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J’he prison 33Hirt’ar. THURSDAY March 2,1893. PRISON OFFICIALS. MANAGERS. EDWIN DUNN. President Eyota JOHN F. NORRISH Hastings JAS. S. O’BRIEN Stillwater F. W. TEMPLE Blue Earth City M. O. HALL Duluth RESIDENT OFFICIALS. HENRY WOLFER Warden F. H. LEMON Deputy Warden E. A. O’BRIEN Clerk B. J. MERRILI Physician MRS. H. A. WALKER Matron J. H. ALBERT Protestant Chaplain CHARLES CORCORAN Catholic Chaplain PRISON AGENT. CLARK CHAMBERS Owatonna LOG JUj piGKINQS —Population. 31!*. —Discharged, ?. No one received. —Our postmaster says the smallest tiling about him is his income. —What did the "oldest inhabitant ” say about the recent blizzard? —Foreman James E. Beleare. at the paint shop, is hustling these busy days for all he is worth. He is getting there. —Eighty visitors passed through the prison last week. We failed to see any "blushing brides ” among them. —Statement of population March Working for Thresher Co.. 164; working for state. 151; sick ami intirm, 11. Total population. 31!*. —Mr. Geo. C. McMicliael paid Deputy Lemon a visit last Friday. Mr. McMicliael was pleased with the surroundings—during the short stay he made within our walls. —Steward Benner was compelled one day last week to throw' aside his duties and hasten to Minneapolis to the bedside of his married daugh ter. who is suffering with a severe attack of rheu matism. —That celebrated pointer of Kupt. Hanlon’s is a daily visitor to his office; but Frank, in order not to tantalize the poor dog. has had to hide the feather-duster which hitherto has hung on a nail. Wonderful dog. —The following table is the grade report for tlie month of March: First grade las Second grade lio Third grade l*i —"Get up!” said the gong yesterday, at •> o’clock sharp, ” you are to work ten hours a day now until further orders.” But patience, boys— “ Curfew shall not ring to-night. ”or any brass tongued tliunder-of-a-gong w hen we are on the outside. —Foreman Sullivan’s three year old daughter fell from her chair and broke one of her little arms. Although suffering a great deal Jerry says she showed more spunk than many adults he knows whom he has seen under similar cir cumstances. —Chaplain Albert thought lie would pay Min neapolis a visit on Monday. He did. On Tues day morning he was found sailing through snow drifts, between the “Junction ” and Stillwater, shaking hands as it were, with this glorious Minnesota weather. -The captain of the cellroom thought that he would become as frisky as a lamb for a day at least: so away he went with a light heart to knock down icicles, with the result of having to return to the cellroom with a sprained back and a general tired feeling. —Veterans A. D. Huey and K. X. Melby. old friends of Governor Nelson, and members of the G. A. K.. were pleasantly entertained by our Warden last Thursday. The two gentlemen were attending the annual encampment of the G. A. R.. department of Minnesota, at St. Paul. —As Ass’t Supt. Nunlist has at last purchased a pair of new overalls he is now open to congrat ulations. The tag attached to the garment was given to us as a souvenir of the occasion, and it reads "perfect titting garments; ” but we have failed to see where the “ perfect lit ” comes in. Ehv What? No! ! Don’t Know! ! ! Uufx* G’mornin’. The above has no con nection with our recent blizzard, but it is only showing the way ye editor is sometimes answered when in quest of local news. But we are *o ’um hle—vct ji "umble. you know—but never with a club in our hands! ! I-itst Saturday ('lerk O’Brien escorted through the prison the following friends from Si. Paul: Miss Hattie A. Furlong and Messrs. W. J. Wal lace. W. 1,. Seeley, Chas, Trott aud J. T. Freder icks. Being true and loyal Minnesotans the en tire party subscribed to Thk Mikkor; and will receive for the next twelve months the greatest paper of the state. - Mr. Robert Brand of the firm of Robert Brand & Co. of oaklanld, Cal., was a visitor to his old friend Capt. Cayou, who was pleased to conduct him through the principal departments ot the prison. Mr. Brand’s firm has now the ex clusive right to manufacture at Oakland the threshers and self-feeders of the Thresher M’f’g. company, of this city. —The superabundant fall of snow kept many of the boys busy the day after the storm shovel ing the beautiful from the roofs of the prison buildings, and cutting through the huge drifts which formed in the yard. The wooden plow, •constructed by one of the boys, was just the thing to clear Main street with; but the state team with John at the helm, was found neces sary to work the plow as the boys had more than they bargained for when they tried to haul it over the snow themselves. J aysonites. When ebber I sees a man kickin’ he toes ginst de mop-board, when pullin’ on he boots—l feel confident in my own min’ dat he calls a church— meetin’-house: an’ suspenders—gallusses. Here is a heap sight ino’ feelin’ in dis hoop skirt agitation, dan meets de eye at one