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The San Juan times. (Farmington, N.M.) 1891-1900, October 25, 1895, Image 8

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Fertile Soil Abundant Water and
Other Inducement Offered
to Home Seekers.
from N. M. Bureau of liumijiraUon Bapnft.
1 btH enmity is oue of the garden
spots of the world, uud lies uD the
western hlope of the. great conti
nental divide, heiny part of the Pa
citic wuter-Hlied. Aside from it
resources hs au agricultural an
courtry its sceuery is very beautiful.
Ou all sides great rocky masses,
broken into picturesque formations,
are to be seen across wide, fertile
valleys. The county is watered by
three large rivers, and from tbeir
junction below Farmingtou tbe view
"id grand and impressive.
In this valley, from a point about
ten miles above Largo, there is a
narrow strip of bottom land on each
side of the river. At the town of
Largo t'ie river bottom widens out
into rolling mesas and bottom lands
which are available for cultivation.
The mo!t important of these tracts
are known hs the Bloomfield and Sol
omon mesHs. which, with the bottom
lauds uinler I hem, will aggregate
aomewhat over '20.UOU acres. They
are on the north side of the river.
From thence to the junction of the
Animas, the menu lands are broken
intodetached plateaus rather difficult
to irrigate - Animas and La
Plata eniptj i i e San Juan near
Farmiagton () me two points of
land formed by iu- rivers are about
T2,0UO or 15.UU0 acres of line laud all
under ditch. Beginning then at the
mouth of the La Plata, and for twenty
miles dowu the San Juan, to where
it breaks through the Hogback, (a
line of low bills) tUTe 18 a continu
ous series of mef-ie- with about a mile
wide of bottom land A little over
15,000 here !: 10 : r ditch. To
the north of this ni i of high
meadows, i n i . iie. to con
tain 44,000 aci a this, and
to be iroper.y c , lenvt in the San
Juan basin, in. th on either
side of the Canoi ! igo, Canon
Blanco and CaUot o, These
will include the laud ,.i iitg the river
and dowu to ih sixth correction
line, ncrtb; south of this line there
are tweni four townships of land,
tbe water facilities of hicu are only
about the avi i igt of ;he arid ivgj. n.
They are covet eo by the headwaters
of the Bio Utiaco or Chusco and the
Amarillo At present this land is
devoted to cattle and sheep raisiug,
but tbe prospects of usiug a conoid
erable aruaof this land for agricull ure
are very ifavorable. At preseut there
is no d lUHiid for it and most of it is
public land.
It may be said, therefore, thac in
the immediate Sau Juan valley there
are about GO, 000 acres of laud, aboui
50,000 acres of which are now tuder
ditch, A large area outside of this,
on thj high mesas, is susceptible of
irrigation, and will ultimately be
added to the irrigable area by meaus
of high line ditches.
The Animas river enters thecoiinty
just e"st of tlie 108th meridian. It
is formed by the junction of two im
portant torrential streams, and will
irrigate, if properly handled, 40,000
acres of fruit land. Of this amount
10.000 or 12,000 acres are already
under ditch, unit it would not be wise
to advise large settlement on any
new lands, .unless some scheme were
devised bj which the whole amount
of the water could be handled by
some comprehensive authority. This
river Hewn 'lnrty miles within San
Juan couuty. The farming lauds
begin at Cox's crossing and tako iu a
strip varying from a quarter of a
mile to three miles iu width and
about twenty live miles in length.
The Animas has a minimum now of
2000 cubic feet per second One of
the pecnliaiitiet of this and tbe San
Juan river is that the bottoms are
composed of beds of small, round,
water-worn boulders j unknown
depth. More water Hows in this
boulder bed than on the surface.
Along in the. river valley proper
there are about 18.000 acres of good
land, the most important area of
which is from Aztec to below Flora
Be 1' H the valley of tbe Animas
tin ire is an important area of land
included iu the Farmingtou Glade,
an introvale beiweeD the Animas and
La Plata rivers. It is a strip of
country two or three miles wide by
eigi teen miles long. It will aggre
gate 25,000 acres of good irrigable
land well adapted to fruit raising.
In the glade, and beginning at about
the latitude of Aztec, is a liue body
of public land, si.'iject to desert
land entry, that would make homes
for a soi di colony. The ditch would
be comparatively inexpensive as a
natural opening in the hillside affords
easyeutiunce to the glade. If water
were brought to this place there is
no tietUr piece of land for raising
Jeciduous fruits. It is protected,
fertile aid beautiful.
