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THE SAN JUAN TIMES.
PAJIMINGTON, NHW MBXIOO. The peace proclamation of the Em peror of China is a remarkable mixtun of wisdom and superstition. It declares that continuance of the war was ren dered Impossible by the gross Incompe tence of the leaders and the terrible condition of the country, and clinches the argument with the words: "Heaver had not withheld Its angry. The sef overflowed the coast and the camps were submerged." An enlightened re form administration would seem to b imperative in the Celestial realm. Young Mr. Astor is a line example ol the power of money in literature. Hav ing written a book which, indeed might have been worse he gets up ac elegant copy and sends It to King Oscai by special messenger. Mr. Howells 01 Mr. Clemens or Mr. Stoddard would have ben obliged to rely on a registered letter post, which would have been very uncertain. But Mr. Astor corners royalty with his messenger and insures a reception. It is useless for contempo raneous authors to buck against Mr Astor. Dr. DeSausstire believes that he ha discovered that the negro race Is dying out in the United States. He tries tc prove his conclusions by local statis tics which show more deaths than births of colored persons In South Car olina cities. In his deduction he is not supported by the latest census. It may be contended that the development ol the American negro has been tardier than his friends anticipated when citi zenship was given to him. Neverthe less, such development is actually tak ing place. The Chilian congress has recently enacted legislation guaranteeing the capital of the Transandlne Railway Company for 20 years at 4 per cent, which virtual subsidy will enable the completion of the road between the two oceans. The line will do a great deal for South America. Its completion will mean that the long journey around Cape Horn Is only for cargoes and that pas sengers instead of prolonging a voyage about two weeks can reach the Pacific from the Atlantic or vice versa in 72 hours. The gai. afforded by this route can be Imagined. Chili is brought some thousands of miles nearer the United States and England, and she will be no longer a remote country. Charles R. Sligh of Grand Rapids has just returned from England, where he has been looking over the prospects of establishing a furniture trade in the English market. He Is very confi dent from his observations that a sub stantial and profitable trade can be es tablished if the American manufactur ers will comply with the English ideas of style and finish. It is useless, he thinks, to try to force goods upon the English market which are not built on the accepted lines, but by making nec essary changes goods can be manufac tured here and sold In England in com petition with the English manufactur ers at a substantial profit. It Is his purpose to manufacture a line of goods especially for the foreign trade, follow ing ideas which he gained abroad. An experiment of some Importance Is reported, made with a view to deter mine, if possible, the origin of natural gas, irrespective of theories hitherto prevalent. For this purpose dried sea weed was steeped In water which had been freed from air, and on the third day gas appeared, continuing to be evolved In diminishing quantities until the tenth day, when 803 cubic centimet ers had been collected. The evolution had evidently ceased, though after Btandlng two years and a half thirty cubic centimeters more of gas collect ed in the apparatus; the second gas dif fered from the first, consisting, It is re corded, almost entirely of methane the chief constituent of natural gas from which it is inferred that this slow secondary decomposition of vegetable matter has some relation to the origin of natural gas. Hall's Journal of Healthy says: "Don't economize in bath water. Don't economize sleep. Don't be stingy with fun. Laugh all you can. Laughing shakes up the system, makes the blood circulate, starts the digestion, warms the feet, 'relaxes the nervous system in a word, it rests you all over." That settles it, if one had nothing to do but accept such advice. But how are you going to laugh when the rent day is at hand and the money Isn't. Suppose you have a boll, or the blues, or the toothache. Everybody likes to laugh, but most people have got to be worked up into a funny mood. Got to have good digestion, a steady