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Vol. VII.—No. 5.
For Tlic Mirror. Now is past the growing Summer; Soon begin the woods to sear; Flit the birds, from swan to hummer; All betoken Fall is here. Berries brightn’ing, flowers dying Mingle with the falling leaf; And the browning woods are sighing, Moaning low their yearly grief. 1 must go. as all creation. Swift across the stage of time; May I till my humble station Here, and reach the goal subline. SOCIALISM. Few Doubt Its Benefits, if Possible. Faith and Honesty Heeded To Win Success. The times are out of joint. A burden rests upon the common people. The burden must be removed. If Socialism will remove it let us practice its doc trines. The government of a free peo ple should be: “of, for, and by the peo ple.” Xot an oligarchy—a government for a few, by a few, and of fewer still. C. C. “The brotherhod of man” is the di vine precept handed down to us from Confucius, and the brotherhood of man is the dream of Socialism. All their theories, their plans and their actions go to attain that end. If we could all be thorough socialists, gone forever would be the scaffold, the electric chair, the dungeon and the deputy’s receptions. But Elysium is not at hand; and where one earnest hand builds up with care, a thousand grimy paws tear down in derision. The sacrifices of years are destroyed in a day. Separate Anarchism from Socialism and the scheme is well begun. They are not identical, but their names are identified as being in common among Americans, until they are separated, one will suggest the other. E. B. G. Socialism as 1 understand it, is a gov ernment whereby all have all things in common. A principle antagonistic to all laws, human or divine. Men are en dowed with different capacities; is it right that those of superior ability should not profit thereby ? Why should a man who by labor and toil has risen from the lowest to the highest position in commerce or finance share his hard earned wealth with his neighbor who has loafed and shirked his work ? Is it right to discourage ambition and en terprise in one and encourage idleness in another? Away with Socialism! Give me the old Republican form of government that our forefathers intro uced when they adopted the Constitu tion of the United States as the funda mental law of laws. One Lung. Socialism in its original purity was taught by Jesus, the Christ. He first presented to the world the lesson of the right of mankind to share equally in the bounties provided by nature and in the joys of this life. It presents in this nineteenth century the same aspect that caused that ’ mournful tragedy nearly nineteen hundred years ago. Its principle is yet held in derision and scorn by those who are hostile to every reform in our social or political life, as by the Jews of long ago. If the prin ciple was right then, it must be right to-day. Whatever obstructions are placed in the way by man, Socialism must eventually become the ideal of all humanity for the intellectual, moral and physical advancement of mankind. Ossian. Socialism is a little too closely con nected with Anarchy generally speaking to meet my whole approval. But dis pose of the intimacy with anarchy and Socialism could without a doubt be one of the leading ideas of this vast conti nent. But in spite of its unconquera ble drawback, I must admit that the I>oor and needy are most certainly bene fited by its influences, although its in fluences, regardless of its generosity, are inclined to be decidely detremental I t / . ®>e Jlrisuut |Wirnir. AUTUMN. ... • • “ IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.” STILLWATER, MINNES' to future generations. Socialism meets with too great an opposition to ever be come a success. This opposition its votaries will endeavor to overcome to fain a clear course for their operations, n so doing there will be created con stant repetitions of past revolutions and disruptions of nations and people. P. A. F. That the social conditions of our country need changing no one denies. True Socialism we can never hope to have. Some of its features will be adopted locally but very few by the na tional government. There is too much wealth arrayed against it. To under take to pass a law to help it would raise that old cry: “Class legislation.” Every man or woman who works should not only have the necessities of life but the comforts also. They can never hope to obtain them under present conditions. Co-operation will never be a success. It requires amalgamation of the differ ent nationalities, instead we have bick erings and jealousies. The agitation for government control of railroads, telegraphs and other great monopolies will no doubt be successful in the end. I f other nations have made a success of it, this one can. Mac. Socialism was beyond a doubt the original form of government. The early Christians were socialists who knew on ly laws of morality, the love of God and fellow-man. Selfishness and pure Social ism cannot co-exist; no