Tlie La Plata river flows in a deep
saudy beii, and its waters generally
disappear in the last week iu Augnv
or tbe lirst week of September- On
tbe upper part of this river after il
enters Sau Juan county there ar
about 8000 acres cultivated; and til
Jackson, near its mid-course, there is
a sniHll Mormon colony who till
ab tot 1000 acres The river has an
aversge fall ul forty feet, to the mile,
is about thirty feet wide aud has a
meau average flow of about 25(1 conk
feet per second. The ultimate re
clamation of lands IP the Ld Plata
valley will be large.
It will be seen from the foregoing
that there are available from these
three rivers 6250 cubic feet of water
per second. At. the low estimate of
160 acres to each cubic foot, this is
sufficient to irrigate 1,000,000 acres
of land According to a county
pamphlet issued for circulation at
the World's fair, there are 175,000
acres available for irrigation. In
addition to the value of the water for
irrigiiiion, it is a constant source of
water power. Tbe San Juan and
AuimHs are constant streams, not
alTeoted by tuemost enduring drouth,
The wasted power of their waters
would furnish heat, light and elec
trical motive forre far in excess of
any possible need of this county. At.
present tbe only use made of all this
wealth of water is to irrigate about
25,000 acres, the larger part of which
is under ditches owned by small asso
ciations of farmers.
The midern civilization has fol-
lowed the same lines of settlement as
; ii hi tue ancient,. Aztec is me county :
seat, situated on tbe southeast bank
of the Animas. It has a bank, several
large stores, hotel and livery aud
stage stables. The county jail is a j
well built, steel lined adobe structure i
The surrounding country is well 1
cutivated. the farms extending up I
aud down the river for several miles, i
At this point the valley is about two
miles wide. Fruit, alfalfa, grain,
potatoes and all the root crops give
j abundant harvests. Apples and to-
J matoes seem peculiarly adapted to!
tbe soil. The population of the town
and surrounding country is between
! 550 and 000 yersinia.
This little village a::d vicinity has
i a population of about 250 souls. It
I is situated at about ihe widest part
; of the Animas valley, seven miles
i from Aztec, raises the same crops
! and its orchards are spreading; al
, falfa fields have a particularly good
I appearance.
! Farmingtou and Junction Cityf are
situated at the mouth of the Animas.
. The population is about the same as
' at Aztec, The location is very beau
tifnl. At this point the full scenic
beauty of the valley reveals itself.
From a little hill overlooking the
; town a soli.) plantation of thrpe or
j foursquare miles, including orchards,
alfalfa tieids, grain and meadow is
; seen. Here is at present the densest
population of the couuty and the
widest spread of cultivation. The
three valleys here converge into the
main valley of the San Juan. There
are several go. id stores, public stables,
good schools and general facilities.
Near this town are located several
brick kilns, a saw mill and a roller
process flour mill. It is a very pretty,
go-ahead place. Its citizens are full
of energy and public spirit.
T lis place can hardly be called a
town. It is a compact farming com
munity, however, of about seventy
well cultivated homesteads at the
head of the La Plata valley. On the
western side the land nseB in three
! terraces, one over the other, every
one or which is highly cultivated.
The sight would remind one more of
a French landscnpe than a western
community as yet removed from
railroads, and ten years ago given
over to the Indians as u hunting
ground Alfalfa Bnd fruit are the
principal productions. This part of
the county is a very picture in its
picturesque fertility. The Aztecs
also thought well of it, and many of
their monuments in the shape of
rudely pictured and sculptured rocks
Olio, Fruitland and Jewett are sit
uated ou the San Juan below its
junction with the La Plata. The
population of the three is about 600
persons. Tbe greater part of the
land is under a fine modern canal
and in a high state of cultivation. At
Fruitland is olb small orchard of
seven acres from which the annual
net return has been over $2,500 per
annum for the past five vears. This
is tbe property of the resident Mor
tnon bishop and is cultivated accord
ing to the theory of bis neoole that a
j small place well cared for is more
valuable than broad acreage poorly
farmed. It is one of the best instances
of intensive culture in the territory.
This town may le considered the
center of population on the upper
San Juan. Taking iu with it ihe
little settlement ou Pine river and at
Bloomfield. the population is between
1000 aud 1200 persons, the majority
of whom are of Spanish descent.
The high culture of the fields, or
chards and vineyards speaks well f jr
tbe progress of the community.
Th lirst trees weie planted in this
county ten years ago. and as au ex
periment seemed very doubtful. The
first settlers were principally cattle
men, who knew little about farming.
They profited by their first mistakes,
however, and prospered, so that the
reputption of these valleys is known
all over the southwest. The. southern
towns of Colarado, outside the San
Luis valley, are almost wholly sup
plied from tbe San Juan orchards.
