THE SAN JUAN TIMES.
PAJIMINGTON, NHW MBXIOO.
The peace proclamation of the Em
peror of China is a remarkable mixtun
of wisdom and superstition. It declares
that continuance of the war was ren
dered Impossible by the gross Incompe
tence of the leaders and the terrible
condition of the country, and clinches
the argument with the words: "Heaver
had not withheld Its angry. The sef
overflowed the coast and the camps
were submerged." An enlightened re
form administration would seem to b
imperative in the Celestial realm.
Young Mr. Astor is a line example ol
the power of money in literature. Hav
ing written a book which, indeed
might have been worse he gets up ac
elegant copy and sends It to King Oscai
by special messenger. Mr. Howells 01
Mr. Clemens or Mr. Stoddard would
have ben obliged to rely on a registered
letter post, which would have been
very uncertain. But Mr. Astor corners
royalty with his messenger and insures
a reception. It is useless for contempo
raneous authors to buck against Mr
Dr. DeSausstire believes that he ha
discovered that the negro race Is dying
out in the United States. He tries tc
prove his conclusions by local statis
tics which show more deaths than
births of colored persons In South Car
olina cities. In his deduction he is not
supported by the latest census. It may
be contended that the development ol
the American negro has been tardier
than his friends anticipated when citi
zenship was given to him. Neverthe
less, such development is actually tak
The Chilian congress has recently
enacted legislation guaranteeing the
capital of the Transandlne Railway
Company for 20 years at 4 per cent,
which virtual subsidy will enable the
completion of the road between the two
oceans. The line will do a great deal
for South America. Its completion will
mean that the long journey around Cape
Horn Is only for cargoes and that pas
sengers instead of prolonging a voyage
about two weeks can reach the Pacific
from the Atlantic or vice versa in 72
hours. The gai. afforded by this route
can be Imagined. Chili is brought some
thousands of miles nearer the United
States and England, and she will be no
longer a remote country.
Charles R. Sligh of Grand Rapids
has just returned from England, where
he has been looking over the prospects
of establishing a furniture trade in
the English market. He Is very confi
dent from his observations that a sub
stantial and profitable trade can be es
tablished if the American manufactur
ers will comply with the English ideas
of style and finish. It is useless, he
thinks, to try to force goods upon the
English market which are not built on
the accepted lines, but by making nec
essary changes goods can be manufac
tured here and sold In England in com
petition with the English manufactur
ers at a substantial profit. It Is his
purpose to manufacture a line of goods
especially for the foreign trade, follow
ing ideas which he gained abroad.
An experiment of some Importance
Is reported, made with a view to deter
mine, if possible, the origin of natural
gas, irrespective of theories hitherto
prevalent. For this purpose dried sea
weed was steeped In water which had
been freed from air, and on the third
day gas appeared, continuing to be
evolved In diminishing quantities until
the tenth day, when 803 cubic centimet
ers had been collected. The evolution
had evidently ceased, though after
Btandlng two years and a half thirty
cubic centimeters more of gas collect
ed in the apparatus; the second gas dif
fered from the first, consisting, It is re
corded, almost entirely of methane
the chief constituent of natural gas
from which it is inferred that this slow
secondary decomposition of vegetable
matter has some relation to the origin
of natural gas.
Hall's Journal of Healthy says:
"Don't economize in bath water. Don't
economize sleep. Don't be stingy with
fun. Laugh all you can. Laughing
shakes up the system, makes the blood
circulate, starts the digestion, warms
the feet, 'relaxes the nervous system
in a word, it rests you all over." That
settles it, if one had nothing to do but
accept such advice. But how are you
going to laugh when the rent day is
at hand and the money Isn't. Suppose
you have a boll, or the blues, or the
toothache. Everybody likes to laugh,
but most people have got to be worked
up into a funny mood. Got to have
good digestion, a steady job, something
to eat and something to wear. If every
day were a circus and every night a
minstrel show, that advice would bring
as many testimonials as a patent med
icine. If time were a clown and trouble
only a jack-in-a-box, life would be ono
three-score-and-ten-year laugh. But it
Isn't. So far as the advice can be taken.