glance: 1 fin’ de greates’ rumpus am made by de mar ried man; de ladies, (sly critters ) jes’ lay back an’ wink dey furder eye, an’ say nothin’—an’ de young man an’ de bachelor do de same. Now. why am dis? I specs de married men am anti cipatin’ de cost of silk hose an’ so forth, dat will hab to support dat hoop-skirt; an’ de young man an’ bachelor am thinkin’: "How long, O Lord, am we to be kep’ w-aitin’, ’fo’ we see de quality of dem yere goods? ” When you sees two men standin’ togedder talkin', an’ shakin’ ban’s an’ biddin’ each odder good-bye, an’ den start off an’ go in de same di rection—you may feel dog-gone sho’ day be Irish. You can mos’ gen’rally read de future career ob a man by his present trivial acts—an’ w-lien a man out huntin’, hears de drummin’ ob a par tridge way off in de woods, an’, he ’mediately, widout furder consideration, ups an’ lire bofe barrels of lie gun at once, an' den hab de pre sumption to look aroun’ fo’ he game—you can jes’ set dat man down as a po’r success. It am alius a putty good sign ob fair wedder, when a rooster fly upon de fence, an’ flap he wings an’ crow; but if de sun be already a-shiu in’—den. de joke am on de rooster, an’ a sure in dication flat he am ’bout ready fo’ tie soup. De woman am a curious creetur, composed ob fo’ elements: Sarcasm, beauty, wit an’ inaglus ciousness—all on fie inside; on’ which she use wifi great skill an’ dexterity on her intended vic tim. De woman am less numerous dan de man, mo’ specially in de United States, where she be mos’ two million in de rear. Still, she am not satisfied, but ebbry little while keeps runnin’ away will a nudder woman's husband. De good Book say flat woman am made from de rib ob man—an’ w hen I sees how close she stick beside tie man—it leabs me no groan’s fo’ argyment. De Poet say: Oh, woman your name am frailty! But flat Poet am way off. De bestjtest of frailty ain de train accident; an’ 1 has alius noticed, in ebbry accident, w hen de man am all broke, up. an’a groanin’—tie w-oman am wettin' her linger in her mouth an’ crimpin’ her hair, an’ tlxin' her bonnet straight, an’ den, kin’ a smilin’-like wait to be lifted out de debris. Old Jayson. The Lesser Evil, In the article that appeared in the last issue of Thk Mirror, I dealt with the dime novel, placing this class of immoral literature as the greater evil—holding it to be the greater evil, be cause it is within the scope of the untutored mind of the school-boy. poisoning the young mind before the will is matured sufficiently to govern the developing intellect. The other class of immoral literature, tlirashy love-tales, exercise but little influence over the minds of the real young, as these tales are gener ally written in a style more adapted to interest those just issuing from their teens. It is the feminine, rather than the masculine reader, these love tales influence most; for women are more interested in that one great event of their lives, marriage—and consequently more inclined to be sentimentally governed by the passion these tales are ever praising. Love is the theme of these exhausting praises; love is the creed in culcated in the minds of the devotees of this class of literature: love is the all absorbing subject of adoration; and thus the passion is catered to, until sentiment rules the mind and common sense is forgotten. The constant application of these demoralizing degenerators, roots out the good precepts that developing maturity is be ginning to form, and the result is elopments, early marriages, and divorce suits. Early and improvident marriages, are the re sult of much misery, and the cause of a great deal of crime. Young people, sentimentally swayed, form alliances without any regard as to the means that are to provide sustenance for the future. The little money they have is soon eaten up by the expense of the honeymoon: and when they settle down to marriage-life in reality, they are awakened by the fact that love is not the currency of the world nor a provider of food. Many times, through mere strength of character and moral courage, young people married in this manner, have struggled through adverse circum stances and obtained an easy position in life; but often just the opposite happens. When "love flies out at the window,’’ and want knocks at the door, the ill-mated pair regard each other as the prime cause of the misery their thoughtless ness has brought upon them. By constantly brooding over their distressed condition, a mut ual hatred springs up between them. The hus band no longer finds the fireside attractive, and spends his evenings in loose company. The wife regards the bond that binds them together'as a galling fetter, that makes the body a prisoner when the mind is elsewhere. Frequent quarrels arise in the disordered household: the situation makes both the wife and husband reckless, the result is a scandal, followed by a shameful di vorce suit. Once free they each follow their seperate inclinations, until one finally lands in prison, or