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JEhc prison plirror.
Edited and Published by the Inmates ' Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater, Minn., as Second Class Mail Matter. Subscription Rates. THE PRISON MIRROR is issued every Thurs day morning at the following rates: One Year fl.oo Six Months 5° Three Months 25 Single Copies Subscriptions must be paid invariably in ad vance. Advertising rates given upon application. Address, EDITOR PRISON MIRROR, Stillwater, Minn. TO THE PUBLIC. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weekly paper pub lished in the Minnesota state prison. All matter published in its columns is contributed by the inmates, except that properly credited. Its sup port must come from the outside as every inmate is given a paper without cost. It is published in the interest of the prison library and after paying for the printing outfit, contributed $l5O to the library fund the first year. Its objects are to en courage individual intellectual effort, provide a healthy journal,for the inmates of this and other prisons, and, above all, to acquaint the outside world with the needs of the prison by reflecting its inner life and thus aid the cause of moral ad vancement and prison reform. Some id.ea of the immensity of the re formatory at Elmira, New York, may be had by considering these facts: there are 1491 inmates. 93 officers and mechanics, and that 425 loaves of bread are consumed daily. The other day, down in the Indian Ter ritory, Marshal Drake shot Horsethief Hos tetter after he had been winged by the lat ter. Drake’s “pills” proved fatal in this instance. Hostetter should have stuck to his own celebrated stomach bitters. According to statistics just issued by Sec retary Hart of the State Board of Correc tions and Charities, there has been an increase of six inmates in the combined populations of the state prison and the re formatory. The combined populations aggregated 452 on April 30. 1891, and on the same date of 1892, 458. New York is to have a women’s reforma tory, where it will be discovered whether a woman who has gone wrong can ever be induced to go right. The opportunities for women in this regard have been shamefully few heretofore, the first misstep usually landing her in depths below all plummets’ sound. As in the case of the appointment of police matrons, women’s requirements in this regard have been intolerably slow in obtaining recognition.—Pioneer Press. Mr. Y. C. Seward, of the Stillwater Messenger, who is taking in the National Editorial excursion to the Pacific Slope, writes from Canon City, Colo., May 18, that he has visited the state prison at that place and is well pleased with it. There were 592 inmates 12 ojE whom are women — 7of which are “culed ladies.” The ex cursionists were to start for Salt Lake city on the 19th inst. Mr. Seward is accom panied by his wife, and he says they are en joying the trip very much. Great preparations have been made for the accommodation of newspaper reporters at the Republican National convention to be held in Minneapolis. Space has been set aside in the convention hall around the speaker’s stand for 298 representatives of 139 leading newspapers. Besides this, 150 seats have been reserved for the reporters of less important papers in the gallery near the speaker’s stand. Telegraph offices have been fitted up in the building, and it is es timated that they will be able to send out 1,050,000 words per day. What a dull, cumberous country this would be if it were not for the newspaper, the telegraph and the railroad to keep us informed and to bring us together? We couldn’t get along without them. All praise to Gutenberg, Morse and Stephenson! One of the most disgraceful trials that ever took place in a court of law in the northwest has just terminated in the con viction of a woman at Eau Claire, Wis. , of murder in the first degree. We do not pre tend to know whether the verdict is a right eous one or not, but the methods of the prosecution were the most [infamous ever practiced in any court. All the trickery known to unprincipled detectives was prac ticed upon the woman at the instigation of the prosecuting attorney. Perhaps the de fense as well as the prosecution used per jury, but it was the prosecution that began the dirty work at the time of the woman’s arrest. The record of the trial shows that the woman was not the only criminal by a good many that took part in the trial. The lawyers, detectives and witnesses on one or the other side have earned a place in the penitentiary. Says the New York Herald: One of the special weekly attractions of our humorous contemporary Puck, is a short story which doesn’t much resemble short stories pub fished elsewhere. “Mavericks” they have been called of late, and “Mavericks” is the title of a pretty volume just published, con taining about twenty of them by as many writers. Among the contributors are W. J. Henderson, Brander Matthews. Madeline Bridges, George H. Jessop, Tudor Jenks, Flavel S. Mines, R. K. Munkittrick, and Puck’s editor, Mr. Bunner, whose “Short Sixes” formed the initial volume of the series of which “Mavericks” is the latest issue. • To any one in search of something which will make him laugh this little book may be safely commended. The pictures, of which there are many, are quite as funny as the tales, and are all by Puck’s artists. Deeming, the Englishman accused of so many murders, was hanged at Melbourne, Australia, on the 23rd inst. He died like a coward. He is now charged with the White Chapel murders and with nearly every other mysterious murder that has taken place within the past ten years in England, Australia and South Africa. The crimes that it is pretty well known he com mitted are enough to stamp him as the most heartless criminal of modern times. Women and his own children were the vic tims of his horrible mania. We call it “mania” because it is not patriotic to the human