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THURSDAY March 30. 1893,
EDWIN DUNN. President Eyota.
JOHN F. NORRISH Hastings,
JAS. S. O’BRIEN Stillwater.
F. W. TEMPLE Blue Earth City,
M. O. HALL Dylutfi.
HENRY WOLFER Warden,
F. H. LEMON Deputy Warden.
E. A. O’BRIEN ‘ ... .Clerk
B. J. MERRILL Physician,
MRS. H. A. WALKER Matron,
J. H. ALBERT Protestant Chaplain
CHARLES CORCORAN Catholic Chaplain,
CLARK CHAMBERS Owatonna
—Did you observe Lent?
—Received, 2, and discharged l.
—How do yon like your new mattress?
—Our Warden spent Tuesday in St. Paul.
—A paradox to the City of ißefuge—The State
—The mattresses delivered by the contractors
—Rheumatism on tap at the main gate. Guard
Flannery, agent. C. O. D.
—Are you still indebted to The Mirror for
your last year’s subscription?
—The choir is practising hard for Easter Sun
day. We are all looking forward to a rare music
—“ I am a stranger within these gates." said
the fellow from New Orleans who came up the
—Dr. A. Stanley Dolan of Fergus Falls and
Representative Cole of Otter Tail county were
visitors on Monday.
—Sheriff Henry Reynolds of Waseca county
and U. S. Marshall .T. B. Donnelly of Eastern
Louisiana were callers this week.
—Statement of population March g;*: Working
for Thresher Co.. 155; working for state. IC2; sick
and infirm. 7. Total population, 324.
—End seats are as much at a premium in our
dining rooms as they are in a theatre, especially
to a man weighing about two hundred pounds.
—Mrs. Forrester, we are pleased to say, is
much better. Guard Forrester returned to his
post last Saturday after an absence of a few
—Sec. H. H. Hart paid the prison a visit on
Friday. The secretary is always on the pimp,
and it is rarely that we see him now-a-days in
The Mirror ..office.
—Foreman MeKellar prophesies that lie will
enjoy a sleigh ride on Easter Sunday. If such
should prove the case he better start a weather
bureau on his own hook.
—Charlie. " the bucket man" departed last Sat
urday to scenes more congenial to his Swedish
mind: and the position is now held down by one
of the descendants of *• Yakey."
—Spring cleaning lias begun. The office be
tween the gates is receiving fresh coats of paint,
and Guard Johnson now thinks that there is no
place so heavenly as his present position.
—The guards would confer a favor on poor suf
fering humanity by raising the windows on Sun
day mornings while the prisoners are at break
fast. The convicts will appreciate it. we assure
—The prisoners received during the week were
one from Louisiana, sentenced to three years for
violating the postal laws; and one from Waseca
county for bigamy, sentenced to two years and
—We understand that mechanical engineer F.
K. Hemstreet is assisting inventor Richards in
his work on the new engine which is to revolu
tionize—well, that's a secret as yet which we are
not authorized to divulge.
-The Mikror's treasury was enriched by
the subscriptions of Messrs .1. B. Rainville of
Minneapolis, and J. A. Heglen of this city, who
will for the next six months peruse the columns
of The Mirror with gusto.
—The Pittman house, a hotel in this city, was
paftlally destroyed by lire Tuesday. Engineer
Jones had his furniture stored in the garret,
and now he is looking around to see if any of it
was saved as he was in St. Paul during the Are.
The coming-event-cast-their- shadows - before
beards are to be seen sprouting from the faces
of many of the boys. The coming month will see
about fifteen of the boys shooting like sky-rock
ets through the main door of the prison in quest
of liberty’s pure ozone.
—Score one in favor of your almanac—the 23rd
wan •• a squally day.'’ But my, what a slushy
day! Ye editor had to borrow a pair of gondolas
from the storekeeper in order that The Mirror
could be delivered in time to its numerous sub
scribers in the prison yard.
—Supt. Hanlon’s reports show that the output
of twine is averaging 7,000 pounds per day. Next
month the management will probably make ar
rangements for the purchase of the customary
amount of hemp necessary to manufacture the
new stock of twine for next year’s sales.
. - • .*
—Last Saturday our office was brightened by
the visit of live little children, sons and daughters
of the Warden. They were interested and inter
esting visitors, eager to solve the mysteries per
taining to the “art preservative of arts,” which
we explained to them to the best of our ability.
