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The San Juan times. (Farmington, N.M.) 1891-1900, November 22, 1895, Image 8

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l-ertiic Soil Abundant Water and
Other IndHOnmonta Offered
to Homn Seekers
This town may be considered the
center of population on the upper
San Jnan. Taking iu "With it ihe
little settlement ou Pinrfnyer and t
Bloomiield. the population is between
from N. M. lluretm of liumiitrntinn Ueport.
This County is one of tbH garden
.pots uf tin "world, uod Hen n the
wentnni itlooe F the great eonti-
ot tne ra
uental divide, being part
citic water-shed Asid- from its great
resources as an agricultural and stock
courtry its scenery is very beautiful.
On all Miles great rocky masse,
broken into picturesque formations,
are to be seen tcross wide, fertile
valleys. The county is watered by
three largo rivers, and from iheir
junction below Farmington the view
i.t grand and impressive.
In this valley, from a poiol about
ten miles above Largo, there is a
narrow strin of bottom laud ou each
of i ho river. At the towu 0f i irrigation
Largo the river bottom widens out
into rolling mesas and bottom lands
which are available for cultivation
The most important of these tracts
urn Irrmwn as the bloom Held ami ftol
were brought to this place there is
no better piece of land for raising
Jecidtious fruits. It is protected,
fertile and beautiful.
The La Plata river flows in h deep.
sanilv bed. and its waters generally 1 11)00 and 1200 persons, the majority
disappear in the last week in August of whom are of Spanish descent.
or tlie first week of September. On ; The high culture of the fields, or-
the upper part of this fiver after it ! chards and vineyards speaks well fjr
j enters Sau Juan county there are the progress of the commuuity.
!, bout 8000 acres cultivated; and at! ckops
! Jackson, near its mid-course, there is , . ,
la smsll .Mormon col on v who till; Ih first trees wete planted in this
! about 1000 acres. The river has tin j county ten years ago. and as an ex-
..,..,,u. foil ,,f r.,r tt t K. ...il.. penmen;, seemed very doubtful. 1 lie
rx"r' "K "' j """!:.. I ........... II u not la
i nisi seiiieis weie jii i mi
men, who knew little about farming.
n, ... t . u .:... I
feet oer second. The ultimate rt, . ! iney proutett ny tueir uis, .u;u.Kes
is about thirty feet wide and has
mean average flow of about 250 cubic
the Ld l'ltttu ! tjuwever. timl pros..erei. t-o that the
I reputation ot these vaiieys is Known
all over the southwest. J liwsoiithern
towns of Colarado. oUUiide the San
- - - r, - r.
tliat there are available
clamation of lands ii
valley will be large.
t ,.,;ii i, oo f,m i in, f..,.r ,;.,,r i towns ot tAUarado. i
from th"se uuib vaney, are annost woo uu-
three rivers 0250 cubic feet of wate, P"a "om itie Dan juu
per second. At the low estimate of So remunerative has froil culture
IliO acres to each cubic foot, this j8 proved that in 1891 2J 000 trees were
sufficient to irritate l.OtlO.OOO acres ; planted, ami in 1AM about 5U,WHI
of land According to a county planting of 1893 not yet ac
pamphlet issued for circulation at cnrately known, but will show a ratio
the World's fair, there are 175,000 of progress. Last year at the Albu
acres available for irrigation. 1,, ( qoenpie 1 erritorial fair the fruits of
addition lo the value of the water for tul.H ('"l,ut' '",,k 'i'lUik
........ . . ,.1 ... 11. .111.1 lllk.IUIWIl.Ll
it is a constant source of iubbbuw .u..
Tiiu S,,n .Thuti iiti.l measured nine inches ui riicuiuiei-
Crops and Priam of 1808.
The following table shows t be fruit
yiel 1 of the county and aveeage mar
ket price of 1893:
Whw, bueho i ...
Corn '
11m i Ify
I'm t !t "
liuioM "
Vppl.'t.. piuiudo
!'".. ,'p, "
IVaitt " ,
I luiDl "
Chrri "
iir.et,h H
etrswbwries, Quxrw.
;im t i. m " ,.