It is good, very good.
THE WORLD MOVES ON.
INVENTION AND DISCOVERY
MARK MILE POSTS.
The Electric Properties of Wool 8ome-
thlnc New In Windmills A Toilet
Powder Receptacle Chimney for Pipe
LMOST any one
who has the habit
lof observation has
noticed that woolen
garments -will some
times crackle and
3i appear to be at
tracted "by trie
warmth of the hand
fThls varies greatly
In different temper-
J"" amenta; some peo-
pie being so charged
with electricity that It literally ema
nates from all of their wearing apparel.
A number (if instances are recorded
where women have worn as Inner wraps
what are known as crape shawls, these
being made of oriental silk heavily
wrought with embroidery and with long
thick fringe. After rapid walking, es
pecially In the cold. If the woolen out
side garment ts suddenly dropped off,
the fringe of the silk Instantly rises in
a horizontal line ami stands out like
rays all around the body. One lady
has the power of creating this condi
tion at will simply by throwing a wool
en wrap over the silk one and walking
smartly about the room for five min
utes. This electric peculiarity is much
more observable in silk than in wool,
although In the latter material It Is suf
ficiently abundant to cause no little an
noyance In factories where the raw
staple Is worked up. The electric an
noyance, however, is almost always
coincident with the extreme cleanliness
of the wool. If it Is slightly wet and
saturated with oil, there Is very little
trouble, and It may be so heavily weight
ed In this way that all Inconvenience
disappears. In olden times, when wom
en spun their own yarn, It was often
found necessary to use very pure and
warm lard in order that the threads
might run more smoothly, otherwise
the fibers seemed to crinkle and kink,
and the thread would be rough and of
Something New In Windmill.
The old-time windmill that towering
skeleton of ribs and fans with which we
are familiar has recently been Im
proved In a fashion that promises much
bettor results an Increased rate of
power and much greater ease of man
agement. Instead of the fans or arms
turning over and over, wheel-fashion,
the conditions are reversed, the axle be
ing perpendicular, and the fans turn
ing from side to side. This arrange
ment has advantages, In that the ma
chinery can be made stronger, and by
an ingeniously contrived set of levers
the fans open and close automatically.
This Is of great Importance, as a sud
den gale is liable to wreck an ordinary
windmill on short notice. With this
new device, It is claimed that no mat
ter how rapidly the fans may revolve
they will catch the wind only at the
proper time, the other side opening to
give free passage to the air; thus the
higher the gale the higher the rate of
speed and the more effective the ma
chinery. It 13 said that In windy coun
tries enough power can be generated to
run a small dynamo. The greatest
value of a windmill Is In countries where
continual pumping of water Is neces
sary for purposes of Irrigation. A wind
mill constructed on this new principle
costs no more than the old style, Is In
finitely more effective, less liable to get
out of order, and has a greater variety
of uses than any heretofore made.
New Treatment for liurns.
A raris medical man or resources
and alternatives had in hand a case of
severe and extensive burning, caused
by boiling water. So deep was the In-
Jury that the healing process was great
ly delayed. The patient's family object
ed to skin-grafting, which seemed to be
tlio n n 1 , r nfflv trt niialai-nta n.nno.a
. Ill' 111. 1111 . ij CIV.LV1I.I U I. Q II1C JJl ULCOi
I of recovery, and the doctor, as an ex
perlment, applied the internal mem
brane of the hen's egg the white film
with which everybody Is familiar. The
injury must have progressed beyond
the suppurative stage, and shown signs
of healthy healing. A freshly laid egg
Is broken and the membrane Immedi
ately cut Into narrow "strips and laid
carefully across the raw surface, then
antiseptic dressings are applied with
carbolic solutions, and the whole is cov
ered by tin-foil. In a number of cases
this procedure has been eminently sat
A ( hi miiy Fine Pipe Opening Cover.
