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THE KANSAS CITY JOURNAL, MONDAY, JUNE 14, 1897.
THE KANSAS CITY JOURNAL ESTABLI3HED 1S54. The Journal Company, Fnbllibrrs. Journal Building, Tenth and Walnut. NEW SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Slnglo copies Sunday ' DELIVERED BT CARRIER. Dslly and Sunday. 10 cents per week: 43 cents per month. BT MAIL IN ADVANCE. Tzy nnd Sunday, one year I 00 DclW and Sunday. S months J TO Dolly ard Sunday. 2 months 1 W fc liy and Sunday. 1 month Rinfinv onlv. 1 year. ,100 Weekly Journal and Agriculturist. 1 yr 0 TELEPHONE 1VUMBERS. Business OJIlco SO EdltorlM and Society 1S57 City Editor " Eastern Office . .31 and 32 Trlbuno Building. New York Chicago Office ISM Masonic Temple J E Van Dorcn. Special Agency. Entered nt the PostofTlce nt Kansas City. Mo . as Second Class Mall Matter. Weather Forecast for Monday. Washington, Juno IS For Oklahoma and Ir.d'an Territory Threatening weather, with scattered showers Monday afternoon, continued high temperature: varlablo winds. For Missouri: Partly cloudy weather, with light showers In the afternoon: con tinued high temperature: variable winds. For Kansas: Generally fair; variable winds. EDCCATIOV VS. IO.OIIANCE. Mr. Andrew D. White, our new ambas sador to Germany, takes prompt nnd ef fective issue with Mr. Henry Chllds Mer wln's article In the Atlantic Monthly, In which that writer seeks to maintain that a popular government would be Impossible In a nation where nil the people were clev er and well educated. Mr. Merwln based his conclusion upon the premise that ex tensive education would destroy coheslve ness and divide the body politic Into as many struggling factors ns there are In dividual. Mr. White takes exactly the opposite ground nnd declares that no popular gov ernment can live unless sustained by an enlightened body of citizens. "I have," says he, "speculated somewhat in politics In my daj have had a little to do with them sometimes and I am profoundly of the Impression that on the education In this country must rest the continuance of tho republic. The republican form of government Is by no means a new thing in this world. A number of great republics, officered by great men, have existed in the world. Their history has been very brill iant, and yet. of them all, only two remain only two can be said to have lasted. Naturally I do not count France, which exists simply because there Is no head of ary other party which Is strong enough to marshal a party: therefore It remains a republic for the time being. I am speaking of Switzerland and tho United States. Theso two republics differ from all others only in one particular. Other republics have been deeply religious. The republic at Florence was as deeply religious as any community that ever existed. They have all had every virtue except an enlightened body of men. Switzerland and the United States have that. They stand some chance of continuance." Proceeding further Into Mr. White's ad dresshe was talking to the National Edu cational Association we find that by edu cation he did not mean alone the educa tion received In schools. He referred more particularly to that broad enlightenment which comes to men and women-In mature j ears from an intelligent, patriotic and re spectable press, from the church pulpit and from other sources, and ho was care ful to draw a distinction between the de velopment of purely Intellectual faculties and the moral ones. "It Is, after all," says he, "the simple great principles of moral ity that wo must depend upon for a fut ure proper development of our Institutions and our national life." But. after eliminating the detail upon which these two writers appear to agree both being suspicious of a high Intellectual energy as a factor In popular government we have the result that one Is afraid of a wide education while the other regards it as indispensable. This brings us to the contemplation of a sociological condition that has puzzled many a student, namely, that high education and lgnornnce often arrive together at a conclusion that Is re jected by all between. In other words high education and Ignorance are often found working hand In hand to the same end and both, therefore, are to be regarded as In imical by the vast Intermediate body. Thus we find socialists made up of two distinct tjpes. the super-educated and those with little or no education. In many other phases of economics we find the same phenomenon. Tho very lowest order of America's civilization Is a unit for free trade, and the next most conspicuous ele ment in that direction aro tho collego pro fossors Is it because of a revolt ot the over-stimulated intellect back to primeval Impulse", or Is It a denrmstratlon of the correctness of these Impulses by a high pl llosophy which finds no clientage among the intermediate classes? If it is the first. wo mast admit that conservatism can ap ply usefully to education as well as to ev erything else in the realm of human af fairs. j hats orr isf cm ncir. If the announced programme of one of Denver's churches was carried out, all the women of the congregation removed their hats at tho beginning of jesterday morn ing's service. At a largely attended and seriously deliberate meeting of tho slaters It was decided that an attractive and at the same time obstructive dlplay of mill inery was not conduct! e to the tempera mental equilibrium and spiritual concen tration sought by those who attend the sanctuary' In good faith, end It was unan imously agreed that the first note of the voluntary at jesterday's service should be the signal for the initial uncovering of feminine heads. As there are no details given out as to tho arguments employed to bring about this innovation, the reasons must be con jectured It would, however, be edifying to know by what process the women Jus tify their defianco of the scriptural Injunc tion It was probably held that even In spiration could not have penetrated tho future clearly enough to estimate the ab sorbing Importance and the secular signifi cance of tho woman's hat at the close of tho nineteenth century. It would be logi cal enough to suppose that If the Creator had required ot women that they aubmlt tbcxnselvcs to tho undisturbed Influences at divine