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prison Mirror. Edited and Published by the Inmates. Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater, Minn., as Second Class Mail Matter. The Prison Mirror is issued every Thurs day at the following rates: One Year SI.OO Six Months 50 Three Months 25 Address all communications. Editor Prison Mirror, Stillwater, Minn. THE PRISON 7IIRKOR is a weekly pa per published in the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded in 1887 by the convicts and is edited and managed by them. Its objects are: to be a borne newspaper; to encourage moral and intel lectual improvement among the prisoners; to acquaint the public with the true status of the prisoner; to disseminate penological informa tion. and to aid in dispelling that prejudice which has ever been the bar sinister to a fallen man’s self-redemption. The paper is entirely dependent on the public for its financial sup port. If at any time there should accrue a sur plus of funds the money would be expended in the interests of the prison library. It is all very well to say the world owes us a living, but hustling twelve to fourteen hours a day to collect the debt is what makes life a burden. The actions of men are not always the best interpreters of their thoughts. Some men are such clever actors that they can act the highest thoughts while committing the lowest villainy. Bv our own request this issue will end our editorship of The Prison Mir ror. The one who succeeds us is a writer of ability, and has had experience in the newspaper business, so our pa per. under his management, will be bet ter than ever before. We deem it not unfitting, at this time, to express to offi cers. guards and inmates of this insti tution our thanks for their kindness and assistance, and we bespeak tor our successor the same generous treatment. Michigan has taken the initiatory step in the reformation of her army of tipplers. Hereafter when one of her citizens has been convicted of drunken ness. he may, at his own option, go either to imprisonment, or to any “institute"’ patronized by the state, for a course of treatment. This is practi cally a victory for that class of philan thropists who advocate reformation rather than punishment in the treat ment of crime. The Borne correspondent of the Daily News, (London) says that Leo XIII has decided that, in the diocese of St. Paul, Minn., the clergy must instruct Catho lic and Protestant children alike, with out exacting from the latter a promise of becoming Catholics. The pope's at titude in this will do much towards al laying the fears of certain anti-Catho lics, who are always construing any offer at instruction on the part of Rome as looking towards proselytizing. Last week an autopsy was held in Minneapolis on the body of a man found dead under peculiar circumstan ces. The post-mortem examination showed the brain, heart, lungs and digestive organs to be in normal condi tion. and the body exhibited no marks of external violence. The medicos con fessed they were at a loss to assign a cause for death. Can it be that they have forgotten or are ashamed of the customary platitude so frequently as signed in ignorance, which, in this case, might not prove a misnomer? The man evidently died from “heart failure.” AN INDORSEMENT TO BE PROUD OF. We have received as an exchange The Prison Mirror, published inside the prison walls at Stillwater, Minn., edited and published by convicts. It is a very interesting publication, full of bright literature and is devoted to the encouragement of moral and intellect ual improvement among the prisoners. Its chief object is to dispel that preju dice which has ever been a bar to the self-redemption of fallen humanity, no better mission was ever undertaken by any class of men, and samples of The Mirror would convince anybody there is much good and genius even in men who are behind prison bars. The mission of The Mirror is in the line of the truest Christian charity and ap peals to the better sense of true man hood. The Raw's Month will visit The Mirror each week, and if its visits will add any to the pleasure of poor misguided mankind who are suffering the fruits of folly and the sting of evil, then we feel amply repaid, and assure The Mirror boys that we enjoy their quaint little paper and deeply sympa thize with all who, by their own rash acts, have been brougnt to so unfor tunate a condition. — The Raw’s Mouth. It is such sentiments as the above, coming from large-hearted men of lib eral views, that make it possible for prison publications to exist. Such ex pressions tend to build up within us a hope for the future, for it is evidence that there are those who can look be neath the sable mantle of sin that en velopes the prisoner and see a fellow man. Be assured, Messrs. Cray croft and Bumbarger, that The Raw’s Mouth will be read with interest in our office, and in return for your bright, clean sheet we will endeavor to give thoughts worthy of your consideration through the columns of The Mirror. Labor is as essential to man's physi cal and mental growth as air is to ani mal life, and yet there are men in the world whose conception of an ideal ex istence is to live in idleness