man who will not take of what he has and divide it among his fellows can lay claim to pure, whole-souled Christianity or Socialism. Is it the right kind of government? Most assuredly, but not for this world. In Eternity we will have Socialism, If my ideas of the hereafter are right, but never in Time. Socialism means hon esty; and mankind is now entirely dis honest and self-seeking. The ministers of the so-called Christian religion are all “out for the stuff,” like their unpro fessing brethren. Abolish property and you may for a time maintain Social ism, but only for a while. It is not in humanity to agree for long on any subject. * ,T. B. Socialism —brotherly love is a spirit manifesting itself more and more every day, and is only a matter of time until it will control'the political parties of our Union. Its believers are the work ing classes who are in the majority, and these masses are looking forward to this long hoped for reform. It is be yond doubt in the ascendant. Some thing helpful must certainly come to better the condition of the laboring class; it is impossible to imagine that the wealthy are to continue to amass fortunes while the bone and sinew of our country are striving to avoid star vation. It is proverbial that the poor man will divide his last crust with his needy neighbor, while the rich gold bug lives in splendor. The different organizations and societies of our land are all socialistic, the anarchists ex cluded, and by uniting, which they surely will do, they need not wait for Bellamy’s Millennium. Brigham. * * * The socialist is often confounded with the anarchist, but that does the socialist a grave injustice. There is as much difference between the socialist and the anarchist, as there is between light and darkness. The anarchist would destroy the government, while the socialist aims to build up and strengthen it. Many of the socialist theories appear to be impracticable, but that is because the world is not ready for the evolution. But the peo ple are leaning more and more towards Socialism. The government and many of our cities have already adopted a few socialistic theories; for instance, the government controls the mail serv ice, and many of our cities control their water and gas works. Why not then go farther? Why not control flour-mills and other necessaries of life. Give the people the necessaries of life at the least possible cost, and this can only be A, SEPTEMBER 7, 1893. done by the government going into the business. The socialist is found in every rank of life and in every civilized country though sometimes known by another name. They are all looking forward to that glorious time when the brotherhood of man will be universally acknowledged. J. P. K. Eugene Bichter, in his recent work on Socialism, proves without a doubt that Socialism if practiced would be a complete failure. He shows the absurd ity of an eight-hour day; he clearly dem onstrates that were all to work only eight hours they could not produce enough to supply demand. Another mistake is compulsroy education. Every one should be educated, but when the people are forced against their will they always rebel. Compulsory education would be restricting the liberties of the people. Free medical attendance would stop competition among physicians; they would have the same salary wheth er they killed or cured their patients. There would be nothing to inspire sci entific research. There would be no de sire to enter the field of experiment. The United States his grown from thir teen struggling colonies into one of the leading powers of the earth under a Kepubiean form of government. This clearly demonstrates that our form of government and laws are superior to all others. Orton. Christ was the tirst socialist. Born to the mantle and philacteries of the rabbinical order, highly educated in the laws and prophets, he abandoned his caste and went among the poor and lowly for fellowship. Then.as now “the bowels of compassion” among the rich and exalted were not noticably moved to deeds of charity, brotherly love or mercy. lie advocated the uni versal brotherhood of man, as heirs with him of one Father. He enforced upon himself and his followers the community in property and taught only the love of God, and love toward man. Every lesson was based on these two divisions of the law of love. The early Christians were pure and perfect social ists; as long as they were forced to mutual reliance by persecutions, faith in the doctrine alone won proselytes. But when the religion gained ground among the great and became fashiona ble, simplicity ceased, the fundamental principle was lost sight of till to-day many of its pretences are a mockery and insult to the Master. R. F. * * * Philosophy divides mankind into two groups, the Platonic and the Aristo telian. I would look upon society as formed of two divisions. Under Social ism I would class all those who seek to better their own and the condition of mankind irrespective of race or color, wealth or