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(£l)f ilrioou JMirror.
Yol. VI.—No. 47. THE EXPRESS. The first train leaves at six p. m. For the land where the poppy blows The mother dear is the engineer. And the passenger laughs and crows. The palace-car is the mother’s arms, The whistle, a low. sweet strain; The passenger winks and nods and blinks And goes to sleep in the train. At eight p. m. the next train starts For the poppy land afar; The summons clear falls on the ear. “All aboard for the sleeping-car!” But what is the fare to the poppy land? I hope it is not to dear;— The fare is this, a hug and a kiss, And ’tis paid to the engineer! So I ask of Him who children took On His knee in kindness great. “ Take charge. I pray, of the trains each day, That leave at six and eight. “ Keep watch of the passengers,” thus I pray. For to me they are very dear; “ And special ward, O gracious Lord, "O'er the gentle engineer!” —Edgar ll 'ade Abbott, Let Daylight In. While so much is being said and writ ten on the redemption of convicts, would it not be appropriate to say a word on the means of reducing crimin al tendencies? The old saying, “Pre vention by protection, rather than cure after destruction/’ should, most assur edly, have some weight on this subject. It is a well-known fact that the major ity of those who figure as criminals in our police courts are young in years; it is also noticeable that a large portion of the number owe the circumstances of their being there, directly or indirectly, to the drink habit. How is the drink habit formed? On entering many a sa loon (1 use the word in its more refined (?) sense, and make no reference whatever to so-called dives), one of the first sights to greet one’s eyes is a bevy of boys, ranging in age from fifteen to twenty, engaged in a game of pool for cigars. The younger ones are brought there by older companions, and no doubt the first visit is attended with shrinking at the surroundings; but this is not for long. By insensible degrees the youth ful votary becomes familiarized with vice and callous to its approach; and within a short time he is as corrupt as , his associates. Later we see our young man, the companion of gamblers, and the more open publicity of the saloon ordinary is forsaken for the well fur nished box-stalls in the rear. There the language is no less blasphemous and obscene, though the surroundings may be more elegant. Oaths and curses in terlard his every sentence, and the only use he ever makes of the Almighty is the enforcing of language by His name and the customary homage of a Sunday clean shirt. Is it then to be wondered at that our young men go astray and soon find their way into the criminal courts. “ The easy descent to hell ’’says Virgil truly. The youth’s home train ing may be all that could be desired; the seeds have been carefully sown by fond parents, but at the very period when the most assiduous cultivation is in quired the rank weeds of evil associa tion are growing up alongside, and choking the tender plant. To cure this there are a great many changes our municipal governments might intro duce for the betterment of cities, and the protection of youthful morals. Our municipal governments are cer tainly not doing their best for the com munity when they allow saloon keepers to hold out to youth, as yet innocent, the seductions of pool, billiards and dice, or to maintain resorts of ill-fame inside their quasi-respectable places of busi ness. Why not, if their occupation is honest and respectable, remove those screens from the front and those boxes from the rear ? Their business being legitimate, why not let the people see it in operation ? Another pitfall which the municipality either ignores or per mits is the make believe candy store so plentifully scattered throughout the city, and which does prove so potent in the downfall of feminine youth. If the powers that be would devote more energy to the rooting out of these “ IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, JUNE 29, 1893. places of amusement, or at least in doing away with some of the traps which they*set to ensnare the youth of our cities, they would be less frequently called upon to hunt up, imprison, try before their courts and pass sentence on these youthful homemade criminals. An. Ungrateful Disciple. The Month Of Roses. Here is June almost gone; its coming was never more welcome in these north ern latitudes. It seems a pity that such a month cannot be twice as long. It has been the pet of the poets, but it is not spoiled, and is just as full of en chantment as ever. The secret of this is that it is the month of both hope and fruition. For the world at large the roses bloom, and the host of spring dowers. It is a pity the month is so short: it is as full of vigor as of beauty, and the beauty of it is that almost every man or woman is young, if ever he, or she were young, in* June. The energy of the year is not yet spent, indeed, the world is opening on all sides; the school girl is about to graduate into liberty, and the young man is panting to kick or row his way into- female adoration and general