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Vol. VI.—No. 52.
For The Mirror. ECHOES OF THE PAST. Every footstep wakes an echo From the distant sombre cote, From fair vale and sunny meadow, From the mountain peak above. Every footstep wakes an echo From the still and slumberous night. From the starry realms of heaven. From beyond the verge of sight. Every footstep wakes an echo From the caverns by the sea; And through mem’ries halls re-echo All the past again to me. May Durst. Minneapolis. July 31,1893. IMMIGRATION. Restriction of All Aliens Advocated, More or Less Stringently— A Farmer's Plea. The most popular opinion regarding immigration at present is “restriction, keeping out the had and admitting the good. Such a thing would be very well if we had men capable of culling good from bad at sight. But where are such men to be found? Men may come here from foreign prisons with the best in tentions to shun evil companionship or for the purpose of reforming. Can we with justice refuse such men an asy lum? I think not. Of course we should not allow foreign countries to dump the contents of their penal and pauper institutes upon our shores. But every able bodied man, I believe, should be admitted. Grading must be done by appearance and one seldom finds a real bad men who cannot put on a good ap pearance. SI'NOL. There is one class of immigrants I am in favor of keeping out of the coun try. It is that class that liock to our large cities and huddle in the most mis erable quarters, surrounded by filth and squalor, becoming the breeders of vice and crime. It is in such places that that crying evil the sweat-shop abounds. It is from this class that the working man cries to be delivered. This class of immigrants are in every way undesira ble; they are the cause of the working man's wages being reduced. They rarely become citizens and consequently do not vote unless some unscrupulous politician takes them in hand and for a specific sum votes them in droves. To this class no quarter should be shown; the government should do its utmost to keep them out of the country. Y ox. The poorhouses, jails, lunatic asylums and prisons throughout the land are overcrowded. Such institutions are the necessary evils resulting from our social systems. If immigration is not restricted, these institutions will have to be increased in size and number in order to accomodate the offal of foreign nations. It is necessary to the welfare of this country to keep this element from mingling with its society. "Were they permitted to land they would be a burden, as well as a menace to the country. But let all come that are capable of understanding our constitu tion. and who are willing to obey and defend it. Good citizens are wanted in this country to build up our decayed social system. If foreigners will co operate with the native Americans in doing this, the country will be benefited by their allegiance. ' C. C. If America is to uphold her name as a great and mighty nation, her legisla ture must pass laws which shall pro mote the general welfare of those who are already in this country. In order that this may be done, they must lay aside prejudice against the one and pass a law restricting all aliens. Low wages seems to be one great cause of the nu merous strikes in the United States. Plenty of anything lowers the value of it. Therefore it is the abundance of laborers which cause capitalists to low er wages, believing that, as laborers are plentiful, they can get work done at any price. Go to the great work shops of our country and there you will find nearly every nation on the globe represented. It w ould be well to check 1 ®he flrissoii JHitxor. “ IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, AUGUST 8, 1893. the indow of foreign laborers so as to keep the work-shops of our country from becoming too crowded. When that is done I believe strikes will be come less frequent. A. H. C. In considering this very important feature of our government, the question naturally arises, is it consistent with true American democracy to restrict immigration. Should we not rather welcome good men and women to our shores who come here to find a true elysium. who will aid us to develop our vast mineral and agricultural resources, and build up the country generally; men who will lay down their lives if need be for the country they have ac cepted as theirs. For such men and women we have abundant room and can point out to them with pride our vast fertile tracts of land upon which they may establish peaceful and pros perous homes. But the lazy, the shift less and unprincipled class* must keep out. For those we have no use, and provision for their 'detection and laws for their immediate return whence they came should be made accordingly. I think this country has so far ad vanced as to need more care about let ting the scum of foreign countries set tle upon its shore. Immigration should be restricted to