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Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater, Minn., as Second Class Mail Matter. The Prison Mirror is issued every Thurs day at the following rates: One Year SI.OO Six Months 50 Three Months 25 Address all communications, Editor Prison Mirror, Stillwater, Minn. THE PRISON MIRROR is a weekly pa per published in the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded in 18S7 by the convicts and is edited and managed by them. Its objects are: to be a home newspaper; to encourage moral and intel lectual improvement among the prisoners; to acquaint the public, with the true statu* of the prisoner; to disseminate penological informa tion. and to aid in dispelling that prejudice which has ever been the bar sinister to a fallen man's self-redemption. The paper is entirely dependent on the public for its financial sup port. If at any time there should accrue a sur plus of funds the money would be expended in the interests of the prison library. The Zumbrota, Goodhue County, Neics has changed hands and under the guidance of Mr. Herman Anderson will take an independent stand in political affairs. “Never too late to mend” is our mot to, and by this we stand in wishing our old friend the Litchfield Neics-Leclger “bon voyage” on his twenty-sixth jour ney. Though a little behind time the good will and wishes are wafted hence from our little desk. Owing to the demand upon our time and the necessity of curtailing our ex penses we have concluded to cut off some sixty exchanges from beyond the borders of our state. Many of them are old acquaintances parted from with re gret, but we consider it of paramount importance to use those sixty papers in other directions. The Sleepy Eye Herald seems to be at odds with detectives, county jailers, constables and other such parasites of crime; it wishes them an ill turn and would deprive them of their occupation and means of livelihood. For, speaking of our weekly condition report, it says: Discharged two and received none is a good record. Would to Heaven that the Mirror would give such a report every week until the Stillwater peni tentiary would have no inhabitants. The Mantorville, Dodge county, Ex press has our most sincere thanks for its very battering commendation of our efforts. AVe are pleased to say that this is only one, though somewhat stronger, of many encouragements. Such help ing words should be the unanimous ex pression of the state press, for we hon estly believe The Mirror is doing a work which will influence to good the destinies of many at present beyond the pale of social economy. CURRENCY. How easy it is to do anything, when the will devises the way, is shown by the rapid move ment of Northwestern crops by means of the certified check system of the Farmers’ Associa tion. Capt. Adams, the new G.'A. R, grand com mander, has an enviable war record, which, with his geniality and friend winning characteristics, undoubtedly gained for him the unanimous vote of his comrades. Upon the direct avowal from China that Amer ican citizens in China would not be protected if the Geary law was enforced, an order has been issued suspending all further action against the Chinese. The Celestials are getting tired of a jug-handled reciprocity. Man and byke are now absolutely ahead of horse and sulky. Sept, llth at Springfield, Mass., Zimmerman reduced the world’s record for one mile, with flying start, to 2:013-5 and at the same meeting Meintjes. the stuidy Soutli African, re duced the four and five mile records to 8: 57 3-5 and 11 ;9 3-5 knocking 31 seconds off the latter. Gladstone will not resign. He is evidently de sirous of forcing the Crown into an apparent opposition to the will of the people by dissolving parliament. He must feel morally sure of defeat, else would he not lose the opportunity of posing as the '‘tribune of the people” against an op pressive oligarchy of land owners and lords. Snake skin trimmings are said to be a fad for trimming for fall dresses among society women. “The trail of the serpent” must be well marked upon their minds; for according to tradition the daughters of Eve should have no kindly feelings towards that family of creatures. It would appear that America must produce a considerably better racer than the Navaho to defend the America’s cup. The Brittania has beaten the Navaho in every race in England and the Valkyrie, the challenger for the cup, has beaten the Brittania in the majority of races sailed. Hamilton Fish died last week at the ripe age of 85 and the doctors called it heart failure. When one considers the enormous motor power the heart produces through 85 years of active life, there is scant reason to wonder at its fail ure. His last official duty was to help negotiate the Treaty of Washington. One more staple commodity has fallen into the hands of monopolists. Iron is now controlled by a $30,000,000 syndicate, of which Rockefeller is the presiding power. Oil and iron under one thumb will make the people scratch for a living when the screws are turned against them, as they will be, with competition crushed. In the face of the railroad massacres of last week it would seem that the Federal government should take some curative steps. That such murders and manslaughters can be prevented is fully demonstrated by the percentage of deaths to travelers by rail in England. In 1891 the per centage of killed was 1 in 98,000,000. Yet they run trains with far greater frequency there than do we. Government however forces railroads to adopt every possible safety method and de vice, and obliges them to give employees upon whom onerous duties of watchfulness are im posed, sufficient time to rest. During the debate on rules Sept, the oth, Reed defended cloture and launched a pungent satire at the Democratic party ending thus: “In time this whole matter will become perfectly plain. I notice that less and less foolishness is being talked on the floor. Even