and luxuri ous ease. Work to vigorous natures is a pleasure. The late Jay Gould could have retired from business at any time during the last twenty years of his life without disturbing visions of the poor house staring him in the face, and with the millions, at his command he could have had anything that money would purchase, but it would not have brought him happiness. Active business pur suits were a necessity to his vigorous brain, and with all his wealth Jay Gould would have been the most miserable man on earth had he been compelled to live in enforced idleness. We often see men in the declining years of their life engaged in some light employment suitable to their failng energies. They may have accumulated enough of this world's goods to keep them from want; they may be surrounded by those who would gladly relieve them from every burden and with loving care minister to their comfort; but they would not be contented sitting in idleness, a drone in the busy world of industry, and the painstaking care with which they per form their little self-imposed tasks is a reproof and shame to younger men. We who plod along in the humble walks of life often envy the rich and think of them as the fortunate ones of earth who are exempted from toil, but we know nothing of the years of the very hardest kind of mental labor that must be spent in the accumulation of riches, and the constant care and atten tion it requires to retain wealth when it is acquired. Any man who has a sound body and mind, who is temperate in his habits, can, in a country like ours which offers such grand opportunities for advance ment in life, secure as much property as is necessary to insure happiness. The possession of vast wealth and the power it brings may satisfy man's am bition, but, after all, perhaps the laborer whose body is invigorated by healthful toil, whose sleep is sound and refresh ing, may find more of true earthly hap piness in the humble cottage which shelters his wife and little ones, than does the millionaire in his marble pal ace whose mind is harrassed by busi ness cares. EDUCATE THE CONVICT. There are well-meaning men in the world who will scoff at the idea of con victed criminals being given the oppor tunities to acquire an education. They will tell you that education makes evil doers more dangerous, bolder in their LABOR. operations, and more skillful in eluding detection. This, at first sight, seems good logic, but there is another aspect in which we may look at it. If the criminal acquires sufficient education to help him on in life, or, what is equal ly desirable, should he learn a good trade, would he not abandon the haz ardous life of a criminal, for the more tranquil life of honest industry? There is not that fascination about a life of crime that some would have us believe, and even among that class known as professional crooks, we believe there are many who would gladly abandon their precarious calling, if there was some avenue open to them whereby they could enter the ranks of honest in dustry on an equal footing with others. The professional crook, no matter how successful he may be in a career that offers so little chance of success, lives in the constant dread that he may be arrested at any hour and sent to prison for a long term. Whatever money he may possess at the time of his trial is paid to lawyers in the hope that he may cheat justice; and, at the expiration of his term of imprisonment, he is com pelled by sheer necessity to resume his criminal practices or seek employment at honest labor. With the thought of his long years of disgraceful servitude fresh in mind, and knowing that his first essay at criminal practices may result in his being returned to prison, is it unreasonable to believe that this man could be reformed had he received proper industrial training while in prison ? “But,” some will say, “our efforts at reformation are directed to young crim inals, not to old offenders.” True, but why not include old offenders ? Leav ing moral sentiment aside, and looking at it only from a commercial point of view, would it not pay to redeem old offenders and return them to the ranks of honest labor ? Even men whose souls are burdened with the weight of crime can be made better if the proper meth ods are employed. Dr. Arthur Mac- Donald, who has made a direct study of the criminal in Europe and Amer ica, and has recently published an in teresting book upon the subject of crime, entitled “Criminology,” says: “ One of the principal facts brought out at the National Prison Congress at Baltimore was that all prisons should be reformatories. All men, no matter how old in crime, can at least be im proved and benefitted. That is to say, the best prisons of the future will be reformatory prisons, and the main means of reform will be the inculcation of good mental, moral, physical and industrial habits; in , other words, education.'' The only difference between the men in Stillwater and the men at large is a matter of liberty, and it is not money that gains or loses for a man his liberty. It is character. It is honesty. It is wisdom. It is the ability and disposi tion to be independent that makes a man free. The men who have sought liberty and power through the influence of money have all been degraded and rufiianized. Money, possessed in suffi ciently large amounts, may save a crim inal's neck from the noose and his person from the cell, but that is not freedom. The only free man is the man whose character has overcome his own weakness; the man who knows the right and has the courage to defend it; the man whose will power makes and un makes “conditions.” Money always enslaves men; character alone frees them. — Midway News. Some fool scientist tells us that if you hold your breath a bee can't sting you. Holding the breath does not bother a fellow when a bee gets after him. It is the lack of somebody to hold the bee that knocks him out.