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‘J'ivc prison fpXimrr.
Edited and Published by the Inmates. Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater, Minn., as Second Class Mail Matter. Thk Prison Mirrok is issued every Thurs day at the following rates: One Year SI.OO Six Months EO Three Months 25 Address alt communications, Editor Prison Mirror. Stillwater, Minn. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weekly pa per published in the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded in 1887 by the convicts and is edited and managed by them. Its objects are: to be a home newspaper; to encourage moral and intel lectual improvement among the prisoners; to acquaint the public with the true status of the prisoner: to disseminate penological informa tion, and to aid in dispelling that prejudice which has ever been the bar sinister to a fallen man’s self-redemption. The paper is entirely dependent on the public for its financial sup port. If at any time there should accrue a sur plus of funds the money would be expended in the interests of the prison library. A Chicago man had the first applica tion in for a postmastership under Cleveland. Now, boys, let's all play “follow the leader." A poet laureate will be appointed as successor to the late Lord Tennyson. Mr. Gladstone has not yet made up his mind on whom he will confer the honor. Before he was nineteen M. Taine, the great French writer who died some time ago, attracted public attention. Five years later had crowned his academical career with a doctor's, degree. There is an office-seeker in Washing ton by the name of Bible. Too bad. “A good name," Grover will say. “is rather to be chosen than great riches, and loving favour rather than silver and gold." An exchange notes that an average waltz takes a dancer over about three quarters of a mile. A square dance tuakes him cover half a mile, (five us a good old fashion waltz every time, through the gate. A photograph of the jury that tried Jefferson Davis at Richmond, Ya.. has been presented to the state G. A. R. headquarters by a member of the Elev en Pennsylvania volunteers. This was the first mixed jury ever impaneled, twelve white men and twelve negroes. A recent cablegram says, that the palace at Copenhagen is haunted; and that Prince Gustavus of Sweden has at different times within a few weeks seen uncanny sights at the palace. AVe will gladly swap a couple of our “.Jaysonite" spooks for the high-toned ghost of the Bernadottes and no questions asked. Danish exchanges please copy. The six-hundred convicts in the In diana State Prison South, at Jefferson ville, passed through lively time last Thursday morning. Fire broke out in one of the shops, and for a time the en tire prison was threatened with destruc tion. The building is an old structure, built of brick and wood, about thirty feet in width, and two hundred feet long. The fire was at last brought un der control. The total loss to the state will be about $50,000; no insurance. A bill was introduced by the South Dakota legislature calling for an appro priation of $15,000 to establish a twine plant at the penitentiary at Sioux Falls. Some wise legislator, says the Cordage Trade Journal , thought an extrava gance was about to be perpetrated upon the State, and when the bill was being considered in the lower branch he moved to reduce the appropriation to SB,OOO. Evidently he was a statesman of con siderable weight, too. for the house a mended the bill in accordance with his motion previous to passing it. Score one for the watch-dog—whoever he may be—of the treasury of the State of South Dakota! The Minnesota legislature in its ef forts to crush the coal combine has been assisted by the citizens of St. Paul, in mass meeting assembled. .V number of letters demonstrating that the coal combination forced every dealer.whole sale or retail, to acknowledge its supremacy, are in possession of the leg islative committee. Wholesale dealers before being allowed to go into business had to pay 81,000. and retailers 8100; and any unauthorized dealer trying to sell coal without permission of the mo nopoly was put under boycott “until he becomes a subscriber to this bureau." A letter was written to Senator I)on nely threatening unless the investiga tion is dropped to cut off Minnesota's supply of coal for next winter. King Coal has been monkeying with the wrong State. CATCHING COLD. If any considerable medical man wants to bring his name before the pub lic, let him publish in any journal of great general circulation a series of sound rules for preventing those who will follow them from taking cold. No danger is more serious in this country, as the returns of mortality for the last two years amply prove; there is none that physicians can do so very little to cure, except of course by regimen, of which the sufferers are impatient; and there is none against which the popula tion of all classes is more reluctant to take precautions. The teaching of a quarter of a century has taught the middle class some elementary truths about hygiene, and they have, as a rule, a vague idea that bad drainage produces typhoid, that wet feet are not good for consumptive people, that cleanliness in the home is desirable, that whitewash ing is a good disinfectant, and that' the skin is healthier for a plenty of water, but they know verv little more. We should not say they know that much, were it not that an alarm of cholera, or an outbreak of typhoid, or a burst of scarlet fever seems to bring out in