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•ght prison Jftlirror.
Edited and Published by tbe Inmates. Entered at the Tost Office at Stillwater, Minn., as Second Class Mail Matter. Thk Prison Mirror is issued every Thurs day at the following rates: One Year SI.OO Six Months 50 Three Months 25 Address all communications. Editor Prison Mirror. Stillwater, Minn. THE PRISON NIRROR is a weekly pa per published in the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded in 1887 by the convicts and is edited and managed by them. Its objects are: to be a home newspaper; to encourage moral and intel lectual improvement among the prisoners; to acquaint the public with the true status of the prisoner; to disseminate penological informa tion. and to aid in dispelling that prejudice which has ever been the bar sinister to a fallen man’s self-redemption. The paper is entirely dependent on the public for its financial sup port. If at any time there should accrue a sur plus of funds the money would be expended in the interests of the prison library. We do not know of any paper that we get on exchange that we like to read quite as well as the Prison Mirror. It is always bright and newsy and con tains many deep thoughts.— The Alden A (Ira lire. The attorney general has received a letter from the World-Herald of Ne braska asking his opinion regrading the desirability of the conditional pardon system in vogue in Minnesota. There is now a bill before the Nebraska legis lature modeled after the Minnesota law. Pioneer Press. On the 22d ultimo Mr. Cleveland an nounced that he had completed his cab inet, and is as follows: Walter i). Gresh am of Indiana, secretary of state; John G. Carlisle of Kentucky, secretary of the treasury: Daniel S. Lamont of New York,secretary of war; Hillary A. Her bert of Alabama, secretary of the navy; Hoke Smith of Georgia, secretary of interior; .1. Sterling Morton of Nebras ka. secretary of agriculture: Wilson S. Bissell of New York, postmaster gener al;and Richard Olney of Massachusetts, attorney general. An eminent philosopher said: “1 am filled with wonder and grief that so much attention is given to prisons, and so little to schools. This is contrary to good sense. The education of the peo ple is the necessary foundation of every good penitentiary regime. Schools be fore prisons, and prisons supplemented bv schools.*' In a word, the more effort we put forth to rear and instruct children in the right way, the less we shall have to do in repressing the crimes of these children when they have become men; or, to say the same thing more brietly and better, the more schools we have, the less prisons we shall need. No merchant knows everything that is transpiring. lie may be thoroughly posted on quotations and sales, but at the same time there are always a cer tain number of semi-private trades, concessions and agreements, that are useful to know. There are light and shadows in every business. To meet the demand for a neutral and disinter ested account of the various markets for raw and manufactured products, trade papers were called into existence. The daily newspaper often makes a special feature of the financial and speculative markets, but do not go deeply into the other branches of com merce. The St. Paul Trade Journal , published under the management of Nlr. 11. I). Brown, is among the many favors which have come to our table during the last few days, and it fur nishes to the manufacturer, wholesaler, jobber and retailer a weekly photo graph of the market it represents; and takes all the trouble necessary, and spends all the money needed to secure reliable and recent information. THE DANGEROUS CLASSES. As population multiplies and cities are thronged, as civilization advances and wealth increases—and poverty, too —crime, unless checked by special means, will also increase in a still great er ratio; roughs and rowdies and desper adoes. gamblers, swindlers, knaves, thieves pickpockets, garroters and rob bers. will multiply apace, until the courts are overwhelmed and the prisons crowded; and yet the vast army is re cruited and filled up faster than it is de pleted by all the efforts of sheriffs, judges and juries. The continual pass ing of a few through the pains-taking process of arrest, trial and brief impris onment, only to return with increased skill and malignity as heroic leaders to their old associates, as instructors to the hosts of novices gathered in their ab sence, will never remedy or remove the evil. It is but the labor of Sisyphus. When one looks at this immense and swelling host of the “ dangerous classes,” and considers how capable they are, in these days of guilds, brotherhoods and associations, of a much more thoroughly organized combination than they have yet betrayed, one trembles for the fut ure of modern civilization. There are only two remedies for the appalling evil, and the second is only supplementary to the first. These are, first, the univer sal training of children in knowledge, morals and religion, including, especial ly. the outcast, vagrant and neglected classes of children; and, second, insist ing upon the reformation of all those who are duly convicted of crime, before they are again discharged upon the com munity. Both these remedies are. in our judgment, imperatively required for the public welfare and safety. And