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THE CONSTITUTION. (Report of class B by L. O. P.) On the 25th ot May in the year 1787, there was assembled in the state house at Philadelphia a body of delegates to a convention to be held for the purpose of framing a National Constitution. During the period which elapsed previous to the signing of the Constitution, many questions of state and national importance were discussed be fore the convention and, after considerable de bate, settled satisfactorily to the majority. Ex ception must be made, however, in the settlement of three questions of great national importance, not alone as questions of the day but also as ques tions of the future, namely, “State Rights,” "Rep resentation,” and "Slavery.” This latter involved the question of representation. These questions rose before the convention in all their magnitude upon the submission of the two plans of govern ment known as the "New Jersey” and "Virginia” plans. The New Jersey plan of government, as presented to the convention for consideration,was based on state supremacy; the state was to have the controlling power; state law would be above and supercede the national law; and the state could withdraw from the Confederation, in which the state and not the people was to be repre sented. On the other hand the Virginia plan of government was, to all intents and purposes, an oligarchy though it gave representation to the people, decided that the majority should rule and gave strength through a more perfect union of the states. Such, in brief, were the two forms of government which, by a compromise upon each, formed the nucleus of our Constitution by which state and national rights are fairly represented. The second question, that of state representa tion in the national government, gave origin to a third, that of slavery, which was not disposed of until the close of the Civil War. The Eastern States, upon the discussion of the slave represen tation question before the convention, declared that as the slaves were chatties and had no repre sentation in their respective states therefor they were not entitled t<> representation in the national legislative bodies. The Southern delegates admit ted that slaves were properties, but being a part of the state population they must be represented in order that the slave holding states would have equal representation with the non-slave holding states. The controversy was disposed of at that time by a compromise between the two parties; the South was to have representation for three fifths of the slave population and the privilege of importing slaves Until the year 1808. For these concessions the Southern delegates were to lend their aid in securing the adoption of the Naviga tion Act. We see that the convention made two compro mises which, so long as each party was satisfied, were of little moment after their supposed settle ment, but In time a new party arose who cared not that the Constitution was then the law of the land, and they feigned to see in the Constitution the authority for their demands. The cry of "state rights and nullification" was raised by the South, and for a quarter of a century Jno. C. Calhoun, "the great nullifier,” wasted all his en ergy and talents to obtain a settlement of this question. But agitation on the one side had pro duced a party of opposition and Calhoun found opposed to him the giant intellects of Clay and Webster. The question of state nullification be came one of slavery; but the heavy hand of death mercifully intervened to hide from the “great nullifier" the denouement of that question—the Civil War. Another question was put and an swered by this war, namely, "Is the Constitution the supreme law of the United States?" The North said yes, and its patriotic citizens fought and bled to make it so. Years may come and go, nations may succeed nations, aud America be re discovered and our Constitution, graven on tab lets of stone, be dug from beneath the ruins of the Capitol at Washington and handed down to those generations to come, and from which they will draw their ideas of government, but the eternity of the future will be unable to produce a code of laws and administer them to excel the administra tion of the United States Constitution. It was Sept. 17, 1787, that the Constitution was signed by the delegates present, thirty-eight in all. Around those men American history will ever cast its brightest light, and as years roll on, and time with its everclanging bell has rung in new changes in country and people, in customs and laws, and the administration of government, when the na tion has grown old and the occurrences of the past and present are traditional—the work of these men will stand before the generations to come as the most glorious event in the history of America. THE WIFE OF COLUMBUS, Columbus was married, in 1470, or thereabouts, to a Miss Palestrello, of Lisbon, whose father had J. C. HENING, (Successor to Hening & Millard) DEALER IN FDBB DBUGS & HEDIGINES Perfumery, Toilet and Fancy Articles, Brushes, Etc. FINE CIGARS. Physicians’ Prescriptions Carefully Compounded 208 Chestnut St. Stillwater, Minn. FRRD BGOTT, 223 South Main St., Stillwater, Minn., —DEALER IN— Drugs, Medicines & Chemicals ELLIOTT HOUSE, Cor. Third & Chestnut Sts., STILLWATER. - - - - MINN Remodeled and First-class in Every Respect. J. E. ELLIOTT, Manager. M. A. THON, Merchant § Tailor, 237 N. SECOND STREET, STILLWATER. - - - - MINN. distinguished himself as a navigator. A part of Miss Palestrello's marriage dower was a great col lection of valuable charts, journals and important memoranda. From childhood she had displayed a wonderful enthusiasm on the subject, partaking to a marked degree, of the speculative and vent uresome ideas and schemes in the line of geo graphical discovery for which Lisbon was then headquarters. She possessed a fine education, and was widely known as a brainy, brilliant woman, who was constantly urging her husband on in the path which finally brought him to the wonderful goal with which we are so familiar. While a girl, Miss Palestrello made a number of hazardous voyages with her father In unfamiliar waters, and later many geographical drawings, several of which were used with great profit by Columbus when he had won her for his wife and set out on his most important wanderings upon the great deep.