certain conditions: First, the character and habits of the intending emigrant should be inquired into before leaving his own country: Secondly, he should be able to read and write at least in his own language: Thirdly, the government should enforce the laws prohibiting companies or cor porations from importing foreigners to labor for them, or to be hired out under the contract system, as the Six Com panies of San Francisco and similar companies in Pennsylvania, who im port Italians, Huns, Poles and Bohemi ans by thousands to work in the mines, for the lowest of wages. These are the lowest and most degraded people of the world, who care nothing for our laws or government, nor have any desire to become American citizens. Immigration in times of prosperity, when there is plenty of work for every body, is all very well, but in the coun try's present situation, overrun with la borers w r ho are looking for work and cannot find it, I think it time to stop this infiux of aliens. 'What benefit does this country derive from immigration at the present time? Xothing. The capitalist gets the benefit, as it is his opportunity to cut down wages and pile up a few' more thousand dollars. The immigrant is not to blame if wages are cut down, he has to live and will work for what he can get. As long as the gates are open to let in 500,000.0 r more immigrants every year, there will be strikes, increase in criminals, so-call ed tramps and misery everywhere. It is time for our legislators, who have so much feeling for the American work ingmanfbefore election) to pass a law restricting immigration. Then we can say, "America for Americans." Hitherto this “land of the free, and home of the brave,” has furnished an asylum to all immigrants, irrespective of race or creed; and in the futurg will always welcome to its shores, those races, that in the past have shown the desire and capability of becoming Americans in all that the term implies. Previous to 1886, the great majority of the immigrants w r ere "either Irish, Ger man, or Scandinavians who readily adopted our customs, habits and ideas. But since that period a decided and vast change has taken place, and to-day the class consists mainly of the repre sentatives of the Sclavonic and Semitic races; from eastern, central and south ern Europe; and who are ignorant, in stable and anti-social, utterly incapa ble of becoming assimilated, and who will alw'ays prove a source of weakness, and a disturbing element to our gov- eminent. The time has most certainly arrived when the United States, simply as a matter of self-protection, must adopt restrictive measures against such classes. Observer. To exclude, or place such restrictions upon any one race as will make exclu sion the practical result, is to narrow our declarative and constitutional prin ciples. When, however, those restric tions are placed alike on all aliens, re gardless of race or color, we do not then deny, but apply those principles. The right to preserve our government, our laws, our social organization and our educational institutions, and to hand them down to our posterity, if not im proved, at least as good as when re ceived by us, we, in common with all ■nations, possess. By the manner in which we exercise this right will the judgment of the future be passed upon our age. If we, having the right to ex clude from our shores all those individ ual elements of society whose presence is detrimental to the body politic or to the members thereof: If* we, knowing the need of restraining the evils arising from free immigration do not check them, then any judgment that the fut ure may pass upon our political wisdom no matter how severe, would be justly rendered. Leoxardus. * One Lung What is the object of restricting im migration? To protect the laboring man from the incursions of foreign labor. Would that not be class legis lation, consequently unconstitutional? If the laborer suffers from unrestricted immigration some one must gain. Who? The manufacturer to some ex tent. but above all the farmer. The farmer with 50 cent wheat, a (50 cent dollar and a heavy protective tariff al ready adopted for the supposed good of the laborer is heavily handicapped. Why close to him the only door through which relief may come? Prevent by all means the immigration of pauper, criminal and diseased, but admit every intelligent willing toiler: he is worth SIOOO in gold laid down in Xew York. Don’t hold him in the large cities till you suck the juice out of him; ship him to till the soil where he will be a use ful earning unit, instead of a useless, devouring, consuming sore spot on the body politic. There are millions of un occupied acres and numerous unprac ticed industries, cultivate these, but uphold the pillars of the temple of liberty. J. B. C. A. E Different conditions require the ap plication of different principles. Surely the condition of this country has changed in the last hundred years. If not