if what the public safety and welfare require is ever to be enacted into a law. it would seem to be when the voice, both of justice and humanity, both of rigor ous right and of gentle charity, joins in the requisition. Superstition. Has it ever occurred to you what a great part superstition has ever played in the affairs of nations, as well as of men ? From the time of Achilles, who was left handed because his mother had a dream, down to .John L. Sullivan, who invariably puts on his left shoe first when dressing, all classes and conditions of men have fallen under its blight. The .lews are made miserable in Russia, and the Chinese are excluded from America because of this power. From the time that Dennis Kearney, that blatant sand-lot demagogue of San Francisco, denounced the leprous celes tial, until now. the idea of Chinese and leprosy, have been associated in the minds of most Americans. .lust why this is so it is hard to say. They are a frugal, industrious, tidy set of men; and those among them who have been naturalized, photographed, ticketed, and stamped as the new law requires, are certainly average citizens. But it is as natural for an American mother to warn her children against a ('hinamen, as it is for her to wipe their noses with her apron. But perhaps the real reason underlying all. is because of the strong individuality of “John.'’ The Irishman adapts himself to our climate and condition almost at once, and as Bill Nye puts it. “is a policeman before the steamer lands that brings him over.*’ The Swede, German, and all others quickly adapt themselves to their changed surroundings, but poor “ John *’ with his .shirt-tail out, is al ways belly-cold. Wayne. When the American press has decided what Fncle Sam shall do with Queen Liliuokalani’s former domain, the Na tional Adrertiser respectfully suggests that a movement be inaugurated for a uniform pronunciation of the famous island’s name. At the present time our ears are greeted with such interroga tions as these: “ What do you think of the Ilowayhee affair ? ” “ Heard the latest from Howayoi ? *' “ Where’s Howei, anyway ? ’* “Hi say, me dear feller, why sharnt Ilingland toik the blarstes ' Awivoi h’is land. eh?" Ferdinand de Lesseps Sentenced. Five years' imprisonment for the de Lesseps, father and son; two years for Eiffel, Cottu and Fontane. Such is the verdict in the Panama trial. It has produced a striking effect upon the public, who approve all the other sen tences, but do not understand that of De Lesseps, Sr. Nobody can forget the role he has played, or that it was he whom the public voice named “The Great Frenchman.'' All know that he has been deemed worthy of every honor and glory. He is a member of the French Academy, a Grand Gross of the Legion of Honor and was for twenty years the real representative of France "when he traveled abroad. And now he is condemned to five years’ imprison ment, notwithstanding the fact that his mental state is such that he can never know of his condemnation! The other sentences appear to be just, es pecially that of Eiffel, who, as was cabled during the trial had public opin ion against him from the first. When the judgment was read it produced a kind of stupor upon the barristers and the public crowded into the audience chamber in the Palace of Justice, es pecially upon those who looked for the acquittal of de Lesseps. As a natural consequence, the “ men of law " do not hesitate to qualify the judgment as having a political character and being a consequence of the previous sitting in the Chamber, when all the Deputies appeared to monopolize virtue at any price. It remains to be seen whether public opinion will ratify the judgment. AVe think not! But we have seen since the commencement of the Panama af fair so many changes of opinion that nothing is impossible. Yet public opin ion will never approve the condemna tion of the de Lesseps. The condemned men can take their case into the Court of Cessation, but men of law do not think they will have any chance of changing the sentences of the court, except, perhaps, in the case of Eiffel, whose sentence is said to contain a slight judicial irregularity. In any case, real French patriots are chagrined to see two men like De Lesseps and Eiffel, whose names are known over the whole universe, abased and condemned to im prisonment while other political cul prits escape. At least justice should be free from political influence. The con demned men are entirely broken down. They expected to be acquitted.— New York Herald. Character In The Face An oblique mouth is a bad sign: it indicates a crooked character. English speaking people have the best foreheads and eyebrows. A steely blue eye is often the sign of a merciless disposition. The most prominent French charac teristic is the prominent nose. Fine hair generally betokens native good taste and intelligence. Double lips are unfavorable, indicat ing a tendency to grossness. Large, wide spreading nostrils show ample lungs and good health. Short, thick curly hair is an indica tion of great natural stength. Very tightly closed lips are usually found in secretive characters. Irregular teeth generally indicate lack of culture and refinement. Freckles, like red hair, are an indica tion of an ardent temperament. A long forehead indicates intelli gence: a short forehead, activity. The