So remunerative has fruit culture
proved that in 1801 23 000 trees were
planted, aud in 18.12 about 50.000
The planting of 1803 is not yet ac
curately known, but will show a ratio
of progrens. Last year at ihe Albu
querque Territorial fair the fruits of
tbis county took tbe sweeustakes
prize. Tbe peaches in some instances
measured nine inches in circumfer
ence, apples thirteen to fourteen
inches and weitthed sixteen lo nine
teen ounces. Single acres of fruit
land return from $400 to $500; and
in one orchard uear Farmingtou are
three trees, of whose yield ;.n ac
curate account, has beer, kept for four
years past, that show au average re
f uru of $53 per tree.
Cereals of all kinds are grown hero,
wheat yielding 20 to 40 bushels per
acre: oats, 30 to 80 bushels; barley, 30
to 60 bushels; rye, 15 to 30 bushels;
co'ii, 25 to 50 bushels. A ready sale :
is found at good prices Current
prices for 180b were ns follows;;
Wheat, per cwt.. $1.40; oats, $1.50;
barley, $1.40; com, $150; bran, per
ton, $18 Vegetables of every variety
flourish, from the hardier varieties,
such as Irish potatoes, turnips aud
beets, to tbe more tender melons egg- i
plants, tomatoes, etc
Is, however, the staple 1 1 p in this,
county; drouth is not to be feared
aud neither frost nor cold emlauger
it. Owing to the advantageous situ
ation of the county the farmers bnve
taken to fattening beef cattle Foi
this purpose the sales of dfiilfa re
large, frequently amounting to fr mi
600 to 1000 tons to a Hingis buyer.
.from 1891 to 1802 the increase mi
alfalfa production amounted 7000
tous. The averave yield j er ; re is 1
from 4 to 10 tons.
This whole county is underlaid I
with coai. The beds havi rot been I
prospected to any extent. They are
known, however, to contain almosi ,
unlimited quantities of coai On tta
San Juan river, opposite Pruitlan .
is a truly notable exposure of this val
liable fuel. It stands above the riv-r
34 feet aud is over 300 feet long, Ri :1
extends back into the bluff on h Ver.i
slight dip, it is supposed for miles, h
there is au immense mesa stretching I
in that direction. Immediately across i
on the north side of the river othei
huge beds appear, and thesi- then
stretch up the La Plata for nearly .
fifty miles. This coai is a hard, free
burLing quality. Au experienced
Cornwall miner, who is working one
of th9se veins on the La Plata Bays
he never saw mines so easily opened
or that so quickly yielded good met'
chantable coal. All that seems to be
necessary is to strip the outer layer,
which has been exposed to the
weathei forages, and the fine, glit
tering material is found, free fr in
slate or "bone" and ready for use. j
Some difference of opiniou exists as
to the quality of this coal, but the
bureau of immigration can state on
the authority of its agent that it is
of a good coking character. Some of
it, in his presence, was covered with
sand and tired on the ground nud in
a short time was roasted into a fine
silver coke with a ring like metal.
The coal in tbis county is nsuolly
found in a thick strata between slate
ann sandstoue of a very fine grain.
It is said that gold aud metallic
iron can be found; and the best
building stone, both sandstone and
granite, abound. The best mining
camps of Colorado nd splendid min
eral belts in New Mexico are contig
uous. When railroads penetrate
this county the neighborhood of Olio
will afford splendid opportunities foi
large smelters.
Sinne the f(rnoin8 Wb ptihlUhed by th bn
reati of immigration the tiour mill was destroyed
by firo, but will be rebuilt thin Hummer.
tjunotion City is jiiBt auroBB the Animne trow
Farminalon, but ilopenUe on Farmiugton mer
chants for supplies.
Patented land with water can be
had at from $15 to $50 per acre. Be
sides this there are thousands of
acres of government land that can be
had for the cost of tiling on it.
Among the many enterprises which
would flourish in this county may be
mentioned a wool scouring plant and
woolen mills. Water and coal are
abundant and free. The only ex
pense will be in developing.
rops and I'rnvs oi 1HOU.
The following table shows the frnil
yiell of the county and average mar
ket price of 1803:
Whoa , bnilitii - 1 MJS
Ilarlry '
l'ot t.Mftt "
llnuius "
Appi, pounds
Fimrhes, "
PVam ' -
flams "
(irai.mi "
SI raw berries, mi -iris
aselwrni's "
hliick berries "
Currants "
(looMsborriiw "
Mjs ..
KH HUUj .7?
W.iVJ .75
1 ".''., .73
2u urn! .si
IJ.ll 0 LIS
."iHD. Lit
WH.0t. .Ul
jrio.uoo: W
7,foiU u?
4U.U 0; '18
5,i .1?
loo uo .in
; .