their minds a sort of latent knowledge, which they always possessed, but contrived not to remember until the pressure became too severe to be resisted. They do know a little, moreover, about bad smells, and something of the effect of drink ing, and a little about heat apoplexy, but of precaution against cold they not only know nothing but are extreme ly disinclined to learn. They dislike “ catching " colds of course, and grow depressed, and stupid, and ill tempered when they have caught them; but they look upon colds as misfortunes which must come, and which do not signify, and if urged to take precautions regards the adviser, even a professional man, as slightly effeminate, or, as they express it, very much given to “coddling him self.” So come, doctors, and give the public a series of sound rules for pre venting those who will follow them from taking cold. CRIME AND CRIMINALS Mr. Mangasarian's lecture delivered at the Grand opera-house in Chicago last week, dwelling particularly on the harmonious education of man as the secret of a stronger and purer humanity, was indeed a most interesting talk. Dwelling on the classification of crimi nals and those who become criminals for crime's sake, he said: We may divide criminals into four classes, or we may say that crime re ceives its recruits from four different classes of people. The first is composed of men and women who go through life without any well-defined purpose. Have no profession, no trade, no work; they move in the direction of the strongest passion, as a wrecked hull in the direc tion of the strongest wind. Such are the vagabonds, the tramps. The second class is composed of characters the very opposite of the first; these fall a prey to the intensity of their desires; they not only have an aim in life, but they bend every energy to attain this aim, come what may; they see only one thing upon the horizon, a coveted object which makes them deaf to suggestions of the jail, the gallows and a withered reputa tion; they are “possessed," and cannot shake off the desire that drives them to deeds of darkness and shame. The third class of criminals is composed of those who habitually lead a life of vice; they do not start out with the intention of committing crime: they are led to it by their vice. The drunkard has no inten tion of beating his children or of steal ing his neighbor’s property, or of plung ing the knife into his comrade, but he is led to these acts under the inffuence of his vicious habit. The gambler sits at the table with a conscience at peace with the whole world, but the necessi ties of his profession, the associations he maintains, the sort of life into which his vice leads him, the vulgarities and profanities to which he is obliged to listen and to give utterance, the terrible risks he takes, the sudden feverish ex citements to which he is exposed—all drag him down, down. The fourth class is composed of those who are criminals by inclination; the bent of their mind is in that direction; crime is congenial to their malignant nature. Strange as it may seem, they fall in love with crime. This class is represented by men who, after passing through several stages, acquire the dis position which seeks crime for crime's sake. The point at which crime is per petrated, not to attain any object by it. but soleiy for its own sake; not as a means to an end, but as a delight in it self, is the culminating point in the criminal's career. In criminals of this character there is a perfect perversion of conscience: instead of feeling re morse for the wrong they have done, they feel remorse for the wrong they have not succeeded in doing. It may take a number of years of criminal ex perience before this metamorphosis of conscience takes place, before the light in the soul is changed into darkness. These four classes may be grouped into two ranks—criminals by accident and confirmed criminals. In conclusion, the criminal is a man whose faculties are not well balanced. In other words, the development in him is not harmo nious; some parts of his nature are ex aggerated and others maimed. Crime is the result of yoking together unequal ly developed parts. Let a man have ambition, but if his sense of right is as vigorous as his ambition the one will neutralize the other and the conduct will be even. Let a man have a lively taste for costly things, for jewelry and pictures, let him covet them with all his might, but if he has also a keen sense of dignity he will not condescend to soil his name at any price. His passion for one object will be counterbalanced by his equally burning passion for an other, and these two tendencies will keep him steady. Our schools and churches, oup moral platforms must have for their aim the harmonious education of man. A child who has a well-developed imagination but a poorly developed memory will be continually tempted, in spite "of relig ious restrictions, to exaggerate. lie imagines more than he remembers. If we would devote closer attention to the moral training of children from the cradle there will soon be a stronger and purer humanity. Just as the twig is bent the tree’s inclined.’” To Accomplish a Needed Reform The cause of humanity in London has reason to rejoice over the first prac tical step taken in the house of com mons recently toward the accomplish ment of a great reform. The bill for the unification of London, which was introduced by Mr. Barrow, will prob ably go through almost unopposed. Recently has been emphasized the ini quity of the system of taxation which makes poverty poorer and riches richer by imposing the burden of taxation on the destitute East End of the metropo lis more than double that assessed on the affluent West End. The inhuman ity of the system is so apparent that even its most covetous and hard-hearted beneficiaries will not dare longer to de fend it. Some of the facts quoted in the debate were appalling, but now that the evil is in a fair way to be remedied it is no longer necessary to parade Lon don's disgrace before the world.