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Vol. VII. — No. 3. TO ALL WHO CLIMB. Not only those above the height, With love and praise and reverence I greet; Not only those who walk in paths of light With glad, untiring feet; Those too I reverence, toiling up the slope, And resting not upon their rugged way. Who plant their feet on faith and cling to hope, And climb as best they may. And even those I praise, who, being weak. Were led by folly into deep disgrace; Now striving, on a pathway rough and bleak, To gain a higher place. For wisely have they done, and passing well. To choose what seemed a dim and hopeless way. And upward from the choking depths of hell To climb as best they may. Remorse and burning shame and deep despair, These are the hell, its demons and its file; They vanish when the sufferer lifts in prayer His purified desire. Then dawns the truth upon him. dear and sweet; Flames cannot scorch him then, or demons stay; All heedless of his bare and bleeding feet, He climbs as best he may. O struggling souls, be brave and full of cheer, Nor let your holy purpose swerve or break; The way grows smoother and the light more clear At every step you take. Lo. in upward path God's boundless love Supports you evermore upon your way; You cannot fail to reach the heights above Who climbs as best he may! — Selected. CIVIL SERVICE. Spoils and Reform have Advocates— Political Parasites versus Business Methods As to ray views on civil service. Why 1 would say, just divide the civil service offices among the gang that threw the most mud, and howled the loudest for the conquering hero. Never mind the evil effect it may have on the country. The country was here before they came; and, from the latest volcanic authority, will still be here when they are gone. It certainly would be folly to leave the remnants of a fallen power in the good positions, when experience and knowl edge have nothing to do with the high standard of proficiency required. To the king belongs the spoils, and he that thinks otherwise is a —honest man. Cas-i-ban-o*k. “To the victor belong the spoils” is ■assuredly a relic of barbarism which a progressive civilization should never locate among its cherished aphorisms. But, should civil service reform, i. e., the assignment of official position from pure merit alone, irrespective of parti san politics, be confined only to the cheapest among the spoils and find its <;hief occupation in peddling out fourth class postoftices. Why not commence at the top—take the more valuable booty first—do away with all existing parties and institute civil service ex aminations for all official positions, from the White House to the cross roads postoffice? This, and this only, would be real reform. J. F. R.* I believe the so-called “spoils system ” essential to a democratic form of government. When we vote for a president we do not merely want to elect a figure-head, but we want to elect a man to put in motion and to carry out the principles contained in a party platform. We can not expect him to do it unless his assistants are of his way of thinking. Therefore, I say that if a man gets an office for being a good republican, it is perfectly right and proper if he loses it when a democrat is elected for the same reason, and vice versa. Besides this constant changing serves to educate our people; it gives more of us a chance to visit and nour ish our contempt for that which is “English you know.” Sunol. * Of. * 1 have faith in the people. When politicians become so corrupt that they are for spoils and spoils alone, it is to late to employ a wet-nurse in the form of a civil service commission composed of back numbers of those old defunct or dying political machines. They can only foist on this people a class of per petual office holders against the funda mental principle of a free sovereign people. The civil service should be purified by the infusion of new blood. Fresh and pure from every hamlet the “ IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, AUGUST 24, 1893. stream should How until the political sea is as pure as the source from whence it came. When the people find it neces sary to make a change, all should go and make room for new and clean ma terial in sympathy with those who are chosen to* take charge of the govern ment for they alone are responsible to the people. Ossian. Political party leaders, always de mand of those they have placed in pow er, some compensation for their trouble. The result is that the heads of their op ponents fall. No matter how faithful they have served their country, they must be removed to make room for the friends of the victor. Men that have become adept in the performance of their public duties are ruthlessly cast aside like worn-out tools. Green men are substituted. Consequently the tenure of office is so uncertain that it is regarded as a mere makeshift. The holder comforts his conscience by as suming, if he doesn't crack the nuts someone else will. If one is found to be true to his trust, the country should keep him in its service as long as he chooses to serve it honestly. Such are patriots. This