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The San Juan times. (Farmington, N.M.) 1891-1900, October 04, 1895, Image 8

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Fort lie Soil Abundant Water and
Otber Inducement Offered
to Homo Seekpra.
This county i cue of the gar.wa
spots of fhe world, and litn on tho
western nlope of Hie grwit conti
nental divide, boing part of the Pa
cific water-phed Aidn from its great
resources as an agricnltnral and stock
courtry its scenery is very beautiful.
On all sides great rocky masses,
broken into picturesque, formations,
are to be seen across wide, fertile
- - MM A 1 I
valleys, ine county is watered oy i
three largo riven, and from their !
junction below Farmington the view j
- i .1 ; - ... .
is grano aim lmiur&rtivp.
In this valley, from a point, about
ton miles above Largo, there it a
narrow strip of bottom laud orr each
riide of the river. At the town of
Largo (he river bottom widens out
into rolling mesas liiid bottom lands
which are available for cultivation.
The moft important of these tracts
are known as the Bloouitield and Sol
omon mesas, which, with the bottom
fands under them, will aggregate
somewhat over 20.000 acres. They
are on the north side of the river.
From thence to the juuotion of the
Animas, the mesa lauds are broken
into detached plateaus rather difficult
to irrigate The Animas and Lu
Plata empty into the San Juau near
Farmington. On the two puintH of
land formed by the rivers are about
12.000 or 15,000 acres of fine laud all
under ditch. Beginning then ut the
mouth of the La Plata, and for t wenty
miles down the San Juau, to where
it breaks through the Hogback, (a
line of low hills) there is a continu
ous series of mesas with about a niilo
wide of bottom land A little over
15,000 here are now under ditch. To
tho north of this are a series of high
meadows, or vegan, estimated to con
tain 44,000 aoreB. Besides this, and
to be properly considered in the San
Juau basin, are the lauds on either
Ride of the Canon Largo, Chuju
Blanco and Canon Gallego, Tht.no i
will include the land along the river
and down to the sixth correction
line, ncrth; south of this line there
are twenty-four townships of land,
the water facilities of which are only
about, the average of the arid region.
They aie covered by the headwators
of the Uio Chaco or Gkusco and the
Amarillo. At present this land is
dovoted to cat lie and sheep raising,
but the prospects of using a consid
erable area of this land for agriculture
are very favorable. At present there
is no demand for it and most of it is
public land.
It may be said, therefore, that in
the immediate San Juau valley there
are about 60.000 acres of laud, about
50,000 acres of which are now uuder
ditch, A large area outside of this,
on thei high mesas, is susceptible of
irrigation, and will ultimately be
added to the irrigable area by means
of high line ditches.
The AniLias river enters the county
jwst e st of the 108th meridian. It
is formed by the junction of two im
portant torrential streams, and will
irrigate, if properly handled, 40,000
acres of fruit laud. Of this amount
10,000 or 12,000 acres are already
under ditch, and it would uot bo wise
to advise large settlement on any
new lands, unless some scheme wero
deviced by which the whole amount
of the water could be handled by
Home comprehensive authority. This
river dews thirty miles within San
Juan couLty. The farming lands
begin tit Cox's crossing and take in a
trip varying from a quarter of a
mile to three miles in width and
about twenty -five miles in length.
The Animas has a minimum flow of
2000 cubic feet per second. One of
the peculiaiitief of tuie and the San
Juan river is that the bottoms are
eomposed of beds of small, round,
water-worn boulders jf unknown
depth. More water flows in this
boulder bed than on the surface.
AloDg in the river valley proper
there are about 18,000 acres of good
land, the most important area of
which is from Aztec to below Flora
Besides the valley of the Animas
there is an important area of land
included in the Farmiugton Glade,
an introvale between the Amman and
La Plata rivers. It is a Btrip of
country two or three miles wide by
eighteen mile6 long. It will aggre
gate 25,000 icres of good irrigable
land well adapted to fruit raising.
In the glade, aud beginning at about
the latitude of Aztec, is a fine body
of public iand, subject to desert
land entry, that would make homes
Ur a small colony. The ditch would
be comparatively inexpensive as a
natural opening in the hillside affords
aayentranco to the glade. If water
we S brought to thiB place taeru is
ttu better piece of land for raising
ieciduous fruits, it is protected,
Fertile and beautiful.
The La Plata river flows in a deep,
Bandy bed, and its waters generally
disappear iu the last week ill August
or tue first week of September. On
the upper part of this rivor after i
enters San Juau county there nr
about 8000 acres cultivated; and at
Jackson, near iU mid-course, iheie ,s
a smnll Mormon colony, who till
about 1000 acre. The river has an
average fall of forty feet to the mile,
is about thirty feet wid and has a
mean average flow of about 250 cubic
feet per Beoond. The ultimate re
clamation of lands in the La Plata
valley will be large.
