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(£l)c JUleon Vol. VII.—No. 16. A KIND WORD l)o you know a heart that hungers For a word of love and cheer? There are many such about us; It may be that one is near. Look around you. If you find it. Speak the word that's needed so. And your own heart may be strengthened By the help that you bestow. It may be that some one falters On the brink of sin and wrong, And a word from you might save him— Help to make the tempted strong. Look about you, O, my brother! What a siii is yours and mine If we see that help is needed And we give no friendly sign! Never think kind words are wasted— Bread on waters cast are they, And it may be we shall find them Coming back to us some day. Coming back when sorely needed, In a time of sharp distress; So my friend, let’s give them freely; Gift and giver Cod will bless. —The Housewife FEAR Is Not a Deterrent Influence on Crim inals. Disgrace Considered the Only Holdback. 1 aiu noj prepared to say that fear does not deter from crime to some ex tent, but I am quite sure that fear is the cause of much crime every day and has been the source of some of the worst atrocities recorded in history. I do not think that fear had any very detering effect upon those who have committed crime and have been caught. Those who have not committed crime have nothing to fear. Thus fear as a deterrent of crime appears to be a howl ing failure. S. W. Is such a thing possible as deterring Horn crime by fear? I think not. Into CTime eommited without premeditation fear does not enter. In premeditated crime, when every device is used to elude detection, we may say policy gov erns. The law says that such and such crimes shall be punished so and so if de tected and proven. I*ear of detection is the issue not the crime. Morality is the true and only deterrent of crime. OSSIAN. Severe laws do not tend to decrease crime. The law should be the defender, but not the tyrant of the people. In the state.s where murder is a capital crime, the number of executions seem to increase instead of decrease. This clearly demonstrates that the criminal does not fear the law. The population of our prisons are rapidlv increasing. This is conclusive evidence of the ina bility of the present laws to decrease crime. The present laws, endeavor to make fear quell crime. Reformation is not sought. You can't scare a man in to being a saint. C. C. 1 cannot conceive of fear as a deter rent of crime, but from experience I would infer otherwise. Crime, if com mitted, as in most cases it is, is on the im pulse of the moment, irrespective of fear. Fear is a consequence of crime; for the conscience then having arrived at its normal condition, begins an ar raignment and condemnation, and the mind, understanding the guilt, prompts fear. Fear is there, but as a sequence. He who fears will not commit a crime. Premeditated crime is committed be cause there is no fear but a confidence of safety; and by one who is utterly re gardless of justice, honor and honesty. A regular, calculating criminal has too much confidence in his skill to fear, or is reckless beyond it. P. A. F. * * * “Fear, as a deterrent of crime,” is all right, if that fear is of the right kind. But a fear of human punishment is not the right kind of fear, because the criminal is sure that human wisdom can never find him out. But fearing to commit crime because the crime is offensive in the sight of God, and also because the commital will bring his displeasure, and therefore his punish ment is the kind of fear which should deter us from crime. Having this fear STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, NOVEMBER 23, 1893. in the heart, man would not commit crime; for the very nature of that god ly fear would have such a restraining influence upon his heart and Iffe that he wouid shun all crime. If men be lieved that it is God who punishes crime, and that the execution of just and hu man laws are but the fulfilment of his wise purpose, they would cease from crime, and earth would be a paradise. A. B. M. If there is any fear attached to the crime before its committal it is not be cause of the punishment but because of the detection and its effect upon some one still loved and loving, whose heart will be wrung by the act. The calcul ating criminal is a gambler. Detection and punishment are to him the Joss of his stake —his liberty. If fear had any deterrent effect, men would not return to prison through again committing crime. The average man is above fear and often takes to crime as a vocation because it has a stimulating spice of danger to it. Fear has but little influ ence on man, and in my estimation crime can only be checked or prevented by the excess of good over evil in each man's mind. To the evil hearted, crime will come in thought always, in deed, just as soon as it is expedient. To my mind, you must touch a loftier chord than fear in the human soul to deter crime. J. B. SUNOI For fear to serve as a deterrent it is first necessary to reduce the subject to a state, not only of moral, but