Newspaper Page Text
®l)c prison JHirror.
Vol. VI. —No. 50. ONLY. Free from all care In his boyish play, A face as the sunlight, cheering and gay; The pride of a mother whose arms entwine— Only a sip of his father’s wine. A growing knowledge with manhood’s strength, A mind far-reaching in wisdom’s length; A smile for the merry, for the grieving a tear— Only a glass of the foaming beer. Shining in circles of mirth and song, A love of the right, and a hatred of w-rong; A friend to be sought for whose friendship is gain— Only a toast in the bright champagne. In the manly face a line of care. Some silver threads in the dark-brown hair; A cloud on the brow, in the eye. alas! Only an occasional social glass. A figure bent in the noon of life, A weeping mother, a pleading wife; A weakened brain, and a mind grown numb— Only a drink of the fiery rum. A squalid room in an attic high, A pain-wrought moan, a pitiful cry; A bundle of rags ’neath the rafters gloom— Only a dying drunkard’s home. A coffin of pine, unfinished and rude. A widowed mother with starving brood; A lonely ride o’er the rattling pave— Only a pauper’s nameless grave. —Charles Evyene Banks, in The Banner of Gold. SILVER. To Buy, or Not to BuyP That’s the Ques tion. Side Lights on Finance from Prison Precincts. In view of the great financial distress of the country, every lover of honest money, who desires to see an end to the existing distress, should demand from congress an unconditional repeal of the Sherman act. Every time the silver question has come up, there has been some talk of a substitute. We do not want 'any more substitutes or compro mises. The act can be repealed without any promise of substitute, or anything else thought to be less disastrous. The country would experience no difficulty of this kind if there were no attempt to force upon the people depreciated money and false semblances of money under the compulsion of legal-tender acts. If the government was satisfied to define a dollar and coin a dollar and let the people take it for what it would bring, we would be rid of most of our currency troubles. C. A. E. The Sherman law was a step in the right direction. The people should have the profit on the coinage of silver, in stead of the owners of silver as under the Bland law. All silver offered should be accepted by the authorities of the people, at its commercial value, and paid for in silver dollars. The silver so obtained to be coined and made a full legal-tender and exchangeable for gold. The ten per cent, owned by national banks in the bonds deposited in Wash ington as security for the national cur rency should be paid, and the bonds canceled. The national bank currency should be assumed by the government and redeemed with silver. Then coined silver would take its place in the mark ets of the world with United States bonds, their only value being the se curity of the people of the United States backed by their wealth and industry. OSSIAN. Bradstreet’s report of the annual pro duction of silver in the last twenty years, demonstrated conclusively the fact, that the decline in price of silver bullion has kept pace in close ratio to the increase of production. The silver advocates maintain that this has no bearing on the question; but, at the same time, they have not and do not seem capable of bringing forth any other sound reason for the cause of the decline in price. The people of the United States have most certainly lost confidence in silver as a measure of value; and, it is this loss of confidence that has caused the stringency in the financial circles, the stagnation of trade in the commercial world and the indus trial depression in the manufacturing centers. People who have money re fuse to lend, hence no new enterprises are begun, or, else remain unfinished; consequently it is “hard times” for everybody. How has this loss of confi dence been brought about? Simply by the fluctuating value of silver, for a “ IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, JULY 20, 1893. fixed standard of value is a necessary accompaniment of confidence, and without confidence, no credit, for 90 per cent, of the commercial transactions are conducted on the credit system or basis. One thing is assured, and that is, that the United States alone, with out the co-operation of the European powers, cannot maintain the value of silver. Observer. President Cleveland’s call for an ex tra session of congress is no doubt the right step in the right direction. Ever since the success of the Democratic par ty to place their leader at the helm of the ship of the Nation, a depression in financial and commercial circles has been felt. Some of our leading indus tries ceased to operate; our imports in creased, while our exports decreased, with the exception of gold shipments, which flowed across the ocean while the head of the nation and his advisers stood by, powerless to prevent it. until now, it has become a dire necessity to pass measures to repeal the Sherman act. But whether the repeal will take place, and, if it does, whether it will put us on a sound and safe financial basis, is much to be doubted. 