notoriety, the world has not changed in this respect. It was so with the Greeks. June is the knightly month. On many a held of gold and green the heroes will kick their way in to fame. Xo, the world is not decaying or loosing its juvenility. The motto still is “ Love and let the best man win.” In the light of science and experience the conceit of man is something curi ous; and June is the most blossoming, riant, feminine time of the year. The month itself is a liberal education to him who is not insensible to beauty and the strong sweet promise of life. The streams run clear then, as they do not in April, the sky view is high and trans parent, the world seems so large and fresh and inviting. Even over the city the sky is benign, and all the country is a heavenly exhibition. May was sweet and capricious. This is the maidenhood deliciousness of the year. If you were to bisect the heart of a true poet, you would find written therein June. Liberty. Leara, There is no place so well adapted for study as a well conducted prison. With in the solitude of his cell the convict is safe from intrusion and free from the bustling care of the noisy world. He can pursue his studies undisturbed. A carefully selected and well stocked lib rary, like that which the inmates of this institution have access to, affords a wide field for self-instruction. A well managed night school opens the path to a greater field of knowledge for the uneducated. The Pierian Circle lifts all who wish to secure larger views in to the higher plains of learning. All that is necessary is a little ambition and patience to secure an education and make the time—the laws have taken from us—fruitful instead of degener ating. Knowledge is not an intruder, itsjworth has made it so precious that it must be sought, if it is to be obtained. Knowledge is not always obtained by study, it is the reward of deligent re search, the grist that comes from the mill of meditation and, even after the grist is ground out, it is difficult to con vert it into nutritious food. By study ing we can acquire, but it is meditation that teaches, therefore it is not only necessary to study, but is also essential to meditate upon what we have ac quired, in order to retain the full pos session of it. The brain should not be stuffed with an endless stream of in formation, or else the faculties will be come clogged and refuse to digest the matter. Do not hurry; learn what you study, and study what you learn. Un tangle each knot as you encounter it, do not let any problem, no matter how small, pass unsolved. Practice this and you will be surprised how much the memory will improve and how sharp the faculties will become. Be inquisi- tive; do not be ashamed of your igno rance. Knowledge belongs to all, and in asking for information you are de manding that which you really own, but which is held in trust by another who is in duty bound to relenquish the trust on demand. If we would lift our selves above the tainted atmosphere of crime it is necessary to learn while the opportunity is afforded. It is the de velopment of the intellect that strength ens the morals and builds up fallen characters such as ours. C. C. The ambition of man at the present time is to accumulate a large and un necessary amount of wealth, and this ambition, north and south east and west, is the cause of a vast amount of suffering. The ambitous man in quest of gold will not relent or listen to the pleadings of his unfortunate fellow man who lying upon his death-bed asks for protection of his poverty-stricken wife and helpless children; that is not his ambition. To be sure he has the right tp accumulate vast sums of money; but as a general thing he is possessed with greed and a grasping and unrelenting will to those who have the misfortune to fall into his'power; he has no higher motives then to become rich, by honest or dishonest means, or at the expense of his fellow man who is struggling with the adversities of life through sickness, starvation and woe. He reach es his ends by coalitions and trusts of gigantic proportionsjhat affect the peo ple the country over, especially the poor who are compeled to buy the necessa ries of life at any price. Millions are reaped from the people by this dishon est method that is a disgrace to man kind. Our business men are looked up on as successful and enterprising, and no questions asked, if they accumulate a fortune. When from man is extin guished his riding pasion of gain by greed then, and not till then, will there be peace upon earth and good will among men. County jails, workhouses and state prisons will then be unknown: strikes will be a thing of the past; em ployee and employer will co-operate in the glorious work in the betterment of mankind in building charitable institu tions to nourish the sick and comfort the dying. And man will sing “ Praise ye the Lord ” for ever and ever more. L.S. The Immigration Question. One of the most important questions of the day is that of immigration. It has been brought before the public by the press of every city. In every state of the Union, columns of editorials have been