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Bdited and Published by the Inmates Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater Minn. M Second Class Mail Matter. Subscription Rates. THE PRISON MIRROR is issued every Thurs day morning at. the following rates. One Year S l - 0 *) Six Months 50 Three Montns 25 Single Copies • •••;••••• } Subscriptions must be paid invariably in ad vance. Advertising rates given upon application. Address, EDITOR PRISON MIRROR, Stillwater, Minn. TO THE PUBLIC. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weeklypaperpub llshed in the Minnesota state prison. All matter published in its columns is contributed by the inmates, except that properly credited. Its sup port must come from the outside as every inmate la given a paper without cost. It is published in the interest of the prison library and after paying for the printing outfit, contributed f 150 to the library fund the first year. Its objects are to en courage individual intellectual effort, provide a healthy journal for the inmates of this and other prisons, and, above all, to acquaint the outside world with the needs of the prison by reflecting Its inner life and thus aid the cause of moral ad vancement and prison reform. The Reformatory Record burst our cha peau from band to crown with praises of our ability as a cat “obituarist.” It is better to be great on dead cats than not to be great at all. Perhaps Ward McAllister’s 400 may hear of us, then our fame and fortune will be secure. Please send them marked copies of the Record. In the Month for February the Rev. John Morris, the Jesuit, who served as Diocesan Secretary both to Cardinal Manning and Cardinal Wiseman, tells a story on the au thority of Boyle O’Reilly, the Irish Fenian who heard Cardinal Manning preach to the prisoners at Millbank: “While at Millbank he said the favorite topic for sermons to the prisoners was the Prodigal Son. They were all weary to death of the Prodigal Son and hated his very name. One day a stranger came to preach in the jail chapel. They knew by his violet cassock that he was some one out of the ordinary. As usual he began about the Prodigal Son, and the convicts settled themselves down to sulky inattention. But in a very few min utes they were all listening eagerly, and after a few minutes more the tears began to steal down the rough cheeks of several. Before the sermon was over hardened ruf fians were sobbing, so touching was the simple description of the home of the prod igal, the picture of his old father and heart broken mother, of the innocent joys of his childhood, and of its contrast with his after degradation and self-reproach. That ser mon left a deep mark on the remembrance of all who heard it, and Boyle O’Reilly said that apart from all his love for Cardinal Manning for his devotion to the cause of his country, the remembrance of that ser mon had endeared him to him for all the rest of his life.” —Review of Reviews. The editor of the St. Paul Dispatch, in commenting upon an article on the treat ment of juvenile delinquents which ap peared in the Indepedent, says of boys and girls who are victims of poverty and evil associations, “It is wholly different in re gard to boys and girls who are the victims of poverty and evil associations. Prompt action in their cases is always the key to success. If taken from their polluted sur roundings before their moral natures be come wholly depraved there is in the great majority of cases a future of promise before them. This is the uniform conclusion of those who contribute their views to the In dependent. Nor is the work of such insti tutions without its effect on society in the aggregate. The statistics of the police courts, cited by the secretary of the Chil dren’s Aid society in his article, show that while the commitments of boys and girls numbered in .New York, in 1875, 917, and, in 1876, 976, they have decreased until, dur ing 1889, they only reached 461, and in 1890, 390. One of the most gratifying of the conclusions reached by those enlight ened and experienced men is that, with a single exception, their experience does not bear out the theory that the children of drunken, degraded and criminal parents are the victims of heredity. On the contrary. the best test of possible reclamation is fur nished by the age at which the child was taken away from his evil associations. If taken in charge sufficiently early, experience has shown that, however besotted or crimi nal the parents, the child usually has a ca reer of usefulness and honor before him. FROM OUR FRIEND IN MALAGA. To many of the inmates of this prison and to all Minnesotans the signature to the communication below is familiar. The Mirror feels that it has been greatly hon ored by this remembrance from our consul in a foreign land —but let tiie Major talk: Consulate of the United States of America. Malaga, Spain. Feb. 8, 1892. — My Dear Mirror: The first, bright, clean, and pure face which met me in Spain, direct from the home 1 had left behind me, was yours. I had been travel ing among strangers, whose ways and lan guage I did not understand; 1 was tired and weary—the way before me had been dark; I had passed over plains, through tunnels, over mountains, had increased my heart by a large scope of vision; had seen misery in a hundred shapes, could not make myself understood, was picking my way by the in tuitive powers of perception—and, sad and lonely, and desolate at last I arrived at my destination. Peering into your face, the first one 1 met in Spain, I read— LEAD, KINDLY LIGHT. Lead, kindly light, amid the encircling gloom, Lead thou me on; Tbe night is dark and I am far from home, Lead thou me on. Keep thou my feet, 1 do not ask to see The distant scene; one step enough for me. I read the poem of the good Cardinal Newman; I pasted it into my little book, and whenever gloom