republic needs patriotic servants to stem the tide of corruption that runs rampant through its civil service. C. C. It is not denied that under a free gov ernment political parties are unavoida ble. Where there is freedom of thought and action there will be differ ent views on political questions. Parties are not an evil; so long as they struggle for ascendency on the platform of principle there" is no danger; held in proper check and under normal con ditions, they are safeguards to our in stitutions. In fact, party, and the desire for power is what makes our institu tions what they are. The danger comes when principle is no longer the “ wager of battle, - ’ or when the parties lose sight of them in their scramble for pow er and place. So strong is the tendency to such demoralization, that good men having once gained position through party or principle, are often found to lapse from their former loyalty and en deavor to remain in power for personal ends. That is where wrong steps in and destroys principle and honest aims. Brigham. Buisness is business. There is no more gigantic and important business in this republican country than that of government in its minor details. All the subordinate clerks, book-keepers, messengers and other minor employees of Uncle Sam, are part and parcel of a vast easily controled machine. No in telligent merchant will discharge his entire force of employees because they are democrats when a republican gov ernor is elected. He would lcse valuable time and much money drilling a new lot of underlings into familiarity with inevitable routine. By all means change the heads of bureaux and departments, but hold on to all the good and faithful rank and file. The people are poor enough now without wasting millions swapping horses every four years. As surance of his position insures good work from an honest man; but the in and-out policy would make even a saint go for all in sight—at whose expense ? Most surely at the expense of the people. R. F. As with the individual, so with the nation; if spoils they will have, then for spoils they must pay. We who are here, are reaping the fruits of our sys tem, but the nation’s harvest has not yet begun. One is as legitimate as the other, for both are dishonest. Merit alone, should be the criterion of fitness for public office. No person is worthy of public trust who sinks behind a party rather than upon principle. The people want principle behind their business. The party who cry “spoils!” care noth ing for aught else; spoils they want, and unless the people insist on principle, spoils they will have. It will not be long before both parties see that civil service reform and not party adherence must be the guiding principle to public office. A large field is open to the party that shall first place men in office <hi their merits. If worthy, the people will keep them there; if not, they can send them to learn principle of us, who if not better, are at least but little worse. Leonardus. Civil service reform as practiced at present is a glaring farce. As politics are now run this great reform can not be accomplished, for the party leaders depend on the machine for support and operators of the machine expect to be repaid for their labor in spoils. The watch-word of both G. O. Ps is spoils. Heform they will have none of. The blow of the headsman's axe as it re sounds on the block, is music to their ears. The partisans will not allow this great reform to be instituted with out a struggle; for, if it was, the days of their usefulness would be over. They hear with alarm the voice of the people as it is raised crying to be delivered from their pernicious policies, and they plant their feet firmly, determined to fight it out to the bitter end. But the day of machine supremacy is drawing to a close. The protest of the people must be attended to; this system "of spoils must be abated, and the machine and its operators relegated to oblivion where they properly belong. Yon. In the face of the gigantic financial problem that confronts the present ad ministration civil service reform cuts but a sorry figure. And yet there it is as large as ever, and twice as pushing. Like Banquo’s ghost, li ’t will not down/’ and the politicians who hive exorcised this Frankenstein, are bitterly anathe matized by their “faithful” constitu ents. What a gala time this, would have been for the rank and tile? In the confusion and turmoil of what bids fair to be a heated session, liow r many fat sinecures could they not secure. How many favors could be granted and how many pledges fulfilled. And it is questionable wdiether it would not be the proper thing. In all lands and in all ages to the victors belonged the spoils; and it is but a hollow victory for the unterrified to land their candi dates in office and then retire behind the scenes, while the high salaried em ployee serenely puffs his partaga, and scowls on the humble inquirer. In different alike to threats and promises he waxes fat and lazy and oftimes im pertinent and performs such routine duties that a veritable tyro would soon find too easy. Wayne. The fact that civil