drifts through life without a compass to steer by. and is at last wrecked on the shoals of vice. The looseness of the divorce laws, in some of the neighboring states, are due to a great extent, to the influence of immoral literature. Flimsy laws that make the sacred bond of matrimony a commodity to be exchanged at the will of the holder, are a disgrace to our nation. The popu larity of these immoral love-tales are great; and the cause of the large sale of some of these de generating books is due to bluster of the cities who seldom let these tales pass without attract ing the attention of the people by their pointed criticisms. Curiosity is aroused, and to satisfy it the copies are bought as fast as the publishers can turn them out. The immoral seeds are thus sown broadcast: and some fall in soil that will not foster germs of vice. Others are nourished until the poisonous growth destroys the morals and ruins the life of the devotee. C. C. On Tuesday the 14th iust., the Executive Com mittee of the National Prison Association held a business meeting at the rooms of the Prison As sociation, New York city. There w'ere present Messrs. Wayland, Brockway, Milligan, Round, Smith and Scott. Supt. Brockway of the Eimira Reformatory was re-elected Chairman, and Mr. Milligan acted as Secretary. Many questions pertaining to the next meeting of the associa tion at Chicago, in June, and at the meeting at St. Paul, in the following year, were discussed. It was thought inexpedient, so shortly after the Congress at Baltimore, and in view of the fact that the Congress had voted to participate as a section in the International Congress of Char ities. Correction and Philanthropy, to attempt more than an informal Congress in addition to the annual business of the Association. It was also thought inadvisable to attempt the holding of an International Prison Congress at Chicago •luring the present year. Discussion followed upon the election of a President to fill the va cancy caused by the death of Gen. Hayes, and the matter is still under advisement. It was suggested by one of the committee that the programme of future meetings should center around some particular subject, with the object of calling attention to some specially needed re form: and the programme for the meeting at St. Paul may be made with this suggestion in view. The congress in the past has discussed a variety of subjects, and much good has been accom plished and many needed reforms brought about, but while it would seem inadvisable to devote the whole time of the congress to any one sub ject., it would seem perhaps profitable to treat some special subject exhaustively. The follow ing resolutions were presented and adopted: Where'll, At the last meeting of the Prison Congress held in Baltimore, December a to 7, 1892, it was voted that the next meeting of the National Prison Congress l>e held at Chicago from the Bth to the llth of June, 1893. and that the arrangement for the proceedings be left with the Executive Committee with power to act. and Whereas, In the opinion of the Executive Committee there will be no time for the ade quate preparation of papers, according to the practice ot previous annual meetings; Itesoli'fd. That the meeting so to be held shall be the regular annual meeting of the Association for the election of officers for the ensuing year, and for an informal conference, of which the ar rangement of the details is committed to the Secretary. Votki*. That the Secretary lie requested to arrange for quarters for the delegates, members and their friends, and to provide for their parti cipation in the sessions of the International Congress of Charities. Correction and Philan thropy.— (mr Paper. J)elia Miller, an habitual drunkard, is now serving out her hundredth sen tence at the house of correction on the charge of drunkenness. She is a quiet, submissive and kindly woman of lifty or more years of age. a seamstress by trade, thoroughly reliable, honest and industrious—when she is not in drink. She is the daughter of an old French family in the city, thoroughly respect able and respected. Several of her brothers, half-brothers and sisters in the city hold responsible positions in the community. She has never been ac cused of anything worse than drunken ness. And yet during the past thirty years this woman, as the records and her own story show, has lived three fourths of her life in prisons. She be gan drinking whisky when she was a little girl. She used to steal it from her father's jug when she was not more than seven years old. She says she did not like the taste of the liquor and used to steal it first just for fun. but after wards she got to like the warming effect. She is a neat and tidy old lady, a trifle gray, with a gentle and kindly face, slender, withered little body, very small hands, pink finger nails, delicate and slender wrists, very much wasted, gray eyes, a cheerful smile, not without a sense of humor of her situation, and old-fashioned