race to hold that one of its sane members would act as this man has. A veil should be thrown over such monstrous things; but mankind likes to exhibit its monstrosities, so the daily press is filled with the details of the last scenes in Deem ing’s career and that, too, at an immense cost for telegraph. “ PATENT JACK.” In an lowa town there once lived, and may still live for all we know, an old man irreverently called “Patent Jack.” He was the inventor or patentee of numerous agricultural implements, fences, gates, pig pens, hay racks, etc., and carried on a bus iness in patent rights generally. He was posted on patents, had the whole patent of fice at his finger ends; but no one remem bered having ever known of his selling a patent, of his having one dollar, or of his doing a day’s manual labor. Yet he was a genius so impecunious that people said he had to strike at his span of mules crosswise in order to hit them. “Jackey,” as he was called for short, lived with his wife and maiden daughter in a very poor house; in deed, he was a very poor man with very poor credit at the store and elsewhere. But this statement as to his credit needs modi tying a little. When Jackey was absent his credit was not worth an icicle, but when Jackey was present to exercise his persua sive powers the storekeeper became as clay in the potter’s hands and fell a sure victim toJackey’s credit system. There was no resisting his smiling display of pearly teeth —teeth that were the evidence of more prosperous days long gone by. Young and new clerks were his especial delight. They could not, notwithstanding the strict in junctions of their employers, resist the blandishment of the pleasant, dignified old gentleman. The storekeeper seeing old Jackey approaching with basket in hand would harden his heart and vow that the old “cuss” should not get so much as a red herring without the cash; but when Jackey stepped in bowing and smiling and enquir ing about Mrs. Merchant’s health and the baby’s health and grumbling because they had not made the promised evening call, etc., etc., Mr. Merchant’s resolution grew shaky. Jackey never let up on his smiling and talking until the hypnotized dealer had filled the basket and he had the covers care fully fastened down. Then he would ask the amount of the bill, assume an air of seriousness, say that he expected to realize handsomely the next week on the sale of his corn when he must square up his account in full; by which time, having gained the door, Jackey softly and sweetly drifted out and away. Tbe Home of Lord Byron. If ever any of my fellow prisoners should have the good luck to visit England (and who knows what may happen), and they should find themselves near the town of Notting ham, it would more than repay them for time and trouble if they were to hire a team and drive along the Mansfield road some eight miles till they came to the Abbey of Newstead lying on the borders of Sher wood Forest made famous by the gallant outlaw Robin Hood. Here with his merry men the robber chief held court under the greenwood tree, lived on the fattest of the king’s deer, robbed the rich to give to the poor, cared not for sheriff or soldier, king or lord, parson or priest, but held unbounded sway amid the grand old oaks of Sherwood. You can still drive for miles beneath those oaks and there is one so large you can drive a coach and four through it. Newstead Abbey, the home of Lord Byron, is one of the many beautiful estates in that neighbor hood of Parks with oaks and chestnut shady, Parks with ordered gardens great, Ancient home of lord and lady. Built for pleasure and for state. It would be hard to. say how old the Ab bey is, but at one time it was undoubtedly the home of some order of monks or friars. It is a long, low building with large and gabled windows, the front looking out on a beautiful clear lake with small islands on which are placed miniature forts (put there by Byron’s grandfather). The grounds are beautifully laid out and surrounded by trees; and you may see the tree with the initials of Byron and Mary Chaworth cut in it, and it was there that they used to meet, and though the lovely Mary was older than Byron he fell madly in love with her. But she married a Mr. Musters, and it is said that the youthful lord never got over his at tachment. He turned morose, critical and quarrelsome, wrote bad poetry, made friends with his grooms and porters, lived unhappily with his mother and cared so lit tle for her that it is said he had a sparring match with one of his grooms while she lay dead in the house. Byron made few friends at that time, his only companion being a large Newfoundland dog. When it died he erected a monument to its memory, said that he never had but one friend and “here he lies.” The monument has since been struck by lightning, and superstitious peo ple say that it was a judgment from heaven. To get inside the house you must ask to see.the housekeeper. If you are lucky she wili show you through, and you will see large, low rooms with oak ceilings and pan eled walls covered with tapestry, huge fire places and secret cupboards. On the floor of one of the rooms you will be struck by the sight of an enormous lion skin. It is the skin of the same lion that so nearly killed Dr. Livingstone. Mr. Webb, the present owner of Newstead, was traveling in Africa at the time and he shot the lion as it stood over Livingstone, having knocked him down and broken his arm. You will also see there a skull with a gold rim made into a drinking cup. Byron used to drink his wine from it, and it is supposed to be the skull of some old monk, which was found in the garden of the Abbey. There are many relics of Byron still in the house, too numerous for me to mention here. When I think of that beautiful old Abbey I wonder why Byron could not be happy there. Perhaps it was because he was too near his fickle Mary, or perhaps it was his naturally uneasy temperament