service reform is advocated by any political party is proof conclusive that that party is not altogether given over to bad. Recogni tion of this principle will put a party on its merits pure and simple. As far as has been tried it has purified what ever branch of government it has been applied to. The corrupt and vicious element in politics will promptly step down and out when once they find that there is no plunder in sight. Ambi tious but corrupt men will find no supporters, mercenarv politicians no patrons. Powerful inducement to both to be sincere and honest. Civil service reform strikes at the root of machine politics. It starves it out. It makes public office a public trust. It substi tutes efficient service to the public for subserviency to the party. It raises the man, and manhood of the serving, and subserves the best interest of the served. For no government employee, knowing that his special qualifications and the faithful performance of his duties are ample guaranty for his main tainance in office, would vote against his conscience or work for measures detrimental to the welfare of his country. St. Crispin. Since its passage a decade ago, the Civil Service Reform act has on the whole been honestly- administered, and its scope has been constantly extended by both Democratic and Republican E residents. That it has struck a vital low r at the “spoils doctrine” no one w r ho has given the matter serious thought, or paid attention to its power, as a means of purifying polictical methods will deny. It is an old but true saying, “ that great bodies move slowly” and, in a country of d 0,000,000 inhabitants, public opinion upon ques tions that do not immediately affect them is a matter of slow growth. How far the principle of the act should be extended, and to w’hat positions and of fices it should be applicable is a matter of serious consideration. It is not to be expected or desirable that the heads of departments at Washington, or that the postmasterships and collectors of our large cities should come under this law; as they must of a necessity be in harmony with the policy of the admin istration; but all other officials with the exception of the diplomatic service should come under this law, especially those of the consular department. The government of the United States is and should be run upon the principle of a private concern, doing business in the interest of the public. The officers appointed directly and indirectly by the President have in the past compared favorably with those elected by the peo ple, if anything the appointed gain by comparison. In my opinion to say civil service is a fraud but mildly expresses it. For example say the postmaster at St. Paul upon hearing the election re turns last November, knowing his ap pointment term would soon be out, re signed and President Harrison immedi ately appointed another good republic an. Now by civil service law Cleve land would*be compelled to keep the latter appointee in office for four years. The clerical help would be retained and the enemies of Cleveland would fatten under his administration, while his friends no matter how competent, would be left out. I think the civil service law undoubtedly was brought into existence by the influence of those in office. It would certainly be hard to run a large mercantile or manufactur ing business with help that was opposed to your success. The way of keeping a man in office for life by law, simply because he is competent—while others are equally as competent—is unjust. Texas. Is every man guilty who is doing time in prison ? Is every man guilty who is put to death by lynchers? Be lieve me there is many a man in prison upon w hom justice would not look at all but allowed him to suffer at the hands of the law and the prosecuting attorney. And there is many a soul looking pity ingly from spirit-land on those who kill ed his body for another’s crime. The unfortunate who, out of funds and un able to find work, sets out from his own state to tramp elsewhere to seek work, while lodging in barn or fence corner, is seized and charged with the offenses of others. Thrust into jail, if happily he escapes mob violence, he is forced to trial without counsel or witnesses and found guilty to placate outraged jus tice and add fresh laurels to the brows of local law-limbs. And yet we are in the land of the free—too free with the poor man’s liberty. 11. T. W. but of the male sex, “seeks the bubble reputation.” Not “at the cannon’s mouth,” how ever, but by trying to prove Newdon an ignoramusj and that a rec tangular and curvilinear figure can be equalized. His name is W. P. More who wall accept postal card orders for his ideas at $1.50 per volume. He evi dently has but little of this world’s goods and wants more; but its more than likely he gets little by his venture. An electrical engineer who has labori ously figured on the subject says that 125 miles per hour is about as fast as we can travel by rail by electricity.— Ex. Tcomc. * sl -°° P er year, in advance, i tKMb. | Six Months 50 Cents. Observer Blind and Cruel. “ One More unfortunate, Rashly importunate,”