I .au
, .i
.. ... .08
Besides the produce mentioned in
the foregoing table the county pro
dnced 35.000 pounds of h mey at an
average price of 12J cents a pound,
and 30.0t'O tons of alfalfa hay which
averaged $5 De ton.
Questions rllMweiwdi
Irrigation is the best means of fer
tilizing land.
Every kind of deciduous fruit, can
be raised here.
As a fruit raising country the San
Juan has no equal,
Wio-r can be put on arid land at s
cost i f from $'J to 515 per acre.
New Mexico took first prize for
wheal at the World's lair, and second
for cals.
The last census gives thirty acres
as the average size of an irrigated
farm in New Mexico,
As a health resort for persons with
weak lungs San Juan coiintj has
fev peer and no snperior-
Bough lumber here ;- nojih $25
per thousand, I rick $8 per ihon d.
and lime 40 certs per boi.be
Fire clay is found in huge qiianti-
I ties on tbe lower San Jii iii.auJ line
' quality of titv brick can be manufw
! lured at a uomiunl cost.
Experts pronounce the 8n -'nan
coal as a steHiu prodncii.;: ooaJ fttr
above the average, if noi ihe veiy
Ihsi quality iu ihe world.
Any information relative to the
couuty not given in the columns i.f
The lufKS will be cheutuiiy mr
nished upon application tu the pnb
Water rights in company ditches
cost from $2 to $15 per m re, with an
: additional cost of from ?1 tu If hii
j nually per acre to pay for repairs. In
most cases tbis annual assessment
can be worked out.
Sheep do well in this county. Scab
apd other sheep diseases are unknown
here. Thousands of acres of gov
ernment land are Contiguous to the
streams and watering places on which
j they can graze nearly every month in
'the ear. Large bum lies of the
Iweibuscan be fattened on alfalfa
bay during the winter, and the mam
I docks earned over on it at a small
: cost, thus making sheep raising n
t profitable industry. The native sheep
ivake a most excellent cross to breed
the mutton producing strains of east
ern sheep to.
A tannery is needed and would be
In good investment in ilns county
There are over G00.000 acres of cana-
agnn growin;.' wilil Der It yields
as high per acre as ten'i s wild and
from Ihirly tons upward tinder culti
yati n. This plant contains per
cent of tanni" acid, the higher aver
age of any known agent, The tan
nery Would bo furnished with a home
6'ipply of tanning matter without
tbe cost of h cent of freight, Tbis
Cftua i.gria is being shipped to Europe
at m cost of between $80 and $100
per ion, Sevi ml firms there u.-ing it
for the preparation of tiuir best
grades of !ui her.
$150.00 every month given away to any one who ap
plies through us for tlic most meritorious patent during
the month preceding.
Wo aecuro the beat patents for onr client,
and the object of this offer is to encourage inventors to
keep track of their bright ideas. At the same ume we
wiiIi to impress upon the public the fact thai
such as the "car-window" which can be easily slid up
and down without breaking the passenger's back,
"sauce-pan." "coDar-button," "mit-lock," "bottle
topper," and a thousand othf r little things that most
any one can find a way of imiirovir.f; ; and these simple
inventions are the ones that bring laiyc ,t returns to the
author. Try to think of something to invent.
Patents taken out through us receive special notice in
die " National Recoriicr," published at Washington,
P. C.,which is the Best newspaper published in America
in the interests of inventors! Wc furnish r. "ear's sub
scription to this journal, free of cost, to all ( r clients.
We also advertise, fie; f cost, the invention e. rh month
which wins our $150 prize, and hundreds of thousands
of copies of the "National Recorder." containing a
sketch of the winner, and a description of his invention,
will be scattered throughout the United States among
capitalists and manufacturers, thus bringing to their
attention the merits of the invention.
All communications regarded ttrictl? Confidential.
Solicitors of American and Foreign Patents,
618 F Street, N. W.,
Box 385. Washington, f). C.
Rtfcrtnee editor of thi: paprr. WriU our
SO-Page pamth'tt, Fk BR,
Azt.e:), N. M.
Capital St. .:.
$30,000 00
Doos a general banking basiat -w in
tercfi paid on me i!ep -its.
Robert Preu itt,
OHABLKS V. Saffobj, Ca-hier.
AsMatii" ( ;i- "r
commmu;lu tfH'Eji
II you want to know more about the
i llli III
mm t
In the World
Read the Times
Y iiifiiiuiiuiiuiiuuuuuiiuuuuiiu:muuuuuuuiiuui;iiiiiiuiiuuiiimiiiiiiiifl
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In Baby Carriages the latest, the handsomest all new patterns, many
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