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LAND OF SUNSHINE.
ONE OF THE GARDEN SPOTS OF THE WORLD. Fertile Soil Abundant Water and Other Inducement Offered to Home Seekers. from N. 11. BarMu of Immigration Report. This county is otie of the garden spots of the world, and lie's on the western slope of the great conti nental divide, boing part of the Pa cific water-shed. Aside from its great resources as an agricultural and stock country itB sceuery is very beautiful. On all sides great rocky masses, broken into picturesque formations, hre to be seen hcross wide, fertile valleys. The county is watered by three large rivers, and from their junction below Farmington the view Ea grand and impressive. FARM LAND ON THK SAN JUAN. In this valley, from a point about ten miles above Largo, there is a narrow strip of bottom land on each side of the river. At the town of Largo the river bottom widuns out into rolling meBas aud bottom lands which are available for cultivation. The mot-t important of these tracts fre known as the Bloomfield and Sol omon mesas, which, with the bottom lands under them, will aggregate somewhat over 20,000 acres. They x re on the north side. of the rivtr. From thence to the junction of the Animas, the mesa lands are broken nto detached plateaus rather difficult to irrigate. The Animas and La Plata empty into the San Juan near Farmington. On the two points of IhikI formed by the rivers are about 12 000 or 15,000 acres of tins' laud all under ditch. Beginning then at the mouth of the La Plata, and for twenty miles down the San Juan, to whore i! 1 (leaks through the HogbAck, (a line of low bills) there is a continu ous series of mesas with about a mile wide of bottom land. A little over 15.000 here are now under ditch. To i he north of this are a series of high meadows, or vegas, estimated to cou tain 44,000 acres. Besides this, and to be properly considered in the San J uau basin, are the lands on either nido of the Canon Largo, Canon Blanco and Canon Gallego, These will include the land along the river and down to the sixth correction line, ncrth; south of this line there are twenty-four townships of land, the water facilities of which are only about the average of the arid region. They are covered by the headwators of the Rio Chaco or Chusco and the Amarillo. At present this land is devoted to cattle and sheep raising, but the prospects of using a consid erable area of this land for agriculture are very l'avorable. At present there m no demand for it and most of it is public land. It may be said, therefore, that in the immediate San Juan valley there are about 60,000 aores of land, about 50,000 acres of which are now under .fi cb, A large area outside of this, on tin high mesas, is susceptible of irrigation, and will ultimately be added to the irrigable area by means of high line ditches. . TnE ANIMAS VALLEY. The Animas river enters the county just eiBt of the 108th meridian. It is formed by the junction of two im portant torrential streams, and will irrigate, if properly handled, 40,000 acres of fruit land. Of thm amount 10,000 or 12,000 aores are already under ditch, and it would not be wise to advise large settlement on any new lands, unless some scheme were devised by which the whole amount of the water could be handled by .some poiupiehensive authority. This river 1k ws thirty miles within San Juan county. The farming lands begin at Coxrs crossing and take in a Btrip varying from a quarter of a mile to three miles in width and about twenty -five miles in length. The Animas has a minimum flow of 2000 cubio feet per second. One of tbe peouliaiitier of this and the San Juan river is that the bottoms are composed of beds of small, round, water-worn boulders of unknown depth. More water flows in this boulder bed than on the surface. Along in the river valley proper there are about 18,000 aores of good land, the most important area of which is from Aztec to below Flora Vista. FARMINGTON GLADE. Besides the valley of the Animas there is an important area of land included in the Farmington Glade, an introvale between the Animas and La Plata rivers. It is a strip of country two or three miles wide by eighteen miles long. It will aggre gate 25,000 acres of good irrigable land well adapted to fruit raising. In the glade, and beginning at about the latitude of A roc. is a tine body of public land, subject to desert land entry, that would make homes for a small colony. The ditch would be comparatively inexpensive as a natural opening in the hillside affords ew yontranee to the glade. If water were brought to this place there is no better piece of land for raising deciduous fruits. It is protected, fertile and beautiful. THE LA PLATA VALLBT. The La Plata river flows iu a deep, sandy bed, and its waters generally disappear in the last week in August or tbe first week of September. On the upper part of this river after it enters San Juan county there are about 8000 acres cultivated; and at Jackson, near its mid-course, there is a small Mormon colony, who till about 1000 acres. The river has an average fall of forty feet to the mile, is about thirty feet wide and has a mean