To prevent gases, smoke, soot or fire
from passing into a room of the house
from a pipe opening of the chimney
flue, an Inventor of Axtell, Neb., has
patented the device of which several
views are presented In the accompany
ing illustration. It has a dished cover,
with an annular flat flange adapted to
reit on the face of the wall, so that the
cover closes the pipe opening, and In
the center of the cover turns a screw
rod, with a knob on Its outer end, while
on its Inner end screws a nut in a disk
which engages the Inner surface of a
cone-shaped expansion thimble. The
thimble has overlapping side portions
connected with each other near the
apex of the cone by a rivet which forms
a pivot, permitting the base end of the
thimble to readily expand or contract
on moving the disk Inward or outward
by turning the screw rod. The device
may thus be readily fixed In position In
the pipe opening, and Is removed with
out trouble when a pipe is to be placed
la the opening.
Origin of Shaving the Heard.
The practice of shaving probably or
iginated at first from Its being found
that the beard afforded too good a hold
to an enemy In battle. This is the
cause assigned for the origin of shaving
among the Greeks, about the time of
Alexander; and in most countries we
find that the practice is first adopted
by military men, and that the men of
pacific and learned pursuits retail their
beards much later. The Greeks con
tinued to shave until the time of Jus
tinian, In whose reign long beards be
came again fashionable, and remained
In tise until Constantinople was taken
by the Turks. The Romans appear to
have derived the custom of shaving
from the inhabitants of Sicily, who
were of Greek origin, for we find that
a number of barbers were sent from
there to Rome In the year 296 B. C,
and the refinement of shaving daily is
said to have been first Introduced by
no less a person than Sclpio Africanus.
At the expiration of the republic, beards
had become very rare, and historians
mention the alarm In which some of
the emperors lived lest barbers should
cut thoir throats. For the sake of con
cealing the scars on his face the Em
peror Hadrian wore a beard, and this,
of course, broueht that nnoendage
again Into use, but the custom did not
ong survive him, although his two im
mediate successors wore beards in the
character of philosophers.
A Toilet Fowdor Receptacle.
The illustration shows a holder for
tooth powder, etc., arranged to readily
deliver a certain quantity upon a tooth
brush, or where desired, without waste.
It has been patented. It has a conical
bottom and hopper-shaped top, with an
apex opening closed by a valve with In
wardly extending stems connected to a
head carrying a sleeve with an L-shaped
slot, engaged by a pin on the end of a
plunger. The plunger Is held normally
in the position shown by a coiled spring
and has on its outer end a thumb-piece,
by pressing on which the valve is
opened to pass the powder out of the
receptacle, t'10 plunger returning to
normal position on the removal of the
pressure, and at the same time seating
the valve. The valve is removably con
nected with the plunger to permit of
conveniently placing the powder in the
Work and Wenther.
So marked is the influence of the
weather on certain temperaments that
the employers of large numbers of
men are beginning to take this Into ac
count In promising to fill large orders.
In some establishments, It Is said that
In very gloomy and what Is called de
pressing weather from ten to twenty
five per cent less work Is done than on
bright, clear days. A little investiga
tion showed that accountants are much
more likely to make mistakes in bad
than in clear weather, and scientists
sometimes decline to pursue their In
vestigations when the atmospheric con
ditions are uncongenial. This being the
case, there is little wonder that foggy,
dreary, chilly days have frequently
been called "suicide weather."
Simple nnd KtylUh.
A simple and stylish costume Is made
of blue cashmere and silk. The plain
skirt of cashmere has a band of silk
at the hem and two narrow bands above
it. The waist Is plain, and there Is a
yoke of net lace over blue Rilk, the yoke
edged with a trimming of silk like the
skirt. The full sleeves are of silk, and
there Is a stock collar, with a large bow
at the back of the neck.
A dress of black satin has the waist
made with a collar and pointed vest of
embroidery. From the shoulder seams
to the bodice points five folds are laid
in the material. These are drawn over
the bust and narrowed In to a very
small space at the waist-line, where
they are held down by three buttons on
A Stylish Waist.