'What we need is a money, whether gold or silver, which will represent its full face value, here and abroad; and, until we get this, the trouble is likely to continue. My idea is that no man should pay more for a thing than what another man can buy it for. The government might better buy wheat, corn, hogs or iron, and store those useful articles away against a ramy day. than buy sil ver. Nobody wants to haul along a lot of silver when he goes to buy a bill of goods for cash. If government is just to issue good-fors on the security of 50 cents worth of silver and 50 cents worth of Uncle Sam it might just as well go a little further and give us a dollar’s worth of Uncle’ Sam and have done with tinkering. There is no stability to the value of silver, it is a trade com modity; why then fuss with it except for small change purposes. While we are fussing everything is going to pieces and there won’t be enough of the body politic left for a decent inquest if the doctor’s don’t agree quickly. As I saw it put in some paper lately why should 61,000,000 people be heavily taxed to maintain 2,000,000 ? (?) Glancing over the silver question we find that those most interested are a clique of mine owning politicians. They need a market, the government is their market, if that market fails them the price of silver will decline; naturally their cry is “ more silver.” But if the government continues its purchase of silver, the decline will result, for like all marketable commodities, competition would lower the price, and unless pro duction ceases, the decline will con tinue. The former price of silver was 90 cts., an ounce, to-day 71)4 cts., a loss of 18)4 cts., on every dollar* heretofore coined. If production continues in the same ratio, the decline will also con tinue in the same ratio, and this loss in value is sustained by the people. The intrinsic value of the dollar is to-day, 64)4 cts., the people pay 100 cts., for it a loss of 35% cts. Added to the 18)4 cts., loss in the price paid for silver we have now a total loss on every dollar coined, of 54)4 cts. Who gets the 35% cts., profit? Leonardus. In 1862 specie payments were stopped. The legal tender substitutes fell below par. Then gold was made the only ten der for the National debt and interest, and was followed by the demonetizing of silver. This, I believe, brought on the panic of ’73 and the subsequent hard times, out of which grew the agi tation for silver resumption, as business improved. Not touching ihe grand work of Mr. Bland in presenting the common people’s ideas, we come to the “Sherman law,” to which is charged all of the disturbance in commercial circles. The “Sherman act,” is not the cause, but an effect that followed previous legislation. I believe the Mexican idea is the best, viz: Issue bonds to such an amount as to compel an international agreement in regard to silver. If the shipping of a few millions of gold from this country caused such a scare, it is natural to suppose that ten or twenty times as much drawn from abroad would make them come to time. Mac. America is the victim of two physi cians, her gold doctor wishes to demone tize silver if he could hoodwink con gress as to the consequences. The silver man wants to boom values by opening all the mints to free coinage. ’ As com promises we had the Bland, then the Sherman laws. The advocates of legal tender of silver in Europe would like to see the United States cast their re serves of silver on the market that dis asters produced would compel the trad ing nations of the world to meet the difficulty by an international arrange ment. Such a course would cause a terrible wreck of prices in American trade, but the direct loss would be in considerable compared to the ruin caused in Europe. If silver should fall ten or fifteen cents lower, which it will do if the Sherman and Bland acts be repealed, the collapse of prices through out the entire west would be enormous. The price of silver has varied with the price of grain, for every cent of deprecia tion in the one has there been a corre sponding fall in the other. What then will the harvest be? Brigiiam. Crime versus Cure. At the recent Prison Congress assem bled at Chicago, the subjects of refor mation and prevention of crime were freely discussed by theologians and the representatives of justice and right; and, after a perusal of their papers and lectures on the question of “ How to Re form the Criminal,” I cannot but give them credit for some scholarly ideas on the subject, that indicate to some ex tent, their earnestness in trying to solve a problem that has nonplussed so many wise thinkers. But of the many pa pers read before the assembly, I failed to see one that gave the criminal's view of the question. Perhaps he might have advocated the removal of the police force or similiar injurious theories that would have combated all ideas of socio logical equipoise. I may err in giving my solution of the question as I see it, yet, to my mind, it appears more logical to remote the cause, than attempt to remedy the effect of crime. To illus trate I will refer to that terrible conta gious disease, Asiatic cholera. Many councils have