It will be aeu from the foregoing
that there are available from these
three rivers 6250 cubic feet of water
per second. At the low estimate of
160 acres to each cubic foot, this is
sufficient to irrigate 1,000,000 acres
of land Accordiug to a county
pamphlet issued for circulation at
the World's fair, there are 175,000
acres available for irrigation. In
addition to the value of the water fur
irrigation, it is a constant source of
water power. The San Juau and
Animas are constant streams, not
affected by tnemost enduring drouth.
The wasted power of their waters
would furnish heat, light and elec
trical motive force far in excess of
any possible need of this county. At
preseut the only use made of all this
wealth of wa'e.' is to irrigate about
25,000 acres, the larger part of which
is under ditches owned by hujhII asso
ciations of farmers.
The mcdern civilization has fol
lowed the same lines of settlement as
did the ancient. Aztec is the county
seat, situated on the southeast bank
of the Animas. It has a bank, several
largo stores, hotel and livery and
stage stableB. The county jail is a
well built, steel lined adobe structure.
The surroundiug country is well
CUtivated, the farms extending up
and down the river for several miles.
At this point the valley is about two
miles wide. Fruit, alfalfa, grain,
potatoes and all the root crops give
abundant harvests. Apples and to
matoes seem peculiarly adapted to
the soil. The population of the town
and aurroanding country is between
550 and 6U0 persons.
J bia little villago and vicinity has
a population of about 250 souls. It.
is situated at about the widest part
of the Auimas valley, seven miles
from Aztec, raises the same crops
and its orchards are spreading; al
falfa fields have a particularly good
Farmington aud Junction Cityf are
situated at the mouth of the Auimas.
The population is about the same as
at Aztec. The location is very beau
tiful. At this point the full' scenic
beauty of the valley reveals ltBelf.
From a little hill overlooking the
town a soli.) plantation of three or
four square miles, including orchards,
alfalfa tieids, grain aud meadow is
seen. Hero is at present the densest
population of the county and the
widest spread of cultivation. The
three valleys here converge into the
main valley of the Sau Juan. There
are several good stores, public stables,
good schools aud general facilities.
Near this town are located several
brick kilns, a siiw uiill and a roller
process Hour mill. It is a very pretty.
go-ahead place. Its citizens are full
of energy and public spirit.
T lis place can hardly bo called ti
town. It is a cotapact farming com
munity, however, of about seventy
well cultivated homesteads at the
head of the La Plata valley. On the
western side the land rises in three
terraces, one over the other, every
one or which is highly cultivated.
The sight wou'd remind one more of
a French landscape than a western
community as yet removed from
railroads, and ten years ago given
over to the Indians as a hunting
ground. Alfalfa Bnd fruit are the
principal productions. This part of
the county is a very picture in its
picturesque fertility. The Aztecs
also thought well of it, nnd many of
their mounmeDts in the Bhape of
rudely piotured and sculptured rocks
Olio, Fruitland and Jewett are sit
uated on the Sau Juan below its
junction with the La Plata. The
population of the three is about 600
persons. The greater part of the
land is under a fine modern canal
and in a high state of cultivation. At
Fruitland is one small orchard of
seven acres from which the annual
net return has been over 2,500 per
annum for the past five vears. ThiB
is the property of the resident Mor
mon bishop and is cultivated accord
ing to the theory of bis people that a
small place well cared for is more
valuable than broad acreage poorly
farmed. It is one of the best instances
of intensive culture in., tbo territory.
This town may be considered the
center of population on the upper
San Juan. Taking in with it the
little settlement on Pine river and at
Bloom liuld, the population in between
1000 aud 1200 persons, the majority
of whom are of Spanish descent,
lite high culture of the fields, or
chards mid vineyards speaks well f jr
iho progress of the community.
Th first trees wnre plauted in this
county ten years ago, and ns an ex
periment seemed very doubtful. The
first settlers were principally cattle
men, who knew little about farming.
They profited by their first mistakes,
however, aud prospered, so that, the
reputation of these valleys is knowu
all over the southwest. The southern
towns of Colarado, outside the San
Luis valley, are almost wholly sup
plied from the JSan Juan orchards.
So remunerative has fruit culture
proved that in 1801 28,000 trees were
planted. Bud in 182 about 50.0(H)
The planting of 18311 is uot yet ac
curately knowu, but will show a ratio
of urotrress. Last vear at ihe Albu
querque Territorial fair the fruits of
this county took the sweepstaKes
prize. The peaches iu some instances
measured nine inches in circumfer
ence, apples thirteen to fourteen
inches aud weighed sixteen to nine
teen ounces. Single acres of fruit
land return from S400 to 500; and
in one orchard near Farmington are
throe treos, of whose yield an ac
curate account haB bees kept for four
years t ast. that show au average re-
t urn of j53 per tree.