comes over me, I find myself repeating—“ Lead, kindly light,” etc. Let every inmate of your household commit to memory this beautiful poem, and when overwhelmed with grief—let him read it—it took a burden from my shoulders —it will take burdens from theirs. Every copy of your paper which has reached me has been perused, and is among the most welcome visitors to my office. You are doing a grand, a noble work, and the good you will leave behind you will blot out forever any stain a misguided moment may have left upon your character. Yours truly, T. M. Newson. RIGOTRY. The spirit of bigotry that has so long dominated the spirit of liberality is in these days fast losing its power. It was not long ago that the insane were stoned to death in the streets like mad dogs or hanged and burned as witches. To-day those unfortu nates are objects ot the most tender solici tude. To injure one of them is looked upon as an atrocious crime and never fails to call forth a furious storm of public indig nation. Just so certain as the day of stoning, hanging and burning the insane has passed away, the day of the full emancipa tion of the social outcast is in the not dis tant future. The time was, not very long ago, that a person once fallen under con demnation for crime could not hope to rise again. Once a criminal he was always a criminal. Not only he but his whole fam ily were made outcasts —his upright parents, steady brothers and virtuous sisters, his honest wife and innocent children, all were shunned and driven out of “good society.” This is the case to day only among the very ignorant and in that codfish aristocracy for which the intelligent poor as well as true aristocrats feel contempt. The tendency of the present day is to extend sympathy and protection to those who have been put to shame by the acts of members of their families. It should not be otherwise. No one of common or even uncommon reason ing powers could frame a plausible excuse for ostracising the virtuous wife and innocent children because of the downfall of the hus band and father. There are not much bet ter grounds for reasoning that the man who has transgressed the law and been punished for it should not be allowed to work his way back to the social position from which he fell. Until that possibility has been as sured to men there will be great waste of money and energy in efforts to redeem those who have fallen into the way of crime. It is little use to attempt to reform men in prison so long as they are to be treated as outcasts on becoming ex-convicts. The world has done this for ages, but no one of understanding has been able to say that it has made the world any better. The in clination to day is to value a man for what he shows himself to be worth irrespective of what he has been or what his father has been. The enterprising West is full of men who have in one way or another fallen from grace in the East. They are not questioned as to their antecedents so long as they make a living honestly and allow their neighbors to do the same. Good men against whom not a word can be said, are rising up every where declaring that no man should be made an outcast longer than until he volun tarily returns to the course of life prescribed by society. They are right, and the right will prevail. A PSALM TO DAVID. Young David ol the Bible was immaculately good. And his love for Brother Jonathan is widely understood; But the centuries bring changes, and in 1892 Our Yankee Brother Jonathan has learned a thing or two. He is not so fond of David as our David is of him, For he thinks that his resemblance to his proto type is dim; So, though David’s risen early, I must none the less affirm That I’ve known sometimes of early birds that did not get the worm. Young David killed a giant with a pebble from his sling. The odds are rather heavy, though, against that sort of thing; For the centuries bring changes—and the giant now is good. While our David’s virtues slumber in innocuous desuetude. So hark ye. Master David of the nineteenth century make. While I read a little prophecy for your especial sake: If you sling your silver pebble at the giant Cleve- land's head. It will turn into a boomerang, and strike you down instead. —Pollux, in Puck. For The Mirror. Gleanings. Hopelessness infuriates where It does not crush. If nobody had a hobby, the world would soon stop moving. If you would test a man’s religion, his real character, do business with him. The devil is highly pleased with a man when he begins to worship his own head. Our mistakes can tell us something very much to our advantage, if we will but listen to them. No matter what a man says in church, you can tell what he is by what he talks about most. The older a man grows the less he is dis posed to see how near he can skate to a danger sign. When the marble chip falls, perhaps it wonders how the statue is going to get along without it. There are men who never help the world much till they get out of it, so utterly self ish are their lives. There is a difference between sitting be fore the fire and thinking about doing good, and going out into the cold and doing it. Many people who think it very wicked to black their boots on Sunday, do not hesitate to black their neighbors’ characters week days. Cash and Commendation. Bt. Paul, March 3, 1892.—EDITOR PRISON MIR ROR: Enclosed please find postal note for contin uance of subscription to your newsy little sheet which is a very welcome visitor to yours respect fully, F. J. KINNDCAN. THE PRISON MIRROR is one of our few ex changes which we carefully file away for refer ence. It is published in Stillwater, Minn., at the prison, edited by the inmates, and always has a good, readable appearance. We look each num ber through carefully, mark with blue pencil any article we may want to look at again, then lay it aside—they never go to our waste basket, which is a large one and contains many papers. It is only one dollar a year. Try it.