average flow of about 250 cubio feet per second. The ultimate re clamation of lands in tbe La Plata valley will be large. ACTUAL WATER RESOURCES. It will be seen from the foregoing that there are available from these three rivers 6250 cubic feet of water per second. At the low estimate of 160 acreB to each cubic foot, this is sufficient to irrigate 1,000,000 acres of land. According to a county pamphlet issued for circulation at tbe World's fair, there are 175,000 acres available for irrigation. In addition lo the value of the water for irrigation, it, is a constant source of water power. The San Juan and Animas are constant streams, not affected by toe most enduring dr.outh. The wasted power of their waters would furnish heat, light and elec trical motive force far in excess of any possible need of this county. At present the only use niadci of all this wealth of water is to irrigate about 25,000 acres, the larger part of which is under ditcheB owned by small asso ciations of farmers. AZTEO: The mcdern civilization has fol lowed the same lines of settlement as did the ancient. Aztec is the county seat, situated on the southeast bank of the Animas. It has a bank, several large stores, hotel and livery and stage stables. The county jail is a well built, steel lined adobe structure. The surrounding country is well cultivated, the farms extending up and down the river for several miles. At this point the valley iB about two miles wide. Fruit, alfalfa, grain, potatoes and all tho root crops give abundant harvests. Apples and to matoes seem peculiarly adapted to the soil. The population of the town and surrounding country is between 550 aud 600 uersous. FLORA VISTA. This little village and vicinity has a population of about 250 souls. It is situated at about the widest part of the Animas valley, seven miles from Aztec, raises the same crops and its orchards are spreading; al falfa fields have a particularly good appearance. FARMINGTON. Farmington and Junction Cityf are situated at the mouth of the Animas. The population is about the same as at Aztec. The location is very beau tiful. At tl is point the full scenic beauty of the valley reveals itself. From a little hill overlooking the town a solid plantation of three or four square miles, inoluding orchards, alfalfa hVids, grain and meadow is seen. Here is at present tho densest population of the county and the widest spread of cultivation. The three valleys here converge into the main valley of tho San Juan. There are several good stores, public stabloB, good schools aud general facilities. Near this town are located several brick kilns, a Baw mill aud a roller process flour mill. It iB a very pretty, go-ahead place. Its citizens are full of energy and public spirit. LARGO. This town may be considered the center of population on the upper San Juan. Taking in with it the little settlement on Pine river and at Bloomtield, the population is between 1000 and 1200 persons, the majority of whom are of Spanish descent. The high culture of the fields, or chards and vineyards speaks well f jr the progress of the community. TUE LOWER SAN JUAN. Olio, Fruitland and Jewett are sit uated on the San Juan below its junction with the La Plata. The population of tho three is about 600 persons. Tbe greater part of the land is under a fine modern canal and in a high state of cultivation. At Fruitland is one small orchard of seven acres from which the annual net return has been over $2,500 per annum for the past five vears. This is the property of the resident Mor mon bishop and is cultivated accord ing to the theory of his people that a small place well cared for is more valuable than broad acreage poorly farmed. It is one of the bestnstances of intensive culture in the territory. LA PLATA. This place can hardly be called a town. It is a compact farming com munity, however, of about seventy well cultivated homesteads at the head of the La Plata valley. On the western side the land rises in three terraces, one over the other, every one or which is hia-hlv anltivurad The sight wou'd remind one more of a French landscape than a western community as yet removed from railroads, and ten years ago given nvor in tVla Trillions na c Inintins.' ground. Alfalfa and fruit are the ! 1 1 i fML' & f principal productions, mis pan ui the countv is a verv picture in its picturesque fertility. The Aztecs also thought well of it, and many of their monuments in the shape of rudely pictured and sculptured rocks abound. CROPS Th3 first trees were planted in this county ten years ago, aud as an ex periment seemed very doubtful. The first settlers were principally cattle men, who knew little about farming. They profited by their first mistakes, however, and prospered, bo that the reputation of theBe valleys is known all over the southwest. The southern towns of Colarado, outside the Sun Luis valley, are almost wholly sup plied from the San Juan orchards So remunerative has fruit culture proved that in 1891 23.000 trees were planted, and in 1892 about 50,000. The planting of 1893 is not yet ac curately known, but will show a ratio of progress. Last year at the Albu querque Territorial fair