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CHAUTAUQUA At our next meeting one more mile stone will lie planted in the history of the Pierian Circle —it will he the last meeting of the American year, and the last reports to he made on the present studies. The American year lias been one of much profit to us and long to be remembered. The introduction of singing has assisted in making the program interesting, and this togeth er with other minor items has proved a source of pleasure and instruction to us. The next meeting will be one of greater interest as the officers for the ensuing year are to lie elected. It will be a matter of great importance to us to select those who are the most capable, and can serve our interest tin* best, as on efficient officers depends, to a great extent, the success of the circle. As we are to take up the study of Grecian History, let it be with the determination of mastering it in all its details. And when our memorandums covering this study, are presented to the main circle at the close of the year, the percentage received will prove so pleasing that in years to come we can look back with pride at our victory of the American-Greek year. Skc. Thorough Knowledge For some time past it has been a mat ter of inquiry to my mind, why tiie rates of compensation, in certain iron work ing trades, are relatively lower in the Northwest than in the East. That this is a fact is beyond contradiction. Two reasons can he advanced why an exactly opposite state of affairs should exist. First, the struggle for existence is sharp er in the East and the competition great er. Second, the cost of living is certainly higher in the West than in the East. The only reasonable explanation that I have been able to arrive at is, that there are a larger portion of men engaged in these trades in the Northwest who, while possessing sufficient knowledge to en able them to do certain lines of work, are not thoroughly versed in their trades, and hence not being masters of their craft are compelled to accept lower wages than the better class of their fellow craftsmen. This state of affairs fur nishes another illustration of the value of thorough knowledge. Whatever a person learns should be learnt absolute ly, without possible question, and fur thermore to be content to learn one thing at a time. By so doing a person will ad vance steadily, step by step, year by year, and some day will wonder why he has been enabled to succeed where others have failed, and who seemed to be far in advance of himself. Valuable knowledge, whether it be of a profession or trade, is only acquired by intense devotion. The entire thought and attention of a person's mind must he given to what is undertaken, else failure, or indifferent success, which is but little better than failure, is the re sult. Some one has remarked that the ory without practice in a trade or pro fession, is worth from $lO to $25 a week, practice without theory from sls to S2O per week; hut the two combined are worth from SSOOO to SIO,OOO a year. Furthermore, a person should not rest satisfied in merely acquiring a thorough knowledge of their art. Acquisition of knowledge is always valuable. Time or place are immaterial. Observer. Miners’ Wages in Hung-ary. The daily wage of a regular hand at the Hungarian mines is only 32 cents to 40 cents, and of a temporary hand 28 cents. Boys are paid from 12 cents to 24 cents a day, and women from 12 cents to 20 cents. In the coal mines the wages are rather higher; men are paid from 48 cents to 00 cents a day. hoys 20 cents to 28 cents, and women 18 cents to 20 cents The wages in the iron mines are lower than those in coal mines, because the iron mines are all situated in populous districts where living is cheap. In all small mines tools and blasting materials are given free to the men, but in large mines the men have to pay the cost price of the blasting ma terials and lights. The low rate of wa ges is astounding to the American mind, but when the cost of living is taken into account, the lot of the Hungarian min ers is by no means so bad as appears at first sight. For instance, a very com fortable house can be obtained for 82 a month. Three rooms, such as could be obtained in a tenement house here at $>S to 810 a month, cost fit) cents a month there, and an attic can be obtained there at 20 cents a month. Wood and coal can be had on easy terms and in many cases gratuitously. Food and supplies are ex ceedingly cheap, and many mine owners sell their hands food at next to cost price. In many of the State mines a deduction from the wages of J 4 per cent is made for a music fund. All Hungarians are natural musicians, and Hungary is the home for true and unaffected music.— Scientific A liter lean. Prison Music At the Western Penitentiary in Pennsylvania there is a nightly concert given by what is probably the largest orchestra in the world. It is composed of at least three hundred players, who never see one another. The music begins precisely at six o’clock every evening, and ends at the stroke of seven. Within that hour the convicts are permitted to make, each independ ently, as much music or discord as lie pleases. This prison is. perhaps, the only one in the United States where the inmates are allowed to cultivate the art of music, and the privilege is deeply appreciated by them. Just before six o'clock they may be seen by the officials, sitting with their instruments in readiness. As the hour strikes they begin to play, and rattle olf tune after tune during the appointed time. As may be imagined, witli several hundred instruments playing at once it is impossible to distinguish any one of them from the rest, or to tell one tune from another. As the waves of sound rise and mingle, the listener can only be reminded of a wind howling in the distance. “They look toward to this hour with great pleasure,” said one of the keepers to a reporter. “Music is the only thing that varies the monoto ny of their lives, and taking an instrument away from a prisoner is about the severest punishment we can inflict.” As they were talking, there was a moment’s silence. It was a few minutes before seven, and a man began playing “ Home Sweet Home” on a violin. His neighbor accompanied him on a guitar, and in a short time they were joined by a flute, cornet and mandolin. The prisoners in the up per tiers of cells seemed to be waiting for the beginning of the favorite melody, and one by one caught it up. until all were playing the tune. The sounds ceased at the stroke of seven, and quiet reigned supreme.