job, something to eat and something to wear. If every day were a circus and every night a minstrel show, that advice would bring as many testimonials as a patent med icine. If time were a clown and trouble only a jack-in-a-box, life would be ono three-score-and-ten-year laugh. But it Isn't. So far as the advice can be taken. It is good, very good. THE WORLD MOVES ON. INVENTION AND DISCOVERY MARK MILE POSTS. The Electric Properties of Wool 8ome- thlnc New In Windmills A Toilet Powder Receptacle Chimney for Pipe Opening Cover. LMOST any one who has the habit lof observation has noticed that woolen garments -will some times crackle and 3i appear to be at tracted "by trie warmth of the hand fThls varies greatly In different temper- J"" amenta; some peo- pie being so charged with electricity that It literally ema nates from all of their wearing apparel. A number (if instances are recorded where women have worn as Inner wraps what are known as crape shawls, these being made of oriental silk heavily wrought with embroidery and with long thick fringe. After rapid walking, es pecially In the cold. If the woolen out side garment ts suddenly dropped off, the fringe of the silk Instantly rises in a horizontal line ami stands out like rays all around the body. One lady has the power of creating this condi tion at will simply by throwing a wool en wrap over the silk one and walking smartly about the room for five min utes. This electric peculiarity is much more observable in silk than in wool, although In the latter material It Is suf ficiently abundant to cause no little an noyance In factories where the raw staple Is worked up. The electric an noyance, however, is almost always coincident with the extreme cleanliness of the wool. If it Is slightly wet and saturated with oil, there Is very little trouble, and It may be so heavily weight ed In this way that all Inconvenience disappears. In olden times, when wom en spun their own yarn, It was often found necessary to use very pure and warm lard in order that the threads might run more smoothly, otherwise the fibers seemed to crinkle and kink, and the thread would be rough and of Inferior quality. Something New In Windmill. The old-time windmill that towering skeleton of ribs and fans with which we are familiar has recently been Im proved In a fashion that promises much bettor results an Increased rate of power and much greater ease of man agement. Instead of the fans or arms turning over and over, wheel-fashion, the conditions are reversed, the axle be ing perpendicular, and the fans turn ing from side to side. This arrange ment has advantages, In that the ma chinery can be made stronger, and by an ingeniously contrived set of levers the fans open and close automatically. This Is of great Importance, as a sud den gale is liable to wreck an ordinary windmill on short notice. With this new device, It is claimed that no mat ter how rapidly the fans may revolve they will catch the wind only at the proper time, the other side opening to give free passage to the air; thus the higher the gale the higher the rate of speed and the more effective the ma chinery. It 13 said that In windy coun tries enough power can be generated to run a small dynamo. The greatest value of a windmill Is In countries where continual pumping of water Is neces sary for purposes of Irrigation. A wind mill constructed on this new principle costs no more than the old style, Is In finitely more effective, less liable to get out of order, and has a greater variety of uses than any heretofore made. New Treatment for liurns. A raris medical man or resources and alternatives had in hand a case of severe and extensive burning, caused by boiling water. So deep was the In- Jury that the healing process was great ly delayed. The patient's family object ed to skin-grafting, which seemed to be tlio n n 1 , r nfflv trt niialai-nta n.nno.a . Ill' 111. 