the gentleman from Illinois (Springer) seems to show improvement with age.” Turning to the democratic seats he continued: “I know that bourbonism and con servatism held you firmly in its grasp. But the right will be triumphant. Your bonds will be broken. You will progress as all things do in time, for after all does not the world move?” The Kansas Populist idea does not take well in the South. The Atlanta Constitution, speaking for Georgia and that section says: “ The govern ors and the people of the Southern states believe that this is one country, with one flag and one destiny. They want no sectional discriminations, and no combinations that would build up one part of the country at the expense of another. They believe that a house divided against itself cannot stand, and they cling to the hope that the resources of our statesmanship and patriotism will crystalize into wise and just laws that will bring prosperity and happiness to our whole people.” It seems to be conceded in all European capi tals that the situation is very strained. The German manoeuvres in Alsace so close to the French frontier and so vividly recalling the humiliating conquest of 1870 was bad enough. But it was bitterness rubbed in to see the Crown prince of Italy riding beside the Emperor as honored guest and willing participant in this triumphant pageant. Siam is yet another thorn in the Gallic side; for the supposed easy victim, conscious probably of powerful support from some source, is now objecting to the constrictor process of absorption. France is nothing if not touchy to trifles, and may so work herself up as to require war-like hysterics to clear her system of humors. By an overwhelming defeat of Irish Home Rule in the House of Lords, Gladstone has two altern atives. to swallow his medicine and admit defeat or go to the country. He probably knows if he dare face the constituencies of Great Britain on this question now that they thoroughly under stand its scope. The fact that the metropolitan crowds greeted the vote with loud cheering in stead of expected riot is very significant of the sentiment of the populace of London. Every ef fort had been made to arouse ill feeling against the hereditary legislators by the advocates of Home Rule who anticipated such, though not so pronounced, an outcome. Should an appeal to the people be taken the battle will be fierce. The Unionists will, at the hustings, probably demand a reduction of Irish representation in parliament to a proper proportion as to population; with this added weapon in their hands, they may re turn to power with a majority large enough to reduce the number of Irish members by more than a liftl* which, when made, would leave them a comfortable working majority, which will probably be further strengthened by minor concessions to Wales and Scotland. Gladstone as a Statesman What are the qualifications of a statesman?. Insight into the feelings of the people, I think, is the greatest characteristic. Rapidity and positive ness of decision are the next in import ance. As Napoleon said: “I have felt the pulse of the nation; that is half my statecraft.” History gives many ex amples of the possession of these quali ties in such men as Washington, Ham ilton, Adams, liismarck and Cromwell. These men knew what they wanted; they knew their strength with the peo ple and they never subjected their hold to a too severe strain; consequently they succeeded. Mr. Gladstone is a splendid orator, understands adminis trative details, is a parliamentary man ager of great ability and a great worker. In fact, he is a great politician from a parliamentary point of view. He has advocated and opposed almost every policy in the region of practical states manship. He was a friend to the Am erican Confederacy and then espoused the cause of the Union. His first speech in Parliament was in favor of colonial slavery, then he abhorred it to suit pub lic opinion. He opposed the Crimean war, then favored it. He has incurred more petty wars than his rival, Beacons field, against whom he urged the policy of “Peace with Honor.” He originated a bill to have the government control the railroads and abandoned it. As to his want of steadfastness, I have said enough, but I cannot forbear to say a word or two on Home Rule for Ireland. Many times in late years he has said that England could never consent to a dissolution of the treaty of union, for it would cause a dismemberment of the empire. It was he who subjected the Irish people to the severest persecution they have suffered since the treaty of union was enacted. The most merci less coercion bill of the series he forced through Parliament against the oppo sition of the Irish members. After it was passed men were hurried to prison on nameless charges without even a drum-head trial. Some time ago I read an account of a remark that Gladstone made at a banquet. He said: “My most bitter political rival is now kick ing his heels in Kilmainham jail.” Are such remarks commendable in a great statesman ? It is said he had a great conscience. If so, it is an eleventh hour one. The defect of this great par ty leader is insight. His bills pass be cause he is an able parliamentary man ager. He can argue well on either side of a question. His late speech on Home Rule was considered the greatest of his life, but he could have done just as well on the other side. Compare his floods of impressive rhetoric with Parnell’s simple, earnest, straightforward and brief speeches, and judge which is the greater statesman. lie has won an emasculated Home Rule for Ireland, but not peace. Brigham. The Power of Little Thing's. When a certain Grecian artist was asked by his admiring friends why he drew so slowly and carefully the lines on his canvas he is said to have replied: “ Yes I paint slowly but I am painting for eternity.” These words, though spoken by one humble in life's calling, has in it a meaning full of grandeur, ambition and instruction. Since