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3 -I Vol. VII.—No. 10. Not yet. not while the eyes are wet with tears; Not while the heart is swept by fears: Not now but afterward, when free, ■Standing in light, unshadowed, we shall see Why pitying Love burned, one by one. Our little idols, sometimes sparing none. But leaving us so bare that we would fain ■Call in sheer loneliness upon His name. Hereafter, when the tears are shed. When life’s last chapter lias been read. With all its troubled words, we shall be glad So many days He made us sad; Read, standing in the light, and know Love’s every reason for our woe. —George Klinglc in New York Observer. To Labor or Not to Labor, Is the Question. The knowledge of a good trade is no burden to carry, and is a fine thing for any man to have, whatever his position or condition in life; for, in this country, where it is “only three generations from shirt-sleeves to shirt-sleeves” every man should be prepared for an emergency. A trade or profession should be the foundation of the education of every American, no matter w T hat are their prospects in life. Every parent should be compelled by law to educate in some trade or profession all their children, to be able and ready to step forth to battle with the world, skilled in one of the various branches of industry that make up our national life. Look back to that strong manhood and pure womanhood that laid the foundation of this republic. You will find no drones, but every one was educated and able to bear a hand for the general good, with a definite idea of their responsi bility to future generations, to society and this republic. Ossian. It has been shown beyond all reason able doubt that a man with a trade suc ceeds better than one who has not. For instance, let two men start out from this institution, one with a trade and the other without, one a skilled machin ist or artizan, the other a laborer, which has the best chance to succeed ? Again, take two young men who start out from home together, one binds himself to a trade for three or live years and the other goes to railroading, etc., which will be most likely to see the inside of a prison? As that extract of a letter, From Youth to Youth in last week’s issue asserted: “It is not the kind of la bor we perform that crowns our lives with success, but the way in which we perform it. Some are destined to labor in one way and some in another:” L. * * * } I l J i / A trade is undoubtedly a good thing to have if it is of the right kind. In these days, with machinery brought to such perfection, most branches of trade are controlled by machines and a skilled mechanic is of little more account in those fields than a really smart or intel ligent boy of eighteen or twenty years. A few trades are still open to the* skilled mechanic but simply because, for in stance, a machine cannot dress a car case, lay bricks and stone or pipes. Those lines are overcrowded and the wages even in those are sadly reduced. To secure good wages all the time a man must get to the top notch. Ma chinery may be a blessing to the world but it seems to have given capital more control of labor than before. Still a trade will always keep the wolf from the door. J. H. It is seldom you.find a man nowadays, that is skilled in all the branches of his trade. Machinery and invention have driven the old times to cover. The shoes we wear for instance, are generally the combined effort of at least a dozen dif ferent hands. They produce a cheaper article, made entirely by machinery, but far inferior to the old hand-made shoes our ancestors wore. The only trades not affected by machinery are the trades of the builders, brick layers, stone-masons and stone-cutters. Ma chinery has injured all the other branches of the builder’s art. The de- ®l)c flnoon Jttirror. HEREAFTER. THE TRADES. The Advocates of a Good Trade Most Numerous. .-** • , , ;* ~r ' STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, OCTOBER 12, 1893. velopments of invention have caused a demand for machinists, blacksmiths, and moulders. These trades only have machinery benefited; with the exception of the afore mentioned branches of the the builder's art, it has injured all others. C. C. When the wheel of providence re volves and man finds himself bankrupt —every dollar swept away—a trade is a good thing to fall back on. How easy to take up your tools and go forth and earn a living for your starving family. Then are you thankful for that provi dence which called you to labor at the bench, the anvil, or the lathe in your younger days. Some men have eight, or a dozen trades at which they are ex perts. That expression, “.Tack at all trades, and good at none,” is all bosh. Make up your mind to be good at all you take up and you can do it. Some men are just as capable of learning and practicing a dozen trades as one. Some trades cannot be mastered without first mastering several others. It is no dis grace to have a trade. A trade will not hinder you from being a good man, a great man, or a Christian. A. B. M. SUNOL Being a Jack-of-al 1-trades myself and not having any particular affection for any speciality, I am sincerely inclined