spectacles, which she pushes back on her forehead when she talks. The records show a most re markable lack of ability to keep out of National Prison Association. Serves The One-Hundredth Term the clutches of the law. During the twenty years she has spent fifteen years and lib days in the Detroit house of correction, and has been imprisoned ten times in the jail at Sandwich, serving 138 days. Her longest sentence in this city was for 155 days, and the shortest one day. This allowed her a period of but three years and liK) days of freedom during a score of years. The average period between each sentence was but sixteen days. The above record does but half-tell the story, however, as she has been arrested twice perhaps where she has been sent to prison once. Ac cording to her own story. Justice Min er once released her live times in one week upon suspended sentence. She has no complaint to make against the police or the court or the law that has kept her so many years in prison. The police were her friends. There is a peri od of one year and ten months when she was out of the city. During that time she served two terms, one a year and the other six months, in the prison at Toronto. That was in 1881 and 1882. There is another period of two months, in the spring of 18110, when she was in Tawas. During that time she served thirty days in jail for drunkenness. She is a most skilled needlewoman, and dur ing times of sobriety has been employed in many prominent families by charita ble ladies, who were convinced she could be reclaimed. To see her after confinement has removed all traces of dissipation is but to lie sure that that delicate and refined-looking old lady could not be the confirmed drunkard and bestial person the prison otticials paint her. In March her sentence ex pires. and as soon as the sun shines she will return to the house of correction in a few days, as the periods of absence are yearly growing shorter. -St. Paul Pioneer Press. Concerning- Brains. General Butler's brain weighed sixty two ounces, four more ounces than Daniel Webster's. What of it? Gui teau's brain weighed four more ounces than Lord Byron's. It has been decided, I believe, that quality, not quantity, de termines mental ability. 1 see no more reason why the heaviest brain should be mentally the greatest than that the fat test man should be the most eminent. In fact, to call a man “heavy’’ is to brandhim with dullness, which is the un pardonable crime, according to Society. Neither Emerson nor Byron had the weighty brains of Webster, yet note the difference in the influence of these men. Webster is but a name. A mbition killed his conscience, and finally killed his fame. In the hope of being President, he knelt before slavery. Grown away from Webster, the Republic has never believed in Butler. The light-weight brain of Emerson, clear-sighted and lu minous. gains constantly in grace and shows the absurdity of old-fashioned theories concerning the necessary make up of intellect. When women come into the kingdom long waiting for them, the prejudices of centuries will receive their death-blow. Should it be finally decided that mind depends upon convolution of brain and fineness of gray matter, what will become of Websters and Butlers in the presence of daily feminine heads! It will be the contest of Corbett and Sullivan over again. The quick-witted brain that can parry and “dance around’’ a subject will triumph, as the splendid sparring of California has snatched the belt from the dull and heavy muscle of Massachusetts. Kate Field. Labor Troubles in Eng-land. It is astounding nowadays wliat a small matter will result in a big strike. The men engaged in taking the slag from the furnaces at Harrow by means of two locomotives demanded a third, and on Sunday morning four men thus employed struck work because the duet had not been made into a trio. They were followed by the furnace men. and those employed at the steel works had to follow suit. Thus three thousand men have been thrown out of employment all on account of a dunkey engine. The difficulty was all pieced up with the exception of the locomotive men, who. having left their work without notice, were not again taken on. The men demanded this, and the general manager promised to deal le niently with them, but refused to take them back into the employ forthwith. Hence the contin uance of the strike on so frivolous a pretext. And this at a time when trade is exceptionally bad. when orders are scarce and profits prac tically nil, and when trade prospects are as gloomy as they well can be'.—lronmonger. Here is the way the Butte Bystander puts it: “Did you ever ponder upon the uncertainties ol' life, Horatio? We are here to-day and somewhere else to-morrow. Over 4,(KM) people die every hour, and sixty every minute. It is this uncertainty, gentle reader, which should prompt you to pungle up your subscription to-day. for now is the winter of our discontent, and to-morrow you may be in Helena or elsewhere."