Currant "
(timcelllirrif 11
a mm
ITu) I
2 Mil
40.li U
1W) l
Y Ct
! S
i m
.:C t
water power. Hie han
Animas are constant streams, not
afiected by tne most enduringdrouth.
l'he wasted power of tbeir waters
would furnish heat, light and elec
I. . I 1-
ants tuliil'll Willi the llDltOHl 1 1 H I IllOUVO I UT( C I ar HM'SCeSS
UUJUI1 WOO", ., , , . . ,, , ,
any iossiuie ueeu ui nun iuui). ii
present the only use made of all this
wealth of wa'er is to irrigate about
25,000 acres, the larger part of which
is under ditches owned by small asso-
lands under them, will aggregate
somewhat over 20.000 acres. They
are on the north side of the liver.
From thence to the junction of the
Animas, the mesa lands are hroken
into detached plateaus rather difficult
to irrigate. I he Animas anil lai
Plata empty into the San Juan near
ITarmington. Ou the two points of
land formed by the rivers are about
12.000 or 15.000 acres of line laud all
under ditch. Beginning then at the
month of the La Plata ami for twenty
miles down the San Juan, to where
it breaks through the Hogback, (a
line of low bills) there is a contiuu -oils
series of mesas with about a mile
wide of bottom land A little over
15,000 here are now under ditch. To
the north of this are a series of high
meadows, or vegas, estimated to con
tain 44,000 acres. Besides this, and
to be properly consklered in the San
Juan basin, are the lands on either
side of the Canon Largo, Canon
Blanco and Canon Gallego, These
oiations of farmers.
The midern civilization has fol
lowed the same bnes of settlement as
did the ancient. Aztec is the county
seat, situated ou the southeast bank
of the Animas. It has a bank, several
large stores, hotel and livery and
stage stables. The county jail is a
well built, steel lined adobe struct tire
The surrounding country is well
cutivated, the farms extending up
and down the river for several miles
At this point the valley is about two
miles wide. Fruit, alfalfa, grain,
potatoes and all the root crops give
abundant, harvests. Apples and to
matoes seem peculiarly adapted to
the soil. The population of the town
and surrounding country is between
550 and 000 persons.
ratiieaPMot this lamt lor agriculture 1 " - vi
ire very l'avorable. At present there situated at the month of the Animas,
a no demand for it and most of it is The population is about, the same as
etice, apples thirteen to fourteen
inches and weighed sixteeu to nine
teen ounces. Single aTes of fruit
land return from 18400 to $500 and
in one orchard near FarmiUgton are
three irees, ol whose yield an ac
curate account has bee;: kept for four
years past, (hat, show an average re
I urn of s,"))) per tree.
Cereals of all kinds arc grown here,
wheat yielding 20 to '10 hush
acre; oats, SO to 80 bushels; barley, 30
to 00 hpsbels; rye, 15 to 80 bushels i
com, 25 to 50 bushels. A ready sale
is found at good priced Current
prices for 1895J were to follows:
Wheat, per cwt.. $1.40; oats, $1.50;
parley. $1.40; corn, $150; bran, p-r
ton, $18 Vegetables of every variety
flourish, from the hardier varieties,
such as Irish potatoes, turnips and
beets, to the more tender melons egg
plcnts, tomatoes, etc
Is, however, the staple trip in tins
county : drouth is uol to he feat i
and neither frosl nor cold endBtu
it. Owing to t he advantageous sii it
ation of the county the fanner- nav
taken to fattening beef catile I
this purpose the sides of alfalfa
'ar're. freauentlv amounting to fr tn
a slllliie bllj '!
the increase m
amount d 7000
leld per aere i
Besides the produce mentioned iu
the foregoing table the county pro
duced 35.000 pounds of hmey at an
average price of 12J cents ;i pound.
and 30.01 0 tons of alfalfa hay which
averaged $5 per ton.
500 lo 10(10 tons to
From 1891 to 1802
alfalfa production
tons. The avrave
from 4 to 10 tons.
will include ihe html ahm." the river
. , ,, . FLOI1A VISTA.
and down to n, sixth correct, on Thl8 IittIe villHge acd vicinity has
l,ne, ncr b; south of this hue there L U f Jc, 250 souls. It
are t went v four townships of land,; ' ' . , . , ,, .,,.,
.. . ,. ..... . ,' , , i is situated at aoont the widest part
the wa er acuities uf which are only r , ,
.... ... , J (of the Animas vallev, seveu miles
aboil he average ol ihe and region . . , . ...