to believe a man can live (and right up to the handle) without being a master piece of drudgery. I will acknowledge that a trade is indispensable in the older countries, but upon this continent it is an entirely different affair. A Jack of-all-trades is the man that is in con stant demand. I prefer a variety of la bor. One trade, profession or calling to follow year after year, is too monot onous entirely for me. Some say a trade causes regular, steady employ ment and is less likely to develope crim inal inclinations. But that is all hum bug as many of the inmates of this in stitution can substantiate I can depend on my own faculties to live in a free country without a trade that requires a life to learn. Jack-of-all-trades and master of none is not a bad thing to be these changing times and I expect to live as one in the future. P. A. F. * * * A trade is a good thing to have, but you have to take that queer mixture of good and evil —the trades union—along with it. Thirty years ago a man with a good trade was independent, he set his own price, and named his own hours. If the terms were not agreeable, he went his way. If anyone has a trade now, he must join a union or be called a “scab.” Wages, and hours are named for him by a vote. His employers, and his union impose conditions upon him. He may have to quit work because some one, hundreds of miles away, has a little difference to settle. He must learn his trade by apprenticeship, the manual training school not being con sidered a desirable place to get recruits from. And as a shop has only a cer tain number of apprentices allowed at a time, often he cannot learn it that way, so he needs a “pull” as well as skill “to get there.” The tendency seems to be towards specialities in most trades. The specialist makes the dollar the all-round-man reputation. Mac. Beginning with the year 1870, and for a period of 15 years thereafter there ex isted a sentiment in this country, that a trade was an occupation to be learned only by those who had demonstrated their unfitness for a professional or commercial career; and consequently a person possessing a trade was con sidered to be of limited intellectual capacity. But during the past few years there has been a decided change of public opinion in this matter; and the value of a trade is clearly recog nized. The very fact that a man is equipped to earn his own living and maintain those who may be dependent on him by the skill of his hands, should the occasion arise, increases his value as an individual to the community and makes him more independent than he “ IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.” could otherwise be. This change of opinion has been one of the main causes of the establishment of the numerous manual training schools and institutes throughout the country, and these have superseded to a great extent the old system of apprenticeship. It is to be deplored that the system of apprenticeship has fallen into disuse in this country. LTnder the present conditions the American youth has but a poor show to learn a trade. If he dues learn one it is more the result of chance than any thing else. Denied the oppor tunity to learn a trade a man is forced to take the first thing that comes to hand. Xever sure of steady work and with wages barely sufficient to keep body and soul together, he is indeed to be pitied. When forced to remain idle with hunger and w r ant staring him in the face, his lot is anything but a happy one. How different with the trades man. The demand for first class me chanics is always greater than the sup ply. He is always sure of steady work at living wages, as a rule a mechanic that understands his business can command his price anywhere. To any one who wishes to give a young man a start in life, I would say: put him in a position to learn a trade; if he has stuff in him he will force him self on top. In the words of Daniel Webster “there is al ways room on the top.” Yon. *** There is no dodging the issue: Either work for your living, steal, or starve. Which will we do ? We will not starve, that is certain; then, either to work or steal remains. If we steal we must pre pare to spend at least half our lives in prison. And what an outlook! In the power and at the mercy of keepers and jailors who have no sympathy for you; who, knowing nothing but their duty, are oftimes harsh in its discharge. Fed on plain food and compelled to work whether willing or not. Deprived of free speech and bereft of the society of women, what becomes of us ? A few years and we descend to the level of the beasts of the field. Turn to the other side. Instead of starting in to steal, I learn a trade and go to work. As time rolls on the habits of temperance and industry gradually absorbed by the steady worker develop those habits of economy which always come to honest labor. About the time the thief is dis charged from prison with a few dollars and an enfeebled mind, the man with a trade has several thousands in the bank, owns his own home and lives in peace and happiness surrounded by his family. * R. Every man should learn a trade no matter whether he ever works at it after having learned it or not. A