—Ex. Tli«lncorrigible*. The Prison Reform Association has held the last of its January conferences. The subject which was taken up was “The In corrigibles.” Judge Francis Wayland, Dean of the Yale Law School, presided. In opening the discussion Judge Wayland said that it was undeniable that there was a criminal class that could properly be termed incorrigibles, criminals who by a second, third, and fourth conviction had given war rant for the belief that they were bent on a career of crime. From this class society certainly had a right to demand protection. Sent by a court to serve an arbitrary term in prison, they served that term and were set at large again without any reformation having been accomplished and ready to per petrate new acts of violence. Ohio, Mass achusetts, and other states, the Judge said, had passed laws which provided that incor rigibles should be sentenced to an indefinite term, to be terminated with death or evi dence of reformation. Such a law as this. Judge Wayland thought, was necessary in every state. The Rev. Dr. Jackson took up the theological side of the question, and declared that every man, criminal or other wise, was susceptible to the grace of God and could be saved. Charles Stewart, Superintendent of the Industrial Home for Discharged Convicts, thought the same, as did other speakers. F. G. Burnham, founder of the Industrial Farm for boys; Israel C. Jones, Director of the House of Refuge on Randall’s Island, and William M. F. Rounds said that they did not believe from their experience that thsre was any such thing as an absolutely incorrigible boy. Judge Wayland in reply said that the sim ple fact remained that there were thousands of professional criminals in every large city, men who had served more than two terms in prison. These society had a 1 right to be protected from, and to bring about that protection such a law as he had spoken of should be enacted. —N. Y. Times. “You needn’t open Your mouth so wide.” The dentist remarked: "I shall stand outside." "Isn’t it strange what a different sort of feeling a man entertains toward a railroad management when he travels on a free pass?” Just get one sometime when you are off for a long trip and you will be sur prised at the pleasant sensations which will come to you with the thought that you are riding for nothing, while your neighbor is paying out cold cash.—Arkansaw Traveler. City Book Store. Blank Books —AND— OFFICE SUPPLIES Of All Kinds. Fine Correspondence STATIONERY A SPECIALTY. The Largest and Best Stock of WALL PAPER In the City. All Goods at the Very Lowest Prices. EL A. PHINNRY, Stillwater, Minn. MINNESOTA MERCANTILE CO., Corner Chestnut & Water Sts., STILLWATER, .... Ml\\. The Only Exclusive Malt & Joii Hob In the City. LUMBERMEN’S SUPPLIES A SPECIALTY. WE are in a condition to com pete successfully with any house in the NORTHWEST. Our shipping facilities being equal if not superior to those of any other house in the country, our customers can depend on having all orders en- trusted to us filled with PROMPTNESS & DISPATCH. •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• • rpHE RIPANS TABULES regulate the stomach, • • X liver and bowels, purify the blood, are pleas- • • ant to take, safe and always effectual. A reliable • • remedy for Biliousness, Blotches on the Face, • • Bright’s Disease, Catarrh, Colic, Constipation, • • Chronic Diarrhoea, Chrome Liver Trouble, Dia- • • betes, Disordered Stomach, Dizziness, Dysentery, T 2 Dyspepsia, Eczema, Flatulence, Female Com- T Z plaints, Foul Breath, Headache, Heartburn, Hives, 2 • Jaundice, Kidney Complaints, Liver Troubles, 0 • Loss of Appetite, Mental Depression, Nausea, a • Nettle Rash,i' ■ ■ —Painful Diges- • • tion, Pimples, Rush of Blood • • to the Head, Sallow Com- £ S'm, Salt Rheum, Scald 2 ,Scrof- / ula, Sick Head- 2 2 ache,SkinDis- /,,.v?y eases,Sour 0 • Stomach. Tired Feeling,Torpid 0 • Liver, Ulcers, Water Brash • • and every other symptom • • or disease that.l li-..cults from • • impure blood or a failure in the proper perform- • • ance of their functions by the stomach, liver and 2 2 intestines. Persons given to over-eating are ben- 2 2 eflted by taking one tabule after each meal. A Z Z continued use of the RipansTabules is the surest 0 0 cure for obstinate constipation. They contain 0 0 nothing that can be injurious to the most deli- • 0 cate. 1 gross 42, 1-2 gross $1.25, 1-t gross 75c., • • 1-24 gross 15 cents. Sent by mail postage paid. • • Address THE RIPANS CHEMICAL COMPANY, • • P.O. Box 672, New York. £ PENSIONS THE DISABILITY BILL 18 A LAW. Soldiers Disabled Siuce the War are Entitled Dependent widows and parents now dependent whose sons died from effects of army service are in cluded. If yon wish your claim speedily and sac address JAMES TANNER Late Com. of Pensions, Washington, D. O. THE REST PLACE FOR FINE CAKES —AND— CANDIES. THE CHICAGO Bakery and Restaurant MEALS AT ALL HOURS. 241 8. Main St., Stillwater, Minn., next to Opera House. CHAS. HEITMAN, Prop. NEW YORK Dry Goods Emporium, 113 to 121 So. Main St. 114 to 122 So. Water St. STILLWATER, The Leading Stoke In The City. DRY GOODS & MILLINERY Carpets and Wall Paner, In Endless Variety, And At Lowest Prices, Our Stock of Ladies’ and Children’s Gan- » ments for the Winter Season of 1891-2 will be the largest ever shown in this City. We Solicit A Call of Inspec tion. RESPECTFULLY, Louis Albenberg & CO. Stillwater. Minn. NEW YORK CLOTHING EMPORIUM, 113 to 121 South Main St. 114 to 122 South Water St. Stillwater, Largest Stock of MEN’S, BOYS’ ANP CHILDREN’S CLOTHING In tbe City. HATS, CAPS AND Furnishing Goods OF ALL DESCRIPTION, AND IN ENDLESS VARIETY Our Prices are the Lowest in the City All Goods Warranted as repre sented. Give us a call, and examine our immense Stock. Respectfully, Louis ilbenberf Ac Co* OF ALL D: - - MINN Minn.