meditation while viewing a display of 1S97 millinery. He would have endowed them with some qualities that have been proverbially lacking in their makeup. It would, ot course, be out of the question to go to church In unattractive headgear, and it was therefore an ingenious mind and a noble spirit that suggested the removal of the exhibit during the time that It would obstruct a view of the preacher or inter fere with tho nourishment of tho soul. There Is no Intimation that tho men had anything to do with this movement. They doubtless had their opinions on the matter, but they have become such a sub missive minority in church affairs that they were probably not consulted. Their field of action has been m tho theater, where they are very Jealous of their rights, nnd even if they hae been Ignored In the church, the brethren may occasionally, and with gentle discretion, remind the sisters that they borrowed their commend able Idea from tho plaj house. VOMKX AM THE TI1EVTEII. The extraordinary leadership that wom en hao recently assumed In affairs of tho American theater I constantly attracting attention and provoking Inquiry. They are not only dominating tho stage, but they are potent In dramatic writing. Their re markable success has puzzled tho oldest managers. They arc also gaining In musi cal Mrtuolty, but they have as jet ac complished little In musical composition Their most remarkable achievements have been in acting, and It Is a fuct that In one way or another they aro responsible for most of th blc successes of tho past several seaen. Th best summary yet given of their last won i achievements appears In the New York rrc. from the pen of that Journal dramatic critic. Mr. Hillary Bell. This 1 what Mr. Bell says In his succinct retrospect: "During the pat season no male actor assumed the importance that was claimed by femsle performers, and, with the ex ception ot William Gillette, masculine au thors did not arrhe at the success won by their sisters. From grand opera down to vaudeville, women dominated the stage. The chief feature of Interest in the Italo Frenctt season were not the performances of Jean de Resxke. but the defection of Nordlca and the Illness of Earaes and Mel ba. The mot Interesting operatic effort of the winter was not the Siegfried of M. Jean, but the Marguerite of Mme. Cahe. Barring 'Secret Sen Ice.' the best plays of tho season were written by Martha Mor ton and Mrs. Rjley. The honors of tho Lyceum season were carried by Mary Mannerlng, not by J. H. Hackett. Those of the Emplro rested on Viola Allen, not on Mr. Fav ersham. At Daly's Ada Rehan still remained the center of attraction with out rivalry from any male actor of the company. Olga Nethersole held the middle of the stage. Mrs. Leslie Carter carried The Heart of Marjland' without material aid from Mr. Kelcey or Mr. Kellard. The most successful performance of the sea son was 'Tess of the D'UrbervllIes,' In which the chief part was acted by Mrs. Flake, and to that actress we are Indebted for the most artistic production of the j ear In 'Dlvorcons.' Lillian Russell and Delia Fox carried The Wedding Day,' and the chief Interest of 'The Serenade' was Miss Nellsen. May Irwin and Fanny Rice brought applause to the Bijou. Annie Rus sell established tho success of 'The Mjs terious Mr. Bugle.' and Agnes Miller brought favor to 'Never Again.' Whereso ever we may turn, women have controlled the stage." Those who have given llttlo or no consid eration to the subject may find it difficult to account for this remarkable gain among the women of the stage. As a matter of fact it Is simply a natural result of pres ent conditions and unchanging laws. No man or woman has ever become a great actor or actress without a distinctively re ceptlve temperament. If not a positively emotional nature. Great players must be Impressionable. They must be Imaginative and must be able to feel keenly and to ex press forcibly. All the world knows that women are more emotional than men. They are more sensitive and more sympa thetic It Is therefore logical that of an equal number of men and women engaged in the art ot acting, more women than men should achieve success. Again, acting Is tho only profession that holds out as largo pecuniary Inducements to women as to men. It Is not strange, therefore, that women should apply them selves with particular devotion to this pro fession, since It offers them greater re wards In reputation and fortune than other callings. The only reason that the women did not surpass tho men long ago is that the tra ditional prejudice against professional oc cupations, and especially that of acting, kept from this calling many superior wom en whose gifts and Inclinations would have made them famous In this department of art. This prejudice has been gradually but certainly passing away. Its departure has had Its effect upon all public profes sions, but especially upon that of the stage. But while we have many successful act resses, wo have few great artists. In Eu rope, where there are proportionately few er successful women In tho professions, there are relatively more artists. That Is because art In Europe Is still a much more serious thing than is art in America. EDITORIAL MJTES. Tho net receipts of tho Maher-Sharkey fight w ere 10,000 in cash and a check from the police. Sitan still rebukes sin occasionally. Alt gcld has been denouncing corruption In public life. Those who were kicking about the cool weather a week ago are now kicking the cover off at night. Good news from Georgia. Hoke Smith will remain In the state and the water melon crop will bo shipped out. Broker Chapman might prepare an In structive lecture on the gastronomic evils of living too high in penal confinement. Ministers probably find it easier to preach on the blcjclo than to ride on It at least until they get a little used to It. Thus far Governor Smith, ot Leaven worth, has refrained from asking Dick Blue to explain whero he was on the night of tho explosion. Governor Bradley will probably be too busy with Kentucky affairs to slip over Into Ohio and mako prosperity speeches for Mr. Hanno. Expressions of leading bimetallism of Europe make it plain that If the friends of silver were numerous enough and Influ ential enough in that country