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Vol. VII. — No. 24 THERE MUST BE SOMETHING WRONG. When earth produces, free ami fair The golden, waving corn. When fragrant fruits perfume the air. And fleecy flocks are shorn: Whilst thousands move with aching head And sing the ceaseless song: •We starve—we die—oh give us bread! ” There must lie something wrong. When wealth is wrought as seasons roll. From off the fruitful soil; When luxury, from pole to pole. Heaps fruit of human toil; When, from a thousand, one alone In plenty rolls along; The others only gnaw the bone— There must be something wrong. And production never ends. The earth is yielding ever; A copious harvest oft begins, But distribution never: When toiling millions toil to li 11 The wealthy cotters strong: When hands are crushed that work and till. There must be something wrong. When poor men's tables waste away With barrenness and drought. There must be something in the way That's worth the finding out. With surfeit one great table bends. While numbers move along. With scarce a crust their board extends— There mi st be something wrong —The Voice. A NATIONAL DISGRACE America’s Sons made Criminals through the Medium of our Immigration Laws. American boys, partly because of the | passing away of the apprentice system ' and partly because of the hostility of; the foreign-controlled labor unions, are | virtually excluded from the mechan- ; ical trades. This exclusion is an in justice to the boys, and the conse quences are serious to the moral wel fare of the whole country. We are bringing up our boys, or a very large portion of them, in enforced idleness, turning over the fields of honorable and useful toil, which belong by natural right to them, to foreigners, nearly all of whom are ignorant, many of whom are vicious and depraved, and few of whom have any sympathy with Ameri can institutions and ways of life. What are the consequences? Through the courtesy of Mr. Robert; P. Porter, the Superintendent of the j Census, we have been allowed to exam-; ine the advance proof-sheets of the statistics relating to pauperism and crime, which have been collected and prepared by the Rev. Frederick IT. Wines, and* which, will be published j some time during the present year as | one of the volumes of the forth-com- j ing Eleventh Census. These figures tell their own story with such startling plainness that comment upon them seems scarcely necessary. What they show is that American boys are be coming criminals and filling our prisons because of lack of occupation. They are denied the privilege of learning a trade, are brought up in idleness and turned into the world with no means of earning an honest livelihood. It is an old story that idleness leads to vice and crime. In all our large cities there are thousands of boys coming to man hood every year who are denied the opportunity to fit themselves for up right, industrious and useful lives be cause the doorway to every trade is shut and barred against them. It is in the large cities that the apprentice rules are most nearly prohibitive, yet it is these cities which offer the best field for mechanical labor, for the best W'ork is done there. If a boy cannot learn his trade there he cannot learn it thoroughly anywhere, on the apprentice plan. It is to the cities that the swarm of foreign laborers come, finding ready admission “ IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, JANUARY 18, 1894. to all trades unions and tilling the places which American boys would have were they permitted to learn the trades. As a nation we are shutting our own sons out of the lield of American labor, thus tilling our prisons and reform atories and almhouses with them and are letting into that tield for full pos session, hordes of foreigners who make it a menace to the safety of American institutions and a constant peril to the peace and welfare of American society. Is this an enlightened policy for a nation to follow? ('an we bring up our own sons to lives of idleness and crime, and not reap the consequences in widespread national humiliation and disaster? Can we hope to make better citizens out of the socialists and anarch ists and other degraded and disorderly elements of foreign countries than we can make out of our own sons? If we could perform this miracle, should we still not be guilty of gross, heartless and shameless neglect of our own offspring? In every way in which the matter is view ed, the*folly of it is apparent, but all other aspects of it sink into insignifi cance when compared with the injustice which it indicts upon our sons. No right-thinking American who loves his fellow man, and has the welfare and honor of his country at heart, can contemplate this without shame and anxietv.