•ght prison Jftlirror.
Edited and Published by tbe Inmates.
Entered at the Tost Office at Stillwater, Minn.,
as Second Class Mail Matter.
Thk Prison Mirror is issued every Thurs
day at the following rates:
One Year SI.OO
Six Months 50
Three Months 25
Address all communications.
Editor Prison Mirror.
THE PRISON NIRROR is a weekly pa
per published in the Minnesota State Prison. It
was founded in 1887 by the convicts and is edited
and managed by them. Its objects are: to be a
home newspaper; to encourage moral and intel
lectual improvement among the prisoners; to
acquaint the public with the true status of the
prisoner; to disseminate penological informa
tion. and to aid in dispelling that prejudice
which has ever been the bar sinister to a fallen
man’s self-redemption. The paper is entirely
dependent on the public for its financial sup
port. If at any time there should accrue a sur
plus of funds the money would be expended in
the interests of the prison library.
We do not know of any paper that
we get on exchange that we like to read
quite as well as the Prison Mirror.
It is always bright and newsy and con
tains many deep thoughts.— The Alden
A (Ira lire.
The attorney general has received a
letter from the World-Herald of Ne
braska asking his opinion regrading the
desirability of the conditional pardon
system in vogue in Minnesota. There
is now a bill before the Nebraska legis
lature modeled after the Minnesota law.
On the 22d ultimo Mr. Cleveland an
nounced that he had completed his cab
inet, and is as follows: Walter i). Gresh
am of Indiana, secretary of state; John
G. Carlisle of Kentucky, secretary of
the treasury: Daniel S. Lamont of New
York,secretary of war; Hillary A. Her
bert of Alabama, secretary of the navy;
Hoke Smith of Georgia, secretary of
interior; .1. Sterling Morton of Nebras
ka. secretary of agriculture: Wilson S.
Bissell of New York, postmaster gener
al;and Richard Olney of Massachusetts,
An eminent philosopher said: “1 am
filled with wonder and grief that so
much attention is given to prisons, and
so little to schools. This is contrary to
good sense. The education of the peo
ple is the necessary foundation of every
good penitentiary regime. Schools be
fore prisons, and prisons supplemented
In a word, the more effort we put
forth to rear and instruct children in
the right way, the less we shall have to
do in repressing the crimes of these
children when they have become men;
or, to say the same thing more brietly
and better, the more schools we have,
the less prisons we shall need.
No merchant knows everything that
is transpiring. lie may be thoroughly
posted on quotations and sales, but at
the same time there are always a cer
tain number of semi-private trades,
concessions and agreements, that are
useful to know. There are light and
shadows in every business. To meet
the demand for a neutral and disinter
ested account of the various markets
for raw and manufactured products,
trade papers were called into existence.
The daily newspaper often makes a
special feature of the financial and
speculative markets, but do not go
deeply into the other branches of com
merce. The St. Paul Trade Journal ,
published under the management of
Nlr. 11. I). Brown, is among the many
favors which have come to our table
during the last few days, and it fur
nishes to the manufacturer, wholesaler,
jobber and retailer a weekly photo
graph of the market it represents; and
takes all the trouble necessary, and
spends all the money needed to secure
reliable and recent information.
THE DANGEROUS CLASSES.
As population multiplies and cities
are thronged, as civilization advances
and wealth increases—and poverty, too
—crime, unless checked by special
means, will also increase in a still great
er ratio; roughs and rowdies and desper
adoes. gamblers, swindlers, knaves,
thieves pickpockets, garroters and rob
bers. will multiply apace, until the
courts are overwhelmed and the prisons
crowded; and yet the vast army is re
cruited and filled up faster than it is de
pleted by all the efforts of sheriffs,
judges and juries. The continual pass
ing of a few through the pains-taking
process of arrest, trial and brief impris
onment, only to return with increased
skill and malignity as heroic leaders to
their old associates, as instructors to the
hosts of novices gathered in their ab
sence, will never remedy or remove the
evil. It is but the labor of Sisyphus.
When one looks at this immense and
swelling host of the “ dangerous classes,”
and considers how capable they are, in
these days of guilds, brotherhoods and
associations, of a much more thoroughly
organized combination than they have
yet betrayed, one trembles for the fut
ure of modern civilization. There are
only two remedies for the appalling evil,
and the second is only supplementary
to the first. These are, first, the univer
sal training of children in knowledge,
morals and religion, including, especial
ly. the outcast, vagrant and neglected
classes of children; and, second, insist
ing upon the reformation of all those
who are duly convicted of crime, before
they are again discharged upon the com
munity. Both these remedies are. in
our judgment, imperatively required
for the public welfare and safety. And
if what the public safety and welfare
require is ever to be enacted into a law.
it would seem to be when the voice, both
of justice and humanity, both of rigor
ous right and of gentle charity, joins
in the requisition.