been held to devise plans to prevent the spread of the dreadful scourge, and it has finally been advocat ed best to locate its cause and exter minate it, thereby avoiding future dan ger. Xow, with reference to the ques tion of sociological interest before the Prison Congress, would it not be more logical for them to decide as to the causes that create criminals, and having so decided, put their combined strength and influence to work to remove and exterminate them? By such action they would not only save a coming gen eration from contributing to the crim inal class, but it would also remove the incentive to commit crime, that the present class of criminals *would most probably return to after going through a process of reformation in one of our Uriah Heep factories that the prisons of to-day are becoming. The efficiency of the present systems that are advo cated as remedial to the habits or cus toms of the criminal, is like telling the confirmed drunkard that he must not drink and then leaving liquor conven ient for him to obtain if he desires it. But remove the liquor that has caused his ruin and in time he will never de sire it. As to the causes of crime, they are manifold. But we may confidently as sert that liquor and sporting houses Xcomc. I SI.OO per year, in advance, i cnMS. ( gj x Months 50 Cents. tend to produce the greatest majority. Other causes are of minor importance as compared to the evil effects of liquor and sensuality. It is to these two causes that I will coniine my remarks, they being the greatest and most neces sary of extermination if reform would be accomplished. The liquor question has been dealt with by able writers and speakers of the many temperance leagues in the civilized world. Its de moralizing effects have been illustrated by holding up to public inspection the wrecks of humanityflliat once had claim to be called men. Yet the dealers and manufacturers of this deadly poison show many reasons why it should re main in the markets of the world; still, a fair and rational being cannot but perceive its deadly effects upon the community wherein it is used. Some claim it is a stimulant for the temperaments of men. As well claim that chewing gum is necessary to pre vent women from talking. To obtain this poison human beings will commit almost any crime. Some, who having once tasted intoxicants, go down, down to the very lowest condition capable in man. They are men and women no longer, their individuality is lost in the hazy fumes of liquor. The many crimes committed under its terrible influence should be charged to the liquor seller and manipulator instead of the victim of its deadly influence. Whether the forbidden fruit in the garden of Eden is founded on fact or not, we may be sure that mortals are not gifted with the attributed self-de nial of mythological gods, nor should be deemed capable of withstanding the fumes of intoxicants. Experiei.ee has taught men otherwise. To effect a remedy of the terrible condition of men and women under its power, we must stamp it out of existence. Remove the viper, strong drink, from their daily path in life and men will walk straight and their morals will become more pure. Until liquor is driven from our country, men and women, and even little chil dren will feel its deadly fangs and from its effect become demoralized and an easy prey to all the evils attendant on life. Next in consideration are the houses of immoral traffic that are chartered and upheld by emissaries of justice. As one of the great causes of crime they are as injurious to the morals of a people as is the bite of a poisonous serpent to the physical condition. To prevent the dire results of these luring dens of de pravity, strong remedies should be ap plied. They are a licenced menace to the moral civilization of any country wherein thfey exist. As well licence the leper to remain in our midst to contam inate all he comes in contact with, as to permit houses of sensual traffic to ex ist at the cost of a nation's morality and honor. That such an evil should exist, in a country that advocates hu manity and justice as a divine interpre tation’of the will of God for the eleva tion of mankind, must all law and just ice be but a travesty on that which is good and pure ? That men and women can assemble in congress and calmy de bate and theorize on the reformation of criminals while such fearful induce ments to increase crime exist, is as il logical as would be the action of a number of doctors who would start out to cure bites of poisonous vipers; leav ing the vipers to continue their death dealing among the people. I can see no wisdom in such methods to prevent crime. It 1 would be better to stamp out the causes that make criminals; with that accomplished the criminals will re form themselves. Petora. Mrs. T: “ These shoes don’t fit me at all.” Mr. T; “Why, they look all right,” Mrs. T: “Well, they don’t fit anyway, I’ve had ’em on nearly an hour and they don't hurt in the least.”— Puck. Miss Playfair: AVhy did you make such ardent love* to her at the Fair ? You were not serious? Jack Majilton: No; it was only a souvenir spoon.— World's Fair Puck.