,. , ,, i , h. from Aztec, raises the same crops
lliey are covered bv he hetn waters , .. , ,
r..J ,, .,, ',, , .. I and its orchards are spreading; al-
of the hm (, haco or Chnsco and the , ,f ,. , ; , ml ,
Amarillo A. present this land is " irt,c,llarl) y",Jtl
devoted to cattle and sheep raising, Pp FAIiMINUT0N.
but I tie prospects ot using a consul , .
erable ai-aof this land for atrriculturo ' armmgtou ami ,t unction t.,ityT an
public land. Ht' Aztec, t he location is very Penu
lt may bo said, therefore, that in tifnl. At this point the full scenic
the immediate San Juan valley there jbeauty of the valley reveals itself,
are about G0.000 acres of land, about From ft httle hill overlooking the
50,000 aci ea of w hich are now uuder toWD H flo1" Plantation of three or
duet. A ho-.re area ,mtside nf tin. f""r square miles, including orchards.
' n ..if .. i . ti i . ; a i :. i . 11
on tin high mesas, is susceptible of , mmis, grain ami meaoow isi there is an immense mesa stretching
irrigation, and will ultimately he ,1, 'M' V 11 n1, , IO U u 1 m tliat direction, immeaiaieiy across
on I he noit h sule ot ihe river other
This whole county is underlaid
with coal. The beds have noi been
prospected to any extent. They are
known, however, lo contain almost
unlimited quantities of coal. On the
San Juan river, opposite Frnitlaud.
is a truly notable exposure of t his val
uable fuel, It stands above the river
34 feel and is over 300 feet long, and
extends back into the bluff on a very
sliL'lit dip, it is supposed lor mile-, as
Quest tone Aiwwered,
Irrigation 1-, the best means of fer
tilizing land.
Every kind of deciduous fruit, can
be raised here.
Ah it fruit raising country the San
Juhii has no equal,
Water can be put on arid land at a
cost i f from $2 to 15 per acre.
New Mexico took lirst prize for
wheat at the World's fair, and second
for oats.
The last census gives thirty acres
as the average size of an irrigated
farm in New Mexico.
As a health re-ort for persons with
weak luiii'H San Juan county has
per ft,w peers and no superiors.
Hough lumber here is- worth $25
per thousand, brick $8 per thousand,
and lime W cents per bushel
Fire day is found in huge quanti
ties on ihe lower Sau Jn u an I a line
quality ,, lire brick can be maunfue-
ured at a nominal cos;
Experts pronounce the San Juan
coin as a steam producing coal fai
above the average, if not the very
beat quality in the world.
Any information relative to iln
county not given in the columns of
i in: Times will Im cheerfully fur
nished iinou annlication to the nuls
! taker.
Water rights in company ditches
cost from 2 i" $16 per "re. with aL
additional est of from $1 to $2 an
nualh i er acre i pay for repairs. In
; in"8t can s i is iiuuual assessment
chii be rked out.
Sheep d i v ell i this county. Seal
and other si 'epdn iM-sarennknow
here. I'bousaiids u aer-s of gov
email nl lam' it e iiitiguons I the
log places i n Which
'any ey. n month ii
Large bunches of tin
be fatteued on alfalfi
flocks csmeK over on it at a siuall
co-t, ihus mak.ng she, p rsising
protitahle mdtistry.- The ft.itlve sheep
make s moat eacefleiil cross to breuj
the mutton producing airaius of eaut
ern iheep to.
A tannery is needed ami would lm
a good iuveatitient in this coiiiiiy
There are over C0O.0O0 acres of ch.i.c
agna crowing wild here It, yielda
hs high per Hrr ,ia ten ions wild aM
from th'rly tons upward under enlH
vmIiop. Ttiis plant ooutaius V per
cent of tauni" acid, the highest ,.ver
gn uf any known agent. The ihh
nerv would be furnished with a botai
supply of tanning matter Without
the cost, of a cent of freight. Tim
cana agria is being shipped to Etiro0
at a cost of between ?80 and ili)')
per ton, several tirms tliere u iug it
for the prepsration of their best
grades of leather.
Aztec, N. M.