Cereals of all kinds are grown here,
wheat yielding 20 to 40 bushels pet
acre; oats, 30 to 80 bushels; barley, SO
to 60 bushels; rye, 15 to 80 bushels;
corn, 25 to 50 bushels. A ready sale
is found it good priced. Current
prices for 1803 were s follows:
Wheal, per CWt..1.40j oats, 31.50;
barley, $1.40; corn, $1.50; bran, per
ton, 18. Vegetables of every variety
flourish, from the hardier varieties,
such as Irish potatoes, turnips and
beets, to the more tender melons, egg
plants, tomatoes, etc.
Is, however, the staple crop in this
county; drouth is not to be feared
aud neither frost nor cold endanger
it. Owing to the advantageous situ
atiou of the county the farmers have
taken to fattening beef cattle. For
this purpose the sales of alfalfa are
large, frequently amounting to from
500 to 1000 tons to a single buyer.
From 1801 to 1892 the increase in
alfalfa production amounted 7000
tous. The averave yield per aere is
from 4 to It) tons.
This whole county is underlaid
with coal. The beds have rot been j
prospected to any extent. They are
known, however, to contain almost
unlimited quantities of coal. On the
San Juau river, opposite Fruitland.
is a truly notable exposure of this val
uable fuel. It stands above the river
34 feet and is over 300 feet long, aud
extends back iuto the bluff on a very
slight dip, it is supposed for miles, as
there is au immense mesa stretching
in that direction. Immediately across
on the north side of the river other
huge beds appear, and these then
stretch up the La Plata for nearlj
fifty miles. This coal is a. hard, free
burning quality. An experienced
Coruwall miner, who is working one
of those veins on the La Plata, ssys
he never saw mines so easily opened
or that, so quickly yielded good mer
chantable coal. All that seems to be
necessiry is to strip the outer layer,
which has been exposed to the
weathei for ages, and the tine, glit
tering materinl is found, free from
slate or "bone" and ready for use.
Some difference of opinion exists as
to the quality of this coal, but the
bureau of immigration can state on
the authority of its Agent that it is
of a good coking character. Someof
it, in his presence, was covered with
sand and fired on the ground and in
a short time woe roasted into a fine
silver coke with a ring like metal.
The coal in this county is usually
found in a thick strata between slate
aDO sandstone of a very fine grain.
It is said that gold aud metallic
irorr can be found; and the best
building stone, both sandstone and
granite, abound. The best mining
camps of Colorado and splendid min
eral belts in New Mexico are contig-
uous. wnon ranroaas penetrate
this county the neighborhood of Olio
will afford splendid opportunities foi
large smelters.
8inv the foroioinn wa pnblish! by th bn-
ruan of immigration the ttonrmill -im destroyed
by nre, but win De rooaiic mis summer.
(Junction Oitr is just nomas the Animas ffonr
Farminatun, but depends ou farmington mer.
chants for supplies.
Patented land with water can be
h ad at from $ 15 to $50 per acre. Be
sides this there are thousands of
acres of government land that can be
had for the cost of filing on it.
Among the many enterprises which
would flourish in this county may be
mentioned a wool scouring plant and
woolen mills. Water and coal are
abundant and free. The only ex
pose will be in developing.
Crop and Prices of 1803.
The following table shows the fruit
yield of the county aud average mar
ket price of 1803:
Whw, bunUol -
Cora -
Ba ley '
PotxtoM "
Onions " - -
Appln, pounds
Pencil. es, "
I'eais "
I luiim "
Cli.-rri.'B "
tinmen " -
Strawberries, quiirts-
asuberrins ' -
I'lHCkhrtrriee "
CiirritHte "
(Joonebcrrien "
rutii) ric
r.i.ouo .is
1U.OU0 .15
UOM .83
ir..o u iM
2 5e0 1.76
800,000 A
7.501! .0?
40.0 It -ttt
5,om. .11
100 1 00 .0)
Besides the produce mentioned in
the foregoing table the county pro
duced 36,000 pounds of honey at an
average price of 12J cents a pound,
and 30.01.0 tons of alfalfa bay which
averaged $5 per ton.
Questions Answered.
Irrigation is the best means of fer
tiliaing luini.
Every kind of deciduous fruit can
be raised here.
As a fruit raising country the San
Juan has no equal,
WatiT can be put on arid land at a
cost of from $2 to lf per acre
New Mexico took first prize f"r
wheat at the World's fair, arid second
for oats.
lie last census gives thii . acres
as the average size of an irrigated
farm iu New Mexico.
As a health resort for persons with
weak lungs Sau Jnah county has
few peers and no superiors.