—There will be no confession Easter Sunday,
as FatherCorcorau's arduous duties on that day
in his parish will fully occupy his time. His as
sistant. Father O'Brien, is suffering with rheu
matism to the extent that he will probably be
forced to take a trip East for the benefit of his
—Tuesday the second grade men were decked
in their new suits of clothes. The coats will
probably be used by some of the boys as a check
er board. By the way, a good idea for that
champion chess player we have among us, and—
Oh, that’s so—he is in the first grade. ’Sense us,
—One of our “shining lights” visited a shop on
business but failed to produce his pass when call
ed upon to do so by the guard stationed there.
He was reported for “ vagrancy;” and now he is
wondering if the regulation tin can. which gen
erally accompanies the tramp, was found in his
possession or not.
—Engineer Jones is making grand prepara
tions to begin his spring planting. The ground
has already been broken, and in a little while the
sight of the flowers that bloom in the spring, tra
la, will fill our hearts with joy. He was away
Tuesday, purchasing probably a big invoice of
agricultural implements for use on his planta
—Last Thursday it seemed as if the falls of
Minnehaha had made their way direct to the
prison for the sole purpose of aggravating the
captain of the cellhouse. He had taken particu
lar pains to have the boys whitewash one of the
southwest wings of the cellhouse the day before,
when a small freshet set in and marred the
beauty “of the whole shooting match” as the
boys aptly expressed it.
—Our usually loquacious “ devil ” has been a
sufferer from toothache for several days, and
his lugubrious, woe-begone countenance has
kept the temperature of The Mirror office to
the zero point until last Saturday, when we suc
ceeded in persuading him to go to the hospital
and get some “ pain killer ” to relieve his suffer
ings. Before starting for the hospital lie bade
us a pathetic adieu, and acknowledged that he
knew something of the whereabouts of a plug of
tobacco that had mysteriously dissapeared from
the exchange editor’s table several days previous.
He had been gone but a few minutes when yells,
shrieks, and cries for mercy were heard issuing
from the hospital, and then all was still. When
our “ devil ” returned we endeavored to have
him describe his sensations, but he positively
declined to say anything for publication.
“ Messa Pyanda Kushin.”
In de paint shop. Thanksgivin' day,
Talamud, he ax'd me "ti done gone an'
disremembered 'bout Massa Philander
Cushing's parrot down inNorfo’k. Var
ginny. “To be sho'not!” Isay; den I
urge him to tell de story, an' edify de
North Hill band. Hereupon, he draw
long snuff up he nose, an' hawk out he
throat, an. he say: Ol'massa Philander
Cushin' wus fust mate ob de Magnolia,
a three master, dat traffick’d in fancy
wood, an’ plied ’tween de shores ob de
Argentine Confederation, an’ de South
ern States. On one ob her trips, when
lavin’ at anchor in de llio de la Plata
River, Massa Philander went asho’,
at Buenos Ayres, an' got a young
parrot; an’ fo’ a whole week, while de
ship wus bein’ loaded wid Tulip-wood,
Massa Philander wus puttin' in all he
spare time, teaehin’ dat bird to talk; an'
fo’ a long time de catechism run 'long
in ’bout dis style: Now, Polly; whar
wus you born? Say Buenos Ayres!
Say it, Polly! Say Buenos Ayres! Now,
say it ag’in; an’ de parrot would say
Buena Ayrs! Buena Ayrs! Now, Pol
ly wha’s yo’ Massa name ? Say Massa
Philander Cushing: Massa Philander
Cushing! Say it, Polly! Say Massa
Philander Cushing! Say it once mo*!
an’ de parrot by slow degrees would
keep repeatin’ Messa, Pyanda Kush in !
Messa Pyanda Kushin! Now, Polly,
tell me whar you was born, an’ wha's
yo' Massa name—tell me right off now
goon, Polly; say it! Ail’ de Parrot
he keep practicin’, an' say: Buena Ayrs !
Messa, Pyanda Kushin ! Buena Ayrs !
Messa , Pyanda Kushin! By de time
de Magnolia reach her home port, de
parrot had he catechism down purty
fine; an’ all you had to do wus to look
at him, an’ he say: Buena Ayrs; Mes
sa, Pyander Kusnin ! Massa Philander
he bring de parrot home in a bran new
cage, an’ hang him up in de sittin’-room,
whar he could improve he vocabulary,
at leisure. Now, it happen’d one Sat’-
day fo’noon, not long arter dis, when de
folks wus ober to Norfo’k, an’ Alexsis
mammy wus bakin’ agg pies, dat 1 paid
dem a visit; an’ somehow, or odder,
me an’ Alexsis got hoi’ ob one ob dem
pies, an' dug like a couple o' quarter
horses fo' de sittin' room, to refresh
ourselves. We drag'd up a big rockin’-
chair fo’ a table, an' we sat down befo'
dat pie all steamin' an’ sizzlin' wid heat
an’ lusciousness. No sooner had we got
comfortably seated, dan Alexsis hap
p'nin’ to look out de window, ’spied our
common enemy, Miss Priscilla Ashbury
cornin' up de walk. She wus de teacher
ob de white chilluns an’ made herself at
home, anywhar in de neighborhood.