the United States would have no difficulty In secur- bl- I Ing International action favorable to metalllsm. The fact that Senator Tillman Is help ing the tariff bill along will do much to remove the Impression that he Is merely a vulgar nuisance. When Democratic congressmen get tired of arraigning Tom Reed they go and rest up. They know he will be right there when they come back. Considering that tho lungs of Vest, Jones and Mills are in good working order, the scnato is really making remarkable prog ress with tho tariff bill. Gold beads and valuable gems have been found in the crops of chickens, but it is surprising to learn that the chicken crop is worth more than the corn crop. Democratic contemporaries will notice that the corn and wheat crop is producing quite a fair article of prosperity among the carpet makers of New England. The indications aro that Mr. Dlngley will not have to look for a strawberry mark on the left arm of his bill In order to rec ognize It when the senate gets through. President McKlnley was polite enough in hU Nashvillo speech to compliment Tennessee on the way It is making prog ress and to say nothing about the way It makes governors. According to on Ohio organ, Paul Sorg, who has announced himself as a candidate for Senator Hanna's seat, "has tho right sort of stuff in him." If he hasn't. It is In tho bank to his credit. Those Southern senators who are sup porting the tariff bill are not misrepre senting their states. Protection senti ment has been growing at a rapid rate in tho South of late years. Editor Hearst has received reports from different parts of the country denying that there is any prosperity in sight. An edi tor with a sufficiently largo barrel can havo any kind of reports he wants. Kansas City's human ostrich will have to confine himself to a simple diet of mar bles and safety pins for a while. Too free Indulgence In broken glass, pocket knives and tenpenny nails haB seriously Impaired his digestion. Those Democrats who refused to support William J. Bryan and all tho dangerous propositions of the Chicago platform last year have been officially notified that they can no longer consider themselves mem bers of the party. In practically every state where elections are to take place this fall the official calls for the state conventions havo Indicated distinctly that only thoso who voted for Bryan or who now Indorse the Chicago platform of 1S9G will bs permitted to participate in the con ventions. Missouni poi:ts. The Warrcnsburg baseball club, which haa teen hav Ing rather hard luck recently. Is counting on easily retrieving Its Io3t laurels next week when it goes against the Kansas City Blues. Reappointed Postmaster Frank Atkinson, of SL Joe. whose first term reached from Harrison to McKlnley, was so popular a citizen of Lexington, where he resided a number of jears. that even the Intelll gercer, which has already actively begun tho campaign for tho election of Bryan In 1900, expresses delight at his success. Lexington's famed hospitality will be tested this week by the 400 or more dele gates to the state Sunday school conven ticn. the opening meeting of which is to be held to-night, and the result Is certain tj be flattering. "Aunt Sally" Hall, of Kearney, celebrat ed her STth birthday recently by spading up the ground In her back v ard and plant ing a lot of corn and beans. F. N. Djer, of DeKalb county, who is a member of the board of managers of the school for the blind, recently ran across nnd promptly snapped up while In a second-hand book store In St. Louis, a geog raphy published in 17S5, containing maps of only the thirteen original states. Mr. Dyer values his find highly as a relic and will cherish It in his library. The sanitary officer was called out sever al times the other day during the tlmo that "carrion lily" was on exhibition in Carthage by reputable citizens who didn't understand the situation. Colonel Harvey Batts. of Carroll county. Is the owner of the pony, "San Domingo," said to be the smallest horse In tho United States. The handsome little animal Is S years old, a blood bay with beautiful mane and tall: is thirty-two Inches high and weighs only 115 pounds. Insurance Commissioner Ed Orear put the neat little wad of (2.500 into his Inside pocket the other day as his compensation for having negotiated Callaway county's 150,000 refunding bond deal. f Ccle county's Industrious strawberry vines are still actively engaged In produc ing, and Jefferson City's shipments con tinue to run from 250 to 400 cases a day. Tho annual convention of the Missouri Baptist Toung People's Union opens In St Joseph to-morrow for a three dajs' ses sion, with a probable attendance of somo E00 or more delegates. A Burlington Junction man has a large field of alfalfa, the great fodder plant of the far West, and it Is growing in a way to indicate that It finds the soil ot Noda way county most congenial. The ingratitude of some men Is Incom prehensible. Gus Leftwlch, who was cor dially given tho glad hand when he went to Gallatin a short time ago to take charge of tho North Mlssourlan. Is nlready bus. pectcd of having secretly connived nt a plot for the organization ot a new brass band there. One of Andrew county's plutocrats Is preparing to strike Savannah people dumb with astonishment and envy next week by appearing on the streets with ono of the new electric horseless carriages. A Sedalla youth who Is walking with a crutch has succeeded In making somo of his friends believe that his lameness wan caused by having lacerated his foot In steprlng on tho horns of a mimmoth Cli nch while seining for minnows. Dr A. A. Jones, who was for eight years at the head of Central Tcmale college in Lexington, left there with his family last week, having resigned In order to accept the presidency of a similar Institution at Ashevllle, N. C- . . . There was a rcmarkablo movement In corn in Nodaway county last week. John Colvln was the owner of as promising a forty-acre field of It on Tuesday as the township contained, but between that tlmo and Wednesday morning the wire-worms, cut-worms, moles and field mice literally got away with every spear of It. Along with other indisputable evidences of prosperity St. Joe reports tho yield from tho local Plngree