written, viewing it from every standpoint, and in all the varying phases of its conditions, but the ques tion remains in statu quo. Unrestrict ed immigration accords with one broad idea of individual rights, liberty and equality. Liberty, that battle cry of de mocracy, we say, should not be denied to any person. Let all who will, come to America, bright star of opportunity, land of freedom and democracy. To restrict immigration seems inconsistent with our liberal views on all questions of individual or national interest, in consistent that we, a nation of immi grants. should restrict immigration, in consistent that we, who preach the “ the brotherhood of man, the federation of the world,” so preaching, should build a hedge around our great republic. Unrestricted immigration, however, carries with it a host of evils; evils that effect the mental and moral wel fare of society and of the body politic; evils that destroy the effects of our ed ucational institutions; evils that affect the prosperity of the country, by lower ing the wage of the worker, and detract ing from the value of his products. But far the greater evil is that which affects the future political welfare of the nation, which has made America the dumping-ground of the world; af- Man’s -Ambition. Tcdmc. j sl-00 P er year, in advance, i triMo. i gj x Months 50 Cents. fording shelter and protection to the Anarchist, the Socialist, the Italian Mafia and the Chinese Highbinder. Here, on the soil consecrated with hero ic blood, to liberty, fraternity and equal ity, these murderous fanatics practice and preserve their destructive princi ples. Upon the shores of America are cast the disorganized elements of Euro pean society; upon this government is laid the burden of caring for the pau pers, the criminals, the mentally, moral ly and physically diseased of all nations. Can we, from such material build up a stable government? A nation to wheather the inroads of time and change,‘-To stand the heir of all the ages, in the foremost files of time?” There can be but one answer. An em phatic no. How then, shall our social and poli tical principles—those inalienable rights of every American citizen—be perpet uated ? Xot by overwhelming the stur dy descendants of the Anglo-Saxon race with the unceasing waves of fear driven immigrants, to whose character and education we show complete indif ference. Xot by admitting them to full citizenship, with power to change laws not understood by them, before they have become acquainted with the language and institutions, or, before they understand that limited liberty is true liberty. Xo, not by such methods will the American people long live un der a just and equable government- First Unfurled. The ship Bedford, Capt. Moores, be longing to Massachusetts, arrived in the Downs on Feb. 3, 1783, passed Grave send the 3d, and was reported at the custom house on the 6th instant. She was not allowed regular entry until some consultation had taken place be tween the commissioners of customs and the lords of council on account of the many acts of parliament in force against the rebels of America. She was loaded with 487 butts of whale oil, American built, manned wholly by American seamen, wore the rebel colors, and belonged to the island of Xantuck et, in Massachusetts. This was the first vessel which had displayed the 13 re bellious stripes of America in any Brit ish port. The stars and stripes had appeared on British soil before that, however. In the “Life and Remembrances of Elka na Watson,” who was a noted philan thropist and sturdy patriot of Philadel phia, the following incident is related: It is of interest, because it is probably the first authentic painting of the flag. “At the close of the revolutionary struggle, having on the occasion of Lord Howe’s relief of Gibraltar re reived 400 guineas, the result of a wag er, and the same day dining with Copley, the painter, he resolved to devote that sum to a portrait of himself. The paint ing was finished all but the background, that being reserved by Copley to repre sent a ship bearing to America the in telligence of the acknowledgment of independence—a rising sun gilding the stars and stripes of the new-born nation from her gaff. All was completed save the flag, which the painter did not es teem prudent to insert, as his gallery was a constant resort of the royal fami ly and nobility. * I dined with the artist,’ says Watson, ‘on the glorious sth of December, 1782, after listening with him to the speech of the King formally receiving and recognizing the United States of America as one of the nations of the earth. Previous to dining, and immediately after our return from the House of Lords, Copley invited us into his studio, and then and there, with a bold hand and master-touch and Amer ican heart’—the painter was John Sin gleton Copley, of Boston— ‘ attached to the ship the stars and stripes.’ Thus, while the words of acknowledgment were still warm from the King’s lips, the late rebel, but henceforth free col ors, were displayed in his own kingdom and within a few rods of his own palace.” —London Political Magazine. Leonardus