—The Century. Is Poverty a Crime? Until recently I thought the above question disposed of in a musty corner of a mind assumed to be in a state of j moral degeneracy, by the irrevocable j fiat of that society which demands un- j swerving allegiance of those who stand as votaries at its shrine, else, ( Jorgon like. destroys those who now cater to its decrees. But my serenity has been disturbed by the "dictator" filling the gubernatorial chair of "bleeding Kan sas;” he. standing at the head of the new political order in that state, has declared that poverty, the genuine, the pure, is not a crime. The assumption, i alone, is false, irrespective of the denial. Poverty always has been, is, and will be ; a crime. The history of the world proves it, doubt, dispute, or reason as you may, the fact cannot be consist ently denied. It were useless to cite instances and quote history to establish ! the point taken; history only learns us that human nature in any one era is but an epitome of the age. For us, the present is all sufficient to prove the position taken, to be firm. If a Diogenes chooses poverty as his happiness —and he has a right to be happy in his own way, harming none by [so doing—is it not placing a premium on wealth by declaring Diogenes a vagrant, and, because of his poverty putting him in jail for violating the laws of the state? Hence, Diogenes has j no right to be poor, for poverty is a ! legal crime, punished by fine or im j prisonment, or both. Poverty is also a social crime. Ostracized, is written on | the brow of the poor; society demands I that you have wealth if you will have j justice; "get money" is its admonition, 1 honestly or otherwise, it matters not, so that you are not caught, for as some one has said: ‘‘society forgives every sin in the decalogue except that of being found out." If your sin shall find you out, society’s Shvlocks, to hide their own sin, will demand the pound of tiesh; and, unless you have the golden salve to heal the wound, the Shylocks win; lacking it, you curse your fate, and your kind who imposed a condition upon you and then destroyed you for accepting it. Surely poverty is a social crime. Poverty is also a moral crime; each individual of society owes to it certain duties and obligations, these take precedence over those of the in dividual, only by rendering the former, may he secure the latter. Hence, if a Diogenes or a Columbus prefer poverty, he commits a moral crime, since poverty renders us incapable of fufilling our duties toward our fellow r -man. Poverty then is a three fold cri.me, legal, social, and moral. By what right does this man in Kansas declare otherwise, and by his proclamation practically nullify the laws relating thereto? Not by the right of custom, for custom elsewhere is against such dangerous innovations and declares poverty to be a crime; yet he maintains custom to be wrong and the laws illegal. The illegality lies rather in the nugatory process being adopted in Kansas at his suggestion. It has always been sound law for the municipality and the state to defv the constitution; they have always held the right to deprive a person of liberty without due process of law. the right of denying to the poor man that equality before the courts, which the constitution guarantees to each and every person, regardless of sex, color, or condition. He respects not the right of the police to bully and beat poverty's criminal; he overlooks the right of the “bull-pen" judge to earn his vampire living; such illegality is infamous, even in concep tion and savors of social secession; ‘tis treason to society's irrevocable customs and belongs to some other than the present age: some dim shadowy epoch lof distant time, when the query “is i poverty a crime," shall disturb not the | mind of an executive, or that of a convict. Leoxahdis. Not All Criminals < )ur present population numbers 4Sfi, j of whom 50 per cent, at least, should j not be classed as criminals. I base this j opinion upon personal experience and j the careful study of the causes which ; have placed this vast number of bright ; young men behind prison bars. Close . intimacy and study has taught me to believe that fully one half of my com panions in misfortune are here through no premeditated criminal transactions or intended criminal associations. Liq uor, the greatest curse known to hu manity is the principle cause of their downfall; and a man who commits a crime while under the influence of liquor cannot and should not be justly classed as a criminal. He is a more hopeful and fitting subject for that grand and noble army of Christian evangelists who are ever seeking to save fallen and unfortunate humanity. A man who may have committed a crime while under the influence of liquor, would, in nine cases out of ten. abhor the thought of crime, in his sober senses, thus proving and substantiating the fact that his true nature is far from being a criminal one. Such a man may be repeatedly convicted of trivial crimes, and yet be far from a criminal. Imprisonment cannot affect him, except for the worse; it cannot restore to him the will-power and power of self-control ! which he is lacking; other means must I be used and other influences