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Vol. VII.—No. 9. THE CREATION. By God’s almighty word at first The heavenly arch was rear’d. And all the beauteous hosts of light At His command appear’d. The swelling floods, together rolled, He makes in heaps to lie; And lays, as in a storehouse safe, The wat'ry treasures by. Let Earth and all that dwell therein Before Him trembling stand; For, when He spake the word, ’t was made, ’T was fixed at his command. He, when the heathen closely plot, Their counsel undermines; His wisdom ineffectual makes The peoples’ rash designs. What e’er the mighty Lord decrees, Shall stand for ever sure; The settled purpose of His heart To ages shall endure. —Selected As earth from gas was primally evolved, Now earth made man to gas is oft resolved; When so inflated, he inclines to bawl His loud decryals of our beauteous ball. At such a time he lards his loud discourse With words, not drawing it to fine, quite coarse, Of course the course of his harangue is plain To those whose thoughts would reach a higher plane; He will explain, in loud agnostic vein. Man’s faitn in God to be belief in vain. Nuff Said. CREATION. Some Scientific Doctrines Reproduced. Others Confess Want of Power To Grasp Mysteries. The Hebrew word, which our Bible translators made day, means in its pri mary sense, epoch. With this fact in view what trouble is there to read the Bible by the light of science or study science by the light of the Word? The brief business-like concluding state ments of the one are in perfect harmo ny with the infinite detail of the other as they are written on each stratum of the crust still thickenning over a molt en mass. A. B. M. All theories with regard to the crea tion are merely suppositions. Man ought to be satisfied with his inheri tance from our first parents. Having eaten of the forbidden fruit, he be came as God, able to know the differ ence between good and evil. Why should we want to pry into the mys teries of the hereafter. But if theory you must have, I must confess to the belief that by the birth of the earth and other planets nothing material was ad ded to the universe; and that at their dissolution nothing will be destroyed. Matter is ever present, and w r ill be eter nal, to be used for what ever purpose required by that God whose creative power is beyond the comprehension of man. Ossian. Goethe says: “If a man write a book let him set down only that which he knows.” If The Mirror contributors strictly adhere to that maxim (and a very good maxim it is) in writing upon the subject, Your Idea of the Creation, I predict that you will have very short articles. The creation, the building of the universe, was an achievement so vast, so great, and so perfect, that it ap pears to me impossible for the human intellect to form any idea of how it could be done. There are men who claim to have solved the “how” but they do not agree on a “who.” Yet I cannot believe in their calculations till I can see a man who can tell me how a mosquito is built, and why, and prove his theory. Then may I believe that the mind of man is all-capable. SUNOL. From what I have seen of several parts of the world, I am led to believe that the creation was proceeded by vio lent volcanic eruptions which heaved up mountain crests, and as we are told, depressed ocean beds to equally vast depths. From this I must conclude that the chaos of the beginning was of an extremely hot and fiery kind. There are indications that water was present everywhere at some time or other. The water would create steam, so I can un derstand why scientists say that the vegetation of the coal beds was pro duced in a dim, hot stet.my atmosphere. “ IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, OCTOBER 5, 1893. My scraps of geologic knowledge lead me to believe that Moses, or the author of Genesis, was well read or divinely inspired, as his story tallies with their’s excepting as to the time to do the job. P. A, F. The greatest scientists of the world have made this subject a study for years not only that of this planet, but of oth ers, such as Jupiter, Venus, and Mars. Some claiming that Mars, at least, is inhabited or should be since conditions for the support of life appear to exist with mountains and valleys. But yet they have failed to agree on the sub ject of creation, whether the planet is round or hat, and many other things pertaining to this planet that are still mysteries to all. Beyond doubt there is a power behind the throne that controls all this magnificence and splendor sur rounding us. But what that power is wifi never be solved by man. It is be yond comprehension and I leave this great subject to others who are better versed in scientific researches than I am and dare soar to higher regions. Brigham. The works of God are wonderful. Even the smallest things of his creation are perfect; yet, I know very little as to how or why this world and all it con tains was brought into existence. If I have formed a correct idea from what I have read, this