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Vol. VI.—No. 36 MY MIND TO ME A KINGDOM IS. My mind to me a kingdom is. Such present joys therein I find Tiiat it excels ail other bliss That earth affords or grows by kind . Though much I want which most would have, Yet still my mind forbids to crave. No princely pomp, no wealthy store. No force to win the victory. No wily wit to salve a sore, No shape to feed a loving eye; To none of these I yield as thrall: For why? My mind doth serve for all. I see how plenty surfeits oft. And hasty climbers soon do fall; I see that those which are aloft Mishap doth threaten most of all; They get with toil, they keep with fear: Such cares my mind could never hear. -Content 1 live, this is my stay. I seek no more than may suffice; I press to bear no haughty sway; Look w hat I lack my mind supplies: Lo thus 1 triumph like a king. Content with that my mind doth bring. Some have too much, yet still do crave; I little have, and seek no more. They are but poor, though much they have, And I am rich with little store; They poor. 1 rich; they beg. I give: They lack, I leave; they pine, 1 live. 1 laugh not at another’s loss, I grudge not at another’s gain; No worldly waves my mind can toss; My state at one doth still remain: I fear no foe, I fawn no friend; I loathe not life, nor dread my end. Some weigh their pleasure by their fust. Their wisdom by their rage of will; Their treasure is their only trust, A cloked craft their store of skill. But all the pleasure that I find Is to maintain a quiet mind. My wealth is health and perfect ease, Mv conscience clear my choice defense: I neither seek by bribes to please. Nor by deceit to breed offense: Thus do Tlive, thus will I die: Would all did so well as I. A Land of PI enty. Never in the history of the world was there a nation enriched with such a plenteous supply of natural treasures as the people of the United States pos sesses. The natural resources of this country are boundless and give conclu sive evidence of future prosperity. The vast undiscovered stores of riches that lie secreted beneath the rocky surface of the western mountain ranges, are of a value too great to be estimated, and will at some future time increase our opulence. The boundless plains of the West await the coming of toilers to de velop their rich resources, and even the arid territory would, if irrigated, repay with plenteous increase the efforts of the sower. Here is plenty for all who will toil for it. None need suffer, none need want for the comforts of life in a country like this. From over the seas, from far away lands, comes the tale of distress. Our brothers are suffering and we are living in a land of plenty. They ask to be admitted into the gar den of plenty that they may till the soil for sustenance. Shall we restrict their coming? Have we a right to rights that are not the rights of all ? It mat ters not in what clime or country we are born, we are all creatures of' one nativity, mingling together in one com mon existence. Therefore, let us not deprive others of that which we cannot use ourselves. Old mother Earth owes every one of her children a living and holds it in store for them, and if the fairest portion of her domains are al lotted to a free and independent people, it is placed in their keeping to be divid ed among the children of the earth, in such portions as will satisfy their wants. Exclusiveness is not the creed of humanitarians, it is the selfish ar rogance of warped natures that live for and within their ow n narrow' confines and never go abroad to cultivate mag nanimity. A foreigner is but an indi vidual whom destiny decreed to be born in another portion of our natural home, the earth. Why deny him the right which nature has made hereditary, that of following our natural instincts, us ing our liberty as the means for making an honest living and the right to settle where we choose ? I would have these barriers of race, caste and nationality, broken by the march of progress and swept into obliv- ion. I would substitute in their places a universal co-operation of mankind, amalgamating all into one brotherhood, substituting for this all-absorbing love of self, the benign influence of brother ly love, granting to all the same meas ure of justice. C. C. A federal court arrogating the power to compel a strict discharge of duty by an employe to his employer, and decid ing a boycott to be illegal, criminal, and deriving the law for the same by a strict adherence to, and a somewhat acro batic interpretation of. the letter of the law. and that law the interstate commerce act. A law which has been the tin-rattle of the corporations who are now so clamorous for its sectional enforcement. Their demands are con sistent with their nature. But their present ostensible respect for the law, viewed through the medium of then past disregard of its observance, be comes a burlesque. It is an instance showing hew a man exercising the prerogative of his office can saddle a law, or a policy having the force of a law. upon the people when it is doubtful if there is a legislative body that would or could enact such a law. It is a mo mentous decision. While it does not deny the