Newspaper Page Text
WASHINGTON. (Special Paper by F. H., Class D.) It was with extreme reluctance that I accepted the important duty of preparing a biographical sketch of him who was “first in war, first in peace, first in the hearts of his country men” —the great and immortal Washington. The consciousness of my inability to do justice to the subject made me regret very much that the honor ■was not conferred on some one better qualified and better acquainted with it than 1 am. To-day feeing so near to the anniversary of Washington’s Birthday—according to the Julian calender—is a most appropriate time to recall the virtues of this man. Washington was born at Bridges Creek, Vir ginia, Feb. 22,1 1732. llis family was descended from English ancestors who trace their genealogy hack to the century succeeding the Conquest. His education was received at home under private tutors and could not have been very elaborate, for at about fifteen he was about to enter the navy, but was persuaded by his mother to give up the midshipman’s warrant which had been se cured for him by his brother Lawrence. When he was 11 years old his father died. At 18 years of age he began the study of civil engineering and was engaged by Lord Fairfax to survey his exten sive lands in Virginia. In 1751 he accepted the position of one of the adjutant-generals of that colony with the rank of major. In the same year he was sent by Gov. Dinwiddie on a perilous mission in consequence of the French troops having taken possession of a tract of country claimed by Virginia, and had com menced the erection of a line of forts extending from the lakes to the Ohio river. In the spring of 1775 he entered the service of Gen. Braddock as a volunteer aid-de-camp, in his expedition to the -Ohio. At Braddock’s memorable defeat he dis tinguished himself for courage and coolness, and it is said that the complete annihilation of Brad dock’s command was only prevented by his great presence of mind. It was In this engagement that he lost two horses, and had his clothing pierced by several bullets, while every other offi cer was either killed or wounded. Gen. Braddock was mortally wounded. Soon afterwards he was made commander-in-chief of all the forces to be raised by the colony, and from 1758 he was en gaged in defending the frontier. From this duty lie was relieved by the capture of Fort Duquesne, and retired from the service with the rank of col onel. In January 1759 he married Martha Custis, and for the next sixteen years he employed him self in the cultivation of his estate at Mount Vernon, occasionally acting as magistrate or as legislator for the county. In 1774 he was elected to the continental congress as one of Virginia’s delegates and one year later was unanimously elected commander-in-chief of the Continental army—declining all compensation for his own services. It is unnecessary to follow him through the long struggle of nearly eight years at the close of which he immediately proceeded to Phil adelphia, delivered up his commission, adjusted his accounts with the treasury, then retired to the quiet of his home. In 1787 he was chosen as one of Virginia’s delegates to the constitutional convention at Philadelphia, was elected as its pre siding officer, and on the adoption and ratification of the constitution he was unanimously elected first president of the United States—being inau gurated March 30, 17811—he was again re-elected in 1793 his election being unanimous as in the first. On completing his second term of office in 1797 he retired from public life after having faithfully served his country for nearly sixteen years with out compensation. When we recall his pure pa triotism, his lofty ambition, his earnest desire for the welfare of his countrymen,' his indomitable courage and perseverance, the implicit confidence reposed in him by all alike, our regret is that he was only permitted to enjoy the fruits of his labors scarcely two years. He died at Mount Vernon December 14, 1799, leaving to posterity the richest legacy it is in the province of man to bequeath an example of a noble life; untainted with ignoble motives or selfish desires. Odd Ways of Getting Water. Wheu Mr. David* Lindsay returned from his expedition across a part of the Austra lian desert a while ago, he said the whole of that waterless country was inhabited by natives who get their water supply by draining the roots of the mallee tree, which yield quantities of pure water. This tree, absorbing moisture from the air, retains it in considerable quantities in its roots and thus makes it possible to live in an and region, which would otherwise be uninhab itable. There are people in other parts of the J. C. HENING, (Successor to Hening A Millard) DEALEH IN PDEE DRUGS & MEDICINES Perfumery, Toilet and Fancy Articles, Brushes, Etc. FINE CIGARS. Physicians’ Prescriptions Carefully Compounded 208 Chestnut St. Stillwater, Minn. FRRD SGOTT, 223 South Main St., Stillwater, Minn., —DEALER IN— Drugs,Medicines & Chemicals ELLIOTT HOUSE, Cor. Third & Chestnut Sts., STILLWATER, .... MINN Remodeled and First-class in Every Respect. J. E. ELLIOTT, Manager. M. A. THON, Merchant | Tailor, 237 N. SECOND STREET, STILLWATER. - - - - MINN. world who get their supply of water in a peculiar way. The explorer Coudreau, for instance, found a while ago while wander ing among the Tumuc-Humac Mountains, in the western part of Guiana, that it was not necessary for his men to descend to a creek when they wanted a drink of water. A vine known as the water vine is found ail through that region. It yields an abun dant supply of excellent drinking fluid whenever it is called upon. This vine grows to a height of sixty to ninety feet. It is usually about as thick as the upper part of the human arm. It winds itself loosely around trees, clambers up to their summits, aud theu falls down perpendicu larly to the ground, where it takes root again. The natives cut this vine off at the ground and then, at a