that time many have made their appearance in this world and departed without leaving behind one memorable deed, or even one word by which we may know that they ever existed. Some have tried to accumulate wealth, others have endeavored to place themselves on the topmost ladder of fame but failed in ignominious disgrace all because they did not realize the importance of little things. On the other hand we find that many of our great men were born in poverty and obscurity but step by step they ascended the ladder of fame, till crowned with glory, they were honored and admired by all. Their career is like the little brook’s that steals its way down the rugged mountain side, to the beautiful valleys below, singing sweet lullaby to its mossy banks, grow ing larger and wider until it becomes a mighty river, bearing numerous vessels of commerce to the business world. If w r e would be great we must do so by lit tle degrees. If we w r ould be rich we must save the dimes and the dollars will take care of themselves. If we would be happy we must find peace with God, be kind and obliging to our friends and remember always that “ A little word in kindness spoken, A motion, or a tear. Has often heal’d the heart that’s broken And made a friend sincere.’ - ’ “Did he marry the girl who could paint things on crockery ware ? ” “Yo; he married one who could cook things to put into crockery ware.”— New York Press. NEWS OF A WEEK. September 6. Money easing and trade improving. Capt. J. C. Adams of Massachusetts chosen G. A. R. commander. A motion to take up silver repeal carried by 16; majority in the Senate. Reed’s caustic speech defends cloture and rid icules democratic intelligence. Kyle, the populist senator from Dakota, lias introduced a bill for postal currency. Democrats defeat Speaker Crisp's new rules on quorum, leaving scope for filibustering. Aclieenese pirates boldly capture a Chinese vessel, murdering among others, one American and making captive two American women. September 7. A cyclone killed six at Raceland, La. A claim-jumper shot near Calispiel, Wash. Ten thousand suspended pensioners reinstated.. Some prominent state banks oppose the repeal of the state bank tax. Rioting by striking miners in Yorkshire. Eng.; soldiers aid the police. End-on collision on the Pennsylvania R. R., kills ten at Colheur near Chicago. County court judges of St. Clair, Mo., jailed for contempt of a Federal court order. A Colorado sheriff’s posse roughly handled by ambushed Mexican murderers and their friends. Three robbers secure SSOO and kill the cashier at Delta, Colo. Two, whilst escaping, shot dead by a brave citizen. Paying World’s Fair visitors numbered 201,044. Willis of Kentucky named minister to Hawaii, Minnesota Iron Co., fears a freeze-out by the Rockefeller combine. Geary law to be enforced and our fleet in Chi nese waters strengthened. Labor riots, cholera and Siam are the topics now agitating the English public. The President disdains any compromise on sil ver repeal though such is hinted at. Lords defeat Home Rule by 410 to 41. Crowds outside receive the news with great cheering. Serious rioting continued by Yorkshire miners. Police and soldiers overcome the outbreak so far. Franco-Siam question looms up ominously. Siam seems to have powerful backing or great nerve. Constantinople has cholera. Canby, Minn., devoured by lire. The Roman Catholic congress closes. France objects to comment concerning Siam. Fleury. the alleged robber of the bank at St. Paul, arraigned. The past panic ascribed to continued contrac tion by the X. Y. Post. Relations between President and vice-president reported somewhat strained. China visited by the most terrible flood of the century. 1,400 villages swept away. The Coroner’s jury’s verdict on the Colliuer dis aster arraigns the entire road’s management. The first presidential offspring born at the White House arrived Saturday. It is a girl. Gladstone, fearing defeat, declines to resign or to appeal to the country to be sustained. September 10. The congress of religions opens at Chicago. Senator Stewart vows to talk repeal to death. Paris will hold an international exposition in 1900. The Los Angeles Chinese in jail at San Fran cisco await deportation under Geary law. The Irish National League of America scores Gladstone as a pernicious foe to Ireland. Emperor of Germany visits Strasburg. Scur rilous placards in Frencli posted but removed before the Emperor’s coming. September 11. Bicycle records knocked endways. The House chaplain prays for the presidental baby. Senators continue to flood the Senate and records with pro-silver arguments. Two Duluthians, in trouble for attempted swindling of life insurance companies, escape. The Vigilant will defend the America’s cup against the English challenger Valkeyre. The Wisconsin Central wants rent for its leased road from the Northern Pacific. Wall Street and Chicago wheat and stock gamblers taking heart, are buying freely. War-like fever brighter in Europe than ever before. France the cause of derangement. China has openly declared that any enforce ment of the Geary law will render unsafe the lives of Americans in China. McKinley opens the Ohio gubernatorial cam paign. The Black Hills region suffers from terrible forest lire scorcliings. Recent dry weather not good for next year’s crop preparations. Federal election laws to he repealed if demo- Fleury, Howard and Miller so far held for the St. Paul bank robbery. Repeal of silver will be deferred some time but is sure of passing finally, crats can work their wishes. The state W. C. T. U. opened their cenvention with many visitors of national repute. Rush for homes in the Cherokee strip: disap pointment sure for one-half the seekers. Charles Lesseps, imprisoned for live years for complicity in Panama frauds, is pardoned. At Kendaville, Ind., train robbers attack th& Atlantic express and secure plenty of money. A. H. C. September 8, September 9 September 12,