the fruits of this county took the sweepstakes prize. The peaches iu Boine instances measured nine incheB in circumfer ence, apples thirteen to fourteen inches aud weigLed sixteen to nine teen ounces. Single acres of fruit land return from $400 to 5500; and in one orchard near Farmiugton are three trees, of whose yield an ac curate account has been kept for four years past, that show an average re turn of 53 per tree. Cereals of all kinds are grown here, wheat yielding 20 to 40 bushels per acre; oats, 30 to 80 bushels; barley, 30 to 60 bushels; rye, 15 to 30 bushels; corn, 25 to 50 bushels. A ready sale is found at good prices. Current prices for 1893 were 0s follows: Wheat, per cwt., $1.40; oats, $1.50; barley, $1.40; corn, $1.50; bran, per ton, $18, Vegetables of every variety flourish, from the hardier varieties! such as Irish potatoes, turnips and beets, to the more tender melons, egg plants, tomatoes, etc. ALFALFA Ib, however, tbe staple crop in this county; drouth is not to be feared and neither frost nor cold endanger it. Owing to tho advantageous situ ation of the county the farmers have taken to fattening beef cattle. For this purpose the Bales of alfalfa are large, frequently amounting to from 500 to 1000 tous to a single buyer. From 1891 to 1892 the increase in alfalfa production amounted 7000 tons. The averave yield per aere is from 4 to 10 tons. MINERAL WEALTH. ThiB whole county ib underlaid with coal. The beds havo not been prospected to any extent. They are known, however, to contain almost unlimited quantities of coal. On the San Juan river, opposite Fruitland, is a truly notable exposure of this val uable fuel. It stands above the river 34 feet and is over 300 feet long, and extends back into the bluff on a very slight dip, it is supposed for miles, as there is an immense mesa stretching in that direction. Immediately across on the north side of the river other huge beds appear, and these then stretch up the La Plata for nearly fifty miles. This coal is a hard, free burning quality. An experienced Cornwall miner, who is working one of th9se veins on the La Plata, says be never saw mines so easily opened or that so quickly yielded good mer chantable coal. All that seems to be necessary iB to strip the outer layer, which has been exposed to the weathei for ages, and the fine, glit tering material is found, free from slate or "bone" and ready for use. Some difference of opinion exists as to the quality of this coal, but the bureau of immigration can 6tate on tbe authority of its agent that it is of a good coking character. Some of it, in his presence, was covered with sand and fired on the ground and in a short time was roasted into a fine silver coke with a ring like metal. The cotil in this county is usually found in a thick strata between slate) ana sandstone of a very fine grain. It is said that gold and metallic iron can be found; and the best building stone, both sandstone and granite, abound. The best mining camps of Colorado and Bplendid min eral belts in New Mexico are contig uous. When railroads penetrate this county the neighborhood of Olio will afford splendid opportunities foi large smelters. 'Since the foregoing won published by the bu reau of immigration the flour mill wan destroyed by fire, but will be rebuilt thin summer. . (Junction City in just across the Animas frort fc'arminKloi), but dopond:i on' Farmington mer c haute for supplies. Patented land with water can be had at from $15 to $50 per acre. Be sides this there are thousands of acres of government land that can be had for the cost of filing on it. Among tbe many enterprises which would flourish in this county may be mentioned a wool scouring plant and woolen mills. Water and coal are abundant and free. The enly ex pense will be in developing. Crop and Prices of 1893. The following table shows the fruit yield of the county and average mar ket price of 1893: YIELD 24.25 PKICB Wheat, bushehv..... Oatt Corn Barley " I'otnt.ies " Onions " Tomatoes" Apples, pound I'oaobea, " - Pears " I'lums " ('harries " . (i rapes " Strawberries, quarts., 'aspberries " .. Hlackberries " Curroats " Gooseberries " S .85 .75 .75 .75 .85 1.25 1.75 .03 .04 .OS 05 .15 .04 .20 .20 .20 .08 .08 HMO 25,000 10.UO0 20.000 IV" 2.500 9no,ow 250,000 7.500 40,010 5,000 100 coo Besides the produce mentioned in the foregoing table the county pro duced 35,000 pounds of honey at an average price of 12J cents a pound, and 30,000 tons of alfalfa hay which averaged $5 per tou. Questions Answered. Irrigation is the best means of fer tilizing land. Every kind of deciduous fruit can be raised here. As a fruit raising country the San Juan has no equal, Water can be put on arid land at a cost of from $2 to $15 per acre. New Mexico took first prize for wheat at the World'6 fair, and second for oats. The last census gives thirty acres 8-the average size of an irrigated farm in .New Mexico. As a health resort for persons with weak lungs San J uau county has few peers and no superiors. Rough lumber here i worth $25 per thousand, brick $8 per ihousand. and lime 40 cents per bushel Fire clay is found in large quanti If you want to know more about the fl