trade is in itself an education, but when to the trade we add an education, be it special or technical, we are better fitted to fill our station in life no matter what that station may be, than if the trade or ed ucation alone had been acquired. By many the acquisition of a trade is con sidered degrading; yet, each male mem ber of the German imperial family must learn a trade, thus refuting the theory of degradation. Others, again, think that they have no time to learn a trade and secure an education. That is a mistake. Work at a trade; and, if you think you can be successful in some profession, study it. The time so spent will be a rest and a profit. If, having acquired both trade and profes sion, we find ourselves more proficient in one, that is the one to follow. The trade has aided us to develop our minds and no matter what department of life we afterwards fill, the knowledge will be a benefit. If many of those who have learned professions had also learned a trade, humanity would have been greatly the gainer. Leonardus. Tunnellingr Under Difficulty. Well, boss, Hi dunno much ’bout in gineerin’, but blest ef I don’ tink de job we uns did de udder nite, out un’er de rail ro’ trak’s, a right smaat bit uv dig- ■V ' gin’. Yue see, dere wuz dem tracks an’ dere wuz a dich fifteen foot deep up on bofe sides De hed boss, sez he, “Now. Slim Jim, jess yuse git down an drive strayt fo’wads es fas' es yuse kin till yuse runs egin de w r un es is a diggin frum de udder side. So Hi slid deoun till Hi stek, coz the dich wuz’en too foot wide at de bautom—wall, boss, yue see, Hi is wideh. Hi dun mik a playse fo’ miself en sez Hi, “Boss, ef yuse puts a smallehman den me in frunt yuse won’ wan’ tu mek so la’ag a hole.” But sez he, “Wha’ yuse go de res’ kin folleh.” Den sez Hi: “Spose Hi stek heah an yuse all cahn poul me bak agin, wha’s gwine cum o’ mi ten chilluns—will yue be a fadeh to de fadehless and a husban’ to de lone wideh?” En he ’lowed he dun hav ’null fambli uv his own. Wall, Hi wuz deoun in dat dich, so Hi jess hump lik a groun’ hawg till de swet jess po’d often me. Hi got so’s Hi culd shek han’s wid de felleh cumin’ de ud der way. Den we wuz tuk in ter suppeh. Bred an’ butteh an’ meat an’ kauphy— sho’s yuse alibe boss, reel kauphy. Hi seed de hed boss smilin’ kin’ ob gud na tead, so sez Hi, “Boss, hain’ yuse got no Bu’bun er Ole Cr—” “Doan yuse ’no” sez he, “dis am a temp’unce hotel? Hit’s Ole Crow an’ moonshinin’ es braut yo’ gray hars tu diggin’ diches by moon lite.” Der was no gong so Hi jess et my suppeh an’ de nex’ mawnin’s bruk fus’ tu. Den we wen’ bak an’ we jine dem pipes an’ we fills up de hole, en den we all goze ter bed. An’ fo’ de Lawd boss, Hi dreems all nite Hi wuz dat tun’l an’ Hi wuz tryin’ to fill hit up wif reel kauphy. Slim Jim. Observer, In every age and clime, man has sought to combine profit and pleasure. Especially has this been true in refer ence to food. We seem to have an in herent desire to satisfy our stomach and please our palate with the same ar ticle; more often, however, we please the latter with no thought of the former. Yet, opinions differ as to what are real delicacies. For instance, just at this moment I recall the folowing relishes: rattlesnakes, pythons, frog-legs, locusts, ants, bird’s nests, rats, dogs, poi, sauer kraut, Limburger cheese, oysters and goose livers. Quite an assortment; yet, only a few of the esteemed dishes" of various races are mentioned. The last dish above mentioned gave rise to an old but very servicable adage which is often quoted in spirit if not in sub stance. It was in the days of Confu cius—all good things are traced to the Chinese—that a merchant discovered that goose liver was eminently suited to satisfy both palate and stomach. To secure these in large quantities of the best quality, a system of feeding was applied that permitted the goose to eat a great variety of food and plenty of it. Besides this, the only requirement nec essary to produce abnormally enlarged livers being confinement in seperate compartments with little water and less freedom of movement. For a while the merchant was satisfied with his profits, then greed took possession of him. He thought to increase his profits by lowering the cost of food; for, after much study, he concluded that quality and not quantity had produced his fa mous goose livers. He thereupon sub stituted sound flesh producing foods for the mushy stuff formerly fed. For a time the geese ate the food substituted, but gradually they quit it altogether and soon became mere bundles of fea thers. Livers, not feathers were being paid for, so seeing the result of his experiment and not wishing to sustain further loss, he resumed his old method of feeding all kinds of food and plenty of it to each particular goose. Thus originated the adage: “You may lead a goose to grass but you can’t make him eat.” Leonardus. Dusty Rhodes: It’s no use going to that house; I tried it once. Fitz William: Didn’t give you nothin’ ? Dusty Rhodes: I ast her fer some clothes, and she offered me a bathin’ suit.— Puck. Tcoue• J S l - 00 P er year, in advance, i tKivib. -j gj x Months 50 Cents. Queer Delicacies. An Insult.