1111 . ij CIV.LV1I.I U I. Q II1C JJl ULCOi I of recovery, and the doctor, as an ex perlment, applied the internal mem brane of the hen's egg the white film with which everybody Is familiar. The injury must have progressed beyond the suppurative stage, and shown signs of healthy healing. A freshly laid egg Is broken and the membrane Immedi ately cut Into narrow "strips and laid carefully across the raw surface, then antiseptic dressings are applied with carbolic solutions, and the whole is cov ered by tin-foil. In a number of cases this procedure has been eminently sat tsfactory. A ( hi miiy Fine Pipe Opening Cover. To prevent gases, smoke, soot or fire from passing into a room of the house from a pipe opening of the chimney flue, an Inventor of Axtell, Neb., has patented the device of which several views are presented In the accompany ing illustration. It has a dished cover, with an annular flat flange adapted to reit on the face of the wall, so that the 5, ' cover closes the pipe opening, and In the center of the cover turns a screw rod, with a knob on Its outer end, while on its Inner end screws a nut in a disk which engages the Inner surface of a cone-shaped expansion thimble. The thimble has overlapping side portions connected with each other near the apex of the cone by a rivet which forms a pivot, permitting the base end of the thimble to readily expand or contract on moving the disk Inward or outward by turning the screw rod. The device may thus be readily fixed In position In the pipe opening, and Is removed with out trouble when a pipe is to be placed la the opening. Origin of Shaving the Heard. The practice of shaving probably or iginated at first from Its being found that the beard afforded too good a hold to an enemy In battle. This is the cause assigned for the origin of shaving among the Greeks, about the time of Alexander; and in most countries we find that the practice is first adopted by military men, and that the men of pacific and learned pursuits retail their beards much later. The Greeks con tinued to shave until the time of Jus tinian, In whose reign long beards be came again fashionable, and remained In tise until Constantinople was taken by the Turks. The Romans appear to have derived the custom of shaving from the inhabitants of Sicily, who were of Greek origin, for we find that a number of barbers were sent from there to Rome In the year 296 B. C, and the refinement of shaving daily is said to have been first Introduced by no less a person than Sclpio Africanus. At the expiration of the republic, beards had become very rare, and historians mention the alarm In which some of the emperors lived lest barbers should cut thoir throats. For the sake of con cealing the scars on his face the Em peror Hadrian wore a beard, and this, of course, broueht that nnoendage again Into use, but the custom did not ong survive him, although his two im mediate successors wore beards in the character of philosophers. A Toilet Fowdor Receptacle. The illustration shows a holder for tooth powder, etc., arranged to readily deliver a certain quantity upon a tooth brush, or where desired, without waste. It has been patented. It has a conical bottom and hopper-shaped top, with an apex opening closed by a valve with In wardly extending stems connected to a head carrying a sleeve with an L-shaped slot, engaged by a pin on the end of a plunger. The plunger Is held normally in the position shown by a coiled spring and has on its outer end a thumb-piece, by pressing on which the valve is opened to pass the powder out of the receptacle, t'10 plunger returning to normal position on the removal of the pressure, and at the same time seating the valve. The valve is removably con nected with the plunger to permit of conveniently placing the powder in the receptacle. Work and Wenther. So marked is the influence of the weather on certain temperaments that the employers of large numbers of men are beginning to take this Into ac count In promising to fill large orders. In some establishments, It Is said that In very gloomy and what Is called de pressing weather from ten to twenty five per cent less work Is done than on bright, clear days. A little investiga tion showed that accountants are much more likely to make mistakes in bad than in clear weather, and scientists sometimes decline to pursue their In vestigations when the atmospheric con ditions are uncongenial. This being the case, there is little wonder that foggy, dreary, chilly days have frequently been called "suicide weather." Simple nnd KtylUh. A simple and stylish costume Is made of blue cashmere and silk. The plain skirt of cashmere has a band of silk at the hem and two narrow bands above it. The waist Is plain, and there Is a yoke of net lace over blue Rilk, the yoke edged with a trimming of silk like the skirt. The full sleeves are of silk, and there Is a stock collar, with a large bow