Hough lumber hi re i worth $25
per thousaud, brick $8 jier thousat I
and lime 40
Fire clay r
its per I ii !."!
Mind in large quanti
ties on the iow-r Sau Jnan, and a tina
quality of fire brick cau U ruauufar
tured at a nominal cost.
Experts pronounc the Sao ,)un
coal as a stetMu producing nutti fnr
above th average, if uot the very
best quality iu the world.
Any information relative to tbe
county not given in th" 'Jnn.iis .if
The TtUKB will b cheerfully fur
nished upon application to the pr.W
Water rightB in company ditch
cost from $2 to I5 per sere, with no
additional cost of from $1 to $'J an -Dually
per acre to pay fur repairs. In
most cases this annual asfceeeitient
can oe worteu out.
Sheep do well in this county. Scab
and other sheep diseases are unknown
here. Thousands of acres of gov
ernment land are OOUtigUOQB to the
streams aud wutering place" on which
they can graze nrtuly every month in
the year. Large bunches of th
wethers cau be fattened on alfalfa
hay during the winter, and the mais
flocks carried over on it 8t a small
co-it, thus making she. p raising n
profitable industry. The native Hhwcp
make a most excellent cross 10 breed
the mutton producing strains of east
ern nheep to.-
A tannery is needed and would be
a good investment in this county.
There are over 500,000 acres of catiu
agna growing wild here It yields
as high per acre as ton tons wild and
from thirty tous upward under cuiti"
vation. This plant contains pel
cejii of tannic acid, the highest aver
age of any known agent The tna
nerv would be furnished with a hums
supply of tanning matter without
(he cost of a C'MtJ of freight, This
I oana-agria is being ship; ' to Enron
at a cost, of between $80 and $10D
i per ton, several Brms there nting it
I for the preparation of their beet,
i grades leather.
$750.00 ererjr month giren away to any one who a p.
plies through ui for tbe most meritorious palest during
the month preceding.
We secure the best patents for onr eUents,
ssd the object of this offer is to encourage inventors to
keep track of their bright ideas. At the same time we
wish to impress upon tue public the fact that
such as the "car-window" which can be easily slid up
and down without breaking the passenger's back,
"sauce-pan," "cellar-button," "nut-lock, "boXlt
ttopper, ' and a thousand other little things that most
any one can find a way of improving ; and these simpla
inventions are the ones that bring largest returns to the
author. Try to think of something to invent.
Patents taken out through us receive special notlco la
the" National Recorder, published at Washington,
D. C, which is the beat newspaper published in America
in the interests of inventors. We furnish ?. "car's sub
scription to this journal, free of cost, to alt I r clients.
We also ad veru'se.freoof cost, the invention e.ch month
which wins our $150 prize, and hundreds of thousands
of copies of the "National Recorder," containing a
sketch of the winner, and a description of his invention,
will be scatteied throughout the United States among
capitalists and manufacturers, thus bringing to their
attention the merits of the invention.
All communications regarded strictly eonfidenliti.
Solicitors of American and Foreign Patents,
618 F Street, N.W.,
Box 385. Washington, D. C.
fjjjT Rfcrtnctidiior ef thit papir. WriUJarottr
SO-pagt pamphlit, FREE.
Aztec;, IN. M.
Oapita'J Stock $30,000.00
Does a general b44ci niBhiese. In
terest paid oti i tie deposits.
Samt Webster,
Frank M. Pieh;'i. r'r.-nid ut.
Vice Pri
Ce i'lV
Bttu r.ifcagbier.
Chaeuss V. 8avi Cathier.
. mini
Duivuy o
If you want to know more ab
Lit the
fjtiplf J
In the World
H.ead tlie -Times
Shall It Be?
Your orders for High Grade Sewing Machines, Bicycles. Vehicles, Baby
Carriages, etc., placed with local and retail dealers with three toaix middle
men's profits, or with the old reliable CASH BUYERS' UNION, with only
one small profit above actuatfactory cost. If you are a money saver there
can be no doubt as to your decision. Vritc to day for one of our illustrated
catalogues and note the unappros,c!)ablc bargains we are offering 30 differ
ent style 8ewing Machines, ranging in price from 88.00 to $30.00 Bicycles,
all styles and prices, from $10.75 to $75.00. Those of the latter price being
equal to wheels sold by agents add dealers at $125.00. We show 150 designs
fn Baby Carriages the latest,' the handsomest all new patterns many
direct importations. Wo handle everything under the sun in the
at prices out or reach of competition.
IN PIAN08 AND ORGAN8 we show an
endless variety, at only 10 per cent, above
actual cost to build. In writing for cata
logues, state which to send, as we have a spe
cial catalogue for each line. Address in full
B 848. 159-161 W. Van Bnran St., CHICAGO, ILL.

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