—Chi cago Herald. Some absorbing employment on your higher ground—your upland farm, — whither no cart path leads, but where you mount alone with your hoe,—where the life everlasting grows; there you raise a crop which needs not to be brought down into the valley to a mark et; which you barter for heavenly prod ucts.— Tnoreav. NEWS OF A WEEK. March 22 A bitter feeling lias existed between the whites and negroes of Purvis, Miss., which culminated in the town being burned by negro incendiaries. Mrs. Delia Thompson is in jail at Highmore. S. D., accused of having set several fires by which nearly half the business portion of the town was destroyed. Because of unrequited love Will Fry, aged, seventeen, committed suicide at Shelbyville, Ky.. by placing his head on the roilroad track, before an approaching train. Lewis Frazier, who murderd his wife and her sister, and terribly mutilated an innocent babe at Hiteman, lowa.i s taken from the officers by a mob and lynched. The village council of Montevideo, Minn.‘ has passed an ordinance prohibiting pool and billiard tables, dice, cards, and other games, in the sa loons and publie places of the city. March 23, A terrible cyclone in Missisippi destroys two towns In a fire at Cleveland. < >hio. five women and a child are burned to death. Two New Orleans men who had lost large sums of money at Monte Carlo, commit suicide. A mother and her infant child are fiendishly tortured by robbers near Findleyville station. Pa. Carlyle Harris, the young wife murderer, is taken to Sing Sing, to await the death penalty. Nearly three thousand people attend a mass meeting at St. Paul to protest against the alleged coal combine. The attorney general of Minnesota is instruct ed by the legislature to prosecute J. ,f. Itliodes for alleged perjury. March 24 John Keisel. porter at the Clifton hotel. >t Paul, falls five stories and is killed. The interior department during Harrison's ad ministration reversed a ruling under which over $•-',000,000 in pensions had been illegally paid. Col. Elliot F. Shepard, the millionaire editor >»r the Mail and Exjnesx, dies at his residence in New York while under the influence of ether. The long strike of cotton spinners at Manches ter, Eng., is at an end; the men accepting a re duction of seven pence per pound on their wages It is rumored that E. O. Graves, of Seattle. Wash., who was assistant treasurer under Pres ident Arthur, will be appointed Cnited State treasurer by Mr. Cleveland. March 25, Prof. Davidson delivers two interesting lectures on "Dante" and “Scotch Ballads.” at St. Paul. A deputy collector anil inspector, at Portland Ore., are suspended for permitting Chinese cooi iesto land. A combine is effected between the Standard Oil company and the Rothschilds to control the Russian oil business. The lowa state board of health manual shows an excess of organic matter in the water supply from the river above Dubuque. A bill is introduced in the Minnesota house t compel Chinamen to wear their shirts as other men do, or be subject to a tine of ten dollars. March 20, The first ball game of the season is played at St, Louis between the St. Louis Browns and tl - Memphis team. A volcano in Mexico is in a state of eruption and inflicts great damage upon the surroune ing agricultural country. Ex-Secretary Whitney in an interview, posi tively states that he will not accept office unde: Cleveland’s administration. James McCusker. the champion swimmer ui America, has issued a challenge to Joe Nuttall the English champion, to swim a one-mile race for not less than $5,000. A meeting of the United Brotherhood of Switchmen is held at Philadelphia. The purpose, of the meeting was to discuss the question of a strike upon the Pennsylvania railroad and the roads entering Chicago during the World’s Fair. March 27 A syndicate buys the New York Timm to: $! (50,000. No more new bills can be introduced in the Minnesota legislature this session. Senator Roach is defended from the attacks of enemies by a North Dakota republican. An ovarian tumor weighing 120 pounds, was taken from a female patient at Pittsburgh. The patient weighed only sixty-five pounds after the operation. The republicans will insist upon an investi gation of the charges that have been made in the public prints relative to the character of Senator Koacli. March 28. Prince Bismarck is reported seriously ill. The coal combine committee is still taking testimony. Catherine Walker sues the city railway of St Paul for $20,000 damages. Two immigrants are taken ill at Halifax, N. S. with what is feared to be cholera. It is reported that Gilbert A. Pierce, of Minne sota, has resigned as minister to Portugal. The Wisconsin senate passes the bill appropri ating SIOO,OOO for the World’s Fair exhibit. Gen. E. Kirby Smith dies at Sewanee, Tenn, He was professor of mathematics in the Univer sity of the South since 1875. Frank Nicolin, the big miller of Jordan, Minn., has made an assignment for the benefit of his creditors. Liabilities, $120,000; assets about $70,000.