potato patches as likely to be much greater than that of last j ear. There was a very large preponderance of girl In the St. Joseph high school class gin in me ov. joscpu nign ccnooi class which graduated the other day, the lords of creation having only twelve representa tives among Its fifty-eight memDers. A militia company of sixty or seventy members has been organized In Jefferson City, which will be known ns tho "Gov ernor's Guards." Medical associations con templating attacks by resolution or other wise on our Lonnlo would do well to pro ceed cautiously hereafter. But Just listen. Doesn't this Jar you? It's tho story of that new hotel at Jefferson City, as told by the Tribune: Yesterday Architect A. W. Eisner com pleted the plans of Mr. W W. Wagner's new Monroo house. This building will oc cupy the present site of the Monroe houso and extend back on Monroe street to and Including the old church. The building will be four stories high, and when completed will cost JM.OOO. It will bo an up-to-date hotel, with all modern conveniences. It will requlro 373 electric lights to properly light It. An electric elevator nnd a refrig erating machine will also be In the build ing, as well ns electric fans and steam heat. A large djnamo will be required to fur nish power for the fans nnd elevator and to generate electricity for lights Mr. Wag ner expects to begin work on tho building early In the fall. At least one member of the family of Herman P. Faris, late prohibition candi date for governor of Missouri, did not re gret that estimable gentleman's defeat for the high office, sajs "East Window." in the Columbia Herald. This was a small daugh ter. Mr. Tarls Is a strict Presbj terian and, requires his children to attend every ser vice In his church. Now human nature In children as In older folk sometimes rebels, and this small daughter does not alwajs enjoy church-going. Shortly after the elec tion the child was told she must go to somo special church service. "I don't want to go." she replied. "And I'm so glad my father wasn't elected gov ernor " "Why are you glad of that?" was asked. "Because ho would have made n law making every boy nnd girl In tho state go to tho Presbj terian church four times on Sunday!" Jerry Simpson's Pass. From tho New York Sun. Jerry Simpson abandoned his post of dis ciplinarian to Speaker Reed laRt week nnd went West to his reservation nt Medicine Lodge. He was intercepted in Kansas City while getting his ox-blood shoes oiled nnd polished at the rnllwaj- stntlon and pre vailed upon to Impart his views about Mr. Reed as a cog In tho machinery of govern ment. "I regard Tom Reed," said the ex mariner, "as the most dangerous man who has nppeared in public life In the hlstorj of this country. It has come to that pass that no legislation can bo had In congress with out his sanction " Ono can understand tho feelings of Jerry, only half .a dav's ride from Medicine Lodge-, and with nothing to show for his district. How can ho explain to the Pops and Democrats who elected him why he has failed to secure a public build ing for Sun City or Painted Post, and why no appropriation Is forthcoming to Improve Medicine Lodge creek? It Is all very well to condemn Simpson for his obstructive tactics in the house, but consider that he had to do something in the Flftj'-fifth con gress or retire to private life, ns was his fate In the fall of 1691 after his famo as tho freak statesman of Barbour county had dwindled. A man who comes to congress from the southern tier of Kansas abutting on Oklahoma must be useful or picturcsquo to keep his grip on the district. Jerry has not been useful to his constituents at this session, but he has mr.do some stir by dar ing the speaker to do his worst and calling him a usurper, a tj'rant and a dangerous man. We can see Jerry sitting on the fam l''!r cracker barrel in the same old general store In Medicine Lodge and telling the corner loafers and the chronic kickers how he had gone so far as to urge his fellow members to pull Tom Reed out of the chair for bis high-handed behavior and hl3 threats against the liberties of his countrj-. We can Imagine Jerry repeating to his constituents what he said in Kansas City: "I shall follow up my fight. Democrats who have feared to oppose Reed are coming ov er to my assistance, nnd I believe that many Republicans will throw off the joke and cease to bo terrorized. Reed Is afraid to keep tho house in session. We meet once in three daj-s, and then for only half nn hour. He couldn't stand it every daj-." The speaker's awe of Simpson as a parlia mentary fighter suggests a flno subject for a picture which should be painted for tho town hall at Medicine Lodge. "I want to get back soon to look after Reed." said Jerry to the interviewer. Apropos of Simp son's looking after Reed, a unique storj' is told of how Jerrj' happened to take a run home to placate his constituents It ap pears that Rome of tho representatives were Interested In somo little matters, "merely formal authorizations," which had been ap proved by the senate, but required the gen eral consent of tho house to bo finally dis posed of, and theso representatives, appre hending objections from Jerry, wanted to get him out of tho way. "Wouldn't you like," said Clerk McDowell casually to Jer rj", to take a run nomo ana se? me wins for a little while, sinco the house has de termined to do nothing? A fellow offered me a pass tho other day. I can't go, but I can get the pass for jou If jou would like it " The Medlclno Lodgo patriot fell an easy victim, and he was soon speeding to ward tho prairies, turning over in his mind some samples of rhetoric to suit the vil lainy of Tom Reed. Jerrj's account with his constituents now stands: War on a "dangerous man," Cr.; ono pass to Medl clno Lodge and return, Dr. Dmlneii Situation. From tho Chicago Post. Recognition of improved conditions In the business world hns now become fairly gen eral. It is no longer a question either of locality or Individual line whero this change for the better may be noted. Tho broad proposition that things are better Is everywhere accepted as a statement of fact, more or less apparent in certain lo calities or particular branches of trade. Throughout the Southwest this improve ment Is