at the back of the neck. Black Satin. A dress of black satin has the waist made with a collar and pointed vest of embroidery. From the shoulder seams to the bodice points five folds are laid in the material. These are drawn over the bust and narrowed In to a very small space at the waist-line, where they are held down by three buttons on either side. A Stylish Waist. A pretty and stylish waist for a young lady has the collar and yoke of passe menterie. A cascade front of lace ex tends from yoke to belt. This Is worn with a cutaway or Eton Jacket. Shoulder Seams. It is to be hoped that the fancy for extending the shoulder seams of dresses will meet with the same fate as the ef fort to introduce hoops. There Is no more uncomfortable or absurd fashion, and women should emphatically pro test against It. The First National Bank Durgo. Established 1881. , Paid in capital 8fooaoo Surplus fund 16,00x00 OFFICERS: A. P. Camp, President; John L. McNeil, V. P. ; Wm. P. Vaile, Caahier. for first Glass uorK go to B. GLASER, Impormq Trilob He employs none but first class tailors to do his work. Mail orders promptly attended to BOX 553. Durango. Colo. THE DURANGO Cornice and Sheet Metal Works C. F. ARMSTRONG, ProfM Galvanized Iron AND Copper Cornices. Patent Iron Skylights. Tin Roofing. i'fr Mail orders solicited. -A3 3d door below Strater hotel, DURANGO, - - COLO. Fe THE SHOIiF LilNE TO CHICAGO, ST. LOUIS and KANSAS C'Y Through Pullman Sleepers Without Change. See that your tickets read via this line. Agents of the company will furnish time tables on application. G. T. Nicholson, 0- P. & T. A, Topeka, Kansas. C. H. Morehouse, Q- F. &T. A., 1 Paso, Texas. & Pacific R. R. (Western Division) CONNECTIONS. ALIll OrEUQl'E-A. T. & A. F. It. It. for an pomtH en si anu soma. ash BOBK Santa Ve, PreseoK & Phoenix railway for poluta in central and southern nionn. HLAKE Novada Southern rauway lor Manvol and connection with stage linos lor Vanuer bilt and minhur districts north. BA KSTOW Southern California railway for Los Angeles, Ban Diego and other California points. MOJAVB Southern rnclfic Company for San FranclHoo, Sacramento and other Northern Callfornlan poluta. Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars. Sleeping car passengers between San Fran ciNdi, Los Angeles or Son Diego ami Chica go do not have to change cam. The Atlantic & Pacific Railroad, The Great Middle Route across the American Continent in connection with the railways of the Santa Pe Route." Liberal Management, Superior Facilities, Picturesque Scenery, Excellent Accommodation. Tho Grand Canon of the Colorodo, the most Bublimo of neturo's work on tho earth, inde scribable, can easily bo reached yia Flagstaff, Williams or Beach Springs, on this road. To tlio Natural Bridge of Arizona and Montezuma' Woll you can journey most diroctly by this lino, Observo tlio anoient Indian civilization of La puna, or of Acoma, "The City of the Sky." Vis it the petrified forest near Carrizo. See and marvel at the freak of Canon Diablo. Tako a hunting trip in tho magnificont pine forests of tho San Francisco mountains. Find interest in tho ruins of the prehistoric Cave and Cliff Dwellers. Viow tlio longest cantilever bridge in America across the Colorado river. J. J. BYItNE, C. H. SPEBKS. General l'aaa Agt., Aiwt.Gen.PnsB.Agt Ios Angeles. Cal. San Franclseo.Cal. II. S. VAN SLYCK. Gen'l Airt.. Albuquerque, N. M. Santa oote. W. R. BQWMAN, ATTORNEY AT LAW Practices in alLSttte, Territorial and Federal Courts. Farmington, New Mexico. V. R. N. GREAVES, Attorney at Law, Farmington. New Mexico. DR. A. ROSENTHAL, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Farmington, New Mexico. L. L. HENRY, ATTOENEY. Azteo, New Mexico. H. B. HAWKINS, COUNTY SURVEYOR AND CIVIL ENGINEER. Mapping and platting of all kinds promptly done. Farmington, New Mexico ! T. F, Buries, Proprietor Durango. - Colorado EVERYTHING FIRST-CLASS. O. PHELPS, BOOT0SHOB MAKER. First class word done. . . . Leave orders at P. O. at Farmington. The Grand LIVERY STABLE. F. B. ALLEN, Proprietor. Farmington, New Mexico, Good Rigs and Saddle Horses constant ly on hand. Feed and Sale Stable and Corral in connection. tIiq PnmmQrnial Unto 1110 uuiuiuoiumiiiuio SAM J. HOOD, Manufacturer of and Dealor in Rough and pressed Lumber. Shingles, ath and Fruit Box material. Mills and yard nine miles East of Du rango. P. 0. address, box 120, Durango. - Coio.