She had been de cause ob us bein’ shut
up in de smoke-house, many a time, fo’
cuttin' up our didoes an’ fo’ callin’ her
de Puritan maiden. She come on us so
sudd'nly, we had no chance to git way
wid de pie; so we jes’ put it under de
cushion; an’ grabs two dusters, an’make
b'lieve dustin’ de furniture. ('Cause you
understand w r e brack imps hab no right
in de white folk’s sittin” room, unless on
business.) Jes’ den de door op'ns an in
come Priscilla, jes’ as big as if she own’d
de whole plantation. She walk ober to
de lookin' glass, an’ she look at herself
sideways—den she lay her hat on de ta
ble, an’ she look at herself, ag’in, ober
her shoulders—she fix up her back-hair,
an’ kin’ a squeeze an’ rumple up her
bus'le, an* then stiff legg’d-like. she walk
ober an' planks herself plump down in
dat rockin'-chair. Well, may Angel
Gabr'el slash me wid a razzer, if she had
any mo* dan got plank’d in de rockin'-
chair. befo’ dat dog-gon’d parrot com
menc'd he catechism! Talk ’bout yo’
forc’ble argyments! ! I nebber had a
argyment strike me so forc’ble, in all
my life! ! ! An, it mus’ hab struck de
Puritan 'bout as forc’ble; fo’ she jump’d
six-feet! (Dog-gone de parrot; I could
hab jump right on he neck!) De Puri
tan she look under de cushion, an' sho’
nough! dere wus de pie! It wus no
time fo' procrastination, so I dove right
fro de window, an’ lit out fo’ de huckle
berry pastur; an' bam-by, I look back,
an’ Alexsis he wus climbin' out de
top ob de chimbley, on to de roof. De
prospec’s befo' me, wus now mighty
gloomy, if I went back, dat smoke-house
would sho'ly contain me fo’ 'bout a
week; an’ seein’ no possible chance,
wid out hook an’ ladder company, fo'
Alexsis giftin' off de roof—l jes' made
my min up, to show dem people. I
wusn’t de big fool, folk thought as if I
wus; so. I ’mediately packs up my han’-
k'chief wid a razzer an' shoe brush, an’
p'inted my course Xor' by Xor’ Wes' fo-
Minnesota street an' 1 has nebber been
heard from since. Talamt d.
Don’t Know the English Language
Beyond any question of doubt, seventy percent,
of the alleged stenographers and type-writers
who otter their services to a deluded public do not
know how to spell or write correct English. We
know of an instance where a merchant advertised
for a stenographer, had fifty applications for the
position and after examining thirty-eight, found
only four who were competent. The thirty-four
failures were due to the lack of knowledge of the
English language. And still in the common run
of business an elaborate knowledge of English is
not absolutely necessary, for it has been ascer
tained that with the aid of only one thousand
words, an ordinary business can be successfully
and completely transacted. The reason why we
have so many partially ignorant young men and
women amongst us is, that the public schools
(which the majority attend)attempt too much and
turn out pupils who know nothing thoroughly.
The public schools will also have to retrace their
steps, give up fads in education and come down
to just plain hard pan before they can impart a
thorough education in any particular branch.
The admirable kindergarten training, which is
complete, as far as it goes, educates the eye, ear
and hand. Then comes simple reading, writing,
spelling, geography, arithmetic or the science of
numbers and language lessons. It is the duty of
every teacher to see that his pupils are able to
compose well in English and read and write the
English language correctly. When this is done
and done well, the pupil, who must go to work at
the age of fourteen, has all the learning he can
take in. But to the more advanced scholar, the
aspirant for college degrees, the English language
is a study that he is all the while pursuihg—when
he reads, listens or speaks, he is studying Eng
lish. And why should he not? Is it not confess
ed that excellence in English is. in and for itself,
supremely desirable. It is an accomplishment.
The ability to express ourselves easily and grace
fully is an acquisition to be coveted. One’s En
glish is generally taken as the test and measure
of his culture—he is known “by the English he
keeps.” To mistake his words, to disregard the
rules of grammar, disclose the speaker’s intel
lectual standing. One’s .English betrays his
breeding, tells what society he frequents, and
determines what doors are open to him or closed
against him. If then a generous command of En
glish is so desirable, why is it so rare a possess
ion? —The Summary
Possible Vocal Exertions.