most marked, tho contrast between to-day and a jear ago Imllcntlng tho actual presence, of returned prosperity. The East ern manufacturing statin and the far West stand next In order of Improvement, while in the Northwest and South prosperity re turns with but a laggard step. As to par ticular branches of lndustrj-, the Iron trado and cotton trade, the two great staples, run a neck-and-neck race for supremacy. Hut In other great lines of manufacture, as, for Instance, clothing and boots and shoes, tho growing demand is most en couraging. ...... As Illustrating not only this Improvement Itself, but tho recognition of it, the steady advanco In all American securities, both In Wall street and on the London Stock exchange. Is incontrovertible. The ablest Judges of finance in both countries have put themselves on record unequivocally during the last week or two as favoring American stocks for investment. The pros pect of nn early termination of the tariff debato and a subsequent rational settle ment of the currency problem will remove tho last vestige now standing In tho way of absolutely better times. Prices of wheat and corn during the wctk continued to be mainly guided by tho changes in tho weather, as they made for or against tho welfare of the growing crops. While theso were the principal causes of tho fluctuations which occurred, thoro were tho usual collateral Influences Incident to the manner In which the spec ulative branch of tho grain business is con ducted One of tho latter was of more than ordinary Importance. It was a proposal to alter the bj--Iaws of tho board ot trade In a wfly to prevent proprietors of elevators from storing grain belonging to themselves In such of their warehouses as aro rec ognized bv the board as fit places for the holding of grain regular for dellverj- on board of trade contracts. As there is a possibility of the owners of elevators re fusing to apply for a privilege hampered by such a condition, tho proposal has caused some hesitation to sell wheat for future delivery. The bureau of agriculture Issued its re I port upon me coauuiyu ui mc sivnuib ' crops as they now appear, and as It indl- port upon the condition of the growing cnted a crop of winter and spring wheat together not much In excess of that.of the small j-Ield of the year previous, it caused a little momentary strength. The net re sult, however, of the week's business in wheat has been to leave the price not far from whero it stood a week ago. Tlie Cucumber Vindicated. From tho Washington Post. The much abused cucumber has at last asserted Itself and demonstrated that it has merits. It has been the custom to attribute all manner of evil influences to tho cucumber, and It has been made a scapegoat on which to lav- the blame prop erly belonging to other things. If a man were doubled up with a severe attack of ccllc and had eaten cucumbers within two dajs, the cucumbers were charged with be ing tho cause. An attack of Indigestion would bo charged up to the cucumber ac count, and If it could be ascertained that cucumbers had been eaten, any stomach dlf order was cheerfully accounted for on that ground. Now all this has been changed, and the cucumber forges to the front as a remedj- for stomach troubles. A Mr. Huber, of Trenton, N. J., began, two months ago, to waste away and soon be came so emaciated as to be hardly recog nizable by his friends. "I felt," he said, "as If two Infuriated tomcats were flghtnlg and clawing inside me" On Tuesday last Mr. Huber Indulged himself by eating a quantltj of green cucumbers, and later he mado a few heaves and ejected a creature weighing eight ojnees, which bears a sticng resemblance to a devilfish. It had one eye. The phjslclans are of the opinion that the cucumbers killed the beast nnd foiced It from its lair In Mr. Huber's In terior. Mr. Huber Immediately began to increase In weight and strength, and bids fair to become shortly a ponderous Her cules. The cucumber has thus vindicated Itself from the charges lodged against It. Far from producing III effects. It is clear that the cucumber is a corrector of evils. When a few ounces of cucumber can engage with and overcome an adversary certalnlj' twice Its, weight and drive it from its habitation it must be regarded In an entirelj- new and favorable light. There are forces pos sessed bj- the lowly cucumber hitherto un suspected This single performance invests the cucumber with a dignity to which it mndo no previous claim, and which gives rise to the suspicion that it has been great ly slandered. The fighting nnd clawing inIde, with which tho cucumber has alwajs been credited. Is now known to havo been caused bj- something else as a result of an attack on that something else bj- tho cucumber. Had there been a suf ficient quantity of cucumber there would doubtless have been an expulsion of the offender, as in the case of Mr. Huber, but the cucumber being too diminutive to over come, could only give battle without at taining success. In future the cucumber will receive less blame. An element of doubt has been In fused Into tho cucumber character, and after this object lesson of Its power for good there will be some hesitation about condemning it. Give a dog a bad name, jou know, applies ns well to the cucum ber, but that much abused vegetable has arisen and confuted its enemies. It is more than likely that it will, in future, occupy a prominent position as a riot queller. I'lKurcn of Speech. From tho New York Tribune. The effect of the tariff debate upon Sena tor Vest seems to be to drive him to a mora abundant How than usual of tropes, meta phors and other figures of speech, though there ! no lack ot these rhetorical decora tions, the blossoms of an exuberant fancy. In his everj-daj- discourse. On Tuesday, warming up to the consideration of a tariff for revenue with incidental protection, w hlch he said ho was at one time ignorant enough and foolish enough to support, but now scorned and detested, he compared the United States congress to a convtntlon of monkejs, who, while pursuing their delib erations, were thrown Into a wild scramble when nuts were thrown Into the cage, the nuts In this case being protective duties. This couhl hardly be called complimentary to his colleagues, but It was at least