height of about six or seven feet, they cut it again, which leaves in their hands a very stout piece of wood a little longer than themselves. In order to obtain its sap they raise the lower end of the vine upon gome support aud apply the upper end to their mouths. The section of the vine, while showing a smooth, apparently compact surface, is pierced with many little veins, through which the sap flows freely. Six feet of the vine gives about a pint of water, which is slightly sweet to the taste. Coudreau says that it quenches thirst as ef fectively as water from the most refreshing brook. The bushmen in the Kalahari Desert often live scores of miles from places where water comes to the surface. During a cer tain part of the year sharp storms pass over the Kalahari, covering the apparently arid region with the brightest of verdure and fil ling, for a few short days, the water courses with roaring torrents. The bushmen know how to find water by digging in the bottom of these dried up river beds. They dig a hole three or tour feet deep and then tie a sponge to the end of a hollow reed. The sponge absorbs the moisture at the bottom of the hole, and the natives draw it into their mouths through the reed, and then empty it into calabashes for future use. The animals that inhabit such wastes as the Kalahari are of course accustomed to living upon very small and infrequent sup plies of water. The Bechuana do not lead their cattle to the drinking places oftener than once in two or three days. It is-said that goats in the Kalahari frequently pass months without water, and, according to Mr. Mackenzie, there are certain antelopes which are never seen to visit the drinking places. In that enormous waste known as the Gobi desert, north of China, showers some times fall during the summer, and the tor rents of a day fill the dried-up water courses througli which water seldom runs. It is in these channels that the Mongols dig their wells, expecting to find a little water, when upon the surface of the plateau itself the soil has lost all traces of humidity. It is owing to the fact that a part of the mois ture falling during a few rainy days is thus preserved within reach that it is possible for caravans to cross the desert. —N. Y. Sun. There is no protection on earth against a lie. Force may be repelled by force, but against deceit, an elephant’s strength counts no more than a fly’s.—Puck. A true sense of our unworthiness makes our blessings great and precious. I consider that man to be undone who is insensible to shame. —Plautus, Gity Book Store. Blank Boohs —AND— OFFICE SUPFLIES Of All Kinds. Fine Correspondence STATIONERY A SPECIALTY. The Largest and Best Stock of WALL PAPER In the City. All Goods at the Very Lowest Prices. 8.. A. PHINNEY, Stillwater, Minn. MINNESOTA MERCANTILE CO., Corner Chestnut & Water Sts., STILLWATER, .... MI\N. The Only Exclusive Wilts* & Join lon In the City. LUMBERMEN’S SUPPLIES A SPECIALTY. WE are in a condition to com pete successfully with any house in the NORTHWEST, Our shipping facilities being equal if not superior to those of any other house in the country, onr customers can depend on having all orders en- trusted to ns filled with PROMPTNESS & DISPATCH. •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• THE RIPANS TABULES regulate the stomach, • liver and bowels, purify the blood, are pleas- • • ant to take, safe and always effectual. A reliable • • remedy for Biliousness, Blotches on the Face, • • Bright’s Disease, Catarrh, CoUc, Constipation, • • Chronic Diarrhoea. Chronic Liver Trouble, Dia- • 2 betes, Disordered Stomach, Dizziness, Dysentery, 5 2 Dyspepsia, Eczema, Flatulence, Female Com- T S laints, Foul Breath, Headache, Heartburn, Hives, Z aundice,- Kidney Complaints, Liver Troubles. 0 • Loss of Appetite, Mental Depression, Nausea, # • Nettle Rash,i""— Painful Diges- • • tion. Pimples, Rush of Blood • * to the Head, Sallow Co- 2 2 plexion, Salt Rheum, Scald 2 2 Head, Scrof- hla,Sick Head- f Z ache,SkinDis- 1 eases,Sour m Z Stomach,Tired Feeling. Torpid • • liver, Ulcers, Water Brash • • and every other symptom • • nr disease that I Iroalllts from • • impure blood or a failure in the proper perform- • 2 ance of their functions by the stomach, liver and 2 2 intestines. Persons given to over-eating are ben- J 5 eflted by taking one tabule after each meal. A 0 Z continued use of the RipansTabules is the surest 0 0 cure for obstinate constipation. They contain • 0 nothing that can be injurious to the most deU- • • cate. I gross $2, 1-2 gross $1.25, 1-4 gross 76c., • • 1-24 gross 15 cents. Sent by mail postage paid. • • Address THE RIPANS CHEMICAL COMPANY, • • P. O. Box 672. New York. • PENSIONS THE DISABILITY BILL 18 A LAW. Soldiers Disabled Siuce the War are Entitled Dependent widows and parents now dependent whose sons died from effects of army service are in cluded. It yon wish your olaim speedily and sue °e“*u »ddr«M oated ’ JAMES TANNER Late Com. of Pensions, Washington, D. C. THE REST PLACE FOR FINE CAKES —AND— CANDIES. THE CHICAGO Bakery and Restaurant MEALS AT ALL HOURS. 241 8. Main St., Stillwater, Minn., next to Opera House. CHAS. HEITMAN, Prop. NEW YORK Dry Goods Emporium, 113 to 121 So. Main St. 114 to 122 So. Water St. STILLWATER, The Leading Stobe In The City. DRY GOODS & MILLINERY Carpets and Wall Paoer, In Endless Variety, And At Lowest Prices, Our Stock of Ladies’ and Children’s Gar- ments for the Winter Season of 1891-2 will be the largest ever shown in this City. We Solicit A Call of Inspec- tion. RESPECTFULLY, Louis Albenberg & CO. Stillwater, Minn. NEW YORK CLOTHING EMPORIUM, 113 to 121 South Main St. 114 to 122 South Water St. Stlllwatek, Largest Stock of MEN’S, BOYS’ ANP CHILDREN’S CLOTHING In tbe City. HATS, CAPS AND Furnishing Goods OF ALL DESCRIPTION, AND IN ENDLESS VARIETY Our Prices are the Lowest in the Cltf All Goods Warranted as repre sented. Give ns a call, and examine oar Stock. Respectfully, Loak Albenherf At Cat - - MINN Mom.