position; under Anarchy I would class all those who seek to better their own condition at the expense of their fellow-man. Socialism means or der and advance along equal lines, with equal rights and opportunities for all. Anarchy means disorder and conse quently destruction of equal rights and opportunities. Order and progress are not necessarilly along well defined lines of finally established thought, limited by the will of a banker, a monopolist, or a politician, but it is the result of experimental departure from the es tablished order of society. Socialism is the ferment now working upon the people who are disatisfied with the es tablished order, and would find some thing better, it is the precursor of a better, truer, more equal condition of social life and as such I stand with it. Leonardus. Socialism means brotherhood of men. It w r ould also mean the Fatherhood of God were not the churches of to-day a libel on the life and teachings of Christ. The truth of this assertion is proved by the existence of what is called the “Christlich Sociale Partie,” in Germany. It is the antagonism of the churches to the aims and aspirations of the pro ducing masses that estranges them t cduo , j SI.OO per year, in advance, i bnMo. | gj x Months 50 Cents. from religion and drives them to skep ticism. socialism does not mean anar chy, but it does insist upon equality of men before the law. Overproduction is pleaded as the cause of the impoverish ment of labor. Socialism would remedy that by giving to the hungry, bread and to the ragged, clothes; and, by shortening the labor-day of the employed, would give work to the idle. Gamblers, spec ulators, money-mongers and manipula tors of finance are a menace to good government. Socialism would put them to work to earn their daily bread by honest, productive employment. Hence, Socialism is the creed of the working man. Educated, honest-principled, jus tice-loving and self-sacrificing men are the apostles who subject themselves to persecution and imprisonment for the dissemination of truths that Christ taught and which brought him to the cross. St. Crispin. The majority of the people in this country have but a vague and indefinite idea of what is meant by Socialism. The terms socialist and anarchist, to them are synonymous. This is a grave error, for there is a w r ide gulf between the two. Socialism may be defined as a system seeking to reorganize society, on a basis of co-operation of labor, and community of interest; by legitimate and lawful means. Anarchism on the contrary is opposed to any civic rule whatever; and seeks to destroy society by any and all means however violent and unlawful. The methods suggested by which this reorganization is to be accomplished are widely divergent, there are almost as many opinions, as there are men. That there are good reasons for the existence of the groups of socialists, especialy in the European countries, none who have given the forms of government existing in Eu rope study and attention will deny. The great trouble has been that they have attempted to accomplish the im possible; and thus have brought deri sion, contempt and imprisonment upon themselves, but through experiment they have become wiser, and gave their attention to the accomplishment of one reform at a time, and thus have made themselves a power. Observer. The Race Problem. Such is human nature that anyone, “ Within whose heated bosom throngs The memory of a thousand wrongs, ’’ will not take an unprejudiced view of things but will censure others and for get that he is also liable to faults. Knowing this to be so, let every Ameri can lay aside that prejudicial feeling and consider the race-problem in the South. The Negro element in that section has darkened the pages of American history with their inhuman deeds. Mob law has been severely censured by many and I hope necessary steps are being taken to stop it. A learned writer suggested that the Ne groes be colonized in a seperate territo ry. If such a thing coula be done with credit to our country the idea would be a grand one, but that is doubtful. Everyone knows that this unfortunate people have been trodden down so long, that they have become very low in morals, so base in thoughts, so fiendish in deeds, that even the outcasts of our Indian country refuse to recognize them as their equals, socially or otherwise. Would it be wise for the United States to give them a territory where they can have full sway ? The Negro fiends are scattering now, but if a territory were given to them they would be thrown in each other’s society and would result in a moral leprosy that would bring fur ther disgrace upon the fair name of America and cause the moral destruc tion of the Afro-American race. It is my opinion that if the Negroes would stop committing outrages, educate the rising generation in the paths of right ousness, it would not only stop mob law, but would solve the problem which has been so long agitating the minds of American statesmen. Choctaw Harry.