force ful, and no doubt expressed his Idea. A little later, answering Senator Bacon, of Georgia, who contended that the placing of a dutj- on cotton was in line with tho last National Demooratlc platform adopted at Chicago. Senator Vest used a still more striking figure. "If." said he, "I had thought th" platform meant what tho sena tor from Georgia says it does, I would not have touched It anj' moro than I would havo touched a rattlesnake, knowing there was no whisky within a hundred miles." We do not quite see the pertinency of rat tlesnakes to a duty on cotton, or the rela tion of whlskj- to cither, but figures of speech with rattlesnakes In them are al wajs In order nnd alwaj-s considered pow erful. We know In a general way that whisky In large quantities makes the con sumer seo snakes, and that It Is also taken In largo quantities to euro snakebites. We presume the senator had these facts in mind, but whether he meant to have It un derstood that he Is not afraid of rattle snnkes when there's whisky real handj-, or that he would not touch either the rattle snake or tho w hlsky unless they w ere close together, wo do not qulto mako out. There aro folks who say that both nre dangerous. Theso nro forcible If not flowery figures ot speech If tho tariff debato continues we shall doubtless have more of them. There nre other animals In the menagerie than th monkey and tho rattlesnake. What's tho matter, for Instance, with the horned gnu, tho gorilla, the ornlthorhj-nchus and tho polar bear? Firecracker Evidence. Tom McNeal. In the Topeka Mall. Speaking of evidences of returning pros perity, we note that more towns In Kan sas are preparing for gorgeous Fourth of July celebrations than for many jears. Tho Fourth of July is an index either of adversity or prosperitj-. When trade Is good nnd people aro feeling frisky tho Fourth of July flourishes. When they are despondent, hard up and out nt the ga bles, they are loth to enter Into the spirit of tho sack rnce or travel far to wltne-s the vain pursuit of wealth by the jouths who tacklo tho greased pole. Patriotism and barrel lemonade go hand In hand, but It is only when the inhabitants nro feeling reasonably flush that tho vendor of this attenuated fluid reapi a rich reward for his poetic announcement that his lemon ade has been mado In tho shade and stirred with a spado by an old maid, etc This j ear Kansas Is not In tho dumps. Her wheat fields are jcllowing for the harvest and the bulls have their horns under the markets. Her beef and swino are corpu lent and high priced. Htr cows nre pour ing pounds of milk Into the creameries be tween the rising nnd setting of each daj's sun. nnd her hens nre lajing enough eggs every week to smear tho world with cus tard. Tho air of her vallcjs is sweet with tho scent of the alfalfa bloom, and her bees are every month storing ono hundred thousand pounds of honej-. Her people are pajing their debts nnd flooding the banks with moncj-, and her merchants are doing such a business as they have not done for jears. It Is no wonder they feel like cele brating. Bring on jour greased pigs nnd turn 'cm loose. Fire salutes at the rising of tho sun and let the spattering crackle of firecrackers punctuate the remarks of tho orator as ho dilates on his country's glory. Kansas Is in shape to celebrate. She Is not snuffing anj body's dust In tho procession of states. He Knew Just AVliat It Was. From tho New York Tress. She "Are jou never filled with unmeas ured longings, with Indefinable ecstacy, with a feeling that your soul can rise above the trammelrrents of mundane things and bask In the sunshine of tho infinite?" Ho "Yes, indeed! But think of the head you havo on jou the next morning!" The Uarjcnln Girl. Perhaps when 1500 comes And makes a brand new date. She'll coolly mark it down again To 1SSS. Minneapolis New. A rAIlTISiG SOVG. Dear Giver of Thj-self, when at thy sldo I see the path beyond divide. Where we must walk alone a little space, I say, "Now, nm I strong Indeed Tj wait with only memory awhile. Content, until I see thj- face," Yet turn, as ono In sorest nd. To ask once more thy giving grace! So at the last Of all our partings, when the night Has hidden from my falling sight Tho comfort of thy smile. M7 hand shall seek thine own to hold it fast; Nor wilt thou think for this the heart lngrate. Less glad for all Its past. Less strong to fear the utmost of Its fate. Arthur Sherburne Hardy. A LITTLE PAHAIILE. Just beyond the tolling town I saw a child to-day. With busy little hands of brown Making tojs ot claj-. Working there with all his heart. Beneath the spreading trees. He molded with unconscious art Whatever seemed to please. Men and fortress, plates and pies. All out of clay he made. Then rubbed with chubby fists his eyes, And slumbered In the shade. John Clair Mlnot. TO-MOUHOAV AMI TO-DAY. To-morrow hath a rare, alluring sound: To-day is very prose, and jet the twain Aro but one vision seen through altered ejes. Our dreams Inhabit one: our stress and pain Surge though the other. Heaven Is but to-daj-Made lovely with to-morrow's face, for aje. Richard Burton. Brynnlsm Is nn Issue. From the Philadelphia Press. The Tammany-Brj-an organization In New York Is having an interesting tlmo trj-ing to arrange a campaign for the elec tion of major of the consolidated city which shall not lnvolvo national Issues, and which In particular shall cxcludo the Issue of tho free coinage of silver at the ratio of V, to 1. The result ot the voting in that vicinity last November shows what could be expected with Brj-anlsm In the contest. With all their effort, however, the Tam meny people do not get away from the national Importance of the election for major. They view It themselves as of the greatest consequence to the future ot what they call the Democracj. but which has become the party of Populism. In an ad dress Issued by the Tammany organiza tion only a few days ago it was frankly stated that if New York is not carried by tha Democrats at tho coming local election it would be twenty years before the state cculd be expected to give its electoral vote to a Democratic candidate for president. In like manner Frank Campbell. Demo-cratlc-Popocratlc national committeeman from tho state, has declared that "If we