applied. A i man in prison does not view his position jas the public is said to view it. from a ! philosophical standpoint, he looks upon j his imprisonment as a public revenge, j and considering the methods too often j used to accomplish his conviction, the ! latter view is a very natural and suggest ive one. it were impossible to reform j such a man, such a criminal, (?) for the I simple reason that he needs no refor mation, in a criminal sense. It is the laws governing the liquor traffic which needs reformation; -when this is done the reformation of the drinking crimi nal is accomplished, and fifty per cent, at least, of our present prison popula tion, will be emancipated from an ac cursed slavery and restored to a sober, industrious and honest manhood. The laws of our land open up these hell holes of destruction, and erects these incubators of misery and vice; it and it alone weaves these webs of infamy to catch the weak and unwary, and when they have fallen helplessly into their accursed meshes, the great arm of the same merciless law reaches out and grasps the poor struggling victim by the throat and with a grin of mockery thrusts him into the confines of a piti less prison, to reform (?) him. Arkansaw Slim. I SI.OO per year, in advance I ERMS: si x Months 50 ('ents. They Will Get Clear. In a recent investigation that was inaugurated by the postoftiee authori ties, to determine the culpability of per sons who used the mails as a medium through which to contract for “green goods," it was discovered that many prominent men from ali over the Unit ed States, a congressman and a candi date for governor of one of our states among them, were in direct communi cation with the makers of counterfeit money. The postoffice authorities have decreed that these men are culpable, and it is stated that they will be prose cuted. Perhaps they will be, but when one calls to mind the many cases of law-breaking in which “prominent” men were concerned, and the ease with which they escaped a just penalty, it is more than probable that not one of j these will suffer for their crime. Their j social position, their wealth and influ ence will, no doubt, so nicely balance ! the scales of Justice, that a penalty will | not be indicted. On tiie other hand, S were these culprits units of that mass ! of humanity who are lighting daily, aye ; hourly, against that king of crime mak ; ers, poverty, punishment swift and ! sure, would be visited upon them. When I these outwardly respectable leaders of 1 high society, who perhaps were loudest |in clamoring for protection against ' the inroads and attacks of humbler law j breakers, are found to be the principals | in crooked transactions, how can it be j expected that the lower strata of hu ; inanity will mend its ways and become j morally perfect ? What incentive is it j to the poor man, who occupies a felon's cell for transgressing the law, to be | come purer and nobler, when the i wealthy and influential can transgress ! with impunity aiwl escape unscathed? Our prisons and ref ormatories contain I hundreds of malefactors who have be- I come such through the circumstances with which poverty surrounded them; | but these wealthy law breakers have no such excuse to offer in extenuation of I their crime. When that portion of society, which loudly clamors for protection against the common malefactor, inaugurates a system of protection against the crim inals who move in its own circles, in stead of permitting them to escape a just punishment, then, and not till then, will it become less difficult to mitigate the attacks of the poorer, less influen tial and less finished rogues. Pariah. The Weight of the Earth, One of the problems that men of science occasionally undertake to solve over again for the sake of getting nearer to the exact truth is that of the density and mass of the earth. The density of a body is the quantity of matter that a given volume of it contains, while its mass is the total quantity of matter that the whole body contains. In a popular sense the mass of a body is measured by its weight. Recently a new method of measuring the mass and density of the earth has been put into practice in France. This consists in changing the level of a small lake which can be raised or lowered by artificial means and noting the effect upon the height of a column of mercury. The results of these experiments have given for the earth's mean density 5:41 times the density of water. The latest previous estimate, made by Messrs Corun and Bailie, gave 5:50. It has been customary to speak of the earth as weighing 6,000,000,000,000,- 000,(XX),000 of toils. Its weight, accord ing to the recent determination, is, 5,757,000,000,000,000,000,000, or five sex tillions, seven hundred and fifty seven hundred quintiliions of tons. A very weighty and substantial globe, accord ing to our ideas, notwithstanding the fact that the sun could swallow it in one of the “spots” with hardly a wink. —Youth’s Companion.