there has been no progress. But there has been progress; and earnest men are studying how to meet the changed conditions. In the days of Washington,- Jefferson and Adams, im migration was encouraged. There was no danger of the riff-raff of Europe coming. Pioneers are not made of such material. That time has gone by. The best thought of the country says immigration ought to be restricted. The great labor leaders say it ought to be prohibited for twenty years. I in cline to the latter, for several reasons: First, to be consistent: Secondly, this country is well supplied with laboi’ers, in fact there are too many of them al ready: the trades which are now con trolled by foreigners need to be Ameri canized. * The only way this can be done is by substituting American appren tices (who have no show now) for the foreign incomer: Lastly, if there is any truth in the supply and' demand theory, it points to the prohibition of immi gration as the only solution. Mac. A. C. W. People cry, our forefathers were all immigrants, where is the nation that ever became a republic or monarchy without immigrants. Again that re stricted immigration is contrary' to our constitution. Does a law passed one hundred years ago, when the country was new' and thinly populated, apply to-day ? Law must be interpreted by the times in which we live. Again the desirable or moneyed class from foreign lands do not come, they send their gold here to form trusts and combines but they remain at home. It is the pauper, the criminal and the outcast that comes. A report to be laid before the coming congress on this subject says that seventy-five per cent, of the habitues of the slums of America are of foreign birth. Do we want those that tend to reduce the wages of the American workingman, who bring disease, and labor in the sweat-shops of their own countrymen. The recent investigation into slums, sweat-shops and contract systems should convince the most skeptical that immigration should be restricted to all who cannot stand an examination by our foreign ministers. I am opposed to anything that tends to degrade, and love all that tends to uplift. Brigham. I saw in The Mirror of the 20th ult.. an article under the title of “Crime versus Cure," in which the writer does not appear to be quite clear on the sub ject of liquor traffic, lie says: “The liquor and sporting : houses are respon sible for the majority of criminal acts committed." I have traveled this world over: I have been in every country on the face of the known world, and where ever I have been, I have heard the drunkard's cry, “I was drunk or I should never have committed that crime. I was so thoroughly drunk, I did not know what I was doing.” Such is the drunkard’s plea. lie is not manly enough to say: “ I got drunk on purpose to commit that crime, for I had not the nerve to do it when sober. The article says: “ Uriah Deep factories, as the pris ons of to-day are becoming." The tone of this expression would indicate to the reader that the writer is being fed too much after hotel or uptown boarding house fashion. I think the warden can fix that for our friend, so that he’ll have no cause to complain of getting too rich food. As for houses of ill-fame, his remarks are subject to exception by any reason able judge. Men are the* natural and rightful supporters of women, and they signally fail to do their duty in this re spect. * Instead of organizing societies for the aid and protection of poverty stricken and helpless womankind, men waste their time and means in grog shops, and in efforts to demoralize those whom they should strive to elevate; rich and poor, educated and ignorant, are alike in this. The natural office of protection is prostituted to degradation. Man willfully coaxes or drives the poor girl to ruin and disgrace, deserts her and condemns her to a life of shame and turns to rend her as the destroying element of his purity, when he himself should be ground to powder as the in strument of her ruin. Professor. In a highly respectable farmer's fam ily, the father delivered a long prayer for aid to a poor family in the neigh borhood. After the devotions were ended his son said “ father if I had a barn and had as much wheat in it as is in yours, 1 would answer that prayer myself." Prayer is of no account* if not practically applied. lie who prays for help and does not strive to conquer sin and temptation, is like the drown ing man who yells “save me " but wont struggle after the life bouv boating handy. ft. T. W. Mrs. Ilicks: There is a burglar down stairs; you'd better go down. Hick's: You don’t want me to stain my hands in human blood, do you ? Mrs. Hicks: N-o; but Hicks: Then let the cook kill him, and I’ll stay right here, where I can prove an alibi.— Puck. He who knows only his own side of the case knows little of that.— J. Stuart Mill. Trnue. j sl-00 per year, in advance. I ERMS. j Months 50 Cents. The Plea of Crime Prayer. Forethought.