Capital Stocir
Does a general bmkins hutiness.
torest paid on timo ileoi sits.
Robert 0. Prkwitt,
CrJAELEs V. Sakporm C'a.-hicr.
As.-istant. t'uihier.
added to the irrigable area by means
of high line ditch,'-.
The Animas river enters the county
just o-st, of the KIKth meridian. It
is formed iiy the juncl ion of t wo im
portant torrential streams, and will
irrigate, if properly handled, 40,000
acres of fruit laud, Of this amount
10.000 or 12,000 acres are already
under ditch, and it would not be wise
to advise large settlement on any
new lands, unless some scheme were
devi.-ed by which the whole amount
Of the water could be handled by
some comprehensive authority. This
river flews thirty miles within San
Juan county. The farming lands
begin at Cox's crossing and tako in a
strip varying from a quarter of a
mile to three miles in width and
about twsuty live miles iu length.
The Animas has a minimum flow of
2000 cubic feet per second. One of
the peculiaiitiet' of this and tne San
Juan river is that the bottoms are
composed of beds of small, round,
water-worn boulders jf unknown
depth. More water H.,ws in this
boulder bed than on the surface.
Along in the river valley proper
there are about 18.000 acres of good
land, the most important area of
which ia from Azlee to below Flora
Besides the valley of the Animas
there is an important area of land
included in the Farmington Glade,
an introvale between the Animas and
La Plata rivers. It is a strip of
country two or three miles wide by
eighteen miles long. It will aggre
gate 25,000 acres of good irrigable
land well adapted to fruit raising.
In the glade, and beginning at about
the latitude of Aztec, is a line body
of public land, eubject to desert
land entry, that would make homes
for a small colony. The ditch would
be comparatively inexpensive as a
natural opening in the hillside affords
easyentiance to tho glade. If water
population of the county and the
widest, spread ot cultivation. lh"huge beds appear, and these then
mree vaiieys uere converge into tne ( Hlr,.u., p the La Plata for nearly
main valley of the San Juan. There i nflv mieH Xbis coal is a hard, free
are several good stores, pm.lic stables. , burring quality. An experienced
good schools aud general facilities, ; Cornwall miner, who is working one
Near this town are located several Lf these veins on the La Plata, says
brick kilns, a saw mill and a roller ke never 8aw mines so easily opened
process Hour mill It is a very pretty, or that so auickly yielded good mer
streams cm. w ib
i hev pi ii graze n
the year,
wet In rs en
ha) during the winter, and the main
$150.00 every month plvsn p -my to any one who ip-
plies through us f;r ttie uost rmviccrious patent during
Uie month preceding.
Wo Hiiciu-fi the pall !i for our client,
and 1 tie r'lji:t ol this offer i-, en: ourns inventor t'i
keep track of their bright ideal t the -.ame tune we
wish 10 impress upon tlie puiilic the bet that
such as tl.e "car-window" which cm be easily Uid tip
nd down walnut breaking t'.ii patsenfer's back,
"saucepan." ", olhr-hmion," ' 'n ...lock," 'b:ittie
toiner," and 0 thousaptl other Iittl( thinei that most
any one can find a way of in-.pi ing . and these simple
inventions are the ones thai bringlnrgeit returns to the
imh-.r. Try to think ui Mmeth8 to invent.
Patents t iken outtlirnujfh us receive I'je. ial notice ia
the" Natimal Recorder," published at WoshiiiRtOn,
O. C, which is the ucst nvwspaperpublished in America
in the interests of invent ,.r. 'c furnish .- "car's sub
'ciipii in to this journal, free of cost, to ali i r clients.
We also advertise, free of cost, the invention e cli month
which wins our $150 prije, and bundrcdl of ihottsandjl
of copies of the "National Recorder." containing a
Sketch of the winner, at-.d 0 descitption of his invention,
will he scatteicd througl Hit the United State among
capitalists and nutnufi ti en, thus bringing to their
attention the merits of the invention.
All communications regaided strictly confidential.
Solicitors of American and Foreign Patents,
618 F Street, N.W.,
Box 385. Washington, D. C.
Rcftrtnct editor of this paper. Write or over
So-pae pamphlet, FRKE.
you want to know more about the
go-ahead place. ItH citizetiH pre full
of energy and public spirit.