—Our Prison Mis sionary. We are glad to know that THE MIRROR is so highly appreciated by those who are able to read it critically, and it is our hope that no issue may be unworthy of marking and filing away. Literary Notes. The “Progress of the World,” which is the ex ceedingly live editorial department of the Review of Reviews, discusses the American political sit uation with great frankness in its March number. A very fine new portrait of Mr. Grover Cleveland is presented, as also are equally striking half-tone presentments of President Harrison, Mr. Blaine, Postmaster-General Wannamaker, Chief Justice Fuller, the late Justice Bradley, Chairman Bland, of the Coinage Committee, and the late John Jay Knox. The review of foreign affairs is also fresh and keen, and is interspersed with portraits of Judge Henry Foster of Chile; President Diaz and Senor Garza of Mexico; full page-portraits of Prince George and the Duke of Clarence; a fine full-page portrait of Father Anderledy, the late general of the Jesuits; portraits of M. De Freyci net and M. Clemenceau, who are so prominent in the present political crisis in France, and various other celebrities of the day. Puck’s "Maverick” this week, March 9th, is from the pen of J. L. Ford, and is entitled: “The Two Brothers; or, Plucked from the Burning.” It is an extremely clever and funny satire, dealing with the reformation of a misguided youth who formed the “five o’clock tea” habit. NEWS OF A WEEK. March 2. Lumbermen object to placing lumber on the free list. Charter elections in New York show large Re publican gains. Congressman Harris declares that he will vote for a free coinage bill. Iron companies representing $15,000,000 capital file articles of incorporation with the secretary of state. A table compiled by a Washington correspond ent shows that the Democrats favor a Western man for president. The west-bound Baltimore & Ohio limited known as “Royal Blue,” was wrecked at Goodwin’s cut near Clarksburg, W. Va. Fifteen people were injured. March 3. A. J. Sawyer, the prominent grain dealer, dies in Minneapo is. Congressman Springer is not expected to sur vive bis illness. Over two-thirds of Minnesota’s World’s Fair fund are secured Martin Bruggeman’s brewery, St. Paul, is burn ed, with $50,000 loss. President Harrison gets a solid Indiana delega tion to the Republican convention. The idea of making the Mississippi navigable between St. Paul and Minneapolis is to be aband oned. The Standard Oil company supports the state la a suit brought in St. Paul against that and other oil companies to test the power of the state oil inspector. March 4. Noah Porter, ex-president of Yale college is dead. Congressman Springer is pronounced out of danger. Riots similar to those in Berlin occur at Dant- zig, Germany. Senator Washburn is regarded in Washington as a possibility in the presidential race. It is believed that Archbishop Ireland will soon be made a cardinal. Along article, inspired by the pope, is published, which defends the arch bishop from attacks made upon him. The Siemans & Halske Electric company of Berlin, the largest electric company in the world, will locate, it is said, in Chicago, making that the centre of extensive operations throughout the United States. March 5. A government official is in Minnesota securing evidence against the cordage trust. It is rumored in Mexico that war between Gua temala and San Salvador has commenced. It is announced that the pope coincides with Archbishop Ireland’s views on the school question. The Canadian government is building three rev w enne cutters in the great lakes of such a nature that they could easily be turned into war vessels. Dr. Mendes, one of the most popular and best known Hebrew rabbis in New York, was shot and seriously injured by a man who demanded SIOO but was refused. March 6. Mr. Springer has a relapse and his condition is critical. The Sioux City & Northern railroad engineers threaten to strike. It is reported that Col. John Hay will succeed Whitelaw Reid as minister to France. A race war is threatened in Memphis growing out of the shooting of three officers by negroes. A new railroad is to be built through the upper peninsular of Michigan to shorten the distance be* tween Lake Superior and Chicago. Col. John T. Chidester, the original overland mail carrier, died at Camden, Ark., of a complica tion of diseases abetted by old age. March 7. The Kansas Democrats and Alliance arrange a. plan for fusion. Emperor William is said to have threatened to “pulverize Russia.” The tough element of Sioux City is defeated ic a municipal election. Congressman Castle of Minnesota will make a speech against the silver bill. The La Crosse Lumber and Manufacturing com pany's property is in the sheriff's hands. A motion to complete the British defenses at Esquimau, Vancouver Island, is defeated in the house of commons. An investigation of the workings of the inter state.commerce law in Minnesota, lowa, Missouri, and Nebraska shows the law to be a failure. March 8. Ex-Gov. Thayer, of Nebraska, decides to make an effort to oust Gov. Boyd. The senate passes Pettigrew’s bill prohibiting the sale of fire-arms to Indians. A desperate gang of Sicilian robbers under oath to steal has been discovered,in New York. The king of Sweden has written a letter intimat ing that he may visit the World’s Fair at Chicago in person. It is said that the United States government of fered to buy the Congo Free State, but that Bel gium refused. The United States government replies to Lord Salisbury’s note, insisting upon the renewal of the modus vivendi regarding Bering sea. The population of New York city, exclusive ot inmates of institutions who are to be looked after by the state secretary, is, according to the censor, just completed, 1,800.891.