Has it ever occurred to you what a
great part superstition has ever played
in the affairs of nations, as well as of
From the time of Achilles, who was
left handed because his mother had a
dream, down to .John L. Sullivan, who
invariably puts on his left shoe first
when dressing, all classes and conditions
of men have fallen under its blight.
The .lews are made miserable in Russia,
and the Chinese are excluded from
America because of this power.
From the time that Dennis Kearney,
that blatant sand-lot demagogue of San
Francisco, denounced the leprous celes
tial, until now. the idea of Chinese and
leprosy, have been associated in the
minds of most Americans.
.lust why this is so it is hard to say.
They are a frugal, industrious, tidy set
of men; and those among them who
have been naturalized, photographed,
ticketed, and stamped as the new law
requires, are certainly average citizens.
But it is as natural for an American
mother to warn her children against a
('hinamen, as it is for her to wipe their
noses with her apron. But perhaps the
real reason underlying all. is because of
the strong individuality of “John.'’
The Irishman adapts himself to our
climate and condition almost at once,
and as Bill Nye puts it. “is a policeman
before the steamer lands that brings
him over.*’ The Swede, German, and
all others quickly adapt themselves to
their changed surroundings, but poor
“ John *’ with his .shirt-tail out, is al
ways belly-cold. Wayne.
When the American press has decided
what Fncle Sam shall do with Queen
Liliuokalani’s former domain, the Na
tional Adrertiser respectfully suggests
that a movement be inaugurated for a
uniform pronunciation of the famous
island’s name. At the present time our
ears are greeted with such interroga
tions as these:
“ What do you think of the Ilowayhee
affair ? ”
“ Heard the latest from Howayoi ? *'
“ Where’s Howei, anyway ? ’*
“Hi say, me dear feller, why sharnt
Ilingland toik the blarstes ' Awivoi h’is
Ferdinand de Lesseps Sentenced.
Five years' imprisonment for the de
Lesseps, father and son; two years for
Eiffel, Cottu and Fontane. Such is the
verdict in the Panama trial. It has
produced a striking effect upon the
public, who approve all the other sen
tences, but do not understand that of
De Lesseps, Sr. Nobody can forget the
role he has played, or that it was he
whom the public voice named “The
Great Frenchman.'' All know that he
has been deemed worthy of every honor
and glory. He is a member of the
French Academy, a Grand Gross of the
Legion of Honor and was for twenty
years the real representative of France
"when he traveled abroad. And now he
is condemned to five years’ imprison
ment, notwithstanding the fact that
his mental state is such that he can
never know of his condemnation! The
other sentences appear to be just, es
pecially that of Eiffel, who, as was
cabled during the trial had public opin
ion against him from the first. When
the judgment was read it produced a
kind of stupor upon the barristers and
the public crowded into the audience
chamber in the Palace of Justice, es
pecially upon those who looked for the
acquittal of de Lesseps. As a natural
consequence, the “ men of law " do not
hesitate to qualify the judgment as
having a political character and being
a consequence of the previous sitting
in the Chamber, when all the Deputies
appeared to monopolize virtue at any
price. It remains to be seen whether
public opinion will ratify the judgment.
AVe think not! But we have seen since
the commencement of the Panama af
fair so many changes of opinion that
nothing is impossible. Yet public opin
ion will never approve the condemna
tion of the de Lesseps. The condemned
men can take their case into the Court
of Cessation, but men of law do not
think they will have any chance of
changing the sentences of the court,
except, perhaps, in the case of Eiffel,
whose sentence is said to contain a
slight judicial irregularity. In any case,
real French patriots are chagrined to
see two men like De Lesseps and Eiffel,
whose names are known over the whole
universe, abased and condemned to im
prisonment while other political cul
prits escape. At least justice should be
free from political influence. The con
demned men are entirely broken down.
They expected to be acquitted.— New
Character In The Face
An oblique mouth is a bad sign: it
indicates a crooked character.
English speaking people have the best
foreheads and eyebrows.
A steely blue eye is often the sign of
a merciless disposition.
The most prominent French charac
teristic is the prominent nose.
Fine hair generally betokens native
good taste and intelligence.
Double lips are unfavorable, indicat
ing a tendency to grossness.
Large, wide spreading nostrils show
ample lungs and good health.
Short, thick curly hair is an indica
tion of great natural stength.
Very tightly closed lips are usually
found in secretive characters.
Irregular teeth generally indicate lack
of culture and refinement.
Freckles, like red hair, are an indica
tion of an ardent temperament.
A long forehead indicates intelli
gence: a short forehead, activity.
The upper lip when projecting shows
arrogance and want of shame.