carry Greater New York then the party will be in shape with a fair chance of placing New York state in the Democratic column In lW." So that whatever the Immediate Issue In the election for first maj or of the Greater New York. It Is agreed by these eminent authorities that the result at least Is most imj-ortant In a national point of view. If the election of a Democratic maj-or Is, as Corrmltteeman Campbell saj-s, to put New York In shapo to give Its electoral vote to the next Bryanlto candidate for president, it must be certain that issue cannot be kepi out. The people who so overwhelm ingly rebuked Brj'anlsm last November canrot well be expected to elect a Tam many mayor, whose election would be locked upon as giving Brj-an or some like candidate for president the electoral vote of New York in 1900, If that misfortune can be prevented by the simple and pos sible process of electlrg a major In favor of honest money as well as honest mu nicipal government. The Tammany attempt to sidetrack the national Issue upon which It was so badly defeated last j-ear Is onlj Intended to hood wink the people through nn important lo cal campaign. The Tammany organization was for Br j an and all that he represented In the last campaign. It will support Bry an again three jears hence should that erratic Populist be nominated. To elect a Tammanj- major now Is to put Brj'anlsm on its feet in New York. Such a result as that would be heralded everywhere as a victory for free silver coinage at the Brj--an ratio. Tammanj- would be the first to claim that It put New lork down as cer tain to give Its electoral vote to the so called Democratic candidate for president at the next election. The declaration In the Tammany addres. to which we have referred, nnd the state ment by National Cqmmltteeman Camp bell, which we have quoted, are authori tative announcements of the use to which a Tammany victorj- would be put. The people ot New York would be shamelessly lgncrant or blind to give Tammany a vic tory In tho face of the facts. Ill Melancholy Duties. From the Marj-vllle Tribune. The Hon. George Graham Vest, of this state, solemnly arose and remarked In tho senate ono day last week "that It was his melancholy duty to call attention to the fact that In thirty Instances tho rates of the senate tariff bill are higher than those of tho McKlnley law" We would not ad vert to ono other "melancholy" fact which the senator did not regard it as his "melan choly duty" to refer to. viz.: That in fortj--three Instances the rates of tho Wilson tar iff law were higher thnn those of tho Mc Klnley law; but wo cannot help recalling the great number of "melancholy duties" which the grcut senator from this state has felt called upon to perform. Evcrj thing the great mnn has done since ho was first elected he has done because It was his "melancholy duty." He has found attend inco on tho ordinary sessions of the senato a very "melancholy dutj-." and tho letters of his constituents havo been thrown into the senatorial waste basket, because It was a "melancholy duty" to answer them. A few years ngo ho was cup bearer, valet do chambre and mouthpiece In the upper house to tho Hon. Grover Cleveland; this became a "melancholy duty," however, and ho turned on hl3 friend and became ono of his most unreasonable enemies. He once bigan a "war of extermination" agalnt the Republican policy of protection but In lS's! this became an exceedingly melancholy dutj-, nnd for the campaign of that J ear he Indulged In a "last fight for llbertj-" against the monej- power octopus. Wall street and the plutocrats. Wo aro sorry that the Hon. George Gra ham Vest has so many "melancholy duties" to perform; and we are In entire sj-mpathy with that very numerous body of the peo ple of this state who believe that It would lie a good thing for the state and the na tion for them to perform one dutj-, which Is undoubtedly theirs, however melancholy It may be, and lighten the responsibility on his shoulders by retiring him to the delight ful seclusion of private life, when ho will not have so many melancholy duties to per form. She- Couldn't Say. From the Chicago Post. "Will jou have me for better or for worse?" he asked. "What a foolish question. George," she answered. "How- can I tell whether ft will be for better or for worso? We've Just got to take chances. That's all." Dlnphnnous. From the New York Press. Tho Albino "Does the living skeleton board with jou?" The fat lady "Not for his meats. He says professionally it is better for him to be spoken of as only a rumor." or CL'flllEVr INTEREST. Despite all the boosting Indulged In by St. Lul,i as to what would be dona for tho tntvrtalnment ot th national Repub lican convention which met there last year It turns out, th Chicago Tribune's Washington corrpondnt says, that National Committeeman Kerens and two of his friends wer compelled to make good n. deficit of 2Q.0QO In lieu of promises road by th merchants of the Mound city. When tho lists wer being circulated for signers to the guar anteo fund tho tuilnm men of St. LouU vied with each other in putting down their names, promising to pay sums ranging from JOO to J1.I". If the assurance could bo given that th convention would meet In their dty. It turned out, however, that whllo it was a very easy matter to promise money It was a very difficult Job when the lerformance of the contract was called It. In somo cases merchants who had signed for a thousand or fifteen hundred dollars pleaded the baby &ct and tried to beg eft for one-quarter of th amount they had pledged. They did not seem at all inclined to help Committeeman Kerens when he said his word was hbi bond so far as tho national Republican committee was con cerned, und tho upshot of the matter was that Mr. Kerens and his friends had to go down In their pockets and pay 130.000 which was exacted from them by the na tional committee for tho payment of ex penses Incurred In campaigns preceding that which resulted In the election of Pres ident McKlnley. It was the knowledge of the performance of this contract that has made Committeeman Kerens such an Im portant factor at Washington when ap pointments In Missouri are under consid eration. The embarrassing experience of the New Jersey bride and bridegroom who