upper lip when projecting shows arrogance and want of shame. A dimple in the chin is pretty but in dicates weak mental organization. The ridge of the perfect nose should be broad and almost straight. A curling upper lip betokens a super eillious and haughty temperament. The chief characteristics of a broad face are inflexibility and obstinacy. A money lover carries the head in clined forward and a’little to one side. Gray eyes are generally found associ ated with prudence and foresight. Daniel AVebster had the typical lion face —heavy, strong and saturnine. Ex. Nickel is a modern metal. It was not in use nor known of till 1715. It has now largely taken the place of silver in plated ware, and as an alloy with steel it is superior to any other metal, for it is not only non-corrodible itself, but it transfers the same quality to steel; even when combined as low as 5 per cent it prevents oxidation —Scientific American. NEWS OF A WEEK. February 22. Mr. Cleveland announces the completion of his cabinet. About 150 citizens leave Illinois to locate in Southern Minnesota. The switchmen on the Chicago & Western In diana road go on a strike. The Eastern states are completely snow-bound. and business is suspended in many points. Irwing Bath, editor of the St. Louis Park Mail, dies at his residence at that place. Secretary Foster retires as he is to assume management of the Bering Sea case for Amer ica. . President Harrison raises the American flag over the New York formerly the City of New York. February 23. The lirst formal session of the Bering Sea ar bitrators is held in Paris. Several men in London swindle the lamdon Building association out of about $10,000,000. Rufus Hatch, the once famous Wall street magnate, dies at his residence in New York. Two hundred and twenty-live electrical line men at the World’s Fair strike for higher wages. Another lot of forged paper aggregating $200.- 000 has been brought to light in the National bank case at Lincoln. Neb. The Beaupre Mercantile company, one of the most prominent wholesale grocery concerns is St. Paul, make an assignment. February 24 A postoflice is established at star Lake, otter Tail county. Minn. The Minnesota senate passed the value policy act regarding tire insurance. Allan Manvel, president of the Santa Fe rail road dies at San Diego, Cal. John W. Mackay the famous financier is se riously wounded in the back by a stranger. The house of representatives object to any def inite action on the Hawaiian treaty unless the house has a hand in it. The senate regrets the nomination of John V. F. Findlay of Maryland to be arbitrator for the United States in the matter of Chilean claims. February 25. The supreme court of Kansas decides that the Populists’ house is illegal. There is little prospect, it is said, of the Ha waiian treaty being passed this session. The Western Union Telegraph company have ordered the discharge of all union men. John W. Mackay is thought by his attending physician to be in practically no danger. The Panama Canal investigation proves that $92,500,000 was the amount paid to contractors. The wages and means committee is assured by Secretary Foster that the treasury is in no dan ger of becoming bankrupt. President Harrison commutes the sentence of Edward L. Harper, ex-president of the Fidelity National Bank of Cincinnati. He will he released May 1, 1893. February as. Archbishop Ireland’s Faribault plan-memorial to Pope Leo is at last made public. Mrs. Blaine will spend the summer in Europe and will be accompanied by her youngest daugh ter. Rev. S. M. Crothers of St. Paul preaches a ser mon in favor of opening the world’s fair on Sun day. A disastrous tire occurs in St. Paul destroying the factory building of the Minnesota shoe com pany. Capt. Charles D. Schmidt, formerly of the quartermaster’s department of the United States army, dies at St. Paul. The people of Belgium vote on the question of universal suffrage. The proposition is appar ently favored by a great majority. February 27, The Wellman Iron and Steel company of Phil adelphia is in financial trouble. The Roman police surprises twenty-six anarch ists working in a bomb factory. The pension appropriation bill is passed by the Senate without any amendments. The walls of a building fall upon a tenement house in Chicago and kill ten persons. It is said that Mississippi Valley Lumbermen's Association are likely to advance prices on lum ber. The l\ S. revenue cutter Washington is badly damaged by a collision and sinks in New* York harbor. Mrs. Ayer, the manufacturer of toilet articles, is suffering from chronic melancholia and is con fined in an asylum. February 2*. The great battleship Indiana is sucessfully launched at Philadelphia. Traffic is nearly at a standstill in Minnesota on account of the last snowstorm. The Van Duzen company’s elevator at Red wood Falls is burned to the ground. A strong effort is being made to increase the pay of letter carriers from SI,OOO to $1 ,'-'OO. The Pope is greatly displeased because of the abandonment of the American pilgrimage. The Democratic municipal convention nomi nates Carter H. Harrison for mayor of Chicago. The house passes a bill providing that after July 1.1*93, pig tin and ore shall be exempt from duty. M. Henri Rochefort claims that the French government has suppressed a part of the Pana ma scandal.