T lie place can hardly be called a
town. It ia a compact farming com
munity, however, of about seventy
well cultivated homeriteads at the
hniid of the La Plata valley. On the
Wi'htein Hide the laud rises in three
terraces, one over the other, every
l one or which is hitrlily cultivated.
The sight would remind one more of
a French hiudscipe than a western
community as yet removed from
railroads, and ten years ago given
over to the Indians as h hunting
ground. Alfalfa and fruit are the
principal productions. This part of
the county is ti very picture in its
picturesque fertility. The Aztecs
also t nought well of it, and many of
their monumentH in the shape of
rudely pictured and sculptured rocks
Olio, Fruitlund and Jewett are sit
uated ou the Sau Juan below its
junction with the La Plata. The
population of the three is about 600
persons. The greater part of the
laud is under a lino modern canal
and in b high state of cultivation. At
Fruitland is one small orchard of
oeven acres from which the annual
net return has been over $2,500 per
annum for the past five vears. This
is the property of the resident Mor
mon bishop and is cultivated accord
ing to Ihe theory of his people that a
small place well cared for is more
valuable than broad acreage poorly
farmed. It is one of the best instances
chantahle coal. All that seems to b
necessary is to strip the outer layer,
which has been exposed to the
weathei forages, and the tine, glit
tering materiid is found, free from
slate r "hone" and ready for use.
.Some difference of opinion exists as
tti the quality of this coal, but the
bureau of immigration can state on
the authority of its agent that it is
of a good coking character. Some of
it, in his presence, was covered with
sand and tired on the ground aud iu
a short time was roasted into a tine
silver coke with a ring like metal.
The coal in this county is nsuriily
found in a thick strata between slate
ana sandstone of a very line grain.
It is said that gold aud metallic
iron can be found; and the best
building stone, both sandstone and
granite, abound. Tho best mining
camps of Colorado nud splendid min
eral belts in Now Mexico are contig
uous. When railroads penetrate
this county the neighborhood of Olio
will afford splendid opportunities foi
large smelters.
Smei tlm fnriToini! wna published by thn bu
reau uf immigration tint Hour mill won ilutitniyuil
by tiro, but will bo rebuilt this summer,
tJunction City iH jtmt ii(trtmn tho Aninuiu f rorr
Knrminirton, but .depends ou FHrmiugtuu mer
chants for supplies.
Patented land with water can be
hud at from $15 to $50 per acre. Bo
sides this there are thousands of
acres of government land that can be
had for the cose of filing on it.
Among the many enterprises which
would flourish in this cojuntiy may be
mentioned a wool scouring plant and
woolen mills. Wuter and coal are
abundaut and free. The only ex-
of intensive culture in tho territory. 1 pense will be in developing.
the World
Read the
1 lines
i iuilllllilililiillimiiuiuiillluiiiiiimliiiliiiiiiiiiii.iiiiii..ii.i..iiiiiimiiiiuiiiiii
Shall It Be ?
Yorrn orders for High Grade Sewing Machines, Bicycles. Vehicles, Baby c
Carriages, etc., placed with local and retail dealers with three to six middle- e
men's profits, or with the old reliable CASH BUYERS' UNION, with only P
one small profit above actual factory cost. If you are a money saver there
...... !. 4n..W na n J..InI. tlf-l.. J f e . .. IT
kixii iiu tiL uuuuu m iu juui uuuiaiuu. vy i hi: ui-uay lor uiie 01 nur liiustraiea
catalogues ami note the unapproachable bargains we are ottering 30 tlilTcr
ent stylo Sewing Machines, ranging in priee'from $8.00 to 830.00 Bicycles,
all styles and prices, from S10.75 to 375.00. Those of the latter price being
equal to wheels sold by agents and dealers at $125.00. We show 130 design?
in Baby Carriages the latest, the handsomest all new patterns, many
direct importations. Wo handle everything under the sun in the
at prices out of reach of competition.
P PnHlpqa VuftOt.V fit. nnlv 10 nan tant 0K1V.1
actual cost to build. In writing for cata
logues, state which to stnd, as we have a spe
cial catalogue for each line. Address in full
BE48. 159.161 W. Vsn Burtn St., CHICAGO, ILL.
1 1 .

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