In the World Read the Times SAMPLE COPIES FREE. rfiiiiuutiiinuiiimuiiiuiuiiiiuuiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuimiiiiiiiiiniiifniiit.Hi1ii1iaiiiip Which Shall It Be? Youn orders for High Grade Sewing Machines, Bicycles, Vehicles, Baby E fVr-ri fl (TPS pt.C. nlfinerl wit h 1nf.il onrl rofaU Hl.nlnwO TttWVi f l.rnn tn alv wl.ll CT - .""J ' ' L - " .wh. UUU 1VUUII UVIHUD " HU 1.111,. l uvi otA U11UU1C men's profits, or with the old reliable CASH BUYERS' UNION, with only one small profit above actual factory cost. If you are a money saver there can be no doubt as to your decision. Write to-day for one of our illustrated catalogues and note the unapproachable bargains we are offering 30 differ ent style Sewing Machines, ranging in price from $8.00 to 130.00 Bicycles, all styles and prices, from $10.75 to $75.00. Those of the latter price being equal to wheels sold by agents and dealers at $125.00. We 6how 150 designs in Baby Carriages the latest, the handsomest all new patterns, many direct importations. We handle everything under the sun in the VEHICLE AND HARNESS LINE, BUGGIES. CARRIAGES, PHAE TONS. ROAD WAGONS. CARTS. HARNE88, SADDLES. ETC., at prices out or reach of competition. IN PIANOS AND ORGANS we show an endless variety, at only 10 per cent, above actual cost to build. In writing for cata logues, state which to send, as we have a spe cial catalogue for each line. Address iu full CASH BUYERS' UNION, B848. :s9-i6i W. Van Buren St., CMICAQO, ILL. ffiM?iiiMfiiifiMiiriMinnnnTrnnnn,niiiiiiMi!?(viiufi!ii!iiifi(i!iiv!ifVMnfiimTTmuw '9HP 1 TOP TOB ACCO will be as free from nicotine as the day before you took your first chew or smoke. An iron-clad written guarantee to absolutely euro the tobacco habit in all its forms or money refunded. Price $1.00 per oox or 3 boxes (30 daya' treatment and guaranteed cure) $2.50. For sale by all druggists or will be sent by mail upon receipt of price. Send six 2-cent stamps for sample box. Book lets and proofs free. Eureka Chemical & M'f 'g Co., La Crosse, WiB. Office of The Pioneer Press Company, C. W. Hornick, Supt. St. Paul, Minn., Sept. 7, 1894. Eurf kn Chemical and M'f'g Co-, La Crosse, Wis. 1 ii.r si, I li:vi hnpn a to!i nc.cn Iii'ii'l for many virirs. nnii during? tho Duet two yours smokedfifteon tt twenty cigars regularly ovor day. My whole nervous system became affeotatt until my pliyiiniari told uio I must eive up (hp uso of tobacoo fur the time bein , at least. 1 tnd the so-oaTled "Keo'ey (lure," "No-To-liiic" and various other remedies, but without tucccBS. uirtU 1 ace'dentally learned of your "Baco-Curo." Throe woeks ago today I commenoed using your preparation, and today I oonsder myself completely cured; X am in perfect health, and the horri ble craving for tobacco, which every inveternt" smoker fully appreciates, has complete y left aw. Icoi tider yonr "Baco-Curo" simply wendtrlol, Yours vary truly, ties on the lower San Juan, and a fine quality of fire brick can be manufac tured at a nominal cost. Experts pronounce the San Juan coal as a steam producing coal far above the average, if not the very best quality in the world: Any information relative to tho county not given in the columns of The Times will be cheerfully fur nished upon application to the pub bsher. Water rights in company ditchw cost from $2 to 515 per acre, with an additional cost of from $1 to " an nually per acre to pay for repairs. Iu most cases this aunual assessment can be worked out. Sheep do well in this county. Scab and ot her sheep diseases are unknown here. Thousands of acres of gov ernment land are contiguous to tbe streams and watering places on which they can graze nearly every month in the year. Large bunches of the wethers cau be fattened on alfalfa hay during the winter, and the mam flocks carried over on it at a small coht. thus making sheep raising a profitable industry. The native sheep make a most excellent cross to breed the mutton producing strains of east ern sheep to. A tannery is needed and would be a good investment in ihis county. There are over 500,000 acres of cana agria growing wild here. It yields as high per acre as ten tons wild and from thirty tons upward under culti vation. ThiB plant coutains 33$ per cent of tannic acid, the highest aver age of any known agent. The tan nery would be furnished with a home 6'ipply of tanning matter without the cost of a cent of freight. This cana-agria is beingshipped to Europe at a cost of between $80 and $100 per ton, several firms there using it for the preparation of their best grades of leather. MfejJKaBL. Its injurious to stop suddenly arid don't be imposed upon by baying a remedy that re quires you to do so, as it is nothing more than a substitute. In the sudden stopage of tobacco you must have some stimulant, and in moat all cases the effect of the stimulant, be it opium, morphine or other opiates, leaves a far worse habit contracted. Ask your drug gist about BACO OURO. It is purely veg etable. You do not have to stop using tobacco with BAGQ CURO. It will notify you when to stop and your desire for te bacco will cease. Your system and can folly rocoamead it e, W. HoKNIOl. v. U 'V it