physical cowardice. These two unnatural ele ments of our nature go hand-in-hand; they form a natural and inseparable brotherhood, and neither can exist with out the other. To compel a man to obey the law through enforced fear, is simply to reduce him to a state of weak humiliation, thus dethroning him from the most elevating instincts of his man hood, and instilling into his soul a hat red toward the cause of his humilia tion. Such a course may hold him in check, possibly, for a time, but sooner or later the hated and galling bonds will be broken asunder, and pent up wrath, will burst forth with vindictive ness. Fear has never made a man bet ter, truer or nobler; it has never brought to light a single redeeming trait of true manly character. That which a man fears he neither honors nor respects; to honor and respect the law, is the only time deterrent of crime. Skrrga Eittim. It certainly does to a great extent. But not altogether. One can read of case after case where crime was com mitted with a fearless hand, in the heat of passion where no thought was taken of the consequences. Again we see crime committed in open defiance of law and order with no possible excuse for its commission, but merely to satis fy some criminal desire which rankles in the bosom of so many, who are never satisfied unless run from city to city by the ever vigilant police. These w r ould seem to seek notoriety through the columns of the press. But fear is certainly a great deterrent to crime. Increase this fear by more stringent laws and there will be less crime and criminals. Construct this system of laws so that rich and poor must suffer alike and crime will be on the decrease. For every one rich man committing and escaping the consequence of a crime, two poor men must suffer the penalty as an offset. Take away law and order and you remove fear; then the world will become a Stygian waste indeed. Farmer. * * * In the good old days when “might was right,” and the strong arm ruled supreme, when forgers, murderers, thieves and wife-beaters were hung to the first limb, crime was as rampant in the land as it is to-day. No man is de terred from the commission of a theft by the terrors of imprisonment or pun ishment when necessity urges, or the chance of detection is reduced to a min imum. Some who have “done their bit” “IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.’’ have proven most incorrigible; others have tied in terror from the prison walls when released, never to return. And yet others have so benefited by experi ence as to slip through the peculiar meshes of preliminary courts and exam inations, but all such have finally fallen. However, we must all admit that the fear and terror, inspired by jails and prisons is wide-spread among the com munity. Who can tell what a salutary effect this fear and dread ‘may have proven to the merchant, banker, lawyer or trustee trembling on the verge of bankruptcy or insolvency; and if per chance one of these latter "play himself overboard" and embezzles the funds en trusted to him, how quickly he hies himself away seeking a safe asylum even if in the antipodes, who can doubt the terror and fear that inspired his flight. B. Honesty is undoubtedly the best poli cy; but in this advanced age I am be ginning to believe that with but few exceptions, man has his price. Upon the position he holds in society and the prominence he has obtained by adher ing to a life of integrity, depends that price. Through his knowledge of law, cunningness, or political standing he may escape the stone walls, but the dis honesty is there just the same. To look over the records of crime in the past proves that man will succumb to temp tation no matter how high he stands or wealthy he may be. What then must the temptation be to the poor who have none of the rich man’s possessions? But it is well-known that, with few excep tions, the poor only suffer; the larger the crime the less chance of punishment. Four-fifths of our prison population are doing years of penance for less than one hundred dollars, and much of that through liquor or ignorance of the law. I could undoubtedly find thousands to day who would willingly be confined for one thousand per year. It is not the fear of punishment that prevents crime so much as the small gain. Liberty i§ a great boon but wealth will compen sate for the time lost. Divine law is a greater preventative than human law. There may be persons criminally in clined who obey the law through fear of punishment, but the number who do so is very small. A law that terrifies cannot command respect, that is. a per son cannot respect law that he obeys only through terror. Such a person is as poison to those with whom he comes in contact, and detrimental to the ad vancement of purity. I can easily con ceive that from this class of people come those who are called anarchists. As there is nothing to fear from the law for crime until a crime is com mitted, it certainly fails in that respect to prevent crime. And even if it were possible to impress great fear of pun ishment on evil-doers before the act had transpired, it would only tend to make them more cunning or more des perate as the case might be. It would be cowardly indeed for anyone to say or think that the great mass of people who abide by the law do so only from fear of the punishment that the law imposes on crime for such is not the case. They recognize the law as a pro tector not as an oppressor and in so doing some unknowingly endorse the great command of Christ, “Thou shall love thy neighbor as thyself.’’ Men must be taught to love the law as a protector of their rights and the only sure way is with the help of God. Spks. The Cause of Depression. Why, in this glorious country, that contains in so great an abundance all that goes to make prosperity, should we see, as at present, such a state of depres sion? Why should we read, day after day, of honest and reliable business houses and factories closing their doors through bankruptcy ? Why should we read of the farmer who through want is compelled to sell his produce for, and in many cases, below its cost ? Why should we read of men willing but un able to obtain work ? Those are very pertinent questions, and eminently worthy of our deepest thought. It is true that these questions have been answered for us after a man ner. We are told that the present hard times are caused by "a financial strin gency brought about by the silver pur chasing clause of the Sherman lawWe are told that our business houses and manufactories are controlled by a law of supply and demand: That in times of depression, such as this, the demand falls below the supply, and as a conse quence the market becomes glutted and hence failure and bankruptcy. The farmer's condition is also accounted for by over-production. The farmer has created a surplus of wheat, and so he must abide by the consequences. With regard to the laboring man, we are given to understand that he is dependent up on the capitalist and that in times of depression the capitalist hoards instead of invests his capital, and that this ten dency reacts upon the workingman, ren dering him unable to obtain work. In relation to the foregoing, I used the expression, answered after a manner. I did so advisedly; for though the an swers seem good enough if we consider them properly, we can readily see how fallacious they are. In the first place the business of our country is not de pendent upon either gold or silver. In fact, there is not a sufficiency of either money metals in the country to do one tenth of its business; and, further, the business of our country would progress just the same if there were not an ounce of either gold or silver in exist ence. In the second place our business houses "and manufactories are not de pendent upon any such law as supply and demand, for,"if such were the case, instead of failure, the business of our country would be receiving constant impetus in proportion to the increase of our population. llow can it truthfully be asserted that the great house of X & Co., boot and shoe dealers, have failed owing to an over-stocked market, when in the dead of winter we see men, wo men and children bare footed ? The fact of the matter is the supply never did and never can, under the existing order of things, equal the demand. The simple truth is apparent—the cause of the failures is the effect of poverty. The poverty of the people is progressive and obstinate; it will not confine itself to the commonest of God's mortals alone, but frequently carries failure and misery to the home of the rich. In re gard to the farmer’s over-production, it is sufficient to say that while the gran aries of our country are stuffed to re pletion with the farmers’ surplus wheat men are crying to God for bread for their little ones. The erroneousness of the fourth proposition that labor is de pendent upon the capitalist becomes readily apparent when we consider that capital is itself solely the product of labor, and if capital should entirely dis appear, labor would simply go on and produce more. Considering the fore going, it follows, as a natural conclu sion that this and all such times of de pression are simply the effect of the people's poverty. It is a plain and in disputable fact that to a great body of our people, times of depression are con stantly in existence. But it is only periodically when poverty, as I stated before, being progressive and obstinate, extends its blighting effects to the homes of the rich, that we become uni versally aware of the condition, and so we designate such times only as times of panic and depression. If we consider the preceding with an object to the bet terment of our condition, the whole matter will resolve itself into the single question: Why, in this country that contains in so great an abundance all that is is requisite to make its people prosperous and happy, should we see poverty and want? This question, under the heading of Poverty, Its Cause and Its Remedy I ask leave to treat in a subsequent paper. Jean Valjean. 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