A pretty and stylish waist for a young
lady has the collar and yoke of passe
menterie. A cascade front of lace ex
tends from yoke to belt. This Is worn
with a cutaway or Eton Jacket.
It is to be hoped that the fancy for
extending the shoulder seams of dresses
will meet with the same fate as the ef
fort to introduce hoops. There Is no
more uncomfortable or absurd fashion,
and women should emphatically pro
test against It.
The First National Bank Durgo.
Established 1881. ,
Paid in capital 8fooaoo
Surplus fund 16,00x00
OFFICERS: A. P. Camp, President; John L.
McNeil, V. P. ; Wm. P. Vaile, Caahier.
for first Glass uorK
He employs none but first class tailors
to do his work.
Mail orders promptly attended to
BOX 553. Durango. Colo.
Cornice and Sheet Metal Works
C. F. ARMSTRONG, ProfM
Patent Iron Skylights. Tin Roofing.
i'fr Mail orders solicited. -A3
3d door below Strater hotel,
DURANGO, - - COLO.
ST. LOUIS and
Through Pullman Sleepers
See that your tickets read via this line.
Agents of the company will furnish
time tables on application.
G. T. Nicholson, 0- P. & T. A,
C. H. Morehouse, Q- F. &T. A.,
1 Paso, Texas.
& Pacific R. R.
ALIll OrEUQl'E-A. T. & A. F. It. It. for
an pomtH en si anu soma.
ash BOBK Santa Ve, PreseoK & Phoenix
railway for poluta in central and southern
HLAKE Novada Southern rauway lor Manvol
and connection with stage linos lor Vanuer
bilt and minhur districts north.
BA KSTOW Southern California railway for
Los Angeles, Ban Diego and other California
MOJAVB Southern rnclfic Company for
San FranclHoo, Sacramento and other
Northern Callfornlan poluta.
Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars.
Sleeping car passengers between San Fran
ciNdi, Los Angeles or Son Diego ami Chica
go do not have to change cam.
The Atlantic & Pacific Railroad,
The Great Middle Route across the American
Continent in connection with the railways of
Santa Pe Route."
Tho Grand Canon of the Colorodo, the most
Bublimo of neturo's work on tho earth, inde
scribable, can easily bo reached yia Flagstaff,
Williams or Beach Springs, on this road. To
tlio Natural Bridge of Arizona and Montezuma'
Woll you can journey most diroctly by this lino,
Observo tlio anoient Indian civilization of La
puna, or of Acoma, "The City of the Sky." Vis
it the petrified forest near Carrizo. See and
marvel at the freak of Canon Diablo. Tako a
hunting trip in tho magnificont pine forests of
tho San Francisco mountains. Find interest in
tho ruins of the prehistoric Cave and Cliff
Dwellers. Viow tlio longest cantilever bridge
in America across the Colorado river.
J. J. BYItNE, C. H. SPEBKS.
General l'aaa Agt., Aiwt.Gen.PnsB.Agt
Ios Angeles. Cal. San Franclseo.Cal.
II. S. VAN SLYCK. Gen'l Airt..
Albuquerque, N. M.
W. R. BQWMAN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Practices in alLSttte, Territorial
and Federal Courts.
V. R. N. GREAVES,
Attorney at Law,
Farmington. New Mexico.
DR. A. ROSENTHAL,
L. L. HENRY,
H. B. HAWKINS,
Mapping and platting of all kinds
Farmington, New Mexico
T. F, Buries, Proprietor
Durango. - Colorado
First class word done. . . .
Leave orders at P. O. at Farmington.
F. B. ALLEN, Proprietor.
Farmington, New Mexico,
Good Rigs and Saddle Horses constant
ly on hand.
Feed and Sale Stable and Corral in connection.
tIiq PnmmQrnial Unto
SAM J. HOOD,
and Dealor in
Rough and pressed Lumber.
Shingles, ath and
Fruit Box material.
Mills and yard nine miles East of Du
rango. P. 0. address, box 120,
Durango. - Coio.
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