sustained by the United States supreme court. Senator Davis seems to have the advantage over Senator Washburn in the matter of Minnesota patronage. Four hundred and forty thousand miners in Great Britain threaten to strike against a reduc tion of wages. This would affect 1,000,000 men. Warren Springer, a wealthy Chicago man. is in dicted on a charge of manslaughter, on the ground of criminal carelessness, which led to an explo sion in a battery of boilers in one of his buildings by which five people lost their lives. March 1. The public debt decreased $2,497,147 in February. Capt. Castle assumes the duties of postmaster of St. Paul. Silver ore is said to have been found near Tiffin, Ohio. The St. Paul board of aldermen defeats the auditorium project. Whitney Jones, who helped organize the Re publican party, has died at Lansing, Mich., aged eighty years. Members of the whisky trust are accused of tampering with the United States grand jury in Boston, and they will probably be arrested again. The Minnesota Republican state committee se lects St. Paul as the place and May 5 as the date for the convention to choose delegatts to the na tional gathering. Congressman Castle introduces a bill to renew the reciprocity treaty of 1854 between the United States and Canada, which made absolutely free trade between those countries. The inhabitants of Arva, a county of Hungary, are suffering from an epidemic of typhus and other deadly d iseases, in addition to famine. The people are compelled to eat the barks of trees and pine cones.