“ Yes, sir,” said Mabel, proudly, “when
a young man kisses me 1 scream.”
“ Mabel,” said Reginald, with sudden
coldness, “why is it you are so often
hoarse when I call on you ?” —Chicago
A New Compass for the French Navy
The Lephay compass (compax a rcpercx lumin
evx), which was experimentally lifted on board
the battle ship Hoche, is henceforward to be
supplied to every battle ship in the French navy.
The inventor. M. Lepliay, a French naval Lieu
tenant, contrives, by the adoption of a combina
tion of lenses and mirrors to throw from the
binnacle lamp of his compass a vertical line of
light upon the interior side of the compass box.
between the card and the glass. This line, al
though it may be produced upon any desired
point of the inside of the periphery, is, for the
time being, a fixed line, and bears a known rela
tion with the line of the ship’s keel. It thus marks
the course of the vessel. From another combina
tion of lenses and mirrors above the centre of the
card there is thrown upon the interior side of
the compass box a second ray of light, which,
when the apparatus has been properly adjusted,
moves as the card moves. All that the helms
man has to do is to keep the two lines in one.
The navigating ollicer sets the course by so mov
ing the rays that, the ship being on her course,
both are in one; and thus it is not even necessary
for the helmsman to know what course he is
steering. The advantages of the invention are
that it greatly diminishes the strain upon the
helmsman; that, owing to the rays of light hav
ing a longer radius than the radius of the card,
deviations from the true course are doubly evi
dent and proportionately easy to counteract;
that the suppression of the visible light from the
binnacle lamp is beneficial to the night sight of
those on the bridge: and that it does away with
all danger of the helmsman misapprehending
orders, since his functions are rendered purely
mechanical. The French Naval Commission ap
pointed to consider it reported unanimously in
favor of its adoption in all large war ships.
Sold for Vagrancy.
On Tuesday a negro was sold from
the block at Fayette. Mo., for vagrancy;
on Friday, Charles Hardin, a white man,
was sold at Mexico, Mo., each of them
for six months. The former brought
S2O, but the price of the latter is not
given in the dispatches. Both were sold
at public auction by the sheriff under
order of court, having been convicted
of chronic vagrancy. Some of the east
ern papers, and especially those of Re
publican color, have raised the howl
that slavery is still in existence in Mis
souri. For all that the law is a good
one, and here are two fellows who will
now have to work whether they want
to or not. Section 884»>. chapter 1(59 of
the statutes defines vagrants as follows:
livery able-bodied person who shall be found
loitering about without visible means of support
and maintenance, and who does not apply him
self to labor, or some other honest calling to pro
cure a livelihood, and all able-bodied persons who
are found begging, or who qiut their homes and
leave their wives and children without the means
of subsistence, shall be deemed and treated as
The next section continues and says
that all keepers or exhibitors of any
gaming table or gambling device, and
all persons who travel or remain in
steamboats or go from place to place
for the purpose of gaming, shall be
deemed and treated as vagrants. It will
thus be seen that there is plenty of
material in St. Joseph to which this law
might be applied. Section 8849 provides
for hiring out the vagrant. Tie is not
sold, as the slaves were, but his services
are let to the highest bidder. It is all
the same, with a technical difference.
The section says:
If upon examination it shall appear that such
person is a vagrant, the fact of vagrancy having
been established by the verdict of a jury; sum
moned and sworn to inquire whether the person
be a vagrant or not. the justice shall make out a
warrant directing the sheriff or constable to
keep such persons in his custody until three
days’ notice can be given by advertisement, set
up in the most public places in the county, of the
hiring out of such vagrant at the court house
door in said county, for the term of six months,
to the highest bidder for cash in hand.
The money shall be applied to the pay
ment of his debts, or if he has no debts
it shall go to his wife or children: if he
has neither debts nor family, it shall be
given him at the expiration of his term
of servitude. If be a minor he shall be
apprenticed to some trade by the county
The vigorous enforcement of this law,
with a whipping post for wife-beaters,
would work wonders in certain circles
of St. Joseph.— St. Joseph (Mo.) Gazette.
Delivering his inaugural, President
Cleveland spoke without notes, as he al
ways does. It is said of him that he
never read a speech in his life. In the
act of writing it, he half commits it to
memory, and then, with one more read
ing, he knows every word and punctua
tion mark in it.— Ex.
The application of electricity to safe
ty devices in banks and other buildings
has reached a degree of efficiency that
is simply marvelous. •
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