that caused him to leave so beautiful a home, marry a woman he did not love, leave her, leave England, go abroad, fall in love with other men’s wives, dissipate t 6 a frightful degree, join the Greeks in their struggle for free dom, catch a fever, and die in the prime of life away from friends and home, with no one near him but his valet, who brought home his body. He is buried in Hucknall Torkard Church not far from Newstead. A simple stone is all that marks the spot— for I have seen it. G. B. A tramp may be awfully lazy, no doubt, Yet when he’s confined in a jail He’ll work like a beaver to dig himself out With only a ten penny nail. —Puck. The Passport System. In Russia a child 10 years of age cannot go away from home to school without a passport. Servants and peasants cannot go away from where they live without a pass port. A gentleman residing in St. Peters burg or Moscow cannot receive the visit of a friend remaining many hours without notifying the police of his arrival, as the case may be. The porters of all houses are compelled to make returns of the arrival and departure of strangers. And for every one of the above passports a charge is made of some kind.—Selected. NEWS OF A WEEK. May 18. The national guard encampment is abandoned) this year for want of sufficient funds. The state Democratic convention of South Car* olina is under the control of Alliance men. A Democratic-Alliance fusion on the state and electoral tickets in Minnesota is again talked*, about. One of Washington’s contributions to the World’s Fair is a stick of timber 104 feet long. 18x18 inches square. “There are so many other nations becoming protective,’’ says Lord Salisbury in a speech, “that England’s free trade policy, it seems, has proved a failure.’’ A report is circulated in West Superior that the Northern Pacific Railroad company is to contract a fleet of whalebacks to compete with the North* ern Steamship company. Dr. Keeley says that as a lie has gone forth for the purpose of breaking down his remedies he proposes that reputable chemists shall analyze his remedies, and if found to contain poisons he will make his formula known to the world. May 19. A flood at Sioux City proves so disastroas that one hundred persons are unaccounted for and nc doubt have perished. Last year's shortage of water caused many mil lions feet of pine to be left in the lakes and rivers, but this year every log will reach its destination. A letter from the Russian government to a Ger man firm, inquires in regard to invisible micro phones suitable for prisons cells to record the utterances of occupants. The G. A. R. department of Louisiana and Mississippi has decided by almost unanimous vote to surrender its charter. They object to meet negroes on an equal footing. ’ According to Washington news the tide has turned pretty effectively in favor of Cleveland who will have the convention in Chicago, it is said, all his own way. Anti-Harrison men again declare that Blaine will accept a nomination. May 20. Judge Blodgett, having accepted the appoint ment as Bering sea arbitrator, will soon resign as United States district judge. A great fire is raging at Oswego, N. Y., along the entire water front, sweeping through the line of elevators. The loss thus far is fully $1,000,000. Criticism opens the eyes of Minneapolis citizens, they manifest an intense energy and are deter mined to make the national convention a success. The Pillsbury-Washburn Flour Mills company brings suit against the Milwaukee to compel it to accept certain loaded cars and to deliver them without breaking of bulk. A resolution is reported to the senate proposing an amendment to the constitution making the term of office of president and vice-president six years, and making a president ineligible to re election; the change to take effect March 4, 1897. May 21 The census office investigation shows that both waste and fraud cut a very important figure in the management of that department. One of the directors of a Berlin newspaper is expelled from Germany, being suspected of scheming to the advantage of Russians. ! i The billiard match between Slossou and Ives, 800 points fourteen inch balk line, takes place at Chicago, the former being defeated by three hun dred points. The southbound train of the St. Louis South Western railroad collides with a freight train near Pine Bluff, Ark., and ten persons are killed and twenty-two injured. May 22, The anti-Harrison program is now said to be the nomination of Blaine, no matter what he says. Two children and their mother, who sought to rescue them, are cremated in a burning barn at Guttenburg, lowa. Although the Mississippi river at St. Paul baa risen eighteen inches in twenty-four hours but lit tle damage has yet been done. The Irish National League of America demands unity in Ireland. It is estimated that unless fac tional fights cease financial support in America will cease. May 23 The Northern Pacific railroad establishes a steamship line between Tacoma and China. The Commercial bank of St. Paul will re-open for business in a short time. The capital stock will be *250.000. The senate appropriates *20,000 for a commis sion to investigate and report relative to the em ployment of a system for the rapid dispatch of the On July 1 Capt. W. A. Andrews, of Boston, will start on his trip across the ocean in a sail boat, the smallest craft thal has been built for such a voyage, The fact that Secretary Blaine granted an au dience to the press of New York city is accepted by the Blaine men as meaning that he will accept the nomination. May 24. C. A. Broadwater, the Montana pioneer and capitalist, is dead. Past Master Arthur is re-elected by the Brother hood of Locomotive Engineers for four years. The Tennessee courts overturn Ex-President Polk’s will and the property is given to the heirs- at-law. According to a decision of the conference, Methodist ministers will be compelled to move every five years.