world was once a mol ten mass as some stars are now sup posed to be; and, as it cooled, the outside crust formed and the vapor was con densed into w r ater. A gradual process of creation for an unknown length of time w r as required before animal life was possible. I believe life is God or God is life, and that there never was a time when there was no life. Man is an individual realization of that life or spirit; consequently he is immortal. Whether he attained his present per fection by gradual evolution or not, I am unable to say; but I believe he has, for it seems that all ofLGod’s works are brought about in that way. B. E. T. ♦ * * One great difficulty of the understand ing of the scheme of the creation by the masses has undoubtedly been the stand ing taken by very many theologians as to the absoluteness of the six days in their literal meaning. Accept six days to be six periods of time and the story of Genesis is written in the layers of the earth’s crust, as plainly as on the leaves of a book in bold type. In the beginning gaseous chaos, gradual solidi fication and the formation of a dense pall of aqueous vapor around the cool ing mass. The vapor condensing w'as precipitated on to the now solid body as water. Thence forward the hand of science exactly points to each step of change. The very plants of the third stage clearly show that they w r ere the products of a steamy twilight, becom ing more attenuated till the clarified atmosphere let in the direct rays of sun and stars on solid trees. The steady sequence of shells, fish, reptiles, birds, mammals are just as plainly written on the earth’s successive strata as in the sequent verses of the first chapter of Genesis, even to the coming of man. R. F. Formerly the first point of disagree ment between scientists and the advo cates of the literal interpretation of the Bible, was the period of time of the creation. The scientists maintaining that the period covered tens of thou sands of years; the ecclesiastics and church-members, that it required only the period of six days. The literalists always assumed, that the day was of the duration of twenty-four hours; and in this assumption lay their gravest er ror, for if this assumption was correct, it would be irreconcilable with that passage in the Bible to the effect “ that a thousand years are as a day unto the Lord,” and the literalist would be con fronted with insurmountable difficulty. But the spirit of liberalism has made great progress in religious circles dur ing the last decade. The more the isj*-h&££i scientist and religious enthusiast have followed the biblical injunction of reasoning together the clearer has be come the fact that religion and science are perfectly reconcilable. That there is an Omnipotent power in control is now being accepted by both, with but few exceptions. Observer. As I was not present at the time the great event occured, I cannot say any thing positive as to how this mass we call the earth was formed. But this much I am forced to confess, that it is a much better world than I could have made. But if I was to try my hand at the creating business, there are many creatures that live and have their being that would most certainly remain in chaos; for instance: There is that fel low who picks his teeth with a fork, he would never find a foothold on the sphere, and that boor that knows it all would not be of the earth earthy. We are told by those who ought to know, that all things were created for some purpose. But it would puzzle some of those professors with the alphabet after their name to show what excuse the bed-bug has for living. Man is said to be “the noblest work of God,’’ and that he is but “ little lower than the angels,” the last quotation may have been true at the time of the deluge, but now, all he lacks is wings to be their equal. If you don’t believe me, read some of the epitaphs on tombstones, or the obituary notices in the daily press. Yon. * * * “ Backward, fly backward, O time in thy fiight. Nor pause till the birth of a new-born earth; Chaos from eternity is revealed.” Eternity—all we know, all that can be known is contained in these two words eternity—time. We believe there is an eternity and that time, had a beginning. What that be ginning was like we can only surmise. A ruling power, an illimitable chaos of matter, from these forces were evolved a gaseous formation that developed into the pre-mist or nebulous condition of matter; slowly through the lapse of ages the evolution continued, motion and pressure ever making more com pact the matter added by force. Yet the process continues, matter, force, motion and fire each lend their aid in the production of a universe, slowly the surface of the moving mass, hard ens only to be cast off and the process continued with the new and old until space is filled with a moving mass of superheated matter, water there is none for evaporation is more rapid than con densation, but after countless ages the temperature of the matter decreases, crusts are formed