— Youth V Companion. Ownership of a Letter. It was stated recently in an article in the Companion that a letter once mailed is not the property of the sender, hut belongs to the person to whom it is addressed. This was an error, and should be corrected. Under the postal regula tions of the United States and the rulings of the highest courts a letter does not belong to the person to whom it is sent until it is delivered to him. The writer lias a right to reclaim and regain possession of it, provided he can prove to the satisfaction of the postmaster at the office from which it was sent, that he was the writer of it. Even after the letter lias arrived at the office which is its destination, and before it lias been delivered to the person to whom it is addressed, it may lie recalled by the writer by telegraph through the mailing office. The regulations of the post-office department of course require that the utmost care shall be taken by the postmaster at the office of mailing to ascertain that the person who desires to with draw the letter is really the one who is entitled to do so. and the postmaster is responsible for his error if he delivers the letter to an impostor or an unauthorized person. The vital principle in our political system lies at the bottom of this matter. In this country the state is the servant or agent of the citizen— not his master. It remains merely his agent throughout the transmission of the letter. The state may prescribe regulations under which its own servants may carry a message for the citi zen. but it cannot shirk its responsibility to him. — Youth V Companion. “The shrewdest rogue commits the sillest blunder.” •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••a THE RIP AN’S TABULES regulate the stomach, • liver and bowels, purify the blood, are pleas- • • ant to take, safe and always effectual. A reliable • • remedy for Biliousness, Blotches on the Face, • • Bright’s Disease, Catarrh, Colic, Constipation, • • Chronic Diarrhoea, Chronic Liver Trouble, Dia- • • betes, Disordered Stomach, Dizziness, Dysentery, 5 5 Dyspepsia, Eczema, Flatulence, Female Com- 5 S taints, Foul Breath, Headache, Heartburn, Hives, Z aundice, Kidney Complaints, Liver Troubles, • • Loss of Appetite, Mental Depression, Nausea, • • Nettle Rash.j Painful Diges- • • tion, Pimples, Rush of Blood • * to the Head, Sallow Com- * 5 plexion, Salt Kheuro, Scald T S Head, Scrof- ula,SiekHead- 5 Z ache, Skin Dis- I eases,Sour Z • Stomach. Tired Feeling,Torpid • • Liver, Ulcers, Water Brash • • and every other symptom • • or disease that I res ults from • • impure blood or a failure in the proper perform- • • ance of their functions by the stomach, liver and 5 T intestines. Persons given to over-eating are ben- Z 5 eflted by taking one tabule after each meal. A Z Z continued use of the RipansTabules is the surest % Z cure for obstinate constipation. They contain • • nothing that can be injurious to the most deli- # • cate. 1 gross $2, 1-2 gross $1.25, 1-4 gross 75c., • • 1-24 gross 15 cents. Sent by mail postage paid. • • Address THE RIPANS CHEMICAL. COMPANY, • • P.0.80x 672. New York. • ••••••••♦•••••••••••••♦•••••••A*** CHICAGO BAKERY & h !lnY u " CHARLES HEITMAN, Proprietor. Ctikos & Candies. at all hours 241 South main St., next to OPERA HOUSE, Stillwater, minnesota. New York Dry Goods & Millinery, Carpets & Wall Paper. Our stock of ladies’ and Children’s garments the Largest ever shown in The city. Dry Goods Call and Examine Our Immense Stock. Lois Afeitoi 1 Co., 113 to 121 So. main St. & 114 to 122 S«. Water Si , Stillwater, minn. HHMMiODiHiDi Emporiums. MINNESOTA MERCANTILE WHOLESALE THE ONLY EXCLUSIVE JOBBING HOUSE LUMBERMEN’S SUPPLIES A SPECIALTY. We compete successfully with any house tributary to this territory. Our shipping facilities being superior to those of any other house in the NORTHWEST, our customers can depend on having all orders entrusted to us filled with PROMPTNESS & DISPATCH. Corner Chestnut & Water Sts., STILLWATER, MINNESOTA. ELLIOTT HOUSE, Cor. Third *fc Chestnut Sts., STILLWATER. .... MINN Remodeled and First-class in Every Respect. J. E. ELLIOTT, Manager. PENSIONS THE DISABILITY BILL IS A LAW. Soldiers Disabled Since the War are Entitled Dependent widows and parents now dependent whose sons died from effects of army service are in cluded. It you wish your claim speedily and sue address JAMES TANNER Late Com. of Pensions, Washington* D.C. Upstart: “ I have made up my mind to become a journalist. What kind of paper would you ad vise me to go to work with?” Gruffly: "Well, I think you are best fitted to work with a piece of sand-paper.”—Boston Courier. Lowest Prices in the City. ■ Goods Warranted as • Repres nted. & Clothing Largest stock of Men’s, boys’ and children’s Clothing, hats, caps and Furnishing goods in The city. GROCERS. (Jhestnut St. PharmacY W. W. BALDWIN, Manager. PURE DRUGS, PERFUMERY, TOILET AND FANCY ARTICLES, BRUSHES, Etc. Physicians’ Prescriptions a Spe cialty', Compounded by' Skilled Pharmacists. 226 E. Chestnut St., Stillwater. Teacher: “You have written statesman with a possessive case sign,—stat’sman. That is in correct..” Boy: “Doesn’t the State own the man?” Teacher: “ No: the statesman owns the state.”—Good News. -—, •*---< -U~ - —r — a:. COMPAHY, "b IN THE CLTY.