right of labor to combine it nullifies the purpose of union by illegal izing its most potent factor. Strikes and boycotts are viewed askance these days, but I think that as long as con ducted without violence, they are justi fiable and there should exist no power to prevent them. “If you would have peace prepare for war," is an old saying, and the principle is applicable to the relation between employes and employ ers. And if the right to boycott and strike is denied then it not only strips them of their only offensive weapon, but multiplies their vulnerability. There will always be strife between employes and employers: their interests are opposed and that opposition has for its fountain head the most powerful of all incentives, self-interest. If there exists a more potent incentive than self-interest, there is none that approach es it for the number of its devotees. Men who are guided by every virtue are led by self-interest. It is the balance by which all our actions are weighed and decided. History records some magnanimous instances of self-sacrifice, but its pages are monuments to the potency of self-interest, and the narra tive of the most consequential events in history is but the biography of self interest. J. F. —Sir Edward Dyer. In the United States the term “public lands" is applied to all Government land in which the Indian title has been extinguished." These lands may be open to settlement or they may not be; w r hen they are. they become known as “vacant” and “offered." If any part of the public lands has been set apart for a special purpose, whether by treaty, law or Presidential proclamation, it be comes a “ reservation ” and is no longer open for settlement, says Ella S. Leon ard, in Kate Field's Washington. 110w r much land the United States has virtually given away in its brief ex istence, or even during the eighty-one years in which it has possessed a Land Office, I have been unable to determine. In the last eight years it has disposed of 89,741,120 acres. At that rate the billion acres still unclaimed will last about eighty-eight years. Two-thirds of the eighty-nine millions of acres have passed from the Government's hands in the last four years. At that rate there would be no vacant land in less than sixty years—unless the Govern ment buys or annexes more territory. As the various new States were ad mitted to the L T nion much of the public “ IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.” STILL.AVATER, MINNESOTA, APRIL 13, 1893. Anent Railroad Strikes. How to Get a Free Farm domain was ceded to them for sundry purposes. For instance, there are six hundred and forty acres of land in a section; it takes thirty-six sections to make a township, and out of each township the sixteenth and thirty-sixth ‘sections belong to the State for educa tional purposes. Over a million acres were set apart in this way last year. Each county is permitted to buy at pre-emption prices one quarter section of land for the establishment of a seat of justice. The seat of justice need not be on the pre-empted land, but it must be fixed before there is a sale of the ad joining lands, and the proceeds of the sale of the pre-empted tract must be de voted to the erection of public buildings. Pre-emptions were made [ until 181*1] after this manner: The man who desired to pre-empt a tract of land had to go in person and examine it. Having satisfied himself that the Government’s survey was cor rect. that it was good land for residence and cultivation, and that no one else had a valid claim to it, the would-be owner took up his residence thereon. As soon as he had accomplished some thing substantial in proof of his good intentions, he was compelled to file a de claratory statement of his deeds and wishes. Only thirty days were given in which to file this statement, if the desired land was already subject to private entry. Public land which is offered at public sale and finds no pur chaser becomes subject to private pur chase. It is, as I have already said, of ficially known as “offered" "land. If the laiid had never been offered at pub lic sale, the pre-emptor had three months in which to make his filing. On “offered" lands proof and pay ment had to be -made within a year from date of settlement; on “unoffered" lands thirty-three months were allowed from the date of settlement, or in case of unsurveyed lands from the date when the plat of survey was filed in the dis trict office. The price to a pre-emptor was £1.25 per acre for “minimum lands " not within the limits of a pre vious grant to a railroad or some other work of internal improvement. With in the limits of such grants, land was valued at £2.50 per acre. Pre-emption proof consisted of the sworn testimony of the claimant and his witnesses, to the effect that the law has been com plied with in every particular. As I have said, all this was prior to 1891. If anyone had entered a pre emptor's claim before that date the law still holds good for him until he gets his patent, but all new settlers must come under the Homestead act. In this, a settler gets his land for less mon ey but is longer about it. Under the Homestead aet the condi tions of application are the same as un der