A dimple in the chin is pretty but in
dicates weak mental organization.
The ridge of the perfect nose should
be broad and almost straight.
A curling upper lip betokens a super
eillious and haughty temperament.
The chief characteristics of a broad
face are inflexibility and obstinacy.
A money lover carries the head in
clined forward and a’little to one side.
Gray eyes are generally found associ
ated with prudence and foresight.
Daniel AVebster had the typical lion
face —heavy, strong and saturnine. Ex.
Nickel is a modern metal. It was not
in use nor known of till 1715. It has
now largely taken the place of silver in
plated ware, and as an alloy with steel
it is superior to any other metal, for it
is not only non-corrodible itself, but it
transfers the same quality to steel;
even when combined as low as 5 per
cent it prevents oxidation —Scientific
NEWS OF A WEEK.
Mr. Cleveland announces the completion of his
About 150 citizens leave Illinois to locate in
The switchmen on the Chicago & Western In
diana road go on a strike.
The Eastern states are completely snow-bound.
and business is suspended in many points.
Irwing Bath, editor of the St. Louis Park Mail,
dies at his residence at that place.
Secretary Foster retires as he is to assume
management of the Bering Sea case for Amer
President Harrison raises the American flag
over the New York formerly the City of New
The lirst formal session of the Bering Sea ar
bitrators is held in Paris.
Several men in London swindle the lamdon
Building association out of about $10,000,000.
Rufus Hatch, the once famous Wall street
magnate, dies at his residence in New York.
Two hundred and twenty-live electrical line
men at the World’s Fair strike for higher wages.
Another lot of forged paper aggregating $200.-
000 has been brought to light in the National
bank case at Lincoln. Neb.
The Beaupre Mercantile company, one of the
most prominent wholesale grocery concerns is
St. Paul, make an assignment.
A postoflice is established at star Lake, otter
Tail county. Minn.
The Minnesota senate passed the value policy
act regarding tire insurance.
Allan Manvel, president of the Santa Fe rail
road dies at San Diego, Cal.
John W. Mackay the famous financier is se
riously wounded in the back by a stranger.
The house of representatives object to any def
inite action on the Hawaiian treaty unless the
house has a hand in it.
The senate regrets the nomination of John V.
F. Findlay of Maryland to be arbitrator for the
United States in the matter of Chilean claims.
The supreme court of Kansas decides that the
Populists’ house is illegal.
There is little prospect, it is said, of the Ha
waiian treaty being passed this session.
The Western Union Telegraph company have
ordered the discharge of all union men.
John W. Mackay is thought by his attending
physician to be in practically no danger.
The Panama Canal investigation proves that
$92,500,000 was the amount paid to contractors.
The wages and means committee is assured by
Secretary Foster that the treasury is in no dan
ger of becoming bankrupt.
President Harrison commutes the sentence of
Edward L. Harper, ex-president of the Fidelity
National Bank of Cincinnati. He will he released
May 1, 1893.
Archbishop Ireland’s Faribault plan-memorial
to Pope Leo is at last made public.
Mrs. Blaine will spend the summer in Europe
and will be accompanied by her youngest daugh
Rev. S. M. Crothers of St. Paul preaches a ser
mon in favor of opening the world’s fair on Sun
A disastrous tire occurs in St. Paul destroying
the factory building of the Minnesota shoe com
Capt. Charles D. Schmidt, formerly of the
quartermaster’s department of the United States
army, dies at St. Paul.
The people of Belgium vote on the question of
universal suffrage. The proposition is appar
ently favored by a great majority.
The Wellman Iron and Steel company of Phil
adelphia is in financial trouble.
The Roman police surprises twenty-six anarch
ists working in a bomb factory.
The pension appropriation bill is passed by the
Senate without any amendments.
The walls of a building fall upon a tenement
house in Chicago and kill ten persons.
It is said that Mississippi Valley Lumbermen's
Association are likely to advance prices on lum
The l\ S. revenue cutter Washington is badly
damaged by a collision and sinks in New* York
Mrs. Ayer, the manufacturer of toilet articles,
is suffering from chronic melancholia and is con
fined in an asylum.
The great battleship Indiana is sucessfully
launched at Philadelphia.
Traffic is nearly at a standstill in Minnesota
on account of the last snowstorm.
The Van Duzen company’s elevator at Red
wood Falls is burned to the ground.
A strong effort is being made to increase the
pay of letter carriers from SI,OOO to $1 ,'-'OO.
The Pope is greatly displeased because of the
abandonment of the American pilgrimage.
The Democratic municipal convention nomi
nates Carter H. Harrison for mayor of Chicago.
The house passes a bill providing that after
July 1.1*93, pig tin and ore shall be exempt from
M. Henri Rochefort claims that the French
government has suppressed a part of the Pana
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