went ta Morristown several days ago not expecting to attract any attention, and found that their baggage had been so labeled that they could not avoid being conspicuous, recalls, the Sun says, the experience that a Pennsylvania railroad man had at a New York hotel last fall. He was a popular man. and every baggage handler along the road was Interested In his marriage. Ha left town with his bride shortly after the ceremony, and when he Inspected his trunk at the station there was no dletlnsn-Uhj.g mark to Indicate that It was the property of a newlj- married man. The trunk was checked right through to New York, and when Its owner arrived la Jersej- City he gav e his baggago checks to a transfer agent and asked that his baggage be sect at once to a well known Broadway hotel. Thero was no rice In his pockets, and when he arrived at the hotel and registered "Mr. and Mrs. John Blank." he flattered him self that no one would suspect him of be ing a newly wedded man. An hour later he heard a great noise In the trunk room and he went in. to Investigate it. In the center of a crowd of bellboys, porters and hotel loungers was his trunk, that had left his native town In good condition. Some one had varnished it with glue and then sprinkled rice all over lu Half a dozen pairs of old shoes were fastened to the top with screws, and every baggageman along the line had-tacked on a message convey ing his congratulations and advice. Tha trunk was a curiosity, and it took one of the porters half a day to scrape It clean. A curious student has spent some years In tabulating the references to colors in literature. Yellow Is rarely mentioned In the Bible and blue not at all. Blue Is sot mentioned In Homer, red rarely, but he mentions yellow twenty-one times In a hun dred. Since the Christian era red and yel low aro mentioned most frequently, but blue Is referred to twice as often since the sixteenth century as before. Poe mentions yellow twice as often and blue about one quarter as often as any of his contempo raries In the list. That the color sense Is a late development Is shown bj- the fact that the natives of South Africa can distinguish only w hlte and black (which are not colors at all) and red. Blue they call black and yellow red. Green they cannot distinguish at all confusing it with both yellow and red. A curious story comes from Wabash, Ind. Last winter a wagonload of potatoes was put In a cellar. Two weeks ago. when tho potatoes on the top of the pile were black and shriveled up, they were removed, and a few Inches below the surface it was dis covered that the old potatoes were lost In a profuse growth ot new ones, some of the latter being as large as an unhulled walnut. There were no sprouts and no leaves, but the new potatoes had literally grown out ot the old ones, and were as thrifty as though cultivated in rich soil. Another curious thing Is that two varieties of potatoes wera frequently found attached to one old po tato, a blue Meshannick and an Early Roso growing sldo bj- side. A well known Phlladelphian who Is an ardent devotee of tho weed has discovered a new use for lemons, which may have Its effect upon the California lemon trade. He claims that a whole uncut lemon is far su perior to a wet sponge as a tobacco molst cner. that It doesn't become foul, as a sponge does, and that one lemon will do tho wtrk for at least a month. Of course the cigars or tobacco should be kept In a tin box or a glass Jar. Snyder, the Philadel phia Record's calculating barber, is making an estimate as to how many smokers In the United States love moist cigars, and how mrnj- carloads of lemons it would take to supplj- the demand, on the basis that each, smoker would use but twelve lemons a year. One of the very best Institutions ot Cin cinnati Is the house of refuge, which was Incorporated In 1S30. Since It was opened 9.019 bojs and 1,930 girls have been com mitted to tho refuge. One of the objects ot the Institution Is not only to reform the children morally, but to teach them all forms of manual labor, so that when they get out they will havo a means of liveli hood. They have as good schools as can bo found outside, and In their manual train ing school teach the printer's art, masonry, carpentering engineering and the care ol electric lights, floriculture and gardening. A long-continued diet of molasses haa been found Injurious to cattle, but Louis iana sugar planters havo discovered that "black strap" mixed In proper propor tions with corn, hay or oats forms a good food for fattening cattle. There Is already a large demand for It In Texas, und It Is oxpected thnt the Western states will soon consume quantities of what has been con sidered the nearly useless portion of the sugar cane product For three j-ears hundreds of workmen havo been living in compressed air. during tho construction of tho Blackwall tunnel, each carrjlng a hundred weight of air to every square inch of his body, while peo ple on the surface bear but fifteen pounds to tho square Inch. A feeling of exhilara tion, amounting almost to Intoxication, Is produced nt times. A cigar in this atmos phere burns out with tho rapidity of a cigarette. Ex-Register Charles Henry James (known to famo In Kansas as "Alphabet") Taj lor. the colored protege of his fat friend during tho last administration, who has taken up his residence in Baltimore, has Just been admitted to practice in the supreme court of that city. He Is said to havo declined tha deanshlp of tho Morris-Brown law school, of Atlanta, Ga.. which was recently offered to him. Mrs. Nancy E. Clem, who died a natural death In Indianapolis tho other day, was tried five times for murder, was twice sen tci.ced to bo hanged and finally escaped on a technicality. Sho was convicted of per jury subsequently and served four years in tho Btato femalo reformatory. She died protesting her Innocence of all the crimes with which sho had been charged. Stepfather Is counted for two words and grandmother as one by the British postal telegraph authorities. When asked why. In parliament, tho postmaster general waa unable to reply. Harrj" N. Plllsbury. on a recent evening at the Brooklyn Chess Club, played eight blindfold games with as many members ot the club, won six and lost none two being drawn.