the Pre-emption laws. The appli cant must be a citizen or must swear that he means to be. His oath entitles him to ask for one hundred and sixty acres of land valued at .51.25 or at 52.50, as he pleases, provided that he does not already own one hundred and sixty acres somewhere else in the United States. The would-be agriculturist now files an atlidavit which declares that he wants the land for purposes of actual settlement and cultivation for his own exclusive use and benefit, and neither directly nor indirectly for the benefit of any other person or persons. He, at the same time, hands the register and re ceiver the legal fees, and is then per mitted to enter the number of acres he wants. If a person has pre-empted less than one hundred and sixty acres and wants to take up the remainder under the Homestead act, he may do so, but when he makes an entry under the Homestead act he is supposed to take all he wants at one entry. The Land Office fees, payable when a Homestead entry of one hundred and sixty acres is made, are as follows: In Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, lowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minneso ta, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wiscon sin and Oklahoma, eighteen dollars on land at 52.50 per acre, and fourteen dol lars on land worth 51.25 per acre. The final fees in these States and Territories are eight dollars and four dollars re spectively. That is, land which the Government-values at $2.50 is sold at an average price of sixteen cents per acre. In Arizona, California, Colorado, Ida ho, Montana. Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington and Wyo ming the fees are a trifle higher. The sum of the fees on land valued at $2.50 per acre is thirty-four dollars, and on that worth $1.25 it is twenty-two dollars. The settler has to live upon and cul tivate his land for five successive years— or for five out of seven, if bad luck caused by failure in crops or by sickness should overtake him. He is practically debarred from vacations during that time, as six months’ absence without special permission will throw out his claim, and, once out, he may never make another entry under the Homestead act. As I have intimated, the only excep tions are in case of the failure of crops or sickness. If he can prove to the sat isfaction of the Government that he must leave for a time in order to pro vide sustenance for himself or his family, he may go; but he may not stay more than a year, and as this time is added to his probationary term it will take him six years instead of five to make final proof of his claim. If he cannot make five years’ work in seven, he must give it up. Final proof, then, should be made at the end of five years and must be made at the end of seven years. It consists in the payment of the second fee and in swearing that he has cultivated the land as the Govern ment requires. If, on the other hand, the settler does not wish to remain on the coveted tract for five years, he need only stay six months, provided that he has'the cash to pay for the land at the Government's valuation. The Homestead laws are of use to bankrupts. No matter what a man owes, his creditors have no claim upon land acquired under the Homestead laws for debts contracted before the issue of the patent. Contrariwise, the land may not be sold or given away before the settler finally takes title, except for specific purposes. In making final proof the claimant has to swear that no part of the land has been alienated ex cept for church, cemetery or school pur poses, or for the right of way for rail roads, canals or drains. Indians are especially looked after under the Homestead act. Poor Lo may take up a claim just like a white man, but with this difference: the In dian pays no fees at all. but on the other hand the United States Govern ment holds the land in trust for him for twenty-five years. At the end of that time he is supposed to have learned to take care of himself and the land is finally deeded to him or his heirs as the case may be. The desert lands of the United States are to be found in the States of Califor nia. Oregon and Nevada, and in the Territories of Washington, Idaho, Mon tana, Utah, Arizona. New Mexico, Wyoming and the Dakotas. These are lands which have no natural irrigation, produce no native grasses fit for graz ing, no trees and no agricultural crops of any kind. One person may secure three hundred and twenty acres of this sort of land for $1.25 per acre if he will spend three dollars per year per acre for three years in attempting to reclaim it. The applicant pays down twenty-five cents per acre when he makes his entry, and within the fourth year thereafter he swears to what he has spent and ac complished, pays the other one dollar per acre and the desert is his to make blossom as the rose or some more edible plant. Whipper: Old Golden seems to be terribly cut up over his refusal by Miss Spring. Snapper: Why, yes; the girl couldn’t even be a sister to him —for her mother is only thirty-eight vears old, you know! —Puck. A Columbian Souvenir—This Coun try.—Puck. Tcoiuiq. * S l - 00 l jer year, in advance, i ckmo. ( Months 50 Cents. Impossible *§