over the planetary masses, these receive the waters that are formed, they in turn produce vege table life, and after the lapse of further ages, man stood upon the earth and then—time was. Leonardus. Once all was space. This space be came pregnant with gases. These gases centralized and created other gases, un till the whole grew into a huge mass of vapor. Forces within, sent this gigant ic aeriform a whirling. Its component parts were of an antagonistic nature, consequently an explosion followed, which shattered the huge mass into millions of fragments. One of these parts was the germ of our world. Spin ning in space for thousands of years a thin crust was formed upon its exterior. The heated crust sent up vapors which were condensed and fell as rain. So great w r as the heat of the earth that the rain turned into vapor before it reached it. In time it became cooler and the crust thicker permitting the rain to reach it. For ages this primitive storm continued, until the mass became covered with water. The fire within sought vent and the rind was cracked. Volcanoes poured their fierce fires into the boiling sea. The whirling mass still became cooler w’ith in, making the rind thicker, until the waters too became cool. The rind be gan to contract, consequently it up heaved in some places. This was the first land. Then came a long period of desolation, followed by life. First, in Tcdmo j SI.OO per year, in advance, i tKMs. -j gj x Months 50 Cents. the form of molluscs, came fishes and reptiles followed. Animals now as sumed the form of half bird and reptile. In time the bird became distinct from the reptile, and the quadruped from the fish and reptile. Man—selfish biped is a descendent from the highest type of the animal kingdom—the monkey. My theory is the result of study and re search, not the dream of a visonary or sceptic. It differs from the orthodox account of the creation viz:—the God made the world out of nothing. Study has taught me differently. C. C. Handling; Crime. Most people in this country claim it is the most enlightened in the world, and it may be; but it does not make use of this enlightenment in the handling of the great social problem of criminali ty. This vital complaint of the body politic is treated with far more thought towards prevention and cure in Eng land and France as I read, and in Nor way to my certain knowledge. Though their methods are proven beneficial we with all our enlightenment do not seem to desire to benefit by the experience of others. In Norway, in all incorporated com munities there is a board elected called the Reconciliatory Commission, whose duties are to attend to “second degree” offenses. They call before them accuser and accused for the purpose of recon ciling differences, or of adjusting dam ages if any have been sustained adjust able by money. If the aggrievor is wealthy he pays to the aggrieved what ever is agreed on before the commission wfth court expenses added. If the man is poor he is bound over on his own recognizance after signing an agree ment to pay in instalments within a stipulated time, w r hich is adjusted to his earning capacity. If at the end of that time he has not lived up to his agreement he is imprisoned, unless cir cumstances are proved to be fully ex tenuating, in which case he is given an extention. Statistics show that very seldom even an extention is required or asked for. This covers all minor charges of assault, larceny or felony. By this simple means the rough hand of the law is removed from the poor man’s collar and he is given ample opportuni ty to demonstrate if criminality or ac cident or necessity were the motives of his offense. Look at our miserable method. A ragged shivering man steals a coat to avoid perishing in our terrible winter. Ninety days at the work house is his least dose. In Norway he would have been allowed the coat and given the ninety days outside to work it out and save himself from prison. In Chicago the other day a young man stole tw r o watches; it was his first of fense, his conscience scorched him; he returned the watches almost immedi ately, but was brought before blind justice who gave him one year in the penitentiary, making a criminal of one who abhorred his crime the moment it was committed. In Norway he would have had an admonition and court ex penses to pay. Our system defrauds the man offend ed against; it denies to a heart sore conscience sick first offender any chance of redemption; it places a burden on the state; and in many cases robs the innocent family of all means of sup port. . C. The most certain sign of wisdom is a continual cheerfullness. — Montaigne. On The Road. Tattersall: Wot ye been doin' lately, Wraggesy V Wragges: Travelin’ w'itha theatrical company. Tattersall: What part did you play? Wragges: Didn’t play no part. I joined ’em when they was walkin’ back to town! — Puck. Enamored Youth: May I hope to find a place in your heart ? Lady-Love (fin de siecle): If you hus tle. There are only a few choice loca tions left— Puck.