— Kant's Month. At the Knickerbocker Club. ("holly: I heahd a speakah say lawst night that theah is nothing noblah than being a man. Chappie: How beastly vulgaw! My man is all right as a sehvant; but as foh his being noble—Bah! — Puck. NEWS OF A WEEK. Reports from the United States treasury say that the reserve fund is growing. An insane woman in West Virginia murders four of her children and commits suicide. The trouble on the Leach Lake reservation is reported settled, and Dr. Walker safe. Public Examiner Kenyon says in his report that Minnesota’s books are being run on a specie basis. The government is being swindled yearly out of large sums by the entry, duty free, of second hand burlap bags. There is a proposition afoot to raise money by subscription in the United States to complete the Nicaragua canal. Marie Wainwright will marry a Washington millionaiie. The defendants in the great Panama frauds are again at liberty, the indictments having been quashed. The Northern Pacific will meet the passenger rate schedule just made by the Great Northern— a cut of nearly 40 per cent. The President announces his intention of ap pointing no civilians Indian agents. They are to be drawn exclusively from the army. Dr. Walker, who is held as a sort of hostage on the reservation, pending the death or recovery of the wounded Indian, is sending forth piteous appeals for succor. He says the savages are filling up with whisky, and that his life is in danger. Northwestern land offices willbe consolidated. Chicago is made permanent head quarters of the republican league. The British House of Commons unanimously adopt a resolution in favor of international ar bitration. Saladin beats the world’s trotting or pacing record at Wilmington, ©el.; pacing a mile in 2:09% over a half-mile track. The Indian trouble at Leach Lake is ended with the arrival of the troops. Dr. Walker is placed under arrest for shooting the Indian. Jas. K. Harris of Minneapolis is shot by bur glars. for whose capture Mayor Eustis and Gov. Nelson each otter a reward of SSOO. Only $25 from Seattle to St. Paul. The Viking ship from Norway reaches New York. Minnesota is held to be politically united and sound on the financial question. Owing to an objectionable contract as to dam ages to cars etc., demanded of them, the street car men of the Twin cities threaten a formidable strike. The national elections to the Reichstag in Germany prove very close on the Army bill; and it is expected this week’s by elections will yet give the government a majority on that question. Chief Justice Fuller of the U. S. supreme court has overruled the decision of the lower court on World’s Fair Sunday closing. This practically throws the exposition wide open for Sunday visitors. Russian naval officers visit St. l’aul. Crop reports arc favorable for the entire North west. Serious forest tires have ravaged the Messaba range destroying three new towns. The town of Iron River, Wis., is again wiped out by fire, caught from the adjoining forest. It is rumored in Washington that President Cleveland lias completely captured the Tammany tiger. Workmen in Austria hold universal suffrage meetings in defiance of prohibition, resulting in serious riots. Twin City street car men strike, but prompt and judicious arbitration settles the vexed ques tion and prevents public annoyance. Hawaii now Moats her own national flag. Socialists gained ground in the German elec tions. International congress of bankers opens at Chicago. Minneapolis emulating Chicago aches for more territory. Baptists meet in St. Paul and discuss the ques tion of Hell. Capsizing of a yacht drowns three young men at Ashland, Wis. President Cleveland will take a course of treat ment to cure his obesity. A special ambassador arrives from China to feel the public pulse on the Exclusion act. The yacht Onawa designed and built by Arthur Dyer of Minetonka shown to be a marvel of speed. June 20. The jury found Lizzie Borden guiltless. A New York railroad kills nine and wounds one hundred. June wheat struck OP4 cents in Chicago—the lowest price on record. The Pope holds that to send a child to a secu lar school is not an offense against religion. Ten customs inspectors in the Puget Sound district lose their places for conniving at frauds* Col. Ainsworth, Supt. Covert, Sasse the engi neer, and Dant the contractor found guilty by the coroner’s jury inquiring into the Ford thea tre disaster have been bound over to the crimi nal court. June 14, June 15 June 16, June 17 June is, June 19.